This article lists the locomotives and railcars/multiple units of the Deutsche Bundesbahn (DB), the German Federal Railways, that were in service between 1949 and 1993. For vehicles of the Deutsche Bahn AG see the List of DBAG locomotives and railbuses.
Steam locomotive classes are arranged in accordance with the DRG classification system; electric and diesel locomotives, railbuses and works vehicles are listed in accordance with the DB classification scheme. Classes that were fully retired before 1968 are listed under the classification allocated to them by the DB up to 1967. In the case of petrol-driven railbuses, a new classification system was introduced in the late 1940s that was only valid in the western zones of occupation and therefore with the later DB.
The table gives the vehicle class in the first column that was used by the Deutsche Bundesbahn who adopted the DRG classification system; if necessary, figures based on the running numbers are also given where this is needed to identify the sub-classes.
In the second column the class numbers are from the DB classification scheme used from 1968 onwards. Where there is no entry in this column, all the engines had been retired by the beginning of 1968.
The Deutsche Bundesbahn retired its last steam locomotives by 1977 and completely ceased all steam traction operations by 1985.
Express train tender locomotives | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|
Class | Original class or type | Wheel arrangement (UIC) | Sub-class | Remarks | |
to 1967 | from 1968 | ||||
01.0-2 | 001 | Einheitslok | 2'C1' | S 36.20 | |
01.0-2 | 001 | Einheitslok rebuild | 2'C1' | S 36.20 | with Henschel mixer preheater |
01.0-2 | 001 | Einheitslok rebuild | 2'C1' | S 36.20 | with high-performance boiler |
01.10 | Einheitslok | 2'C1' | S 36.20 | ||
01.10 | 011 | with modern boiler | 2'C1' | S 36.20 | |
01.10 | 012 | with modern boiler | 2'C1' | S 36.20 | With oil-firing |
03.0-2 | 003 | Einheitslok | 2'C1' | S 36.17, S 36.18 | |
03.10 | Einheitslok | 2'C1' | S 36.18 | ||
03.10 | with modern boiler | 2'C1' | S 36.18 | ||
05 | Einheitslok | 2'C2' | S 37.19 | ||
10 | 010 | Neubaulok | 2'C1' | S 36.22 | |
17.11-12 | Prussian S10.1, 1914 version | 2'C | S 35.17 | ||
18.1 | Württemberg C | 2'C1' | S 36.16 | ||
18.3 | 018 | Baden IV h.1-3 | 2'C1' | S 36.17 | |
18.4-5 | Bavarian S 3/6 | 2'C1' | S 36.16, S 36.17, S 36.18 | including some DRG copies | |
18.6 | with modern boiler | 2'C1' | S 36.18 | from Bavarian S 3/6 | |
Passenger train tender locomotives | |||||
Class | Original class or type | Wheel arrangement (UIC) | Sub-class | Remarks | |
