The following American politicians switched parties while they were holding elected office.

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (January 2021)

Federal

Name Office Date of party switch Old party New party Notes Refs
Rodney Alexander Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana's 5th district August 9, 2004 Democratic Republican [1]
Justin Amash Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan's 3rd district July 4, 2019 Republican Independent [2]
May 1, 2020 Independent Libertarian [3]
Eugene Atkinson Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania's 25th district October 14, 1981 Democratic Republican Lost re-election in 1982 after being redistricted to the 4th district. [4]
James L. Buckley U.S. Senator from New York 1976 Conservative Republican
Ben Nighthorse Campbell U.S. Senator from Colorado March 4, 1995 Democratic Republican [5]
Nathan Deal Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia April 11, 1995 Democratic Republican [6]
Reuben Fenton U.S. Senator from New York 1872 Republican Liberal Republican The Liberal Republican Party was new and short-lived. Did not seek re-election in the 1874 and 1875 United States Senate elections. [7]
1873 Liberal Republican Republican
Michael Forbes Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York's 1st district July 17, 1999 Republican Democratic [8]
Virgil Goode Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia's 5th district January 2000 Democratic Independent
August 2002 Independent Republican
James W. Grant Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida's 2nd district February 21, 1989 Democratic Republican [9]
Parker Griffith Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama's 5th district December 22, 2009 Democratic Republican Later re-joined the Democratic party. [10]
Galusha A. Grow Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania 1856 Democratic Republican [11]
Ralph Hall Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas's 4th district January 2004 Democratic Republican [12]
Jimmy Hayes Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana's 7th district December 1, 1995 Democratic Republican
Andy Ireland Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida March 17, 1984 Democratic Republican
John Jarman Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Oklahoma's 5th district January 24, 1975 Democratic Republican [13]
Jim Jeffords United States Senator from Vermont May 24, 2001 Republican Independent [14]
Jeane Kirkpatrick United States Ambassador to the United Nations 1985 Democratic Republican
Robert M. La Follette Jr. United States Senator from Wisconsin May 1934 Republican Wisconsin Progressive Co-founded the Wisconsin Progressive Party and was re-elected to Senate on that ticket in 1934 and 1940. [15]
1946 Wisconsin Progressive Republican The Wisconsin Progressive Party was dissolved in 1946. Lost re-election to the Senate when defeated by Joseph McCarthy in the Republican primary later that same year. [16]
Greg Laughlin Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas's 14th district June 26, 1995 Democratic Republican
Matthew G. Martínez Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California July 27, 2000 Democratic Republican [17]
Paul Mitchell Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan's 10th district December 14, 2020 Republican Independent [18]
Michael Parker Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Mississippi's 4th district November 10, 1995 Democratic Republican
Ogden Reid Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York March 22, 1972 Republican Democratic [19]
Donald Riegle Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan's 7th district 1973 Republican Democratic [20]
Tommy F. Robinson Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arkansas's 2nd district July 28, 1989 Democratic Republican [21]
Richard Shelby U.S. Senator from Alabama November 9, 1994 Democratic Republican [22]
Bob Smith U.S. Senator from New Hampshire July 1999 Republican Independent [23]
November 1999 Independent Republican
Arlen Specter U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania April 28, 2009 Republican Democratic [24]
Bob Stump Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona's 3rd district September 24, 1981 Democratic Republican Did not officially change party until the 1982 election for a term beginning January 3, 1983. [25][26]
Billy Tauzin Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana's 3rd district August 8, 1995 Democratic Republican [27]
Strom Thurmond U.S. Senator from South Carolina September 16, 1964 Democratic Republican [28]
Lyman Trumbull U.S. Senator from Illinois 1871 Republican Liberal Republican The Liberal Republican Party was new and short-lived. Lost re-election in the 1872 and 1873 United States Senate elections to the Republican candidate.
