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Commissions are constituted by the Government of India either on an ad hoc or permanent basis, to guide, advise or provide solutions to various issues coming under the concerned ministry.

List of commissions

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (May 2012)

Permanent commissions

No. Commission Formed Description Ministry/Department Website
1 Atomic Energy Commission of India 1948
  • Replaces the 'Indian Atomic Energy Commission' created on 3 August 1948 under the late Department of Scientific Research, July 1948[1]
  • Plan and implement various measures on sound technical and economic principles and free from all non-essential restrictions or needlessly elastic rules in the field of atomic energy
Department of Atomic Energy Archived 25 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine
2 Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices 1965
  • Stabilize agricultural prices
  • Meaningful real income levels to farmers
  • Essential agricultural commodities at reasonable prices
Ministry of Agriculture (India)
3 National Commission for Backward Classes[2] 1993
  • Consider inclusions in and exclusions from the lists of castes notified as backward for the purpose of job reservations
  • Advice to the Central Government on such matters
Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
4 National Commission on Cattle 2002
  • Suggest ways of improving the condition of cattle
Ministry of Agriculture (India)
5 Competition Commission of India 2003
6 National Statistical Commission 2005
  • Reduce the problems faced by statistical agencies in the country in relation to collection of data.
  • Special emphasis on ensuring collection of unbiased data so as to restore public trust in the figures released by the Government.
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation
7 Telecom Commission[3] 1989
  • responsible for policy formulation, licensing, wireless spectrum management, administrative monitoring of PSUs, research and development and standardization/validation of equipment etc.[4]
Ministry of Communications and Information Technology[5]
8 Election Commission 1950 Constitutional Autonomous Body
  • conducts the elections to the offices of the President and Vice-President of India, parliament, State Legislative assemblies and legislative councils[6]
9 Chief Labour Commissioner 1945
  • Prevention and settlement of industrial disputes through conciliation/mediation.
  • Enforcement of Labour Laws and Rules made there under in Central Sphere.
  • Quasi-Judicial functions.
  • Verification of Trade Union membership etc.[7]
10 Planning Commission 1950
  • Formulates India's Five-Year Plans, among other functions[8] /
11 Law Commission 1955
  • Reforming the Law For Maximising Justice in Society and Promoting Good Governance under the Rule of Law[9]
Ministry of Law and Justice (India)[10]
12 Finance Commission 1951 *Adjudicates on the sharing of resources between center and states
13 National Human Rights Commission of India 1993 Autonomous statutory body
14 University Grants Commission 1953
  • Coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of university education.
  • It provides recognition to universities in India, and disburses funds to such recognized universities and college.
Ministry of Human Resource Development
15 Vigilance Commission (CVC) 1964
  • To address governmental corruption Archived 16 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine
16 Knowledge Commission 2005
17 National Commission for Women 1992 * protecting and promoting the interests of women in India
18 Scheduled Tribes Commission 2004 * protection, welfare and development & advancement of the Scheduled Tribes
19 Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector 2004 Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
20 Census Commission 1872 Ministry of Home Affairs
21 Central Forestry Commission 1965
22 Central Water Commission 1945 Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation [1]
23 Electronics Commission 1971
24 Commission for Additional Sources of Energy 1981
25 Rashtriya Barh Ayog (National Flood Commission) 1976 Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation
26 Indo-Bangladesh Joint Rivers Commission 1972
27 Khadi and Village Industries Commission 1957 Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
28 Space Commission 1962 Archived 28 March 2019 at the Wayback Machine
29 Staff Selection Commission 1976 Department of Personnel and Training
30 National judicial appointments commission Transferring of judges to higher judiciary
31 Union Public Service Commission[11] 1926
  • Conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union
  • Direct recruitment by selection through interviews.
  • Appointment of officers on promotion / deputation / absorption.
  • Framing and amendment of Recruitment Rules for various services and posts under the Government.
  • Disciplinary cases relating to different Civil Services.
  • Advising the Government on any matter referred to the Commission by the President of India
32 Pay Commission Pay Commission is set up by Government of India, and gives its recommendations regarding changes in salary structure of its employees
33 National Commission for Minorities 1992 Ministry of Minority Affairs
34 Central Information Commission 2005

Ad hoc commissions

No. Commission Year Objectives
1 States Reorganisation Commission 1955
  • Recommend the reorganization of state boundaries
2 Kothari Commission 1964
  • To formulate the general principles and guidelines for the development of education at all levels
  • To advise the government on a standardized national pattern of education in India
3 Kapur Commission 1966
  • To inquiry into the conspiracy that led to the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi
4 Khosla Commission 1970
5 Mandal Commission 1979
  • Identified over 450 backward classes comprising 52% of the country's population
  • Recommended 27% of the seats in academic institutions and jobs in Govt. organisations for these classes.
6 Sarkaria Commission 1983
  • To examine the balance of power between centre and state and suggest reforms
  • Gave appropriate recommendations on appointment of Governor.
7 Mukherjee Commission 2005
8 Nanavati Commission 2000
9 Narendran Commission 2000
  • Study and report the representation of Backward Classes in the State public services.
10 National Commission to review the working of the Constitution 2000
  • Suggested changes in the electoral laws, setting up a national judicial commission for appointing judges and election of the Prime Minister by Lok Sabha.
11 Nanavati-Mehta Commission 2002
  • To probe the Godhra train burning incident and the post-Godhra carnage, 2002
12 Commission for Religious and Linguistic Minorities 2004
  • To look into various issues related to Linguistic and Religious minorities in India
13 Liberhan Commission 1992 To investigate the destruction of the disputed structure Babri Masjid
14 Shah Commission 1977 To inquire into all the excesses committed during the Indian Emergency (1975 - 77).

See also



  1. ^ "The resolution passed by Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India" (PDF).[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "National Commissions under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment". Archived from the original on 3 May 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  3. ^ "Functions of DoT". Department of Telecommunications, Ministry of Communication, Government of India. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Profile". India: Department of Telecommunications. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  5. ^ Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (India)
  6. ^ [ Archived 8 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Functions". Archived from the original on 25 September 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  8. ^ Planning Commission (India)
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Untitled Document". Archived from the original on 2 March 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Functions | UPSC". Retrieved 17 January 2019.