Current Boston Red Sox domestic minor league affiliate locations
Current Boston Red Sox domestic minor league affiliate locations
JetBlue Park, home ballpark of the Florida Complex League Red Sox

The Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball (MLB) maintain a farm system consisting of four Minor League Baseball affiliates across the United States. Additionally, the Red Sox own and operate complex-based rookie level squads playing in the Florida Complex League in Florida and the Dominican Summer League in the Dominican Republic.

Of the non-complex based teams, the Portland Sea Dogs have been a Red Sox affiliate since 2003, the Greenville Drive have been an affiliate since 2005, the Salem Red Sox have been an affiliate since 2009, and the Worcester Red Sox entered their debut season in 2021. The Worcester Red Sox succeeded the Pawtucket Red Sox, who were a Red Sox affiliate from 1970 through 2020.[a] The Salem Red Sox are owned by Fenway Sports Group, who also own the major league club, while the other three affiliates are independently owned.

Geographically, Worcester is Boston's closest domestic affiliate, located approximately 45 miles (72 km) from Fenway Park. Boston's furthest domestic affiliate is the Fenway South-based FCL Red Sox, located some 1,247 miles (2,007 km) away.

List of affiliates by season

The below tables list Red Sox affiliates for each season since the team established its first such relationship. Sections are grouped by era, based on changes in minor league classifications. Instances of the Red Sox sharing an affiliate with other MLB teams are independently counted in parenthesis, with the partner team(s) listed in an endnote.

1928–1945

Major league teams had affiliate relationships with minor league teams as early as 1920, when the Detroit Tigers, Pittsburgh Pirates, and St. Louis Cardinals each had a farm team in the Texas League.[1]: 278  The first team that had an affiliate relationship with the Red Sox was the Salem Witches of the New England League in 1928.[1]: 312 

Prior to 1946, Double-A was the highest level of play in the minor leagues. Additional classifications were A through D, each of which was used by the Red Sox. Class A1 was created in 1936 and existed through 1945, and was also used by the Red Sox for several seasons. One Class E league existed in 1943, but was not used by the Red Sox.

Year Double-A Class A1 Class A Class B Class C Class D No./Ref.
1928   Salem Witches 1[1]: 312 
1929   0[1]: 317 
1930   0[1]: 324 
1931   0[1]: 327 
1932   Hazleton Mountaineers
Wilmington Pirates
2[1]: 332 
1933   Reading Red Sox 1[1]: 335 
1934 Kansas City Blues   Reading Red Sox Columbia Sandlappers /
Asheville Tourists
Joplin Miners 4[1]: 339 
1935   Charlotte Hornets Shreveport Sports /
Gladewater Bears
Danville-Schoolfield Leafs 3[1]: 343 
1936 San Diego Padres
Syracuse Chiefs
Little Rock Travelers Elmira Colonels Rocky Mount Red Sox Helena Seaporters
Canton Terriers
Danville-Schoolfield Leafs
Eau Claire Bears
9[1]: 348 
1937 Little Rock Travelers Hazleton Red Sox Rocky Mount Red Sox Brockville Blues
Clarksdale Red Sox
Canton Terriers
Elizabethton Betsy Red Sox
Danville-Schoolfield Leafs
Opelousas Indians
Moultrie Packers
Mansfield Red Sox
11[1]: 355 
1938 Minneapolis Millers Little Rock Travelers Hazleton Red Sox Rocky Mount Red Sox Clarksdale Red Sox
Canton Terriers
Elizabethton Betsy Red Sox
Danville-Schoolfield Leafs
Moultrie Packers
Crookston Pirates
10[1]: 361 
1939 Louisville Colonels Little Rock Travelers Scranton Red Sox Rocky Mount Red Sox Clarksdale Red Sox
Canton Terriers
Elizabethton Betsy Red Sox
Danville-Schoolfield Leafs
Centreville Colts
9[1]: 369 
1940 Louisville Colonels Scranton Red Sox Rocky Mount Red Sox Canton Terriers Elizabethton Betsy Red Sox
Danville-Schoolfield Leafs
Centreville Red Sox
7[1]: 376 
1941 Louisville Colonels Scranton Red Sox Greensboro Red Sox Canton Terriers Danville-Schoolfield Leafs
Centreville Red Sox
Owensboro Oilers
7[1]: 384 
1942 Louisville Colonels Scranton Red Sox Greensboro Red Sox Oneonta Indians
Canton Terriers
Danville-Schoolfield Leafs
Owensboro Oilers
7[1]: 391 
1943 Louisville Colonels Scranton Red Sox Roanoke Red Sox 3[1]: 393 
1944 Louisville Colonels Scranton Red Sox Roanoke Red Sox Middletown Red Sox 4[1]: 395 
1945 Louisville Colonels Scranton Red Sox Roanoke Red Sox Durham Bulls 4[1]: 398 

