The following American politicians switched parties while they were holding elected office.

Federal

Name Office Date of party switch Old party New party Notes Refs
Rodney Alexander Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana's 5th district August 9, 2004 Democratic Republican [1]
Justin Amash Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan's 3rd district July 4, 2019 Republican Independent [2]
May 1, 2020 Independent Libertarian [3]
Eugene Atkinson Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania's 25th district October 14, 1981 Democratic Republican Lost re-election in 1982 after being redistricted to the 4th district. [4]
Ben Nighthorse Campbell U.S. Senator from Colorado March 4, 1995 Democratic Republican [5]
Nathan Deal Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia April 11, 1995 Democratic Republican [6]
Reuben Fenton U.S. Senator from New York 1872 Republican Liberal Republican The Liberal Republican Party was new and short-lived. Did not seek re-election in the 1874 and 1875 United States Senate elections. [7]
1873 Liberal Republican Republican
Michael Forbes Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York's 1st district July 17, 1999 Republican Democratic [8]
Virgil Goode Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia's 5th district January 2000 Democratic Independent
August 2002 Independent Republican
James W. Grant Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida's 2nd district February 21, 1989 Democratic Republican [9]
Parker Griffith Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama's 5th district December 22, 2009 Democratic Republican Later re-joined the Democratic party. [10]
Galusha A. Grow Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania 1856 Democratic Republican [11]
Ralph Hall Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas's 4th district January 2004 Democratic Republican [12]
Jimmy Hayes Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana's 7th district December 1, 1995 Democratic Republican
Andy Ireland Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida March 17, 1984 Democratic Republican
John Jarman Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Oklahoma's 5th district January 24, 1975 Democratic Republican [13]
Jim Jeffords United States Senator from Vermont May 24, 2001 Republican Independent [14]
Jeane Kirkpatrick United States Ambassador to the United Nations 1985 Democratic Republican
Robert M. La Follette Jr. United States Senator from Wisconsin 1934 Republican Progressive
Greg Laughlin Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas's 14th district June 26, 1995 Democratic Republican
Matthew G. Martínez Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California July 27, 2000 Democratic Republican [15]
Paul Mitchell Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan's 10th district December 14, 2020 Republican Independent [16]
Michael Parker Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Mississippi's 4th district November 10, 1995 Democratic Republican
Ogden Reid Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York March 22, 1972 Republican Democratic [17]
Donald Riegle Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan's 7th district 1973 Republican Democratic [18]
Tommy F. Robinson Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arkansas's 2nd district July 28, 1989 Democratic Republican [19]
Richard Shelby U.S. Senator from Alabama November 9, 1994 Democratic Republican [20]
Bob Smith U.S. Senator from New Hampshire July 1999 Republican Independent [21]
November 1999 Independent Republican
Arlen Specter U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania April 28, 2009 Republican Democratic [22]
Bob Stump Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona's 3rd district September 24, 1981 Democratic Republican Did not officially change party until the 1982 election for a term beginning January 3, 1983. [23][24]
Billy Tauzin Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana's 3rd district August 8, 1995 Democratic Republican [25]
Strom Thurmond U.S. Senator from South Carolina September 16, 1964 Democratic Republican [26]
Lyman Trumbull U.S. Senator from Illinois 1871 Republican Liberal Republican The Liberal Republican Party was new and short-lived. Lost re-election in the 1872 and 1873 United States Senate elections to the Republican candidate.
Jeff Van Drew Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey's 2nd district January 7, 2020 Democratic Republican [27]
James A. Walker Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia's 9th district 1893 Democratic Republican
Hendrick Bradley Wright Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district 1876 Democratic Greenback