to 1967 | from 1968 | ||||
23 | 023 | Neubaulok | 1'C1' | P 35.18 | |
24 | Einheitslok | 1'C | P 34.15 | ||
38.4 | Bavarian P 3/5 H | 2'C | P 35.15 | ||
38.10-40 | 038 | Prussian P 8 | 2'C | P 35.17 | |
38.2-3 | Saxon XII H2 | 2'C | P 35.15 | ||
39.0-2 | Prussian P 10 | 1'D1' | P 46.19 | ||
Goods train tender locomotives | |||||
Class | Original class or type | Wheel arrangement (UIC) | Sub-class | Remarks | |
to 1967 | from 1968 | ||||
41 | Einheitslok | 1'D1' | G 46.18/20 | ||
41 | 041 | with modern boiler | 1'D1' | G 46.18 | |
41 | 042 | with modern boiler | 1'D1' | G 46.18 | With oil-firing |
42 | Kriegslokomotive | 1'E | G 56.17 | ||
42.90 | Kriegslokomotive | 1'E | G 56.18 | Rebuild from Br 52 m. Franco-Crosti preheater | |
44 | 044 | Einheitslok | 1'E | G 56.20 | also procured as 44 ÜK (Übergangskriegslok) |
44 | 043 | Einheitslok | 1'E | G 56.20 | With oil-firing |
45 | 045 | Einheitslok | 1'E1' | G 57.18/20 | |
50 | 050 - 053 | Einheitslok | 1'E | G 56.15 | also procured as 50 ÜK (Übergangskriegslok) |
50.40 | Einheitslok rebuild | 1'E | G 56.15 | with Franco-Crosti preheater | |
52 | Kriegslokomotive | 1'E | G 56.15 | ||
54.15-17 | Bavarian G 3/4 H | 1'C | G 34.16 | ||
55.0-6 | Prussian G 7.1 | D | G 44.13 | ||
55.16-22 | Prussian G 8 | D | G 44.14 | ||
55.25-56 | 055 | Prussian G 8.1 | D | G 44.17 | |
56.1 | Prussian G 8.3 | 1'D | G 45.17 | ||
56.2-8 | Prussian G 8.1 with carrying axle | D | G 45.16 | Rebuild from G8.1 by the DRG | |
56.20-29 | Prussian G 8.2 | 1'D | G 45.17 | ||
57.5 | Bavarian G 5/5 | E | G 55.17 | ||
57.10-35 | 057 | Prussian G 10 | E | G 55.15 | |
58.2-3 | Baden G 12.1-7 | 1'E | G 56.16 | ||
58.4 | Saxon XIII H | 1'E | G 56.16 | ||
58.5 | Württemberg G 12 | 1'E | G 56.16 | ||
58.10-21 | Prussian G 12 | 1'E | G 56.16 | ||
59 | Württemberg K | 1'F | G 67.16 | ||
Tank locomotives | |||||
Class | Original class or type | Wheel arrangement (UIC) | Sub-class | Remarks | |
to 1967 | from 1968 | ||||
61 | Einheitslok | 2'C2' | St 37.18 | ||
62 | Einheitslok | 2'C2' | Pt 37.20 | ||
64 | 064 | Einheitslok | 1'C1' | Pt 35.15 | |
65 | 065 | Neubaulok | 1'D2' | Pt 47.17 | |
66 | Neubaulok | 1'C2' | Pt 36.16 | ||
70.0 | Bavarian Pt 2/3 | 1'B | Pt 23.14 | ||
70.1 | Baden Ig.1-2 | 1'B | Pt 23.14, Pt 23.15 | some were DRG copies | |
71 | Einheitslok | 1'B1' | Pt 24.15 | ||
74.0-3 | Prussian T 11 | 1'C | Pt 34.16 | ||
74.4-13 | Prussian T 12 | 1'C | Pt 34.17 | ||
75.0 | Württemberg T 5 | 1'C1' | Pt 35.15 | ||
75.1-3 | Baden VI b.1-11 | 1'C1' | Pt 35.14 | ||
75.4 | Baden VI c.1-7 | 1'C1' | Pt 35.16 | ||
75.10-11 | Baden VI c.8-9 | 1'C1' | Pt 35.16 | ||
76.0 | Prussian T 10 | 2'C | Pt 35.16 | ||
