Lintao County
临洮县
临洮街景-1 - panoramio (1).jpg
Lintao is located in Gansu
Lintao
Lintao
Location of the seat in Gansu
Coordinates: 35°22′45.92″N 103°51′23.04″E / 35.3794222°N 103.8564000°E / 35.3794222; 103.8564000
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGansu
Prefecture-level cityDingxi
Area
 • County2,851 km2 (1,101 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • County554,900
 • Density190/km2 (500/sq mi)
 • Urban
191,100
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
730500
Websitewww.lintao.gov.cn

Lintao County simplified Chinese: 临洮县; traditional Chinese: 臨洮縣; pinyin: Líntáo Xiàn) is administratively under the control of Dingxi, Gansu province. In ancient times, Lintao was centered on present day Min County.[citation needed]

History

Until the 20th century, Lintao was known as Didao (狄道).

The Battle of Didao was fought in the area in 255 CE, during the Three Kingdoms era.

In the 8th century, an anonymous poet of the Tang Dynasty places General Geshu Han and the Chinese army in Lintao, battling the Tibetans.[2] Poet Li Bai reference Lintao in his poem, "Ballads of Four Seasons: Winter."[3]

Located at an important Tao River crossing, Didao City (i.e., today's Taoyang Town[4]) was an important trade center during the Northern Song Dynasty (ca. 11-12th century), when the more northern route of the Silk Route was blocked by the Xi Xia state. It is known to have been home to hundreds of foreign merchants at the time, some of whom may have been the ancestors of today's Hui people of Gansu.[5]

Geography

The county is located mostly on the right (eastern) bank of the Tao River, a right tributary of the Yellow River. It borders with Lanzhou in the northeast, with Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture in the west, and with other parts of Dingxi Prefecture-level City in the east and south.

Culture

Lintao is known for its Huashutang candy (花酥糖)[6] and Nuo opera.[7]

Administrative divisions

Lintao County is divided to 5 towns and 6 townships.[8] The county seat of Lintao County is in Taoyang town.

Towns
  • Taoyang (洮阳镇)
  • Balipu (八里铺镇)
  • Xintian (新添镇)
  • Xindian (辛店镇)
  • Taishi (太石镇)
  • Zhongpu (中铺镇)
  • Xiakou (峡口镇)
  • Longmen (龙门镇)
  • Yaodian (窑店镇)
  • Yujing (玉井镇)
  • Yaxiaji (衙下集镇)
  • Nanping (南屏镇)
Townships
  • Hongqi Township(红旗乡)
  • Shangying Township(上营乡)
  • Kangjiaji Township(康家集乡)
  • Zhantan Township (站滩乡)
  • Manwa Township(漫洼乡)
  • Lian'erwan Township(连儿湾乡)

Transport

China National Highway 212 and the Lanhai Expressway (G75) cross the county from the north to the south, on its way from Lanzhou to south-eastern Gansu.

A military airfield, Lintao Air Base, is located south of the county seat.

References

  1. ^ Gansu Provincial Statistical Yearbook 2019
  2. ^ "Song of Geshu Han". 27 August 2016.
  3. ^ "Li Bai – Ballad of Four Seasons: Winter". 29 December 2018.
  4. ^ Unless the town has actually been moved at some point since...
  5. ^ Lipman, Jonathan Neaman (1998). Familiar strangers: a history of Muslims in Northwest China. Hong Kong University Press. p. 30. ISBN 962-209-468-6.
  6. ^ 甘肃新县志便览 (in Chinese). 甘肃人民出版社. 1991. ISBN 978-7-226-00811-9.
  7. ^ "陈惠芬:家乡傩舞那些事 _定西新闻网". www.dingxidaily.com. Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  8. ^ "统计用区划代码 www.stats.gov.cn" (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2020-12-27.