Canadian cartoonists have been active since the earliest days of cartooning, in both English and French, the two official languages of Canada.

Canadian cartoonists are prominently active in every area of comics and cartooning, from editorial and gag cartoons, to comic strips, comic books, graphic novels and webcomics.

Brief overview

While earlier examples of Canadian comics tend to imitate American and British examples, over the course of the 20th Century, Canadian cartoonists have cut out niches of their own, as in Hal Foster's pioneering adventure comic strip work on Tarzan and Prince Valiant;[1] in Lynn Johnston's For Better or For Worse, readers follow the characters as they grow older and deal with a variety of issues, unusual for the gag-a-day comic strip world of the latter 20th Century; Dave Sim's Cerebus tackled epic-sized themes over the course of a 6000-page, self-contained story, while providing new publishing models in the forms of self-publishing and graphic novel collections.

John Wilson Bengough and his Puck-inspired humour magazine Grip (1873–1892) was a popular forum for political cartoons in the earliest decades following Canadian Confederation in 1867.[2] At the start of the 20th century, Albéric Bourgeois brought what may have been the first continuing comic strip to use word balloons to Canadian newspapers when he created Les Aventures de Timothée in 1903.

In 1938, artist Toronto-born artist Joe Shuster, along with American writer Jerry Siegel, released Superman to the world, kickstarting the fledgling comic book industry while popularizing the superhero genre. During World War II, Canadian superhero comic books got their start when Adrian Dingle debuted Nelvana of the Northern Lights in Triumph Adventure Comics, one of the "Canadian whites", comic books with colour covers and black-and-white interiors that were common in Canada during the war years.[3]

Canadians made a bigger impact on alternative comics later in the century. Dave Sim's 6000-page epic Cerebus pushed creative boundaries while Sim pushing a model of self-publishing as an ideal. Chester Brown had a broad influence breaking taboos in his Yummy Fur series, and was part of an autobiographical comics trend in the 1990s that included Seth and Julie Doucet. Graphic novels have since become more prominent, and webcomics have also become a popular outlet for Canadian cartoonists.

What is "Canadian"?

The Joe Shuster Awards considers eligible anyone who has Canadian citizenship (regardless of residence) or permanent residence.[4] The following list reflects that inclusive philosophy in choosing whom to consider "Canadian".

JS HoF = year of induction into the Joe Shuster Hall of Fame

CC HoF = year of induction into the Canadian Cartoonist Hall of Fame












Name Born Died Notable works Primary
language
Nationality JS HoF CC HoF Honours
Aislin 1942-11-11[5] Ottawa, Ontario[5] Editorial cartoons English Canadian OC
Adrian Alphona Runaways English
Kaare Andrews 1975-07-13 Saskatoon, Saskatchewan Spider-Man/Doctor Octopus: Year One, Spider-Man: Reign English Canadian
Ho Che Anderson 1969[6] London, England[6] English Canadian
Graham Annable 1970-06-01 Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario Grickle, Hickee English Canadian
Chris Bachalo 1965-08-23 Portage la Prairie[7] Death: The High Cost of Living, Shade the Changing Man, X-Men English
Leo Bachle 1923 Toronto, Ontario 2003 Toronto, Ontario Johnny Canuck English Canadian 2005
Bado 1949-05-21 Montréal, Québec[8] Editorial cartoons French

English

Canadian
Walter Ball 1911 Essa, Ontario 1995 Rural Route English
Raoul Barré 1874-01-29 Montréal, Québec 1932-05-21 Montréal, Québec French Canadian