77.0 | Palatine P 5 | 1'C2' | Pt 36.16 | ||
77.1 | Palatine Pt 3/6, Bavarian Pt 3/6 |
1'C2' | Pt 36.16 | ||
78.0-5 | 078 | Prussian T 18, Württemberg T 18 |
2'C2' | Pt 37.17 | |
78.10 | Rebuild | 2'C2' | Pt 37.17 | from Prussian P 8 | |
80 | Einheitslok | C | Gt 33.17 | ||
81 | Einheitslok | D | Gt 44.17 | ||
82 | 082 | Neubaulok | E | Gt 55.18 | |
85 | Einheitslok | 1'E1' | Gt 57.20 | Höllentalbahn | |
86 | 086 | Einheitslok | 1'D1' | Gt 46.15 | also procured as ÜK (Übergangskriegslok) |
87 | Einheitslok | E | Gt 55.17 | with cogwheel drive on outer axles | |
89.1 | Palatine T 3 | C | Gt 33.14 | ||
89.3 | Württemberg T 3 | C | Gt 33.10, Gt 33.12 | ||
89.6 | Bavarian D II.II | C | Gt 33.15 | ||
89.7 | Bavarian R 3/3 | C | Gt 33.15 | ||
89.8 | Bavarian R 3/3 | C | Gt 33.16 | DRG copy | |
89.70-75 | Prussian T 3 | C | Gt 33.10, Gt 33.11, Gt 33.12 | ||
91.3-18 | Prussian T 9.3 | 1'C | Gt 34.15 | ||
91.19 | Mecklenburg T 4 | 1'C | Gt 34.11, Gt 34.12, Gt 34.13 | ||
91.20 | Württemberg T 9 | 1'C | Gt 34.15 | ||
92.2-3 | Baden X b.1-7 | D | Gt 44.15, Gt 44.16 | ||
92.5-10 | Prussian T 13, Oldenburg T 13 | D | Gt 44.15, Gt 44.16 | ||
92.20 | Palatine R 4/4, Bavarian R 4/4 | D | Gt 44.16 | ||
93.0-4 | Prussian T 14 | D | Gt 46.16 | ||
93.5-12 | 093 | Prussian T 14.1 Württemberg T 14 |
D | Gt 46.17 | |
94.1 | Württemberg Tn | E | Gt 55.13 | ||
94.2-4 | Prussian T 16 | E | Gt 55.15 | ||
94.5-17 | 094 | Prussian T 16.1 | E | Gt 55.17 | |
95.0 | Prussian T 20 | 1'E1' | Gt 57.19 | ||
97.1 | Bavarian PtzL 3/4 | C1' | Z 34.15 | Rack railway locomotive | |
97.5 | Württemberg Hz | E | Z 55.15 | Rack railway locomotive, DRG new build | |
98.3 | Bavarian PtL 2/2 | B | L 22.11 | Branch line locomotive Glaskasten ('glass box') | |
98.4-5 | Bavarian D XI | C1' | L 34.10, L 34.11 | Branch line locomotive | |
98.5 | Bavarian PtL 3/4 | C1' | L 34.11 | Branch line locomotive | |
98.6 | Palatine D VIII | C1' | L 34.13 | Branch line locomotive | |
98.8-9 | 098 | Bavarian GtL 4/4 | D | L 44.11, L 44.12 | Branch line locomotive, including some DRG copies |
98.10 | DRG new build | D1' | L 45.11 | Branch line locomotive | |
98.11 | 097 | DRG rebuild - Bavarian GtL 4/5 | 1'D | L 45.11 | Branch line locomotive, rebuild from Bavarian GtL 4/4 |
98.18 | ex LAG | 1'D1' | - | Branch line locomotive | |
Narrow gauge locomotives | |||||
Class | Original class or type | Wheel arrangement (UIC) | Sub-class | Remarks | |
to 1967 | from 1968 | ||||
99 | 099 | Various | Narrow gauge locomotives |
The electric vehicles of the Deutsche Bundesbahn have been designed for operating with a voltage of 15 kV, 16,667 Hz.
