The Nobel Prize is an annual, international prize first awarded in 1901 for achievements in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. An associated prize in Economics has been awarded since 1969.[1] Nobel Prizes have been awarded to over 800 individuals.[2]

People from the Arab countries have been the recipients in three of six award categories: Peace, Chemistry and Literature. The first Arab recipient, Anwar Sadat, was awarded the Peace Prize in 1978. The most recent recipient Nadia Murad was awarded to Peace prizes in 2018. One Arab laureate —Anwar Sadat— was president of his country when he was awarded the prize.


Arab World

Year Image Laureate Country Category Comment
Anwar El Sadat  Egypt Peace First Egyptian Arab to win a Nobel Prize in Peace
Naguib Mahfouz  Egypt Literature First Egyptian Arab to win a Nobel Prize in Literature
Yasser Arafat  State of Palestine Peace first Palestinian Arab in Nobel laureate in Peace
Ahmed Zewail  Egypt Chemistry First Egyptian Arab to win a Nobel Prize in Science
Mohamed ElBaradei  Egypt Peace Second Egyptian Arab to win a Nobel Prize in Peace
Tawakkul Karman  Yemen Peace First Arab Muslim Women Nobel laureate in Peace
Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet  Tunisia Peace First Tunisian Nobel Prize
Nadia Murad  Iraq Peace First Iraqi Nobel Prize


Year Image Laureate Country Category Comment
Peter Medawar  United Kingdom Medicine First half Lebanese to win a Nobel Prize in Medicine, He was From Christian (Maronite) Lebanese descent[3]
Elias James Corey  United States Chemistry First Christian Lebanese descent in Nobel laureate in Chemistry[4]

See also


  1. ^ "Nobel Prize" (2007), in Encyclopædia Britannica, accessed 14 November 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online:

    An additional award, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was established in 1968 by the Bank of Sweden and was first awarded in 1969

  2. ^ "All Nobel Laureates". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2010-03-01. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Sir Peter Medawar". New Scientist. 12 April 1984. Retrieved 27 February 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Elias James Corey – Autobiography