State

Name Office Date of party switch Old party New party Notes Refs
Max Abramson Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from the 20th Rockingham district May 2016 Republican Libertarian Left office to run for Governor of New Hampshire in 2016 as a Libertarian. Was re-elected to a seat in the same district of the New Hampshire House in 2018 as a Republican. [28]
June 28, 2019 Republican Libertarian Campaigned to be the nominee for President of the United States in 2020 of the Libertarian Party, the Veterans Party of America, and the Reform Party. Was elected to a seat in a different district in the New Hampshire House in 2020 as a Republican. [29]
Dawn Addiego Member of the New Jersey Senate from the 8th district January 28, 2019 Republican Democratic [30]
Robert Adley Member of the Louisiana Senate from the 36th district December 10, 2007 Democratic Republican Switched parties after the 2007 Louisiana elections to align with incoming governor Bobby Jindal. [31][32]
Scott Angelle Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana October 26, 2010 Democratic Republican Appointed lieutenant governor by Governor Bobby Jindal, a Republican, to serve until the conclusion of the 2010 special election to replace the previous lieutenant governor, Mitch Landrieu, who had been elected Mayor of New Orleans earlier in the year. Served as Louisiana Secretary of Natural Resources immediately prior, originally appointed by Governor Kathleen Blanco, a Democrat. Returned to that position immediately following, having been re-appointed by Jindal. [33]
Bill Archer Member of the Texas House of Representatives from the 22nd district, Seat 5 December 7, 1967 Democratic Republican [34][35]
Karen Awana Member of the Hawaii House of Representatives from the 44th district December 19, 2007 Republican Democratic [36]
Richard Baker Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from East Baton Rouge Parish May 31, 1985 Democratic Republican [37]
Robert Barham Louisiana State Senator from the 33rd district February 9, 2001 Democratic Republican Announced after a visit to the White House following an invitation from President George W. Bush. [38]
Taylor Barras Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from Iberia Parish August 12, 2011 Democratic Republican [39]
Eli Bebout Member of the Wyoming House of Representatives from the 55th district April 26, 1994 Democratic Republican [40]
Walter Boasso Member of the Louisiana Senate from the 1st district April 26, 2007 Republican Democratic
Audie Bock Member of the California State Assembly from the 16th district 1999 Green No party preference
Barbara Bollier Member of the Kansas Senate from the 7th district December 12, 2018 Republican Democratic [41]
Mike Bowers Attorney General of Georgia 1994 Democratic Republican
Michael Don Brandenburg Member of the North Dakota House of Representatives from the 28th district Democratic Republican
Nickey Browning Member of the Mississippi State Senate from the 3rd district March 27, 2013 Democratic Republican [42]
Buddy Caldwell Attorney General of Louisiana 2011 Democratic Republican [43]
Sonny Callahan Member of the Alabama Senate 1984 Democratic Republican
Charles T. Canady Member of the Florida House of Representatives from the 44th district June 1999 Democratic Republican
Videt Carmichael Member of the Mississippi State Senate from the 33rd district May 2002 Democratic Republican [44]
Lincoln Chafee Governor of Rhode Island May 30, 2013 Independent Democratic [45]
Stephanie Clayton Member of the Kansas House of Representatives from the 19th district December 19, 2018 Republican Democratic [46]
Linda Collins-Smith Member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from the 61st district August 2011 Democratic Republican [47]
Charlie Crist Governor of Florida May 13, 2010 Republican Independent [48]
William Daniel Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from East Baton Rouge Parish 2005 Democratic Republican
Hunt Downer Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from Terrebonne and Lafourche Parishes February 9, 2001 Democratic Republican Announced after a visit to the White House following an invitation from President George W. Bush. [49]
Aubrey Dunn Jr. New Mexico Commissioner of Public Lands January 2018 Republican Libertarian [50]
Noble Ellington Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives 2010 Democratic Republican [51]
Ryan Ferns Member of the West Virginia House of Delegates from the 3rd district November 2013 Democratic Republican
Beth Fukumoto Hawaii Representative from House District 36 2017 Republican Democratic [52]
Mike Gabbard Hawaii Senator from the 19th district August 30, 2007 Republican Democratic [53]
Avel Gordly Member of the Oregon Senate from the 23rd district 2006 Democratic Independent [54]
Mark Grisanti Member of the New York Senate from the 60th district 2011 Democratic Republican
Henry Grover Texas State Representative from District 23 1966 Democratic Republican
Elbert Guillory Member of the Louisiana Senate from the 24th district May 31, 2013 Democratic Republican [55]
Barbara Hafer Treasurer of Pennsylvania 2003 Republican Democratic [56]
Bob Hanner Member of the Georgia House of Representatives 2010 Democratic Republican [57]
Eric Hutchings Member of the Utah House of Representatives from the 38th district 2001 Democratic Republican [58]
Cindy Hyde-Smith Member of the Mississippi Senate from the 39th district December 28, 2010 Democratic Republican Later elected to the U.S. Senate as a Republican. [59]