Jeff Van Drew Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey's 2nd district January 7, 2020 Democratic Republican [29]
Hendrick Bradley Wright Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district 1876 Democratic Greenback

State

Name Office Date of party switch Old party New party Notes Ref
Max Abramson Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from the 20th Rockingham district May 2016 Republican Libertarian Left office to run for Governor of New Hampshire in 2016 as a Libertarian. Was re-elected to the New Hampshire House in 2018 as a Republican. [30]
June 28, 2019 Republican Libertarian Campaigned to be the nominee for President of the United States in 2020 of the Libertarian Party, the Veterans Party, and the Reform Party. Was elected to a seat in a different district in the New Hampshire House in 2020 as a Republican. [31]
Dawn Addiego Member of the New Jersey Senate from the 8th district January 28, 2019 Republican Democratic [32]
Robert Adley Member of the Louisiana Senate from the 36th district December 10, 2007 Democratic Republican Switched parties after the 2007 Louisiana elections to align with incoming governor Bobby Jindal. [33][34]
Scott Angelle Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana October 26, 2010 Democratic Republican Appointed by Republican Bobby Jindal to serve until the conclusion of the 2010 special election to replace Mitch Landrieu, who had been elected Mayor of New Orleans. Previously served as Secretary of Natural Resources, appointed by Democrat Kathleen Blanco. Re-appointed by Jindal to that position following the election. [35]
Bill Archer Member of the Texas House of Representatives from House District 22, Seat 5 December 7, 1967 Democratic Republican [36][37]
Karen Awana Member of the Hawaii House of Representatives from the 44th district December 19, 2007 Republican Democratic [38]
Richard Baker Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from East Baton Rouge Parish May 31, 1985 Democratic Republican [39]
Robert Barham Louisiana State Senator from the 33rd district February 9, 2001 Democratic Republican Announced after a visit to the White House following an invitation from President George W. Bush. [40]
Taylor Barras Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from Iberia Parish August 12, 2011 Democratic Republican [41]
Eli Bebout Member of the Wyoming House of Representatives from the 55th district April 26, 1994 Democratic Republican [42]
Walter Boasso Member of the Louisiana Senate from the 1st district April 26, 2007 Republican Democratic
Audie Bock Member of the California State Assembly from the 16th district 1999 Green No party preference
Barbara Bollier Member of the Kansas Senate from the 7th district December 12, 2018 Republican Democratic [43]
Mike Bowers Attorney General of Georgia 1994 Democratic Republican
Michael Don Brandenburg Member of the North Dakota House of Representatives from the 28th district October 2, 1994 Democratic Republican [44]
Nickey Browning Member of the Mississippi State Senate from the 3rd district March 27, 2013 Democratic Republican [45]
Buddy Caldwell Attorney General of Louisiana 2011 Democratic Republican [46]
Sonny Callahan Member of the Alabama Senate 1984 Democratic Republican
Charles T. Canady Member of the Florida House of Representatives from the 44th district June 1999 Democratic Republican
Videt Carmichael Member of the Mississippi State Senate from the 33rd district May 2002 Democratic Republican [47]
Lincoln Chafee Governor of Rhode Island May 30, 2013 Independent Democratic Previously served in the U.S. Senate (1999-2007) as a Republican before becoming an Independent [48]
Stephanie Clayton Member of the Kansas House of Representatives from the 19th district December 19, 2018 Republican Democratic [49]
Linda Collins Member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from the 61st district August 2011 Democratic Republican [50]
Charlie Crist Governor of Florida May 13, 2010 Republican Independent [51]
William Daniel Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from East Baton Rouge Parish 2005 Democratic Republican
Hunt Downer Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from Terrebonne and Lafourche Parishes February 9, 2001 Democratic Republican Announced after a visit to the White House following an invitation from President George W. Bush. [52]
Aubrey Dunn Jr. New Mexico Commissioner of Public Lands January 2018 Republican Libertarian [53]
