The following list contains notable inventions and discoveries made by ethnic Armenians, including those not born or living in modern-day Armenia and those of partial Armenian ancestry.
|Abram Alikhanov||Soviet Union||Nuclear physics||First heavy water nuclear reactor in USSR and Europe|
|Agrippina Vaganova||Russian Empire, Soviet Union||Arts||Vaganova method (1930s)|
|Albert Zaven Kapikian||United States||Medicine||Rotavirus vaccine (1997)|
|Alexander Kemurdzhian||Soviet Union||Aerospace engineering||First planetary rover, Lunokhod 1 (1970)|
|Andronik Iosifyan||Soviet Union||Electrical engineering||Electrical part of R-7 Semyorka and Soyuz spacecraft|
|Armen Alchian||United States||Economics||New institutional economics (with Ronald Coase and Harold Demsetz) (1946–84)|
|Armen Takhtajan||Soviet Union, Russia, Armenia||Botany||Takhtajan system (1950)|
|Artem Mikoyan||Soviet Union||Aerospace engineering||Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-9, the first Soviet turbo jet fighter (1946)|
|Avedis Donabedian||United States||Healthcare||Donabedian model (1980–88)|
|Avie Tevanian||United States||Computer science||Mach kernel, NeXTStep, macOS|
|Benjamin Markarian||Soviet Union||Astronomy||Markarian's Chain (1961)|
Markarian galaxies (1965–80)
|Boris Babayan||Soviet Union, Russia||Computer science||Elbrus supercomputer|
|Cyrus Melikian||United States||Electrical engineering||Coffee vending machine (1947; with Lloyd Rudd)|
|Edward Keonjian||United States||Electrical engineering||First solar-powered, pocket-sized radio transmitter (1954)|
|Emil Artin||Austria, United States||Mathematics||Co-author of Moderne Algebra (1930)|
|Gabriel Kazanjian||United States||Electrical engineering||Hand-held hair dryer (1911)|
|George Adomian||United States||Mathematics||Adomian decomposition method (1980s)|
|Gurgen Askaryan||Soviet Union||Physics||Askaryan effect (1962)|
|Hovannes Adamian||Germany, Armenia, Russia||Electrical engineering||Color television|
|Ignacy Łukasiewicz||Austrian Poland||Chemical engineering||First kerosene lamp (1853)|
First oil refinery (1856)
|Leonid Khachiyan||Soviet Union, United States||Mathematics||Ellipsoid method (1979)|
|Luther Simjian||United States||Electrical engineering||Prototype of automated teller machine (ATM) (1960)|
|Mesrop Mashtots||Kingdom of Armenia||Linguistics||Armenian alphabet (c. 405)|
Georgian alphabet (c. 408; disputed)
Caucasian Albanian alphabet (c. 422)
|Michael Artin||United States||Mathematics||Artin approximation theorem (1969)|
|Michel Ter-Pogossian||United States||Medicine||Positron emission tomography (PET) (1974)|
|Mikhail Pogosyan||Russia||Aerospace engineering||Sukhoi Su-47|
|Raymond Vahan Damadian||United States||Medicine||Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (1977)|
(disputed with Paul Lauterbur)
|Rolan Martirosov||Russia||Aerospace engineering||Sukhoi Su-34 (1990s)|
|Samvel Kocharyants||Soviet Union||Nuclear physics||First Soviet nuclear warheads for ballistic missiles|
|Sarkis Acopian||Soviet Union||Electrical engineering||Solar-powered radio (1957)|
|Semyon Kirlian||Soviet Union||Photography||Kirlian photography (1939)|
|Sergey Mergelyan||Soviet Union||Mathematics||Mergelyan's theorem (1951)|
|Stephen Stepanian||United States||Industrial engineering||Concrete mixer truck (1916)|
|Viktor Ambartsumian||Soviet Union, Armenia||Astronomy||Stellar association (1947)|
|Yuri Oganessian||Soviet Union, Russia||Nuclear physics||Discovery of superheavy elements: Flerovium (1999), Livermorium (2000), Oganesson (2002), Moscovium (2003), Nihonium (2004), Tennessine (2009)|
Leading Armenians ... such as Agrippina Vaganova (Vahanian, in Armenian), director of the Maryinsky, later Kirov, Ballet, and author of Fundamentals of the Classic Dance;...
In the Soviet Union, the curriculum developed by the teacher Agrippina Vaganova in the 1930's is applied throughout the country.
Albert Zaven Kapikian was born May 9, 1930, in the Bronx to Armenian immigrants.
The second profound influence was his parents’ harrowing escapes from the 1915 Armenian genocide...
Dr. Kapikian is the principal creator of the rotavirus vaccine...
Alexander Kemurdjian was a pioneering scientist, of Armenian heritage...
Kemurdzhian, Alexander (October 4, 1921 -February 25, 2003): Russian. Kemurdzhian designed Lunokhod 1, the first space-exploration rover, which roamed on the Moon in 1970.
Along with Demsetz, Armen Alchian is regarded as one of the founders of new institutional economics.
Alchian [...] was also viewed as a pioneer and co-founder of the New Institutional Economics revival, of which UCLA was at the center.
Alchian is best known to younger economists as one of the founders of the New Institutional Economics...
Yet, aside from Ronald Coase, no one had a greater influence in creating and fostering what has come to be known as the New Institutional Economics, one of the most notable improvements in mainstream economics during the past half century.
...in his native Armenia.