1946–1962

The minors operated with six classes (Triple-A, Double-A, and Classes A, B, C, and D) from 1946 to 1962. The Pacific Coast League (PCL) was reclassified from Triple-A to Open in 1952 due to the possibility of becoming a third major league. This arrangement ended following the 1957 season when the relocation of the National League's Dodgers and Giants to the West Coast ended any chance of the PCL being promoted.[2]

Year Triple-A Double-A Class A Class B Class C Class D No./Ref.
1946 Louisville Colonels New Orleans Pelicans Scranton Red Sox Lynn Red Sox
Roanoke Red Sox
Durham Bulls
Oneonta Red Sox
Geneva Red Birds
Milford Red Sox
New Iberia Cardinals
Tarboro Tars
11[1]: 407 
1947 Louisville Colonels
Toronto Maple Leafs
New Orleans Pelicans Scranton Red Sox Lynn Red Sox
Roanoke Red Sox
Oneonta Red Sox
San Jose Red Sox
Milford Red Sox
Wellsville Nitros
10[1]: 416 
1948 Louisville Colonels Birmingham Barons Scranton Red Sox Lynn Red Sox
Roanoke Red Sox
Auburn Cayugas
El Paso Texans
Oneonta Red Sox
San Jose Red Sox
Milford Red Sox
Oroville Red Sox
Valley Rebels
Wellsville Nitros
13[1]: 426 
1949 Louisville Colonels Birmingham Barons Scranton Red Sox Roanoke Red Sox Oneonta Red Sox
San Jose Red Sox
Hornell Maple Leafs
Marion Red Sox
Valley Rebels
9[1]: 436 
1950 Louisville Colonels Birmingham Barons Scranton Red Sox Roanoke Red Sox Oneonta Red Sox
San Jose Red Sox
Kinston Eagles
Marion Red Sox
8[1]: 446 
1951 Louisville Colonels Birmingham Barons Scranton Red Sox Roanoke Ro-Sox Oneonta Red Sox
San Jose Red Sox
High Point-Thomasville Hi-Toms
Marion Red Sox
8[1]: 455 
1952 Louisville Colonels Birmingham Barons Albany Senators Roanoke Ro-Sox San Jose Red Sox High Point-Thomasville Hi-Toms 6[1]: 465 
1953 Louisville Colonels Albany Senators Greensboro Patriots
Roanoke Ro-Sox
San Jose Red Sox Salisbury Rocots 6[1]: 473 
1954 Louisville Colonels Albany Senators Greensboro Patriots San Jose Red Sox Bluefield Blue-Grays
Corning Red Sox
6[1]: 479 
1955 Louisville Colonels Montgomery Rebels Greensboro Patriots San Jose Red Sox Bluefield Blue-Grays
Corning Red Sox
6[1]: 486 
1956 San Francisco Sealsdagger Oklahoma City Indians Albany Senators Greensboro Patriots San Jose JoSox Corning Red Sox
Lafayette Red Sox
Lexington Red Sox
8[1]: 491 
1957 San Francisco Sealsdagger Oklahoma City Indians Albany Senators Greensboro Patriots Corning Red Sox
Lafayette Red Sox
Lexington Red Sox
7[1]: 496 
1958 Minneapolis Millers Memphis Chickasaws Allentown Red Sox Raleigh Capitals Corning Red Sox
Lexington Red Sox
Waterloo Hawks
7[1]: 500 
1959 Minneapolis Millers Allentown Red Sox Raleigh Capitals Alpine Cowboys
Corning Cor-Sox
Waterloo Hawks
6[1]: 505 
1960 Minneapolis Millers Allentown Red Sox Raleigh Capitals Alpine Cowboys
Corning Red Sox
Waterloo Hawks
6[1]: 509 
1961 Seattle Rainiers Johnstown Red Sox Winston-Salem Red Sox Alpine Cowboys
Olean Red Sox
Waterloo Hawks
6[1]: 513 
1962 Seattle Rainiers York White Roses Winston-Salem Red Sox Pocatello Chiefs Olean Red Sox
Waterloo Hawks
6[1]: 517 

