Lindy Boggs
Ambassador Boggs.jpg
5th United States Ambassador to the Holy See
In office
December 16, 1997 – March 1, 2001
PresidentBill Clinton
George W. Bush
Preceded byRaymond Flynn
Succeeded byJim Nicholson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 2nd district
In office
March 20, 1973 – January 3, 1991
Preceded byHale Boggs
Succeeded byWilliam J. Jefferson
Personal details
Born
Marie Corinne Morrison Claiborne

(1916-03-13)March 13, 1916
New Roads, Louisiana, U.S.
DiedJuly 27, 2013(2013-07-27) (aged 97)
Chevy Chase, Maryland, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
(m. 1938; died 1972)
Children4, including Barbara, Tommy, and Cokie
EducationTulane University (BA)

Marie Corinne Morrison Claiborne Boggs (March 13, 1916 – July 27, 2013) was a politician who served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives and later as United States Ambassador to the Holy See. She was the first woman elected to Congress from Louisiana. She was also a permanent chairwoman of the 1976 Democratic National Convention, which met in New York City to nominate the Carter-Mondale ticket.[1] She was the first woman to preside over a major party convention.[2]

Boggs was the widow of former Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives Hale Boggs. She is one of three female U.S. Representatives from Louisiana, the others being Catherine Small Long and Julia Letlow.

Personal life

Boggs was born as Marie Corinne Morrison Claiborne on March 13, 1916, on the Brunswick Plantation near New Roads in Pointe Coupee Parish in South Louisiana, the daughter of Corinne Morrison and Roland Philemon Claiborne, a prominent lawyer.[3][4] Claiborne's father died when she was just two, but her resemblance to her father earned her the nickname "Lindy," short for the female version of Roland, "Rolinde."[5]

She graduated from Newcomb College, the women's college at Tulane University in New Orleans in 1935.[6] In 1934, Lindy Claiborne met Thomas Hale Boggs at Tulane where the pair worked as editors for the school newspaper, The Hullabaloo.[7] Boggs attended Tulane Law School and earned his law degree in 1937 while Claiborne worked as a school teacher after the pair graduated from Tulane. Claiborne and Boggs were married on January 22, 1938 in New Roads, Louisiana.[7] They had four children: Cokie Roberts (a television journalist); Thomas Hale Boggs, Jr. (a lobbyist); Barbara Boggs Sigmund, a mayor of Princeton, New Jersey, and an unsuccessful candidate in the 1982 New Jersey Democratic senatorial primary election (won by Frank Lautenberg); and William Robertson Boggs, who died as an infant on December 28, 1946.[8]

Career

Lindy Boggs, 1975 Congressional Portrait
Lindy Boggs, 1975 Congressional Portrait

In 1940, Hale Boggs won a seat in the House of Representatives and the Boggs family relocated to Washington, D.C. Boggs lost his 1942 re-election bid, but subsequently returned to win a seat as the representative of Jefferson Parish in 1947 where he served until his death.[5]

On October 16, 1972, Representative Hale Boggs' twin-engine Cessna plane disappeared over Alaska. Boggs was helping a colleague, Nicholas Begich, father of former U.S. Senator Mark Begich of Alaska, to campaign for reelection.[9][10] The first bill that the House passed in 1973, House Resolution 1, officially recognized Hale Boggs' death and created the need for a special election. Lindy Boggs ran successfully as a Democrat for her husband's vacated seat in Louisiana's 2nd congressional district, in New Orleans.

External video
video icon Fresh Air Remembers Former Louisiana Congresswoman Lindy Boggs, Fresh Air[11]
Official US Capitol Painted Portrait of Lindy Boggs by Ned Bittinger
Official US Capitol Painted Portrait of Lindy Boggs by Ned Bittinger

Boggs was elected to a full term in 1974 with 82 percent of the vote and was re-elected seven times thereafter until she vacated her office in January 1991. In 1980, she faced her closest challenge from the Republican Rob Couhig, an attorney-businessman who raised some $200,000 for the race, a large amount at that time for a challenger in a difficult district.[citation needed] Lindy Boggs still prevailed, 45,091 votes (63.8 percent) to Couhig's 25,512 (36.2 percent). Another 4.8 percent of the ballots were cast for Democratic former State Representative Clyde F. Bel, Jr., of New Orleans.[12] Otherwise, Boggs polled more than 80 percent in her contested races. After her district was redrawn in 1984 in response to a federal court order mandating Louisiana's first majority-African-American district, she became the only white member of Congress representing a majority-African-American constituency.[13] She announced her retirement from public office in 1990. She was succeeded by William J. Jefferson.