The result was the MiG-9, the first Soviet jet fighter.
The most common framework is that of Donabedian (1980, 1986, 1988) who conceptualized three quality-of-care dimensions.
Mr. Melikian's parents escaped the 1919 Armenian massacre and immigrated to Philadelphia shortly before he was born.
Okay, so maybe nobody remembers that Melikian and partner Lloyd Rudd invented the coffee vending system...
Take the case of Lloyd Rudd and Cyrus Melikian. They were shivering in a railroad station one day when they walked up to a vending machine which was dishing out cold drinks for a nickel. "This damn thing should be giving out hot coffee instead of cold drinks," Rudd said. "That's an idea," said Melikian, and the two men invented "Kwik Kafe" hot coffee vending machine.
In 1954, Keonjian designed the world’s first solar-powered, pocket-sized radio transmitter. ... Keonjian, an Armenian...
Keonjian was a pioneer of low-power electronics, and in 1954 designed the world's first solar-powered, pocket-sized radio transmitter...
Emil Artin was born on March 3, 1898, in Vienna, the son of an art dealer and grandson of an Armenian merchant of handmade rugs.
Mike [Artin] explained to me the Armenian origin of the family name, Artinian, which had been shortened in Germany and the United States.
An Armenian immigrant named Gabriel Kazanjian patented the first handheld hairdryer in 1911 in Chicago.
In 1911, the Armenian-American inventor Gabriel Kazanjian received the first patent for a hand-held hair dryer....
In 1911 the first hair dryer was patented by American, Gabriel Kazanjian
1911-06-06 Application granted
All his life Gurgen Ashotovich Askaryan lived and worked in Moscow. He spoke about himself: \I am an Armenian of the Moscow bottling".
This phenomenon is known as the Askaryan effect, after Russian-Armenian physicist Gurgen Askaryan, who first predicted it in 1962.
The Polish Armenians have become an integral part of our Polish culture. Armenians ancestors ... brought us many famous people, such as: Ignacy Łukasiewicz...
Ten ormiański szlachcic herbu Łada walczył w szeregach Tadeusza Kościuszki.
...the invention of an effective modern kerosene lamp by Ignacy Łukasiewicz in 1853.
...the Polish pharmacist Jan Józef Ignacy Łukasiewicz (1822–1882) residing in Lvov and who built in 1856 probably the first oil refinery in the world.
Mr. Khachiyan is of Armenian background...
While he was born in Turkey, he was of Armenian descent.
...his most famous invention was a 1960 bank-deposit machine that was the basis for the now-ubiquitous A.T.M., from which he never made a penny.
Maštocʿ also created the Georgian and Caucasian-Albanian alphabets, based on the Armenian model.
Having discovered his talent for script creation, Mesrop also invented distinctive new alphabets for the Georgians, and for the Caucasian Albanians, acts of generosity still frequently unacknowledged.
Nevertheless, the“Armenian” basis of the alphabet seems clear enough, thus confirming the historical tradition which attributes the invention of the Albanian script to Mesrop Maštoc.
Emil Artin, born in Vienna, was descended from an Armenian carpet merchant.
He is Dr. Raymond Damadian, the son of an Armenian-born father and a French-Armenian mother, and the inventor of the nuclear magnetic resonance scanner...
Developed the first MR (Magnetic Resonance) Scanning Machine
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine can be awarded to a maximum of 3 scientists for any single discovery but in this instance was only given to 2. Excluding Doctor Damadian seems to be a serious and purposeful omission.
This article surveys previous contributions to nuclear magnetic resonance for which Nobel Prizes were awarded, explores Damadian’s personal and professional career, and concludes that Damadian’s seminal discovery preceded and was more fundamental than Lauterbur’s developments.
For their independent contributions in conceiving and developing the application of magnetic resonance technology to medical uses including whole body scanning and diagnostic imaging.
Martirosov, born to an Armenian family from the Karabakh village of Chardakhlu...
The chief designer of Russia’s multifunctional fighter-bomber Sukhoi-34... [...] He carried out technical supervision of the main solutions used in the Sukhoi-34 fighter bomber...
Под его непосредственным техническим руководством разработаны и воплощены основные технические решения Су-34.
В 1991 году Мартиросов стал главным конструктором фронтового бомбардировщика Су- 34 (в 1999 году его должность стала называться главный конструктор-директор программы по теме 10 "В" ОАО "ОКБ Сухого").
In 1957, he took out a loan from a local bank and began his journey. That same year he designed and manufactured the first ever solar radio.
... Sarkis Acopian ... developed something that is in wide use today—the solar radio. It was the first recorded solar-powered radio ever manufactured for commercial use.
After forming the Acopian Technical Company in 1957, he designed and manufactured the first ever solar radio.Congressional Record, Volume 153, Number 21 (Monday, February 5, 2007), Pages H1173-H1174
Семён Кирлиан появился на свет в большой армянской семье...
Stepanian was the inventor of the motor-truck concrete mixer and is the "father" of the ready-mixed concrete industry. Stepanian designed a self-discharging motorized concrete transit mixer in 1916.
In 1916, Stephen Stepanian of Columbus, Ohio, developed a self-discharging motorized transit mixer that was the predecessor of the modern ready-mixed concrete truck.
In 1947 he introduced the concept of stellar association into astronomy.
Discovery of Stellar Associations, 1947
President Sarkissian said he has signed a decree on July 11 on granting Yuri Oganessian a citizenship of Armenia.
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