dagger Open classification (used by the PCL during 1952–1957)
Sources:[3][4]

1963–1989

The foundation of the minors' current structure was the result of a reorganization initiated by Major League Baseball (MLB) before the 1963 season. The reduction from six classes to four (Triple-A, Double-AA, Class A, and Rookie) was a response to the general decline of the minors throughout the 1950s and early-1960s when leagues and teams folded due to shrinking attendance caused by baseball fans' preference for staying at home to watch MLB games on television. The 1963 reorganization resulted in the Eastern and South Atlantic Leagues being elevated from Class A to Double-A, five of seven Class D circuits plus the ones in B and C upgraded to A, and the Appalachian League reclassified from D to Rookie. The only change made within the next 27 years was some Class A teams adopting "Short Season" schedules starting in 1965.[2][b]

Year Triple-A Double-A Class A Class A Short Season Rookie League No./Ref.
1963 Seattle Rainiers Reading Red Sox Waterloo Hawks
Wellsville Red Sox
Winston-Salem Red Sox
  5[1]: 523 
1964 Seattle Rainiers Reading Red Sox Waterloo Hawks
Wellsville Red Sox
Winston-Salem Red Sox
Statesville Colts[c]
  5(1)[1]: 528 
1965 Toronto Maple Leafs Pittsfield Red Sox Waterloo Hawks
Wellsville Red Sox
Winston-Salem Red Sox
Harlan Red Sox 6[1]: 532 
1966 Toronto Maple Leafs Pittsfield Red Sox Oneonta Red Sox
Waterloo Hawks
Winston-Salem Red Sox
Covington Red Sox 6[1]: 536 
1967 Toronto Maple Leafs Pittsfield Red Sox Greenville Red Sox
Waterloo Hawks
Winston-Salem Red Sox
5[1]: 540 
1968 Louisville Colonels Pittsfield Red Sox Greenville Red Sox
Waterloo Hawks
Winston-Salem Red Sox
Jamestown Falcons 6[1]: 544 
1969 Louisville Colonels Pittsfield Red Sox Greenville Red Sox
Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Jamestown Falcons 6[1]: 548 
1970 Louisville Colonels Pawtucket Red Sox Greenville Red Sox
Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Jamestown Falcons 6[1]: 552 
1971 Louisville Colonels Pawtucket Red Sox Greenville Red Sox
Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Williamsport Red Sox 6[1]: 556 
1972 Louisville Colonels Pawtucket Red Sox Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Williamsport Red Sox 5[1]: 560 
1973 Pawtucket Red Sox Bristol Red Sox Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Pioneers 5[1]: 564 
1974 Pawtucket Red Sox Bristol Red Sox Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Red Sox[d] 5[1]: 568 
1975 Pawtucket Red Sox Bristol Red Sox Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Red Sox 5[1]: 572 
1976 Pawtucket Red Sox[a] Bristol Red Sox Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Red Sox 5[1]: 576 
1977 Pawtucket Red Sox Bristol Red Sox Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Pioneer-Red Sox 5[1]: 580 
1978 Pawtucket Red Sox Bristol Red Sox Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Red Sox 5[1]: 586 
1979 Pawtucket Red Sox Bristol Red Sox Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Pioneers 5[1]: 590 
1980 Pawtucket Red Sox Bristol Red Sox Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Pioneers 5[1]: 594 
1981 Pawtucket Red Sox Bristol Red Sox Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Suns 5[1]: 598 
1982 Pawtucket Red Sox Bristol Red Sox Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Suns 5[1]: 602 
1983 Pawtucket Red Sox New Britain Red Sox Winston-Salem Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Suns 5[1]: 606 
1984 Pawtucket Red Sox New Britain Red Sox Winston-Salem Spirits
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Pioneers 5[1]: 610 
1985 Pawtucket Red Sox New Britain Red Sox Greensboro Hornets
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Pioneers 5[1]: 614 
1986 Pawtucket Red Sox New Britain Red Sox Greensboro Hornets
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Pioneers 5[1]: 618 
1987 Pawtucket Red Sox New Britain Red Sox Greensboro Hornets
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Pioneers 5[1]: 622 
1988 Pawtucket Red Sox New Britain Red Sox Lynchburg Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Pioneers AZL Mariners/Red Sox[e] 5(1)[1]: 626 
1989 Pawtucket Red Sox New Britain Red Sox Lynchburg Red Sox
Winter Haven Red Sox
Elmira Pioneers GCL Red Sox
DSL cooperative[f]
6(1)[1]: 631 