American

Sid Barron 1917-06-13[9] Toronto, Ontario[9] 2006-04-26[9] Victoria, British Columbia[9] Editorial cartoons English Canadian
Jimmy Beaulieu 1974 French Canadian
Kate Beaton 1983-09-08 Mabou, Nova Scotia[10] Hark! A Vagrant English Canadian
Marc Bell 1971-11-24[11] London, Ontario English Canadian
John Wilson Bengough 1851-04-07[12] Toronto, Ontario[12] 1923-11-02[12] Toronto, Ontario[12] Grip Ltd. English Canadian 2005
Stanley Berneche 1947 Windsor, Ontario Captain Canada English 2008
Ian Boothby English Canadian
David Boswell 1953[13] Reid Fleming, World's Toughest Milkman English Canadian 2011
Rupert Bottenberg 1971-07-19 Wolfville, Nova Scotia English
Albéric Bourgeois 1876-11-29[14] Montréal, Québec 1962-11-17[14] Les Aventures de Timothée French Canadian 2005
Sheree Bradford-Lea Hamilton, Ontario Editorial cartoons, Life Outside The Box cartoons, Freelance Single Panel (Gag) cartoons and comic strips English
Chester Brown 1960-05-16 Montréal, Québec Yummy Fur, Louis Riel English Canadian 2011
John Byrne 1950-06-06 West Bromwich, United Kingdom Uncanny X-Men, Fantastic Four, Superman, Alpha Flight, Next Men English American 2008
Roy Carless 1920-11-03 York County, Ontario 2009-01-02 Hamilton, Ontario Editorial cartoons English
Geneviève Castrée 1981 Loretteville, Québec 2016 Anacortes, Washington French Canadian
Howard Chackowicz 1969 Laval, Québec English Canadian
Bernard Chang 1972 Montréal, Québec English American
Canadian
Serge Chapleau 1945-12-05 Montréal, Québec Editorial cartoons French Canadian
Albert Chartier 1912 2004 Onésime, Séraphin, Les Canadiens French Canadian 2007
Svetlana Chmakova 1979-10-07 Soviet Union Dramacon, Nightschool English Russian
Canadian
2010
Gary Clement 1959–07 Toronto, Ontario Editorial cartoons English
David Collier 1963-01-24[15] Windsor, Ontario[15] Collier's, Just the Facts, Surviving Saskatoon English Canadian
Darwyn Cooke 1962-11-16 Toronto, Ontario 2016-05-14 DC: The New Frontier, The Spirit, Richard Stark's Parker novel adaptations English Canadian
Dave Cooper 1967[16] Nova Scotia[16] Suckle, Crumple, Weasel English Canadian
William Garnet "Bing" Coughlin 1905-10-07 Ottawa, Ontario 1991-09-04 Springfield, Pennsylvania English
Fred Curatolo 1958[17] Toronto, Ontario Editorial cartoons English
Michael de Adder 1967-05-25[18] Moncton, New Brunswick[18] Walterworld,[19] Editorial cartoons English
Willow Dawson 1975 English Canadian
Gene Day 1951-08-13[20] Kingston, Ontario[20] 1982-09-23[21] Gananoque, Ontario English Canadian
Stéphane Delaprée 1956 Paris, France English
Adrian Dingle 1911 Barmouth, Gwynedd, Wales 1974-12-22 Toronto, Ontario Nelvana of the Northern Lights English Canadian 2005
Andy Donato 1937 Scarborough, Ontario Editorial cartoons English
Julie Doucet 1965-12-31 Montréal, Québec Dirty Plotte French

English

Canadian
Max Douglas 1970-09-15 Toronto, Ontario Therefore Repent!, Sea of Red, RevolveЯ English Canadian
Dale Eaglesham 1962 Justice Society of America, Alpha Flight English Canadian
Wally Fawkes 1924[22] Vancouver, British Columbia[22] Flook English
George Feyer 1921 Hungary 1967–03 Los Angeles, California English 2006
Patrick Fillion 1973 Québec Naked Justice English Canadian
David Finch 1971-07-04 English Canadian
Hal Foster 1892-08-18[23] Halifax, Nova Scotia[23] 1982-07-25[23] Winter Park, Florida, United States[23] Prince Valiant English 2005
Pierre Fournier 1949 Red Ketchup, Les Aventures du Capitaine Kébec, Croc, Michel Risque French Canadian 2008
Tom Fowler English Canadian
J. D. Frazer 1969 User Friendly English
George Freeman 1951-05-27 Selkirk, Manitoba English Canadian 2010
Jimmy Frise 1891 Scugog Island, Ontario 1948 Birdseye Center English Canadian 2009
Ed Furness 1911 United Kingdom 2005 Toronto, Ontario, Canada Freelance, Commander Steele English Canadian 2005
Brian Gable 1949[24] Saskatoon, Saskatchewan[24] Editorial cartoons English Canadian
Michel Gagné 1965 Roberval, Québec, Canada English
Gerhard 1959-04-14 Edmonton, Alberta Cerebus English Canadian
Tony Gray The Incredible Conduit English Canadian
Bus Griffiths 1913[25] Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan[25] 2006-09-25[25] Comox, British Columbia[25] Now You're Logging English Canadian
Annie Groovie 1970-04-11 Trois-Rivières, Québec Léon French Canadian
Tom Grummett 1959 Saskatoon, Saskatchewan "The Death of Superman" English Canadian
Pia Guerra English Canadian
Ralph Hamelmann 1967-06-21 St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador English
Glen Hanson Chelsea Boys English
Faith Erin Hicks Demonology 101, Zombies Calling, War at Ellesmere English Canadian
Rand Holmes 1942-02-22[26] Truro, Nova Scotia[27] 2002-03-15[26] Nanaimo, British Columbia Harold Hedd English Canadian 2005 2007
Jacques Hurtubise (cartoonist)