Noble Ellington Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives 2010 Democratic Republican [54]
Kirk England Member of the Texas House of Representatives from House District 106 September 20, 2007 Republican Democratic [55]
Bernard Erickson Member of the Texas House of Representatives from House District 58 December 31, 1993 Republican Democratic [56]
Ryan Ferns Member of the West Virginia House of Delegates from the 3rd district November 2013 Democratic Republican
Beth Fukumoto Hawaii Representative from House District 36 2017 Republican Democratic [57]
Mike Gabbard Hawaii Senator from the 19th district August 30, 2007 Republican Democratic [58]
Avel Gordly Member of the Oregon Senate from the 23rd district 2006 Democratic Independent [59]
Mark Grisanti Member of the New York Senate from the 60th district 2011 Democratic Republican
Henry Grover Member of the Texas House of Representatives from House District 23 February 3, 1966 Democratic Republican [60]
Elbert Guillory Member of the Louisiana Senate from the 24th district May 31, 2013 Democratic Republican [61]
Ryan Guillen Member of the Texas House of Representatives from the 31st district November 15, 2021 Democratic Republican [62]
Barbara Hafer Treasurer of Pennsylvania 2003 Republican Democratic [63]
Betty Hall Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives 1986 Republican Democratic [64][65]
Bob Hanner Member of the Georgia House of Representatives 2010 Democratic Republican [66]
Jim Hendren Member of the Arkansas Senate from the 2nd district February 18, 2021 Republican Independent Left the Republican party following the January 6, 2021, U.S. Capitol attack. [67]
Joy Hofmeister Oklahoma Superintendent of Public Instruction October 7, 2021 Republican Democratic Switched after announcing her intention to challenge to Republican Governor Kevin Stitt in the 2022 election. [68]
Chuck Hopson Member of the Texas House of Representatives from House District 11 November 6, 2009 Democratic Republican [69]
Eric Hutchings Member of the Utah House of Representatives from the 38th district 2001 Democratic Republican [70]
Cindy Hyde-Smith Member of the Mississippi Senate from the 39th district December 28, 2010 Democratic Republican Later appointed and elected to the U.S. Senate as a Republican. [71]
Virginia Isbell Member of the Hawaii House of Representatives from the 5th district December 23, 1987 Republican Democratic [72]
Mike Jacobs Member of the Georgia House of Representatives from the 80th district June 19, 2007 Democratic Republican
Evan Jenkins Member of the West Virginia Senate from the 5th district July 2013 Democratic Republican [73]
Woody Jenkins Louisiana State Representative from East Baton Rouge Parish 1994 Democratic Republican
Aaron Ling Johanson Member of the Hawaii House of Representatives from the 31st district December 29, 2014 Republican Democratic [74]
Dean Johnson Minnesota State Senator 2000 Republican DFL [75]
Jim Justice Governor of West Virginia 2017 Democratic Republican Justice had previously been a Republican until switching to the Democratic Party in 2015 to run for Governor of West Virginia.[76] [77]
John Kennedy Treasurer of Louisiana August 27, 2007 Democratic Republican Later elected to the U.S. Senate as a Republican. [78]
Bob Krist Member of the Nebraska Legislature from the 10th district February 2018 Republican Democratic [79]
Steve Lebsock Member of the Colorado House of Representatives from the 34th district March 2, 2018 Democratic Republican Changed party affiliation prior to expulsion from the Colorado House of Representatives due to allegations of sexual harassment. [80]
Jan Lee Member of the Oregon House of Representatives from the 10th district June 2001 Republican Independent [81]
2001 Independent Democratic
J. M. Lozano Member of the Texas House of Representatives from House District 43 March 8, 2012 Democratic Republican [82]
Kevin Mannix Member of the Oregon House of Representatives from the 32nd district 1997 Democratic Republican
Chad Mayes Member of the California State Assembly from the 42nd district December 6, 2019 Republican Independent [83]
Andy McKean Member of the Iowa House of Representatives from the 58th district April 2019 Republican Democratic [84]
Stanford Morse Mississippi State Senator from Harrison and Stone counties 1963 Democratic Republican
Robert R. Neall Maryland State Senator from District 33 November 12, 1999 Republican Democratic Later re-joined the Republican Party.