Sources:[6][7][8][9]

1990–2020

Minor League Baseball operated with six classes from 1990 to 2020. The Class A level was subdivided for a second time with the creation of Class A-Advanced. The Rookie level consisted of domestic and foreign circuits.[2] During several seasons, the Red Sox fielded two teams in the Dominican Summer League (DSL).

Year Triple-A Double-A Class A-Advanced Class A Class A Short Season Rookie League Foreign Rookie No./Ref.
1990 Pawtucket Red Sox New Britain Red Sox Winter Haven Red Sox
Lynchburg Red Sox
Elmira Pioneers GCL Red Sox DSL cooperative[g] 6(1)[1]: 635 
1991 Pawtucket Red Sox New Britain Red Sox Winter Haven Red Sox
Lynchburg Red Sox
Elmira Pioneers GCL Red Sox 6[1]: 639 
1992 Pawtucket Red Sox New Britain Red Sox Winter Haven Red Sox
Lynchburg Red Sox
Elmira Pioneers GCL Red Sox 6[1]: 646 
1993 Pawtucket Red Sox New Britain Red Sox Fort Lauderdale Red Sox
Lynchburg Red Sox
Utica Blue Sox GCL Red Sox 6[1]: 652 
1994 Pawtucket Red Sox New Britain Red Sox Sarasota Red Sox
Lynchburg Red Sox
Utica Blue Sox GCL Red Sox 6[1]: 657 
1995 Pawtucket Red Sox Trenton Thunder Sarasota Red Sox Michigan Battle Cats Utica Blue Sox GCL Red Sox 6[1]: 663 
1996 Pawtucket Red Sox Trenton Thunder Sarasota Red Sox Michigan Battle Cats Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL cooperative[h] 6(1)[1]: 669 
1997 Pawtucket Red Sox Trenton Thunder Sarasota Red Sox Michigan Battle Cats Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox 7
1998 Pawtucket Red Sox Trenton Thunder Sarasota Red Sox Michigan Battle Cats Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox 7
1999 Pawtucket Red Sox Trenton Thunder Sarasota Red Sox Augusta GreenJackets Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox
VSL cooperative[i]
7(1)
2000 Pawtucket Red Sox Trenton Thunder Sarasota Red Sox Augusta GreenJackets Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox
DSL cooperative[j]
VSL cooperative[k]
7(2)
2001 Pawtucket Red Sox Trenton Thunder Sarasota Red Sox Augusta GreenJackets Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox
DSL cooperative[l]
VSL cooperative[m]
7(2)
2002 Pawtucket Red Sox Trenton Thunder Sarasota Red Sox Augusta GreenJackets Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox
VSL cooperative[n]
7(1)
2003 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Sarasota Red Sox Augusta GreenJackets Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox (2 teams) 8
2004 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Sarasota Red Sox Augusta GreenJackets Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox
VSL Red Sox
8
2005 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Wilmington Blue Rocks Greenville Bombers Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox
VSL cooperative[o]
7(1)
2006 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Wilmington Blue Rocks Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox 7
2007 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Lancaster JetHawks Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox 7
2008 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Lancaster JetHawks Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox 7
2009 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Salem Red Sox Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox 7
2010 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Salem Red Sox Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox 7
2011 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Salem Red Sox Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox 7
2012 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Salem Red Sox Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox 7
2013 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Salem Red Sox Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox 7[18]
2014 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Salem Red Sox Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox 7[19]
2015 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Salem Red Sox Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox (2 teams) 8[20][21]
2016 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Salem Red Sox Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox (2 teams) 8[21]
2017 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Salem Red Sox Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox 7[22]
2018 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Salem Red Sox Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox (2 teams) 8[23]
2019 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Salem Red Sox Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox (2 teams) 8[24]
2020 Pawtucket Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Salem Red Sox Greenville Drive Lowell Spinners GCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox (2 teams) 8[25]