Accomplishments

She was influential in composing the Equal Credit Opportunity Act of 1974. When the Banking committee marked up the ECOA, she added the provision banning discrimination due to sex or marital status without informing the other members of the committee beforehand, personally inserting the language on her own and photocopying new versions of the bill.[13] She then told the other committee members, "Knowing the members composing this committee as well as I do, I'm sure it was just an oversight that we didn't have 'sex' or 'marital status' included. I've taken care of that, and I trust it meets with the committee's approval."[13] The committee unanimously approved the bill.[13]

Boggs was the first woman to preside over a national political convention, specifically the 1976 Democratic National Convention.[13]

Lindy Boggs in 1984
Lindy Boggs in 1984

In 1991, she was awarded the Laetare Medal by the University of Notre Dame, the oldest and most prestigious award for American Catholics.[14]

In 1994, Boggs was inducted into the Louisiana Political Museum and Hall of Fame in Winnfield, one year after her husband had been among the original thirteen inductees.

In 1997, President Bill Clinton appointed her official U.S. ambassador to the Holy See, a position she held until 2001.

In 2005, Boggs's home on Bourbon Street in New Orleans' French Quarter sustained moderate wind damage from Hurricane Katrina.[citation needed] In 2006, she was awarded the Congressional Distinguished Service Award for her time in the House of Representatives.

Boggs was a member of Sigma Gamma Rho, one of the four traditionally African-American sororities in the United States.[15]

The Boggs Center for Energy and Biotechnology Building at Tulane is named in her honor.[16]

Boggs and her daughter, Cokie Roberts, received the Foremother Award from the National Center for Health Research in 2013.[17]

Death

Boggs died of natural causes at her home in Chevy Chase, Maryland on July 27, 2013, at age 97.[18] A funeral Mass was held on August 1, 2013 at St. Louis Cathedral at 615 Pere Antoine Alley in New Orleans. Interment followed later in the day at St. Mary's Cemetery in New Roads, Louisiana.[19] Governor Bobby Jindal ordered all U.S. and state flags in Louisiana to fly at half staff until August 2 in Mrs. Boggs' memory.[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ "IPTV website". Archived from the original on September 14, 2008.
  2. ^ She was followed in that capacity by Martha Layne Collins in 1984, Ann Richards in 1992, and Nancy Pelosi in 2008.
  3. ^ "Tulane Online Exhibits". exhibits.tulane.edu.
  4. ^ preservation, Etats-Unis House of representatives Office of history and; Staff, House (U S. ), Committee on House Administration (December 21, 2006). Women in Congress, 1917-2006. Government Printing Office. ISBN 9780160767531 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ a b "BOGGS, Corinne Claiborne (Lindy) | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  6. ^ "Collection: Marie Corinne Morrisson Claiborne "Lindy" Boggs papers | Archives and Special Collections at Tulane University". archives.tulane.edu. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  7. ^ a b Martin, Douglas (July 27, 2013). "Lindy Boggs, Longtime Representative and Champion of Women, Is Dead at 97". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  8. ^ Ferrell, Thomas H.; Haydel, Judith (1994). "Hale and Lindy Boggs: Louisiana's National Democrats". Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association. 35 (4): 389–402. ISSN 0024-6816. JSTOR 4233145.
  9. ^ "History, Art & Archives, U.S. House of Representatives, "The Disappearance of Majority Leader Hale Boggs of Louisiana and Representative Nicholas Begich of Alaska"". /history.house.gov. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  10. ^ "Hale Boggs - Missing in Alaska". /check-six.com. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  11. ^ "Fresh Air Remembers Former Louisiana Congresswoman Lindy Boggs". Fresh Air. NPR. July 29, 2013. Retrieved September 12, 2016.
  12. ^ Louisiana Secretary of State, Primary election returns, September 1980
  13. ^ a b c d e "Former Congresswoman and Ambassador Lindy Boggs Dies at 97 - ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. July 27, 2013. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
  14. ^ "Recipients | The Laetare Medal". University of Notre Dame. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
  15. ^ "Sigma Gamma Rho honors Lindy Boggs".
  16. ^ "Tulane University - Boggs Center for Energy and Biotechnology".
  17. ^ "Foremother and Health Policy Hero Awards Luncheon". May 7, 2018.
  18. ^ "Former Rep. Lindy Boggs, champion of civil rights, dies; also was ambassador to the Vatican - The Washington Post". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 27, 2013. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
  19. ^ "Corinne "Lindy" Morrison Claiborne Boggs". obits.nola.com. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
  20. ^ "Jindal orders flags at half staff in honor of Lindy Boggs, July 29, 2013". katc.com. Archived from the original on July 31, 2013. Retrieved July 31, 2013.

Further reading

U.S. House of Representatives Preceded byHale Boggs Member of the U.S. House of Representativesfrom Louisiana's 2nd congressional district 1973–1991 Succeeded byWilliam Jefferson New office Chairperson of the Joint Bicentennial Committee 1975–1977 Position abolished Chairperson of the House Bicentennial Commission 1985–1989 Party political offices Preceded byLarry O'Brien Permanent Chairperson of the Democratic National Convention 1976 Succeeded byTip O'Neill Diplomatic posts Preceded byRaymond Flynn United States Ambassador to the Holy See 1997–2001 Succeeded byJim Nicholson