Howard Oda Member of the Hawaii House of Representatives from the 22nd district November 7, 1975 Republican Democratic [85]
Marshall Parker South Carolina State Senator from Oconee County 1966 Democratic Republican
Aaron Peña Texas House of Representatives from House District 40 December 14, 2010 Democratic Republican [86]
Sonny Perdue Member of the Georgia State Senate from the 18th district 1998 Democratic Republican Later elected Governor of Georgia [87]
Rick Perry Member of the Texas House of Representatives from House District 64 September 29, 1989 Democratic Republican Later elected Governor of Texas [88]
Rupie Phillips Member of the West Virginia House of Delegates from the 24th district January 26, 2017 Democratic Republican
Kevin Priola Member of the Colorado Senate from the 25th district August 22, 2022 Republican Democratic Cited 2020 election conspiracies [89]
Arthur Ravenel Jr. Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Charleston County 1960 Democratic Republican [90]
Allan Ritter Member of the Texas House of Representatives from House District 21 December 14, 2010 Democratic Republican [91]
Joel Robideaux Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from Lafayette Parish 2011 Independent Republican
Buddy Roemer Governor of Louisiana March 1991 Democratic Republican [92]
Thomas M. Salmon Vermont Auditor of Accounts 2009 Democratic Republican [93]
James C. Smith Secretary of State of Florida 1987 Democratic Republican
Mike Spano Member of the New York State Assembly 2007 Republican Democratic
Floyd Spence Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Lexington County April 14, 1962 Democratic Republican [94]
Chris Steineger Member of the Kansas Senate from the 6th district 2010 Democratic Republican
Dale Swenson Member of the Kansas House of Representatives from the 97th district 2008 Republican Democratic
Dinah Sykes Member of the Kansas Senate from the 21st district December 2018 Republican Democratic [95]
Johnny Tadlock Member of the Oklahoma House of Representatives from the 1st district 2018 Democratic Republican [96]
Gray Tollison Member of the Mississippi Senate from the 9th district November 11, 2011 Democratic Republican
Amy Tuck Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi 2002 Democratic Republican [97]
Wanda Vázquez Garced Governor of Puerto Rico 2019 Democratic Republican [98][99][100]
Jesse Ventura Governor of Minnesota 2000 Reform Independence
Christine Watkins Member of the Utah House of Representatives from the 69th district December 2012 Democratic Republican [101]
Kent Williams Member of the Tennessee House of Representatives from the 4th district February 9, 2009 Republican Independent Expelled by Tennessee Republican Party
Kate Witek Nebraska Auditor of Public Accounts August 2006 Republican Democratic
Ernest Wooten Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from Jefferson, Plaquemines, St. Charles Parishes 2005 Democratic Republican

Local

Name Office Date of party switch Old party New party Notes Refs
David Tubiolo Member of the Westchester County Board of Legislators from the 14th district February 7, 2020 Republican Democratic [102]
Kymberly Pine Member of the Honolulu City Council from the 1st district November 9, 2016 Republican Democratic [103]
Kim Davis Clerk of Rowan County, Kentucky 2015 Democratic Republican [104]
Michael Bloomberg Mayor of New York City 2007 Republican Independent Later ran for president in the 2020 presidential election as a Democrat.
Matt Gonzalez Member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors from District 5 November 2000 Democratic Green [105]
Rick Sheehy Mayor of Hastings, Nebraska 2003 Democratic Republican
Norm Coleman Mayor of St. Paul 1996 Democratic Republican [106]
Bob Martinez Mayor of Tampa 1983 Democratic Republican [107]
John Lindsay Mayor of New York City 1971 Republican Democratic [108]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Democrats Bitter Over 'Cowardly' Alexander's Party Switch". The Economist. August 12, 2004. ISSN 0013-0613. Archived from the original on November 16, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  2. ^ Conradis, Brandon (July 4, 2019). "Rep. Amash, lone GOP critic of Trump, leaves Republican Party". The Hill. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
  3. ^ Schultz, Marisa (May 2, 2020). "Amash, taking historic step to White House bid, becomes first Libertarian in Congress: 'I'm in the race to win it'". Fox News. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  4. ^ "Maverick Democratic Rep. Eugene Atkinson of Pennsylvania -- who..." UPI. Archived from the original on June 27, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  5. ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. (March 4, 1995). "Democrats Lose Senate Seat With Switch by Coloradan". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on November 20, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  6. ^ Sun, Baltimore (April 11, 1995). "Georgia Congressman Deserts Demos / Nathan Deal is third to switch to GOP since Nov. 8". SFGate. Archived from the original on April 21, 2019. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  7. ^ "Reuben Eaton Fenton Papers: Manuscripts and Special Collections: New York State Library". www.nysl.nysed.gov. Archived from the original on June 16, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  8. ^ "Party Switcher Loses House Seat". www.cbsnews.com. Archived from the original on February 15, 2019. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  9. ^ "Congressman's Flip Gives GOP Advantage in Florida With AM-Bush Rdp". AP NEWS. February 21, 1989. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  10. ^ "Democrat in House switches to GOP". Boston.com. Archived from the original on February 11, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  11. ^ Galusha A. Grow: Father of the Homestead Law from Google Books
  12. ^ "Texas Rep. Hall switches to GOP". www.cnn.com. January 3, 2004. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  13. ^ "Lodi News-Sentinel - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Archived from the original on March 24, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  14. ^ Graff, Christopher (May 24, 2001). "Jeffords Leaves Republican Party". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 30, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  15. ^ Written at Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. "La Follettes Leave Republican Party To Form A New One of Their Own". The Monitor. McAllen, Texas (published May 20, 1934). Associated Press. May 19, 1934. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com.