Sources:[26][27][28][29]

For 2020, listed teams are those announced by the Red Sox prior to cancellation of the minor-league season due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[30]

2021–present

Prior to the 2021 season, Major League Baseball reorganized Minor League Baseball; changes included ending the Class A Short Season classification, and limiting each major league team to four affiliates above the Rookie level.[31] Additionally, the composition and names of leagues above the Rookie level were changed.[31]

Further information: Minor League Baseball § Reorganization of 2021

For the Red Sox' farm system:[32]

Year Triple-A Double-A High-A Single-A Rookie League Foreign Rookie No./Ref.
2021 Worcester Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Greenville Drive Salem Red Sox FCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox (2 teams) 7[37]
2022 Worcester Red Sox Portland Sea Dogs Greenville Drive Salem Red Sox FCL Red Sox DSL Red Sox (2 teams) 7[38]

Notes

  1. ^ a b In 1976, the Pawtucket Red Sox were officially known as the Rhode Island Red Sox.
  2. ^ The Northern League adopted a June–September schedule in 1965; the Northwest League did so in 1966, and the New York–Penn League did so in 1967.
  3. ^ In 1964, the Red Sox and Houston Colt .45s shared the Statesville farm team.
  4. ^ During 1974–1983, the Elmira franchise—best known as the Pioneers—used several different nicknames.
  5. ^ In 1988, the Red Sox and Seattle Mariners shared an Arizona League rookie team.
  6. ^ In 1989, the Red Sox, Baltimore Orioles, and Milwaukee Brewers shared a DSL team.[5]
  7. ^ In 1990, the Red Sox shared a DSL team with the Detroit Tigers and San Diego Padres.[10]
  8. ^ In 1996, the Red Sox and Houston Astros shared a DSL team.[11]
  9. ^ In 1999, the Red Sox shared a VSL team with the Chicago Cubs and Cincinnati Reds.[12]
  10. ^ In 2000, in addition to the DSL Red Sox, the Red Sox and Arizona Diamondbacks shared a DSL team.[13]
  11. ^ In 2000, the Red Sox shared a VSL team with the Milwaukee Brewers and Minnesota Twins.[14]
  12. ^ In 2001, in addition to the DSL Red Sox, the Red Sox and Cleveland Indians shared a DSL team.[15]
  13. ^ In 2001, the Red Sox shared a VSL team with the Milwaukee Brewers and Minnesota Twins.[14]
  14. ^ In 2002, the Red Sox shared a VSL team with the Milwaukee Brewers.[16]
  15. ^ In 2005, the Red Sox shared a VSL team with the San Diego Padres.[17]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs The Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball. Lloyd Johnson & Miles Wolff, editors (Third ed.). Baseball America. 2007. ISBN 978-1932391176.((cite book)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  2. ^ a b c Cronin, John (Spring 2013). "Truth in the Minor League Class Structure: The Case for the Reclassification of the Minors". The Baseball Research Journal. Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  3. ^ Official Baseball Guide. St. Louis, Missouri: The Sporting News, 1948.
  4. ^ Official Baseball Guide. St. Louis, Missouri: The Sporting News, 1957.
  5. ^ "DSL Red Sox/Orioles/Brewers - BR Bullpen".
  6. ^ Official Baseball Record Book. St. Louis, Missouri: The Sporting News, 1963.
  7. ^ Official Baseball Dope Book. St. Louis, Missouri: The Sporting News, 1965.
  8. ^ Official Baseball Dope Book. St. Louis, Missouri: The Sporting News, 1974.
  9. ^ Official Baseball Dope Book. St. Louis, Missouri: The Sporting News, 1979.
  10. ^ "DSL Tigers/Padres/Red Sox - BR Bullpen".
  11. ^ "1996 DSL Astros/Red Sox Statistics".