Class | Wheel arrangement (UIC) | Remarks | |
---|---|---|---|
to 1967 | from 1968 | ||
E 03 | 103 | Co'Co' | |
E 04 | 104 | 1'Co1' | |
E 10 | 110 | Bo'Bo' | See also Einheitselektrolokomotive |
111 | Bo'Bo' | ||
E 10.12 | 112 | Bo'Bo' | E10 with altered drive transmission, reclassified to Class 113 in 1991 |
112.1 | Bo'Bo' | DR class 212 (GDR development), procured by the DB in 1992 in batch of 45 units | |
E 10.12 | 113 | Bo'Bo' | Classified as Class 112 up to 1991 |
E 10.12 | 114 | Bo'Bo' | Reclassified from Class 112 due to restriction to 140 km/h |
E 16 | 116 | 1'Do1' | Bavarian ES 1 |
E 17 | 117 | 1'Do1' | |
E 18 | 118 | 1'Do1' | |
E 19 | 119 | 1'Do1' | |
120 | Bo'Bo' | ||
E 32 | 132 | 1'C1' | Bavarian EP 2 |
E 33 | 1'C1' | BBÖ 1029, returned to the ÖBB as 1073 in 1952 | |
E 40.11 | 139 | Bo'Bo' | |
E 40 | 140 | Bo'Bo' | See also Einheitselektrolokomotive |
E 41 | 141 | Bo'Bo' | See also Einheitselektrolokomotive |
E 44 | 144 | Bo'Bo' | |
E 44.5 | 144.5 | Bo'Bo' | |
E 50 | 150 | Co'Co' | See also Einheitselektrolokomotive |
151 | Co'Co' | ||
E 52 | 152 | 2'BB2' | Bavarian EP 5 |
E 60 | 160 | 1'C | |
E 62 | 1'C1' | Bavarian EP 1 | |
E 63 | 163 | C | |
E 69 | 169 | Bo | LAG 1 - 5 Lokalbahn AG |
E 70.2 | 1'C1' | Bavarian EG 2 | |
E 71 | B'B' | Prussian EG 511 to EG 537 | |
E 72 | 1'C1' | BBÖ 1005, returned to the ÖBB as 1072 in 1952 | |
E 73 | Bo'Bo' | Hamburg-Altona harbour railway | |
E 75 | 175 | ||
E 80 | |||
E 310 | 181.0-1 | Multi-system locomotive for cross-border working | |
181.2 | Multi-system locomotive for cross-border working to France and Luxembourg (25 kV AC, 50 Hz) | ||
E 320 | 182 | ||
E 344 | 183 | ||
E 410 | 184 | Multi-system locomotive for cross-border working | |
E 91.0 | 191 | Bavarian EG 5 | |
E 91.9 | 191 | Prussian EG 581 to EG 594 | |
E 93 | 193 | Co'Co' | |
E 94 | 194 | Co'Co' | |
E 170 | |||
E 244 | Bo'Bo' | electrical equipment for working at 25 KV~, 50 Hz |
Class | Wheel arrangement | Remarks | |
---|---|---|---|
to 1967 | from 1968 | ||
201 001 | Bo'Bo' | Krupp - AEG ME 1500 | |
202 001 | Bo'Bo' | Henschel-SSW DE 2000 | |
202 002 and 004 | Co'Co' | Henschel-BBC DE 2500 | |
202 003 | Bo'Bo' | Henschel-BBC DE 2500 | |
210 | B'B' | Production locomotives of the V160 family with gas turbines | |
V 100.10 | 211 | B'B' | |
V 100.20 | 212 | B'B' | |
V 100.23 | 213 | B'B' | |
214 | B'B' | Locos for tunnel rescue trains, rebuilt from BR 212 | |
215 | B'B' | ||
V 160 | 216 | B'B' | |
V 162 | 217 | B'B' | |
(V 164) | 218 | B'B' | |
V 169 | 219 | B'B' | |
V 200.0 | 220 | B'B' | |
V 200.1 | 221 | B'B' | |
V 300 | 230 | C'C' | |
V 320 | 232 | C'C' | |
V 36 | 236 | C | former Wehrmacht locomotive WR 360 C 14 and successors |
V 140 | 1'C1' | ||
240 | Co'Co' | MaK DE 1024 | |
V 45 | 245 | B | |
V 50 | C | Locos of the former Wilhelmsburg Industrial Railway | |
V 51 | 251 | B'B' | 750 mm gauge |
V 52 | 252 | B'B' | 1000 mm gauge |
259 | C / Co | various Lokomotives for trials | |
V 60 | 260 | C | V60 to 50t , From 1987 grouped as DB Class 360 |
V 60 | 261 | C | V60 with 54 t, From 1987 grouped as DB Class 361 |
V 65 | 265 | D | |