, aka ZYX

1950 2015 Croc French Canadian 2007
Stuart Immonen English Canadian
Geof Isherwood 1960-12-04 Quantico, Virginia English American
Lynn Johnston 1947-05-28 Collingwood, Ontario[28] For Better or For Worse English 2008 OC, OM
Henri Julien 1852-05-14[29] Québec City, Québec[29] 1908-09-17[29] French Canadian
Dale Keown 1962 Pitt English Canadian
Karl Kerschl Toronto, Ontario English Canadian
Eric Kim 1977 English
Leonard Kirk 2000 United States English American
Adrian Kleinbergen 1961 Edmonton, Alberta English Canadian
Nikahang Kowsar 1969 Iran Editorial cartoons English Iranian
Dave Lapp Drop-In English
Julian Lawrence 1963-12-29 England[30] English
Gerald Lazare 1927 Toronto, Ontario, Canada Nitro, The Wing, The Dreamer, Drummy Young, Air Woman English Canadian 2007
Troy Little 1973-03-07 Prince Edward Island Chiaroscuro English Canadian
Graeme MacKay 1968[31] Alas & Alack, Gridlock,[32] Editorial cartoons English Canadian
Duncan Macpherson 1924-09-20 Toronto, Ontario 1993-05-03 Beaverton, Ontario Editorial cartoons English CM
Jay Malone Kentville, Nova Scotia English
Francis Manapul 1979-08-26 English
Jason Marcy Jay's Days English
Sean Martin 1960-12-29 Hereford, Texas 2020-08-03 Doc and Raider English
Michael McAdam 1969-04-30 Fredericton, New Brunswick Thunder, Spectrum, Twilight Detective Agency, Gloaming, Diaperman English Canadian
Bruce McCall 1935 Simcoe, Ontario New Yorker cartoons English
Ted McCall 1901 1975 Men of the Mounted, founder of Anglo-American Publishing, Freelance English Canadian 2008
Owen McCarron 1929 Halifax, Nova Scotia 2005-06-27 Ghost Rider, Spidey Super Stories, Marvel Fun and Games English Canadian 2006
Todd McFarlane 1961-03-16 Calgary, Alberta Spawn English Canadian, American 2011
Bernie Mireault 1961 Marville, France The Jam', Mackenzie Queen, Dr. Robot, Bug-eyed Monster English Canadian
Gabriel Morrissette 1959 Montreal, Quebec Northguard, Angloman, Fleur de Lys English Canadian
Win Mortimer 1919-05-01[33] Hamilton, Ontario[33] 1998-01-11[33] Superman, Superboy, Batman, Legion of Super-Heroes, Plastic Man, Supergirl, Scooter, Stanley And His Monster, Spider-Man, Boris Karloff's Tales of Mystery, The Twilight Zone, Supernatural Thrillers. English Canadian 2006
Len Norris 1913 London, England 1997 Langley, British Columbia Editorial cartoons English
Mark Oakley Thieves and Kings English Canadian
Bryan Lee O'Malley 1979[34] London, Ontario[34] Scott Pilgrim English Canadian/Korean
Yanick Paquette 1974 English Canadian
Louis Paradis 1959-06-06[35] Montmagny, Quebec French Canadian
Guillaume Perreault 1985 Rimouski, Quebec Pet et Répète: La véritable histoire French Canadian
