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This article is intended to be a comprehensive list of all prime ministers, grouped by political party.

Prime ministers by political affiliation

Labor

Chris Watson, the first prime minister from the Australian Labor Party
Chris Watson, the first prime minister from the Australian Labor Party

Twelve members of the Australian Labor Party have served as prime minister:

  1. Chris Watson (27 April 1904 – 18 August 1904)
  2. Andrew Fisher (13 November 1908 – 2 June 1909, 29 April 1910 – 24 June 1913, 17 September 1914 – 27 October 1915)
  3. Billy Hughes (27 October 1915 – 14 November 1916)
  4. James Scullin (22 October 1929 – 6 January 1932)
  5. John Curtin (7 October 1941 – 5 July 1945)
  6. Frank Forde (6 July 1945 – 13 July 1945)
  7. Ben Chifley (13 July 1945 – 19 December 1949)
  8. Gough Whitlam (5 December 1972 – 11 November 1975)
  9. Bob Hawke (11 March 1983 – 20 December 1991)
  10. Paul Keating (20 December 1991 – 11 March 1996)
  11. Kevin Rudd (3 December 2007 – 24 June 2010, 27 June 2013 – 18 September 2013)
  12. Julia Gillard (24 June 2010 – 26 June 2013)

Liberal

Sir Robert Menzies the founder of the Liberal Party
Sir Robert Menzies the founder of the Liberal Party

Nine members of the Liberal Party of Australia have served as prime minister:

  1. Sir Robert Menzies (19 December 1949 – 26 January 1966)
  2. Harold Holt (26 January 1966 – 19 December 1967)
  3. John Gorton (10 January 1968 – 10 March 1971)
  4. William McMahon (10 March 1971 – 5 December 1972)
  5. Malcolm Fraser (11 November 1975 – 11 March 1983)
  6. John Howard (11 March 1996 – 3 December 2007)
  7. Tony Abbott (18 September 2013 – 15 September 2015)
  8. Malcolm Turnbull (15 September 2015 – 24 August 2018)
  9. Scott Morrison (24 August 2018 – present) [incumbent]

Country (National Party of Australia)

  1. Sir Earle Page (7 April 1939 – 26 April 1939)
  2. Arthur Fadden (29 August 1941 – 7 October 1941)
  3. John McEwen (19 December 1967 – 10 January 1968)

United Australia

Edmund Barton, first prime minister of Australia
Edmund Barton, first prime minister of Australia
  1. Joseph Lyons (6 January 1932 – 7 April 1939)
  2. Robert Menzies (26 April 1939 – 26 August 1941)

Nationalist

  1. Billy Hughes (14 November 1916 – 9 February 1923)
  2. Stanley Bruce (9 February 1923 – 22 October 1929)

Protectionist

  1. Sir Edmund Barton (1 January 1901 – 24 September 1903)
  2. Alfred Deakin (24 September 1903 – 27 April 1904, 5 July 1905 – 13 November 1908)

Commonwealth Liberal

  1. Alfred Deakin (29 June 1909 – 29 April 1910)
  2. Joseph Cook (24 June 1913 – 17 September 1914)

Free Trade (Anti-Socialist Party)

  1. George Reid (18 August 1904 – 5 July 1905)

Graphical timeline