V 20 | 270 | B | former Wehrmacht locomotive WR 200 B 14 |
V 22 | 270 | B, C | former Wehrmacht locomotives WR 220 B and C |
279 | D | Diesel engines of the Söhrebahn | |
V 80 | 280 | B'B' | |
V 88 | B'B' | Demonstration locomotive DH 875 from Henschel (V 88 001) | |
V 188 | 288 | Do + Do | former Wehrmacht locomotive D 311 |
V 90 | 290 | B'B' | |
291 | B'B' | ||
V 29 | 299 | B'B' | 1000mm gauge |
Kö I | 311 | B | |
Köf II | 321 | B | Köf II with mechanical brake |
Köf II | 322 | B | Köf II with compressed-air brake, v(max) to 30 km/h |
Köf II | 323 | B | Köf II with compressed-air brake, v(max) to 45 km/h |
Köf II | 324 | B | Köf II with compressed-air brake, v(max) to 45 km/h |
V 11.9, Köf 99 |
329 | C | Narrow gauge Köf for the Wangerooge Island Railway 329 501–503 |
329 | B | schmalspurige Köf for the Wangerooge Island Railway 329 504 | |
Köf III | 331 | B | Köf III with wheels driven by chain drive (Rollenketten), v(max) = 30 km/h |
Köf III | 332 | B | Köf III with wheels driven by chain drive (Rollenketten), v(max) = 45 km/h |
Köf III | 333 | B | Köf III with wheels driven by cardan shafts (Gelenkwellen), v(max) = 45 km/h |
333.9 | B | former V 18 and V 19 of the Kerkerbachbahn 1975–1981, v(max) = 40 km/h | |
Köf III | 335 | B | Rebuild from vehicles of Class 333 with shunting radios |
V 60 | 360 | C | V 60 to 50t , up to 1987 grouped as DB Class 260 |
V 60 | 361 | C | V 60 with 54t , up to 1987 grouped as DB Class 261 |
V 60 | 364 | C | V 60 to 50t with radios, rebuild from DB Class 360 |
V 60 | 365 | C | V 60 with 54t with radios, rebuild from DB Class 361 |
Ks 4012 - 4015 | 381 | Bo | |
Ks 4071 Ks 4815 - 4820 Ks 4859 - 4870 Ks 4903 - 4910 Ks 4979 - 4993 |
381 | B |
Classes | ||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Railcar | Centre coach | Driving coach | Trailer coach | |||||
to 1967 | from 1968 | to 1967 | from 1968 | to 1967 | from 1968 | to 1967 | from 1968 | Remarks |
401 | 801 - 804 | ICE 1 | ||||||
402 | 805 - 807 | 808 | ICE 2 | |||||
403 | 404 | operated as Lufthansa Airport Express and as Intercity | ||||||
ET 11 | later: Mü 5015, 723 001 | |||||||
420 | 421 | S-Bahn: Frankfurt, Munich and Stuttgart | ||||||
ET 25 | 425 | 825 | ||||||
ET 26 | 426 | 826 | ||||||
ET 27 | 427 | 827 | ||||||
ET 30 | 430 | 830 | ||||||
ET 31, ET 32 | 432 | 832 | ||||||
ET 45 | 445 | former Höllentalbahn railbus ET 255 | ||||||
450 | Albtal-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft | |||||||
ET 55 | 455 | 855 | ||||||
ET 56 | 456 | 856 | ||||||
ET 65 | 465 | 865 | Stuttgart S-Bahn | |||||
ET 170.1 | 470 | 870 | Hamburg S-Bahn | |||||
ET 171 | 471 | EM 171 | 871 | Hamburg S-Bahn | ||||
472 | 473 | Hamburg S-Bahn | ||||||
ET 85 | 485 | ES 85 | ||||||
ET 87 | ||||||||
ET 88 | ||||||||
ET 89 | ||||||||
ET 90 | 490 | |||||||
ET 91 | 491 | Glass train | ||||||
ET 195 | Ravensburg–Weingarten–Baienfurt tramway | |||||||
ET 196 | EB 196 | Ravensburg–Weingarten–Baienfurt Tramway | ||||||
ET 197 | EB 197 | Ravensburg–Weingarten–Baienfurt Tramway | ||||||
ET 255 | 50 Hertz operation Höllentalbahn in the Black Forest |