  16. ^ Superior Telegram (March 25, 1946). "La Follette Returns". The Rhinelander Daily News. Rhinelander, Wisconsin. p. 4 – via Newspapers.com.
  17. ^ "Martinez Switches to GOP in His Final Term". Los Angeles Times. July 27, 2000. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  18. ^ Tapper, Jake (December 14, 2020). "Congressman cites Trump's efforts to overturn election in announcing decision to quit GOP". CNN. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  19. ^ Truscott, Alan (April 24, 1974). "Bridge: Politics Makes Strange ...., But What About Tablemates?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  20. ^ "Donald W. Riegle, Jr. | University of Michigan-Flint". www.umflint.edu. Archived from the original on January 2, 2019. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  21. ^ "Robinson, Tommy Franklin - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Archived from the original on October 10, 2012. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  22. ^ Thornton, William (March 3, 2019). "Richard Shelby now Alabama's longest serving senator". al.com. Archived from the original on March 31, 2019. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  23. ^ Hulse, Carl (September 12, 2002). "Campaign Season; G.O.P. Is Relieved At Republican's Loss". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on November 6, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  24. ^ Infield, Tom. "Sen. Specter dies; his fighting spirit praised". inquirer.com. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  25. ^ Barabak, Mark (September 24, 1981). "Rep. Bob Stump, a conservative Democrat and administration supporter,..." UPI. Retrieved January 5, 2021.
  26. ^ Silverman, Amy (October 13, 1993). "The Stealth Congressman". Phoenix New Times. Archived from the original on September 24, 2018.
  27. ^ Mccaughan, Michael (March 22, 2010). "Health Care Reform A Done Deal: Pharma Bets On The Right Horse". The IN VIVO Blog. Archived from the original on February 18, 2019. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  28. ^ "Thurmond Break Is Made Official – He Will Work as Republican for Goldwater Election". The New York Times. September 17, 1964. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on September 27, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  29. ^ "Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress - Retro Member details". bioguideretro.congress.gov. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  30. ^ "New Hampshire Legislator Changes Registration from 'Republican' to 'Libertarian". Ballot Access News. Retrieved July 29, 2016.
  31. ^ Winger, Richard (June 29, 2019). "New Hampshire Legislator Changes Registration from Republican to Libertarian". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  32. ^ "Addiego No Longer Threatens Kim Re-election". New Jersey Globe. January 28, 2019.
  33. ^ "Bossier Lawmaker Robert Adley Switches To Republican Party". KTBS. December 10, 2007. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  34. ^ "Republican Delegation Welcomes State Senator Robert Adley to the Republican Party" (PDF) (Press release). Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana Republican Legislative Delegation. December 10, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 27, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  35. ^ Anderson, Ed (October 27, 2010). "Lt. Gov. Scott Angelle switches political parties". The Times-Picayune. Baton Rouge, Louisiana. nola.com. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  36. ^ "State Rep. Archer to Switch Parties". Houston Post. December 6, 1967.
  37. ^ "W.R. 'Bill' Archer". Texas Legislators: Past & Present. Legislative Reference Library of Texas. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
  38. ^ Reyes, B.J. (December 20, 2007). "Awana switches to Democrats". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
  39. ^ "Rep. Baker of B.R. goes over to GOP". The Times-Picayune. Baton Rouge, Louisiana. June 1, 1985.
  40. ^ "Barham swaps party". The West Carroll Gazette. Oak Grove, Louisiana. February 14, 2001. p. 1.
  41. ^ "Rep. Barras joins GOP". Baton Rouge Morning Advocate. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
  42. ^ Jackson, Hugh (April 27, 1994). "Bebout switches parties, joins GOP; Says no statewide ambitions this year". Casper Star-Tribune. p. A1.
  43. ^ Jonathan Shorman (December 19, 2018). "More Kansas lawmakers switch parties: Sykes, Clayton leave GOP, become Democrats". Kansas City Star. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  44. ^ Pierce, Greg (October 7, 1997). "A Nation Inside Politics: 15 More Switch". The Washington Times – via NewsBank.
