Liberty County
Liberty County Courthouse in Chester
Liberty County Courthouse in Chester
Map of Montana highlighting Liberty County
Location within the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 48°33′N 111°02′W / 48.55°N 111.03°W / 48.55; -111.03
Country United States
State Montana
FoundedFebruary 11, 1920[1]
SeatChester
Largest townChester
Area
 • Total1,447 sq mi (3,750 km2)
 • Land1,430 sq mi (3,700 km2)
 • Water17 sq mi (40 km2)  1.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,959
 • Estimate 
(2021)
1,946 Decrease
 • Density1.4/sq mi (0.52/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.co.liberty.mt.us
  • Montana county number 48

Liberty County is a county located in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2020 census, the population was 1,959.[2] Its county seat is Chester.[3] The decision to separate the future Liberty County area from the previous Hill and Chouteau counties was carried in a 1919 vote; the organization was authorized to commence in the following February.[1][4]

The southwestern corner of Liberty County holds Tiber Dam, a popular tourist and recreation area.

Geography

Liberty County is on the state's north line, so that it shares the US border with Canada. It abuts the Canadian province of Alberta. According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,447 square miles (3,750 km2), of which 1,430 square miles (3,700 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (1.2%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties

Politics

United States presidential election results for Liberty County, Montana[6]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 821 75.81% 249 22.99% 13 1.20%
2016 698 72.63% 206 21.44% 57 5.93%
2012 702 70.34% 257 25.75% 39 3.91%
2008 594 59.34% 367 36.66% 40 4.00%
2004 734 71.06% 281 27.20% 18 1.74%
2000 752 72.03% 243 23.28% 49 4.69%
1996 634 54.56% 379 32.62% 149 12.82%
1992 512 42.28% 321 26.51% 378 31.21%
1988 771 63.82% 418 34.60% 19 1.57%
1984 895 72.82% 323 26.28% 11 0.90%
1980 872 69.43% 283 22.53% 101 8.04%
1976 638 54.86% 506 43.51% 19 1.63%
1972 808 65.43% 365 29.55% 62 5.02%
1968 670 58.57% 390 34.09% 84 7.34%
1964 533 46.15% 619 53.59% 3 0.26%
1960 597 54.27% 501 45.55% 2 0.18%
1956 601 55.19% 488 44.81% 0 0.00%
1952 671 61.67% 411 37.78% 6 0.55%
1948 354 38.23% 542 58.53% 30 3.24%
1944 393 46.67% 440 52.26% 9 1.07%
1940 434 43.66% 550 55.33% 10 1.01%
1936 276 25.92% 758 71.17% 31 2.91%
1932 252 24.95% 731 72.38% 27 2.67%
1928 446 56.74% 332 42.24% 8 1.02%
1924 239 33.71% 141 19.89% 329 46.40%
1920 757 63.61% 331 27.82% 102 8.57%


Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19202,416
19302,198−9.0%
19402,2090.5%
19502,180−1.3%
19602,62420.4%
19702,359−10.1%
19802,329−1.3%
19902,295−1.5%
20002,158−6.0%
20102,3398.4%
20201,959−16.2%
2021 (est.)1,946[7]−0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2020[2]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census,[12] of 2000, there were 2,158 people, 833 households, and 583 families living in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km2). There were 1,070 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 99.21% White, 0.09% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. 0.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.0% were of German, 20.0% Norwegian, 7.2% English, 5.8% American and 5.0% Irish ancestry. 84.5% spoke English and 15.5% German as their first language.

There were 833 households, out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 5.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.11.

The county population contained 25.80% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 19.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,284, and the median income for a family was $37,361. Males had a median income of $23,158 versus $16,579 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,882. About 19.00% of families and 20.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.90% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over.

Researchers William P. O'Hare and Kenneth M. Johnson described the county as typical of the northern Great Plains in being very thinly settled, almost fully dependent on agriculture, and lacking in urban areas. They noted that income can fluctuate substantially from year to year, depending on rainfall (which affects harvest yields) as well as grain and cattle prices, and that the 2000 Census recorded low incomes in 1999 after several years of drought. Also, the presence of Hutterite colonies in the county depresses per capita incomes because Hutterite families have significantly more children than the general population.[13]

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 2,339 people, 822 households, and 537 families living in the county.[14] The population density was 1.6 inhabitants per square mile (0.62/km2). There were 1,043 housing units at an average density of 0.7 per square mile (0.27/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 98.2% white, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.3% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 55.4% were German, 24.1% were Norwegian, 14.5% were Irish, 9.9% were English, and 1.4% were American.[16]

Of the 822 households, 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.7% were non-families, and 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 44.6 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $40,212 and the median income for a family was $44,957. Males had a median income of $35,788 versus $30,714 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,097. About 12.4% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.6% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Communities

Town

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Montana County Formation Table". genealogytrails.com. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 19, 2022.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "History". Liberty County. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  6. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  8. ^ "United States Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  12. ^ "United States Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ Facing Child Poverty in Rural America Archived February 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine by William P. O'Hare and Kenneth M. Johnson, Population Reference Bureau, January 2004
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  18. ^ Hill MT Google Maps (accessed January 2, 2019)
  19. ^ Lothair MT Google Maps (accessed January 2, 2019)
  20. ^ Tiber MT Google Maps (accessed January 2, 2019)

Coordinates: 48°33′N 111°02′W / 48.55°N 111.03°W / 48.55; -111.03