The Nobel Prize is an annual, international prize first awarded in 1901 for achievements in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. An associated prize in Economics has been awarded since 1969. Nobel Prizes have been awarded to over 800 individuals.
People from the Arab countries have been the recipients in three of six award categories: Peace, Chemistry and Literature. The first Arab recipient, Anwar Sadat, was awarded the Peace Prize in 1978. The most recent recipient Nadia Murad was awarded to Peace prizes in 2018. One Arab laureate —Anwar Sadat— was president of his country when he was awarded the prize.
|1978||Anwar El Sadat||Egypt||Peace||First Egyptian Arab to win a Nobel Prize in Peace|
|1988||Naguib Mahfouz||Egypt||Literature||First Egyptian Arab to win a Nobel Prize in Literature|
|1994||Yasser Arafat||State of Palestine||Peace||first Palestinian Arab in Nobel laureate in Peace|
|1999||Ahmed Zewail||Egypt||Chemistry||First Egyptian Arab to win a Nobel Prize in Science|
|2005||Mohamed ElBaradei||Egypt||Peace||Second Egyptian Arab to win a Nobel Prize in Peace|
|2011||Tawakkul Karman||Yemen||Peace||First Arab Muslim Women Nobel laureate in Peace|
|2015||Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet||Tunisia||Peace||First Tunisian Nobel Prize|
|2018||Nadia Murad||Iraq||Peace||First Iraqi Nobel Prize|
|1960||Peter Medawar||United Kingdom||Medicine||First half Lebanese to win a Nobel Prize in Medicine, He was From Christian (Maronite) Lebanese descent|
|1990||Elias James Corey||United States||Chemistry||First Christian Lebanese descent in Nobel laureate in Chemistry|
An additional award, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was established in 1968 by the Bank of Sweden and was first awarded in 1969