Virginia Isbell Member of the Hawaii House of Representatives from the 5th district December 23, 1987 Republican Democratic [60]
Mike Jacobs Member of the Georgia House of Representatives from the 80th district June 19, 2007 Democratic Republican
Evan Jenkins Member of the West Virginia Senate from the 5th district July 2013 Democratic Republican [61]
Woody Jenkins Louisiana State Representative from East Baton Rouge Parish (now District 66) 1994 Democratic Republican
Aaron Ling Johanson Member of the Hawaii House of Representatives from the 31st district December 29, 2014 Republican Democratic [62]
Dean Johnson Minnesota State Senator 2000 Republican DFL [63]
Jim Justice Governor of West Virginia 2017 Democratic Republican [64]
John Kennedy Treasurer of Louisiana August 27, 2007 Democratic Republican [65]
Bob Krist Member of the Nebraska Legislature from the 10th district February 2018 Republican Democratic [66]
Steve Lebsock Member of the Colorado House of Representatives from the 34th district March 2, 2018 Democratic Republican Changed party affiliation prior to expulsion from the Colorado House of Representatives due to allegations of sexual harassment. [67]
Jan Lee Member of the Oregon House of Representatives from the 10th district June 2001 Republican Independent [68]
2001 Independent Democratic
Kevin Mannix Member of the Oregon House of Representatives from the 32nd district 1997 Democratic Republican
Chad Mayes Member of the California State Assembly from the 42nd district December 6, 2019 Republican Independent [69]
Andy McKean Member of the Iowa House of Representatives from the 58th district April 2019 Republican Democratic [70]
Stanford Morse Mississippi State Senator from Harrison and Stone counties 1963 Democratic Republican
Robert R. Neall Maryland State Senator from District 33 November 12, 1999 Republican Democratic Later re-joined the Republican Party.
Howard Oda Member of the Hawaii House of Representatives from the 22nd district November 7, 1975 Republican Democratic [71]
Marshall Parker South Carolina State Senator from Oconee County 1966 Democratic Republican
Sonny Perdue Member of the Georgia State Senate from the 18th district 1998 Democratic Republican Later elected Governor of Georgia [72]
Rick Perry Member of the Texas House of Representatives from the 64th district September 29, 1989 Democratic Republican Later elected Governor of Texas [73]
Rupie Phillips Member of the West Virginia House of Delegates from the 24th district January 26, 2017 Democratic Republican
Arthur Ravenel Jr. Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Charleston County 1960 Democratic Republican [74]
Joel Robideaux Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from Lafayette Parish 2011 Independent Republican
Buddy Roemer Governor of Louisiana March 1991 Democratic Republican [75]
Thomas M. Salmon Vermont Auditor of Accounts 2009 Democratic Republican [76]
James C. Smith Secretary of State of Florida 1987 Democratic Republican
Mike Spano Member of the New York State Assembly 2007 Republican Democratic
Floyd Spence Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Lexington County April 14, 1962 Democratic Republican [77]
Chris Steineger Member of the Kansas Senate from the 6th district 2010 Democratic Republican
Dale Swenson Member of the Kansas House of Representatives from the 97th district 2008 Republican Democratic
Dinah Sykes Member of the Kansas Senate from the 21st district December 2018 Republican Democratic [78]
Johnny Tadlock Member of the Oklahoma House of Representatives from the 1st district 2018 Democratic Republican [79]
Gray Tollison Member of the Mississippi Senate from the 9th district November 11, 2011 Democratic Republican
Amy Tuck Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi 2002 Democratic Republican [80]
David Tubiolo Member of the Westchester County Board of Legislators from the 14th district February 7, 2020 Republican Democratic [81]
Wanda Vázquez Garced Governor of Puerto Rico 2019 Democratic Republican [82][83][84]
Jesse Ventura Governor of Minnesota 2000 Reform Independence
Christine Watkins Member of the Utah House of Representatives from the 69th district December 2012 Democratic Republican [85]
Kent Williams Member of the Tennessee House of Representatives from the 4th district February 9, 2009 Republican Independent Expelled by Tennessee Republican Party
Kate Witek Nebraska Auditor of Public Accounts August 2006 Republican Democratic
Ernest Wooten Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from Jefferson, Plaquemines, St. Charles Parishes 2005 Democratic Republican

Local

Name Office Date of party switch Old party New party Notes Refs
David Tubiolo Member of the Westchester County Board of Legislators from the 14th district February 7, 2020 Republican Democratic [81]
Kymberly Pine Member of the Honolulu City Council from the 1st district November 9, 2016 Republican Democratic [86]
Kim Davis Clerk of Rowan County, Kentucky 2015 Democratic Republican [87]
Michael Bloomberg Mayor of New York City 2007 Republican Independent Later ran for president in the 2020 presidential election as a Democrat.
Matt Gonzalez Member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors from District 5 November 2000 Democratic Green [88]
Rick Sheehy Mayor of Hastings, Nebraska 2003 Democratic Republican
Norm Coleman Mayor of St. Paul 1996 Democratic Republican [89]
Bob Martinez Mayor of Tampa 1983 Democratic Republican [90]
John Lindsay Mayor of New York City 1971 Republican Democratic [91]

See also

References

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