  12. ^ "Cagua (VSL) - BR Bullpen".
  13. ^ "2000 DSL Diamondbacks/Red Sox Statistics".
  14. ^ a b "San Joaquin (VSL) - BR Bullpen".
  15. ^ "2001 DSL Indians/Red Sox Statistics".
  16. ^ "Ciudad Alianza (VSL) - BR Bullpen".
  17. ^ "VSL Red Sox/Padres - BR Bullpen".
  18. ^ "Red Sox announce 2013 Minor League field staffs". MLB.com. December 14, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  19. ^ "Red Sox announce 2014 Minor League field staffs". MLB.com. December 18, 2013. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  20. ^ "Red Sox announce 2015 minor league field staffs". MLB.com. January 8, 2015. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  21. ^ a b "Red Sox Announce Minor League Field Staffs". MiLB.com. January 14, 2016. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  22. ^ "Red Sox announce Minor League field staffs for 2017". MLB.com (Press release). Boston Red Sox. January 11, 2017. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  23. ^ "Red Sox announce minor league field staffs for 2018". MLB.com. Boston Red Sox. January 9, 2018. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  24. ^ "Red Sox Announce Personnel Moves in Player Development and Minor League Field Staffs". MiLB.com. January 10, 2019. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  25. ^ "Red Sox announce personnel moves in player development and Minor League field staffs". mlb.com (Press release). Boston Red Sox. January 16, 2020. Retrieved January 28, 2020.
  26. ^ "Sea Dogs, Red Sox Extend PDC Through 2022". Ballpark Digest. January 16, 2019. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  27. ^ "Red Sox Extend Affiliations with PawSox, Spinners". Ballpark Digest. January 5, 2018. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  28. ^ Reichard, Kevin (26 May 2009). "Affiliate Dance". Ballpark Digest. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  29. ^ "Drive, Red Sox extend player development contract". Ballpark Digest. January 27, 2016. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
  30. ^ Adler, David (June 30, 2020). "2020 Minor League Baseball season canceled". MLB.com. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  31. ^ a b Mayo, Jonathan (February 12, 2021). "MLB Announces New Minors Teams, Leagues". Major League Baseball. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
  32. ^ Browne, Ian (December 9, 2020). "Red Sox extend invites to 4 Minors affiliates". MLB. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  33. ^ Rebelo, Tanner (September 7, 2020). "PawSox Finale, A Day That Never Came". trifectanetworksports.com. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
  34. ^ Koch, Bill (December 9, 2020). "Pawtucket, Lowell dropped as Red Sox affiliates". The Providence Journal. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  35. ^ Collins, Matt (December 9, 2020). "Red Sox to reportedly keep all four full-season affiliates, leaving Lowell without affilation". overthemonster.com. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  36. ^ "Historical League Names to Return in 2022". Minor League Baseball. March 16, 2022. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
  37. ^ "Red Sox announce personnel moves in player development and Minor League field staffs". MLB.com (Press release). Boston Red Sox. January 29, 2021. Retrieved February 14, 2021.
  38. ^ "Red Sox announce personnel moves in player development, set Minor League field staffs". MLB.com (Press release). Boston Red Sox. February 3, 2022. Retrieved April 4, 2022.