Roy Peterson 1936 Winnipeg, Manitoba 2013 Editorial cartoons English Canadian OC
Dušan Petričić 1946-05-10 Editorial cartoons English
Michel Rabagliati 1961[36] Montréal, Québec[36] Paul series French Canadian
Adrian Raeside 1957[37] Dunedin, New Zealand[37] Editorial cartoons English
Steve Requin 1968-07-21 Montréal, Québec MensuHell French Canadian
Yves Rodier 1967-06-05 Farnham, Québec French Canadian
Vic Roschkov, Sr. 1941 Kiev, Soviet Ukraine Editorial cartoons English
Arn Saba 1947 Vancouver, British Columbia Neil the Horse English Canadian
Seth 1962-09-16 Clinton, Ontario Palookaville, It's a Good Life, If You Don't Weaken English Canadian
Mark Shainblum 1963 Montreal, Quebec Northguard, Angloman, Fleur de Lys English Canadian
Leanne Shapton 1973-06-25 English
Joe Shuster 1914-07-10[38] Toronto, Ontario[39] 1992-07-30[38] Los Angeles, California[40] Superman English Canadian until 1945, American 2005
Dave Sim 1956-05-17[41] Hamilton, Ontario[41] Cerebus English Canadian 2006
James Simpkins 1910-11-26[42] Winnipeg, Manitoba[42] 2004-02-01[43] Dundas, Ontario[43] Jasper the Bear English Canadian
Steve Skroce Canada English Canadian
Kean Soo England Jellaby English
Jon St. Ables 1912-12-23[44] Ulverston, England[44] 1999[44] Seattle, Washington Piltdown Pete, Brok Windsor, Bill Speed English Canadian 2006
Ken Steacy 1955-01-08 The Sacred and the Profane, Night and the Enemy, Astro Boy, Johnny Quest, Tempus Fugitive English Canadian 2009
Jay Stephens 1971-03-22 Toronto, Ontario Chick & Dee, Oh, Brother! English Canadian
Noreen Stevens 1962[45] Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario[45] The Chosen Family English Canadian
Cameron Stewart 1967 Toronto, Ontario English Canadian
Philip Street 1959 Fisher English
Paul Szep 1941-07-29 Hamilton, Ontario Editorial cartoons English American
Jillian Tamaki 1980-04-17 Ottawa, Ontario[46] Skim English
Ty Templeton 1962-05-09 Stig's Inferno, Batman Adventures, Justice League English Canadian
Charles Thorson 1890-08-29[47] Winnipeg, Manitoba[47] 1966-08-07[47] Vancouver, British Columbia[47] Bugs Bunny, Elmer Fudd English Canadian
Marcus To 1983-10-20 English Canadian
Wyatt Tremblay 1960 Jasper, Alberta Editorial cartoons English
Colin Upton 1960-04-02 Winnipeg, Manitoba English Canadian
Henriette Valium 1959-05-04 Montreal, Canada English Canadian
Peter Whalley 1921-02-21 Brockville, Canada 2007-09-18 Saint-Jérôme, Quebec English Canadian 2005
Ben Wicks 1926-10-01 London, England 2000-09-10 English CM
Doug Wright II 1917-08-07 Dover, Kent, England 1983 Doug Wright's Family (Nipper) English 2005
Avrom Yanovsky 1911[48] Krivoy Rog, Ukraine[48] 1979 English

