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Canadian inventions and discoveries are objects, processes, or techniques—invented, innovated, or discovered—that owe their existence either partially or entirely to a person born in Canada, a citizen of Canada, or a company or organization based in Canada. Some of these inventions were funded by National Research Council Canada (NRCC), which has been an important factor in innovation and technological advancement. Often, things discovered for the first time are also called inventions and in many cases, there is no clear line between the two.

The following is a list of inventions, innovations or discoveries known or generally recognized to be Canadian.

Inventions and improvements

Notable Canadian inventions and improvements to existing technologies include:

Computing, film, and animation

IMAX format
IMAX format


Atomic clock
Atomic clock

Canadian invented words & terms

Food and agriculture

See also: Canadian cuisine


Rotary snowplow
Rotary snowplow


CADPAT digital camouflage pattern
CADPAT digital camouflage pattern

Domestic life & Fashion

Science and medicine

Calcium carbide
Calcium carbide

Sport, music, and entertainment

Table hockey
Table hockey

Tools and manufacturing

Collerette ladder
Collerette ladder

Transportation and mobility

Bell hydrofoil
Bell hydrofoil

Animal Breeds

Holidays & Events


See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f "16 amazing things invented by Canadians | CBC Television".
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Bellis, Mary (28 February 2020). "Top 100 Inventions Made in Canada". ThoughtCo. Retrieved 29 August 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ Acland, Charles (24 June 2015). "IMAX Systems Corporation". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 29 August 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ Brown, Julie. "The History of IMAX - IMAX Sydney". Retrieved 29 August 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "More than 30 inventions you wouldn't expect to be Canadian". 11 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Retired NRC Scientists Burtnyk and Wein honoured as Fathers of Computer Animation Technology in Canada", Sphere, 1996
  7. ^ "Oral-History:Ralph Benjamin - Engineering and Technology History Wiki". 26 January 2021.
  8. ^ a b "50 great gifts Canada gave the world". The Art of the Great Media Interview. Retrieved 30 August 2021.
  9. ^ Young, Jessica (18 September 2020). "Roland Galarneau". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 29 August 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "An Unsung hero: Reginald Fessenden, the Canadian inventor of radio telephony," Retrieved 2021-08-29.
  11. ^ Matei, Adrienne (4 July 2017). "The Strange Story of the Montreal Melon". Nuvo. Nuvo Magazine Ltd. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  12. ^ Basen, Gwynne. "Return of the Montréal Melon". Montréal's Urban Landscape. Véhicule Press. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  13. ^ Fabien-Ouellet, Nicolas (21 February 2019). "13. The Canadian Cuisine Fallacy". In Ichijo, Atsuko; Ranta, Ronald; Johannes, Venetia (eds.). The Emergence of National Food: The Dynamics of Food and Nationalism. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 161–162. ISBN 9781350074149.
  14. ^ "Yukon Gold | Potato Research Program | Department of Plant Agriculture | University of Guelph". Archived from the original on 14 March 2011.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g "With Glowing Hearts: Reflecting on a few things that Canada has brought to the world". Canadian Family Physician. College of Family Physicians of Canada. 63 (7): 556–557. 1 July 2017. ISSN 0008-350X. PMID 28701451.
  16. ^ Christensen, Bill (21 February 2006). "Long-Distance Pen Devised by Author Margaret Atwood". LiveScience. Future US, Inc. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  17. ^ "History & Evolution of Glacier Goggles". 20 November 2020.
  18. ^ "Snowshoes | the Canadian Encyclopedia".
  19. ^ "Meet the Canadian engineer who casually invented the pacemaker | CBC Canada 2017".
  20. ^ "Dianne Croteau Inventions, Patents and Patent Applications - Justia Patents Search". Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  21. ^ Admin (1 July 2018). "Celebrating All Things Great And Canadian". Canada Protection Plan. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  22. ^ "Fact Sheet - VSV-EBOV - Canada's vaccine for Ebola". 2 August 2013.
  23. ^ "Ideas That Made History". Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  24. ^ Chemical Institute of Canada. "CIC Fun Facts Handbook" (PDF). Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  25. ^ "A celebration of achievement: Honouring the work of Dr. Harold Jennings". National Research Council Canada. 24 April 2019. Retrieved 30 August 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  26. ^ "Quantum Valley Investments | Quantum Valley | History". Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  27. ^ "1999". | Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  28. ^ "The Invention of the 'Jock Strap' — Guelph Heritage". Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  29. ^ "Collerette ladder in London". Service de sécurité incendie de Montréal. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  30. ^ "11 Inventions to Celebrate - Canada's History".
  31. ^ Kinova (7 June 2010). "Kinova Reach your potential". Retrieved 12 June 2010.
  32. ^ Radio-Canada (3 November 2009). "Découverte - Le bras robotisé Jaco". Retrieved 12 June 2010.
  33. ^ United States patent and trademark office (3 November 2009). "United States Patent". Retrieved 12 June 2010.
  34. ^ "Veteran had indomitable spirit: Paralyzed airman invented bus that accommodates wheelchairs. Halifax Daily News, Wednesday 26 September 2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  35. ^ Ottawa Citizen - 23 Aug 1950 Callow's bus had a hydrolic ramp. The following year an accessibility bus with a manual ramp was used in Toronto.

External links and further reading