  45. ^ Pender, Geoff (March 26, 2013). "Sen. Browning switches to Republican". Clarion-Ledger. Archived from the original on April 10, 2013. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  46. ^ "Attorney General Buddy Caldwell switches to Republican". nola.com. February 3, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  47. ^ "Carmichael switches to Republican Party - Franklin County Times". Franklin County Times. May 7, 2002. Archived from the original on November 28, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  48. ^ "Gov. Chafee Officially Joins Democratic Party | Campaign 2014 | WPRI.com". June 9, 2013. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  49. ^ Jonathan Shorman (December 19, 2018)"More Kansas lawmakers switch parties: Sykes, Clayton leave GOP, become Democrats". Kansas City Star. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  50. ^ "Arkansas Rep. Linda Collins-Smith switches to GOP". DeseretNews.com. August 10, 2011. Archived from the original on October 5, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  51. ^ "Charlie Crist, Former Florida Governor, Joins Democratic Party". The New York Times. Associated Press. December 8, 2012. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on June 22, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  52. ^ Turner, Dan (February 9, 2001). "Two legislators to jump to GOP". The Times. Shreveport, Louisiana. p. 17.
  53. ^ Oxford, Andrew. "Dunn switches to Libertarian Party". Santa Fe New Mexican. Archived from the original on November 5, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  54. ^ Barrow, Bill (December 18, 2010). "Louisiana Republicans take first House majority since Reconstruction with latest party switch". nola.com. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  55. ^ "Kirk England". Legislative Reference Library of Texas. Texas State Preservation Board. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  56. ^ "Bernard Erickson". Legislative Reference Library of Texas. Texas State Preservation Board. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  57. ^ "Hawaii lawmaker switches to Democrat after criticizing Trump - ABC News". ABC News. June 22, 2017. Archived from the original on June 22, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  58. ^ "Sen. Gabbard bolts GOP for Democratic Party | The Honolulu Advertiser | Hawaii's Newspaper". the.honoluluadvertiser.com. Archived from the original on October 17, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  59. ^ "Senator Avel Gordly renounces party politics - BlueOregon". www.blueoregon.com. Archived from the original on November 16, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  60. ^ "Henry Grover". Legislative Reference Library of Texas. Texas State Preservation Board. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  61. ^ Mcgaughy, Lauren (June 1, 2013). "State Sen. Elbert Guillory, now a Republican, says Democratic Party chair remarks helped spur his switch". nola.com. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  62. ^ Schnell, Michael (November 15, 2021). "Texas state lawmaker leaves Democratic Party for GOP". The Hill. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
  63. ^ "Barbara Hafer makes it official: She's a Democrat again". old.post-gazette.com. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  64. ^ Liebowitz, Sarah (March 19, 2008). "87-year-old firebrand resolved to oust Bush". Concord Monitor. pp. 1, 6. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
  65. ^ "Obituary for Betty Hall (Aged 97)". Concord Monitor. April 28, 2018. p. 4. Retrieved August 8, 2022.
  66. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Archived from the original on May 15, 2019. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  67. ^ "Sen. Hendren leaves GOP for Independent status; forms new 'Common Ground' effort". Talk Business & Politics. February 18, 2021. Retrieved January 10, 2022.
  68. ^ "Joy Hofmeister to flip parties, challenge Kevin Stitt for governor in 2022". Tulsa World. October 6, 2021. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  69. ^ "Chuck Hopson". Legislative Reference Library of Texas. Texas State Preservation Board. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  70. ^ "After losing Utah election, Watkins breaks with Democratic Party". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  71. ^ "Sen. Hyde-Smith joins Republicans - Daily Leader". Daily Leader. December 28, 2010. Archived from the original on April 10, 2019. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  72. ^ Kresnak, William (December 24, 1987). "Isbell jumps to Dems; Kamaliʻi leaves GOP". The Honolulu Advertiser. Honolulu, Hawaii. p. 1.