See also

Further reading

References

  1. ^ Bell, Invaders, page 33
  2. ^ Cook, Ramsay. "BENGOUGH, JOHN WILSON". Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Retrieved 2011-12-16.
  3. ^ "Canadian Golden Age of Comics, 1941–1946". Library and Archives Canada. 2002-06-24. Retrieved 2011-12-16.
  4. ^ "About". Retrieved 2011-12-14. For the purposes of the JOE SHUSTER AWARDS (as determined by the Nominating Committee), a Canadian is defined as a native (citizen) or long-term inhabitant (permanent resident) of Canada, or an individual who was born in Canada and now resides elsewhere (possessing either Canadian or dual citizenship). However, this is a fluid definition which can be re-evaluated by the nominating committee on a case by case basis. Awards may change from year to year, including or subtracting, as determined by the awards Executive Committee. In order to qualify as a resident, a creator must live in Canada for three years, and that residency status is revoked if the person moves away from Canada.
  5. ^ a b Hustak, Alan. "Terry Mosher". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  6. ^ a b "Ho Che Anderson". Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  7. ^ "Chris Bachalo". ComiBook DB. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
  8. ^ "Bado's blog: Profile". Retrieved 2011-12-15.
  9. ^ a b c d Hawthorn, Tom (2006-05-15). "Sid Barron: 1917 – 2005". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  10. ^ Battis, Todd (2011-11-09). "Canadian Original: Kate Beaton's sketchy rise to fame". CTV News. Archived from the original on March 31, 2012. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  11. ^ "Marc Bell". Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
  12. ^ a b c d Cook, Ramsay. "Bengough, John Wilson". The Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  13. ^ Boswell entry, Who's Who of American Comic Books, 1928–1999.
  14. ^ a b "Albéric Bourgeois (Marius)". Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
  15. ^ a b "David Collier Biography". Drawn & Quarterly. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  16. ^ a b "Dave Cooper". Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  17. ^ "Fred Curatolo fonds [graphic material]". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  18. ^ a b Michael de Adder biography at Mount Allison University's website
  19. ^ "Michael De Adder". lambiek.net. Retrieved Apr 23, 2020.
  20. ^ a b "Gene Day – Summary Bibliography". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  21. ^ "Gene Day (Howard Eugene Day)". Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  22. ^ a b "Biography: Wally Fawkes (Trog)". British Cartoon Archive. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
  23. ^ a b c d Kane, Brian (November 2001). "Hal Foster". Retrieved 2011-12-13.
  24. ^ a b "Brian Gable". Association of Canadian Editorial Cartoonists. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  25. ^ a b c d "Bus Griffiths (1913–2006)". Sequential: Canadian Comix News & Culture. 2006-12-11. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
  26. ^ a b "Rand Holmes". Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  27. ^ "HOLMES, Rand (1942–2002)". Joe Shuster Awards. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  28. ^ "Lynn's Early Years". Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  29. ^ a b c Guilbault, Nicole. "Julien, Henri". Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  30. ^ "Biography". Drippytown Comics and Stories. Archived from the original on October 2, 2011. Retrieved February 20, 2010.
  31. ^ "Graeme MacKay". Association of Canadian Editorial Cartoonists. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  32. ^ "Graeme MacKay". lambiek.net. Retrieved Apr 23, 2020.
  33. ^ a b c "Win Mortimer". Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  34. ^ a b "Bryan Lee O'Malley's finest hour". National Post. Archived from the original on 2012-03-07. Retrieved 2013-05-21.
  35. ^ "Louis Paradis". Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  36. ^ a b "Michel Rabagliati Biography". Drawn & Quarterly. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  37. ^ a b "About Adrian Raeside". Creators.com. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  38. ^ a b "NewsWatch: Joseph Shuster Dies at 78," The Comics Journal #152 (August 1992), p. 9.
  39. ^ "Man and Superman". Time. January 5, 1976. Archived from the original on August 12, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-12. .
  40. ^ Lambert, Bruce (August 3, 1992). "Joseph Shuster, Cartoonist, Dies; Co-Creator of 'Superman' Was 78". New York Times. Archived from the original on August 12, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-12.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link) .
  41. ^ a b "Dave Sim". Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  42. ^ a b Hustak, Alan. "Simpkins, James Nathaniel". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
  43. ^ a b "James Simpkins, 1910–2004". Library and Archives of Canada. Archived from the original on September 22, 2017. Retrieved December 17, 2009.
  44. ^ a b c "Jon St. Ables". Lambiek Comiclopedia. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
  45. ^ a b Philipps, Carol (2004-10-28), "Closing The Chosen Family album", Xtra!, archived from the original on 2007-10-10, retrieved 2007-09-23
  46. ^ "Jillian Tamaki". Archived from the original on 2014-12-14. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
  47. ^ a b c d Walz, Gene. "Charles Gustav Thorson". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
  48. ^ a b Abramowitz, David (January–February 2006). "Exhibiting the Political Cartoons of Avrom Yanovsky". Retrieved 2011-12-13.

Notes

Works cited