Asian mushrooms and fungi are often used in Asian cuisine, either fresh or dried. According to Chinese traditional medicine, many types of mushroom affect the eater's physical and emotional wellbeing.

Asian mushrooms and fungi

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Scientific names Commonly used names Image Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Translation Notes, other Chinese names
Agrocybe aegerita, Agrocybe cylindracea poplar mushroom, velvet pioppino
茶樹菇 茶树菇 cháshùgū tea tree mushroom
Auricularia auricula-judae wood ear
黑木耳 黑木耳 hēimù'ěr black wood ear
Auricularia polytricha cloud ear fungus
(白背)毛木耳 (白背)毛木耳 (báibèi)máomù'ĕr (white backed) hairy wood ear Similar to wood ears, but coarser. Generally used in soups.
Clitocybe maxima
猪肚菇 猪肚菇 zhūdǔgū pig stomach mushroom
Coprinus comatus Shaggy ink cap
雞腿菇 鸡腿菇 jītuǐgū (white backed) chicken thigh mushroom
Dacryopinax spathularia sweet osmanthus ear
桂花耳 桂花耳 guìhuā'ěr osmanthus ear Used in Buddha's delight.
Flammulina velutipes enoki
金(針)菇 金(针)菇 jīn(zhēn)gū gold (needle) mushroom Cultivated variety shown, wild differs in appearance.
Ganoderma lucidum reishi mushroom
靈芝 灵芝 língzhī supernatural mushroom Very bitter but believed to be medicinally highly potent. Often made into a tea or broth with Chinese wolfberries.
Gloeostereum incarnatum 榆耳 榆耳 yú'ěr elm ear Used in Buddha's delight.
Hericium erinaceus lion's mane mushroom, bearded tooth mushroom
猴頭菇 猴头菇 hóutóugū monkey head mushroom
Hericium ramosum
Hypsizygus tessellatus white beech mushroom
蟹味菇 蟹味菇 xièwèigū crab flavor mushroom
Lentinula edodes shiitake
香菇 香菇 xiānggū fragrant mushroom
Macrolepiota albuminosa, Termitomyces albuminosus
雞肉絲菇 鸡肉丝菇 jīròusīgū chicken meat strip mushroom
Phallus indusiatus bamboo fungus
竹蓀 竹荪 zhúsūn Considered an aphrodisiac. Used in chicken soups.
Pleurotus eryngii king oyster mushroom
杏鮑菇 杏鲍菇 xìngbàogū almond abalone mushroom
Pleurotus ostreatus oyster mushroom
蠔菇 蚝菇 háogū oyster mushroom Also known as 秀珍菇 (pinyin: xiùzhēngū)
Russula virescens green brittlegill
變綠紅菇 变绿红菇 biànlǜhónggū change green red mushroom
Thelephora ganbajun dried beef mushroom
干巴菌 干巴菌 gānbājùn ganba mushroom Discovered in 1987, now highly prized. It takes its name from 干巴牛肉 (pinyin: gānbāniúròu), a Yunnanese specialty of dried beef.
Tremella aurantialba 金耳 金耳 jīn'ěr golden ear Used in Buddha's delight.
Tremella frondosa
黃耳 黃耳 huáng'ěr yellow ear Used in Buddha's delight. Also known as 叶银耳 (pinyin: yèyín'ěr; lit. 'leaf wood ear')
Tremella fuciformis silver ear fungus, snow fungus
銀耳 银耳 yín'ěr silver ear Also known as 雪耳(pinyin: xuě'ěr; lit. 'snow ear') and 白木耳 (pinyin: báimù'ěr; lit. 'white wood ear')
Tricholoma matsutake matsutake
松茸 松茸 sōngróng pine bud Expensive delicacy, especially highly prized in Japan.
Volvariella volvacea paddy straw mushroom
草菇 草菇 cǎogū straw mushroom

See also