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This article gives an overview of liberalism in Latvia. It is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in the Saeima. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it isn't necessary so that parties labelled themselves as a liberal party.

Background

Latvia was one of the early post World War I nations which adopted some ideas from the 1919 Weimar Constitution. German liberal lawyer Hugo Preuß (Preuss) is often attributed as the author of the draft version of the constitution that was passed by the Weimar National Assembly,[1] which historian William L. Shirer in a book The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich regards as "the most liberal and democratic document of its kind the twentieth century had ever seen ... full of ingenious and admirable devices which seemed to guarantee the working of an almost flawless democracy.".

In Latvia some early law experts such as Kārlis Dišlers, Fēlikss Cielēns and modern day jurists agree that Weimar Constitution was underlying the wording of the Constitution of Latvia (Satversme), and in some way is a synthesis between the Weimar Constitution and Westminster system used in the United Kingdom.[2][3]

History

Liberalism in Latvia was a small but important force since 1922 in Latvia. The current regained position after the re-independence of 1990. Nowadays the Latvian Way (Latvijas Ceļš, member LI, ELDR) is a right of center market liberal party. Currently the party has merged with the Latvia's First Party to form LPP/LC.

German Baltic Democratic Party

German Baltic Progressive Party

From Democratic Party to Democratic Centre

Latgalian Democratic Party

Mizrochi

From Democratic Centre Party to Latvian Democratic Party

Latvia's Way

For Latvia's Development

Liberal leaders

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Weimar Constitution and its "Father" Hugo Preuss". The National Library of Israel. Retrieved 2021-03-23.
  2. ^ Potjomkina, Diāna; Sprūds, Andris; Ščerbinskis, Valters (2016). The centenary of Latvias's foreign affairs: Ideas and personalities. ISBN 978-9984-583-99-0. OCLC 1012747806.
  3. ^ Apsītis, Romāns; Pleps, Janis (2012). "About The Constitution of the Republic of Latvia: History and Modern Days" (PDF). The Constitution of the Republic of Latvia. ISBN 978-9984-840-20-8.