Classes | ||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Railcar | Centre coach | Driving coach | Trailer coach | |||||
to 1967 | from 1968 | to 1967 | from 1968 | to 1967 | from 1968 | to 1967 | from 1968 | Remarks |
ETA 150 | 515 | ESA 150 | 815.6 | |||||
ETA 176 | 517 | ESA 176 | 817.6 | |||||
ETA 177 | ||||||||
ETA 178 | ex Prussian Class AT 3 "Wittfeld version" | |||||||
ETA 179 ETA 179.1 |
In 1952/53, AT 581/582 to AT 615/616 were modernised to this class | |||||||
ETA 180 |
Classes | ||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Railcar | Centre coach | Driving coach | Trailer coach | |||||
to 1967 | from 1968 | to 1967 | from 1968 | to 1967 | from 1968 | to 1967 | from 1968 | Remarks |
VT 11.5 | 601 | VM 11.5 | 901 | |||||
602 | 901 | Rebuild from Class 601 | ||||||
VT 04.0 VT 04 |
Flying Hamburger and Hamburg version | |||||||
VT 06 | Köln version | |||||||
VT 07 | Rebuilt SVT Berlin version | |||||||
VT 08.5 | 608 | VM 08.5 | 908 | VS 08.5 | 908 | |||
VT 08.8 | 608 | VS 08.8 | 908 | US-Army | ||||
610 | ||||||||
VT 10.5 | Multiple unit | |||||||
VT 12.5 | 612 | 912 | ||||||
VT 12.6 | 613 | 913 | Rebuild from Class VT 08.5 | |||||
614 | 914 | |||||||
VT 23.5 VT 24.5 VT 24.6 |
624 | 924 | ||||||
VT 25.5 | ||||||||
627 | ||||||||
628.0 | ||||||||
628 | 928 | |||||||
VT 30.0 | ||||||||
VT 32 | ||||||||
VT 33 | 633 | US-Army | ||||||
634 | 934 | |||||||
VT 36 | ||||||||
VT 38 | ||||||||
VT 45 | 645 | Stettin version | ||||||
VT 50 | ||||||||
VT 51 | ||||||||
VT 60 | ||||||||
VT 62.9 | ||||||||
VT 63.9 | ||||||||
VT 66.9 | ||||||||
VT 69.9 | ||||||||
VT 70 | ||||||||
VT 72 | ||||||||
VT 75 | ||||||||
VT 78 | ||||||||
VT 79 | ||||||||
VT 85 | ||||||||
VT 86 | ||||||||
VT 90 | ||||||||
VT 92.5 | 692 | |||||||
699 | Narrow gauge railbus for Wangerooge Island Railway | |||||||
None | (790) | Road-rail vehicle | ||||||
VT 95.9 | 795 | VB 142 | 995 | Uerdingen railbus | ||||
VB 141 | 941 | One-axle trailer for luggage conveyance | ||||||
None | 796 | 996 | 996 | class 798/998 vehicles converted to one-man operation | ||||
VT 97.9 | 797 | VS 97 | 997 | VB 97 | 997 | Uerdingen railbus | ||
VT 98.9 | 798 | VS 98 | 998 | VB 98 | 998 | Uerdingen railbus |
Class | Original class or type | Wheel arrangement (UIC) | Sub-class | Remarks | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
to 1967 | from 1968 | ||||
1 and 8 | Baden steam railbus | A1 | BD BDaaio |
Class | Original class or type | Wheel arrangement (UIC) | Sub-class | Remarks | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
to 1967 | from 1968 | ||||
VT 55 | 701 702 |
Turm railcar | |||
704 | Turm railcar | ||||
708 | Turm railcar | ||||
709 | Turm railcar | ||||
712 | Tunnel profile measurement vehicle | ||||
714 | Emergency train locomotive | ||||
716 | Snow plough | ||||
719 | Rail inspection train | ||||
724 | PZB measurement vehicle | ||||
725/726 | Track measurement vehicle | ||||
727 | LZB measurement vehicle | ||||
728 | PZB measurement vehicle | ||||
740 | Signal works railcar | ||||
750 | ex BR 103 | ||||
751 | ex BR 110 | ||||
752 | ex BR 120 | ||||
753 | ex BR 217 |