  73. ^ Livingston, Abby (July 31, 2013). "Democrat Switches Parties to Challenge Rahall (Updated) #WV03". Roll Call. Archived from the original on October 30, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  74. ^ "Hawaii State Rep. Johanson Leaves Republican Party, Joins Democrats". Honolulu Civil Beat. December 29, 2014. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  75. ^ "Johnson, Dean Elton - Legislator Record - Minnesota Legislators Past & Present". www.leg.state.mn.us. Archived from the original on March 5, 2017. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  76. ^ Maher, Kris (May 12, 2015). "Jim Justice, West Virginia Billionaire, Launches Campaign for Governor". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  77. ^ Kabler, Phil. "WV Gov. Justice switching political parties, returning to GOP". Charleston Gazette-Mail. Archived from the original on October 19, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  78. ^ Scott, Robert Travis. "Treasurer bolts to GOP". NOLA.com. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  79. ^ Walton, Don. "Krist drops independent bid, will challenge Ricketts as a Democrat". JournalStar.com. Archived from the original on August 18, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  80. ^ "Expelled Rep. Lebsock changed party prior to vote, giving State House seat to GOP". FOX31 Denver. March 3, 2018. Archived from the original on June 20, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  81. ^ Lednicer, Lisa Grace (June 6, 2001). "Blaming "strong partisanship," Rep. Jan Lee of Clackamas says she'll become an independent". The Oregonian. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
  82. ^ "J.M. Lozano". Legislative Reference Library of Texas. Texas State Preservation Board. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  83. ^ Jeff Horseman (December 6, 2019). "Inland Assemblyman Chad Mayes leaves GOP, will seek re-election as independent". pe.com.
  84. ^ Daugherty, Owen (April 23, 2019). "Iowa state lawmaker leaves GOP, citing Trump's 'poor example' to the nation". TheHill. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  85. ^ Burris, Jerry (November 8, 1975). "Oda second to quit GOP in 1½ years". The Honolulu Advertiser. Honolulu, Hawaii. p. 1.
  86. ^ "Aaron Peña". Legislative Reference Library of Texas. Texas State Preservation Board. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  87. ^ Salzer, James. "Sonny Perdue From Democrat to Georgia GOP leader". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  88. ^ "50 things you need to know about Rick Perry | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News | Texas Politics | The Dallas Morning News". February 23, 2010. Archived from the original on February 23, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  89. ^ "State Sen. Kevin Priola switches his party registration to Democrat from Republican". The Colorado Sun. January 22, 2022.
  90. ^ "A Bridge to History: Arthur Ravenel Jr". Mount Pleasant Magazine. March 11, 2014. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  91. ^ "Allan Ritter". Legislative Reference Library of Texas. Texas State Preservation Board. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  92. ^ "The Milwaukee Journal - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved June 14, 2019.[permanent dead link]
  93. ^ "Vermont auditor Tom Salmon switches parties, joins GOP: Times Argus Online". September 14, 2009. Archived from the original on September 14, 2009. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  94. ^ Shenon, Philip (August 17, 2001). "Floyd Spence, South Carolina Congressman, Dies at 73". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on May 27, 2015. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  95. ^ Shorman, Jonathan (December 19, 2018). "More Kansas lawmakers switch parties: Sykes, Clayton leave GOP, become Democrats". The Wichita Eagle. Topeka, KS: The Wichita Eagle. Archived from the original on October 29, 2019. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
  96. ^ "As Democratic rural losses increase, state Rep. Tadlock says he is changing Parties, not changing sides | The City Sentinel". Archived from the original on April 5, 2019. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  97. ^ "Lt. Governor Amy Tuck Switches to GOP". Archived from the original on July 11, 2018. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
  98. ^ "Likely successor of Puerto Rico's disgraced governor in crosshairs of wary protesters". Radio.com. July 25, 2019. Retrieved December 8, 2019.
  99. ^ "Puerto Rico Gov. Vázquez Outlines Plans for Island After Political Turmoil". NBC Miami. August 20, 2019. Retrieved December 8, 2019.
  100. ^ "Wanda Vázquez fue parte de la Asociación de Secretarios de Justicia de los demócratas". El Nuevo Día (in Spanish). August 21, 2019. Retrieved December 8, 2019.
  101. ^ "After losing Utah election, Watkins breaks with Democratic Party". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on November 27, 2018. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  102. ^ Lungariello, Mark. "David Tubiolo's party switch welcomed by Democrats, slammed by Republican boss". The Journal News. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  103. ^ "Pine blames Trump for her departure from GOP". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. March 21, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  104. ^ "Kentucky clerk opposed to gay marriage to run for 2018 re-election". NBC News. Archived from the original on May 9, 2019. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  105. ^ "SFBG News | November 15, 2000 | opinion | Why I turned Green". March 5, 2005. Archived from the original on March 5, 2005. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  106. ^ "Norm Coleman - Minnesota Senator". October 11, 2007. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  107. ^ "Ocala Star-Banner - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  108. ^ "1971 Year in Review". Upi.com. December 28, 1971. Archived from the original on May 3, 2009. Retrieved July 17, 2013.