Liberty County
Liberty County Courthouse
Liberty County Courthouse
Map of Florida highlighting Liberty County
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 30°14′N 84°53′W / 30.23°N 84.89°W / 30.23; -84.89
Country United States
State Florida
FoundedDecember 15, 1855
SeatBristol
Largest cityBristol
Area
 • Total843 sq mi (2,180 km2)
 • Land836 sq mi (2,170 km2)
 • Water7.6 sq mi (20 km2)  0.9%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2020)
7,974[1]
 • Density10/sq mi (4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitelibertyclerk.com

Liberty County is a county located in the state of Florida. As of the 2020 census, the population was 7,974,[2] making it the least populous county in Florida.[3] Its county seat is Bristol.

The Apalachicola National Forest occupies half the county.

History

Liberty County was created in 1855[4] and is named after the American ideal of liberty.[5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 843 square miles (2,180 km2), of which 836 square miles (2,170 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (20 km2) (0.9%) is water.[6] The county is bordered on the west by the Apalachicola River.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,457
18701,050−27.9%
18801,36229.7%
18901,4526.6%
19002,956103.6%
19104,70059.0%
19205,0066.5%
19304,067−18.8%
19403,752−7.7%
19503,182−15.2%
19603,138−1.4%
19703,3797.7%
19804,26026.1%
19905,56930.7%
20007,02126.1%
20108,36519.1%
20207,974−4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2019[2]
Liberty County racial composition as of 2020
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Pop 2010[13] Pop 2020[14] % 2010 % 2020
White (NH) 6,159 5,729 73.63% 71.85%
Black or African American (NH) 1,472 1,353 17.6% 16.97%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 77 52 0.92% 0.65%
Asian (NH) 16 18 0.19% 0.23%
Pacific Islander (NH) 0 1 0.0% 0.01%
Some Other Race (NH) 8 26 0.1% 0.33%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 115 233 1.37% 2.92%
Hispanic or Latino 518 562 6.19% 7.05%
Total 8,365 7,974

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 7,974 people, 2,513 households, and 1,602 families residing in the county.

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 7,021 people, 2,222 households, and 1,553 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km2). There were 3,156 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 76.41% White, 18.43% Black or African American, 1.81% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 2.08% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. 4.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. More than 10% of the population are Mormons.[16]

There were 2,222 households, out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.80% were married couples living together, 13.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 25.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 21.80% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 37.70% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 144.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 159.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,840, and the median income for a family was $34,244. Males had a median income of $22,078 versus $22,661 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,225. About 16.80% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.30% of those under age 18 and 24.30% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Liberty County has shifted rapidly towards the Republican Party in the 21st century.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Other
2020 79.83% 2,846 19.47% 694 0.70% 25
2016 76.78% 2,543 19.66% 651 3.56% 118
2012 69.96% 2,301 28.64% 942 1.40% 46
2008 71.18% 2,339 27.24% 895 1.58% 52
2004 63.79% 1,927 35.42% 1,070 0.79% 24
2000 54.65% 1,317 42.20% 1,017 3.16% 76
1996 42.19% 913 40.11% 868 17.70% 383
1992 43.71% 1,126 31.83% 820 24.45% 630
1988 65.27% 1,421 32.57% 709 2.16% 47
1984 68.45% 1,410 31.55% 650
1980 43.81% 899 54.29% 1,114 1.90% 39
1976 34.91% 620 64.02% 1,137 1.07% 19
1972 84.38% 1,199 15.62% 222
1968 8.96% 154 14.09% 242 76.95% 1,322
1964 70.71% 910 29.29% 377
1960 21.99% 243 78.01% 862
1956 21.48% 238 78.52% 870
1952 18.60% 237 81.40% 1,037
1948 3.53% 30 86.81% 737 9.66% 82
1944 5.72% 38 94.28% 626
1940 11.16% 119 88.84% 947
1936 7.41% 64 92.59% 800
1932 4.35% 31 95.65% 682
1928 39.20% 147 60.27% 226 0.53% 2
1924 8.04% 18 86.16% 193 5.80% 13
1920 1.10% 5 91.63% 416 7.27% 33
1916 14.65% 57 71.98% 280 13.37% 52
1912 12.08% 32 77.74% 206 10.19% 27
1908 25.27% 69 64.47% 176 10.26% 28
1904 24.88% 50 71.14% 143 3.98% 8
Political Party Number of registered voters (March 31, 2022)[18] %
Democratic 2,162 49.33
Republican 1,768 40.34
Independent 445 10.15
Other 8 0.18
Total 4,383 100.00

Liberty County is run by a board of five county commissioners, each elected at-large. The following is a list of the commissioners with the number representative of his/her district:[19]

  1. Dewayne Branch
  2. Hannah Causseaux
  3. Jim Johnson
  4. Doyle Brown
  5. Scott Phillips

The remaining elected officials are the constitutional officers and the school board members.

Library

Liberty County is part of the Northwest Regional Library System Archived November 1, 2013, at the Wayback Machine (NWRLS), which serves Gulf and Bay Counties as well.

Communities

Town

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Transportation

Much like Calhoun County, Liberty County has no Interstates or U.S. Highways, just state roads.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[11][12]

References

  1. ^ "QuickFacts: Liberty County, Florida". United States Census Bureau.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Publications of the Florida Historical Society. Florida Historical Society. 1908. p. 32.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 186.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  11. ^ www.census.gov
  12. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 27, 2022.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  16. ^ "Mormon Empire: Florida: Tookie Gentry". The Salt Lake Tribune. March 30, 2008. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  17. ^ "Dave Leip's Election Results Liberty County Florida". Retrieved December 10, 2016.
  18. ^ "Voter Registration - By County and Party - Division of Elections - Florida Department of State". dos.myflorida.com. Retrieved April 17, 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ "County Elected Officials". Liberty Elections. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
  20. ^ "County Elected Officials". Liberty Elections. Retrieved August 22, 2021.

Government links/Constitutional offices

Special districts

Judicial branch

Tourism links

Coordinates: 30°14′N 84°53′W / 30.23°N 84.89°W / 30.23; -84.89