India is a country in Indian subcontinent. It is a federation made up of 28 states and 8 union territories. The foundation day is celebrated to mark the formation of a state/union territory. Some of these states and union territories observe their foundation day as the official state holiday.

State functions, parades, cultural events and also state award ceremonies are held in various states and union territories on their respective foundation day. A state's foundation day, usually but not always falls on their statehood day.

States

State Foundation day Date Year Before foundation Note
Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Day[1] 01 Nov. 1956 Part of Andhra State and Hyderabad State Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Day[2] 20 February 1987 Arunachal Pradesh Union Territory Created as a Union Territory by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971. Converted to a state by the State of Arunachal Pradesh Act, 1986
Assam Assam Day[3] 2 December 1928 Part of Kamarupa Kingdom Founded as Ahom Kingdom, reorganised as North-East Frontier Province in 1874, Eastern Bengal and Assam in 1905, Assam Province in 1912, achieved statehood in 1950.
Bihar Bihar Day[4] 22 March 1912 Part of Bengal Province, British India Founded as Bihar and Orissa Province, reorganised as Bihar Province in 1936, achieved statehood in 1950.
Chhattisgarh Chhattisgarh Day[5] 1 November 2000 Part of Madhya Pradesh Founded by the Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000.
Goa Goa Day[6] 30 May 1987 Part of Goa, Daman and Diu Founded by the State of Goa Act, 1986.
Gujarat Gujarat Day[7] 1 May 1960 Part of Bombay State Founded by the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960.
Haryana Haryana Day[8] 1 November 1966 Part of East Punjab Founded by the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966.
Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Day[9] 15 April 1948 Part of the princely states of former Punjab States Agency Founded by the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 as Himachal Pradesh Province, reorganised as Himachal Pradesh (Part C State) in 1950, Himachal Pradesh Union Territory in 1956, achieved statehood in 1971.
Jharkhand Jharkhand Day[10] 15 November 2000 Part of Bihar Founded by the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000.
Karnataka Karnataka Rajyotsava[11] 1 November 1956 Part of Bombay State, Coorg State, Hyderabad State and Mysore State Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 as Mysore State, renamed Karnataka in 1973.
Kerala Kerala Day[12] Part of Madras State and Travancore-Cochin Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Day[13] 1956 Part of the Central Provinces and Berar, Princely State of Makrai and the princely states of former Eastern States Agency. Achieved statehood in 1950.
Maharashtra Maharashtra Day[14] 1 May 1960 Part of Bombay State Founded by the Bombay Reorganization Act, 1960.
Manipur Manipur Day[15] 21 January 1972 Manipur Union Territory Founded by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.
Meghalaya Meghalaya Day[16] Part of Assam Founded by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.
Mizoram Mizoram Day 20 February[17] 1987 Mizoram Union Territory Created as a Union Territory by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971. Converted to a state by the State of Mizoram Act, 1986.[18]
Nagaland Nagaland Day[19] 1 December 1963 Nagaland Union Territory Founded by the State of Nagaland Act, 1962.
Odisha Odisha Day[20] 1 April 1936 Part of Bihar and Orissa Province, British India Founded as Orissa Province in 1936, achieved statehood in 1950, renamed Odisha on 1st November, 2011.
Punjab Punjab Day[21] 1 November 1966 Part of East Punjab Founded by the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966.
Rajasthan Rajasthan Day[22] 30 March 1949 Part of the princely states of former Rajputana Agency Achieved Statehood in 1950.
Sikkim Sikkim Day[23] 16 May 1975 Kingdom of Sikkim Founded by the Thirty-sixth Amendment of the Constitution of India in 1975.
Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu Day[24] 1 November 1956 Part of Madras State and Travancore-Cochin Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 as Madras State, renamed Tamil Nadu in 1969.
Telangana Telangana Day[25] 2 June 2014 Part of Andhra Pradesh Founded by the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014.
Tripura Tripura Day[26] 21 January 1972 Tripura Union Territory Founded by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.
Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Day[27] 24 January 1950 United Provinces Achieved statehood in 1950.
Uttarakhand Uttarakhand Day[28] 9 November 2000 Part of Uttar Pradesh Founded by the Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000 as Uttaranchal, renamed Uttarakhand in 2007.
West Bengal West Bengal Day[29] 20 June 1947 Part of Bengal Province, British India Achieved statehood in 1950.

Union territories

Union territory Foundation day Date Year Before foundation Note
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Andaman and Nicobar Day[30] 1 November 1956 Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Part D State) Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
Chandigarh Chandigarh Day[31] 1966 Part of East Punjab Founded by the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966.
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Day[32] 26 January 2020 Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Founded by the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (Merger of Union Territories) Act, 2019.
Delhi Delhi Day[33] 1 November 1956 Delhi (Part C State) Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir Day[34] 31 October 2019 Part of Jammu and Kashmir State Founded by the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019.
Ladakh Ladakh Day[34]
Lakshadweep Lakshadweep Day[35] 1 November 1956 Part of Madras State Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.
Puducherry Jour de la libération[36] 1954 Pondichéry, French India Achieved union territory status in 1962, renamed Puducherry in 2007.

Autonomous administrative divisions

Autonomous area Foundation day Date Year State/Union territory
Bodoland Territorial Region Bodoland Day[37] 9 February 2003 Assam

See also

References

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  2. ^ "Amit Shah To Visit Arunachal Pradesh On February 20, To Attend Statehood Day Function". NDTV. 18 February 2020. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  3. ^ "Asom Divas celebrated across State". The Sentinel. 3 December 2017. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  4. ^ "Bihar Diwas marks public Holiday in Bihar". news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
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  11. ^ Das, Nairita (1 November 2010). "Kannadigas celebrate Karnataka Rajyotsava on Nov 1". One India. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  12. ^ Kumar, K. G. (12 April 2007). "50 years of development". The Hindu. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  13. ^ "Madhya Pradesh Sthapna Diwas 2019: Significance and History Behind MP Foundation Day". News18. 1 November 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  14. ^ "Maharashtra Day 2020: All You Need to Know about the State's Establishment". News18. 1 May 2020. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  15. ^ Shetty, Sneha (21 January 2016). "Manipur State Foundation Day: 5 places you absolutely must visit in Manipur". India.com. Retrieved 29 Jun 2020.
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  17. ^ Taneja, Richa (20 February 2018). "Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram Celebrate 32nd Statehood Day: PM Narendra Modi, Leaders Shower Greetings On Twitter". NDTV. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  18. ^ "The State of Mizoram Act, 1986" (PDF). 14 August 1986. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
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  25. ^ "Telangana to celebrate state formation day tomorrow". Deccan Herald. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  26. ^ Saraswat Satpathy, Kriti (21 January 2016). "Tripura State Foundation Day: 10 amazing photographs that will make you want to visit Tripura". India.com. Retrieved 29 Jun 2020.
  27. ^ "Uttar Pradesh Day to be celebrated on Jan 24". Hindustan Times. 1 December 2017.
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  31. ^ Behal, Arsh (2 November 2017). "Chandigarh looks back at 51 years, flashback at Parade Ground". Times of India. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
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  34. ^ a b Joy, Shemin (9 August 2019). "Modi govt sets Oct 31 as J&K, Ladakh UTs' birthday". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  35. ^ Tom, Disney (1 November 2018). "Lakshadweep celebrates 63rd formation day today". Times of India. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  36. ^ "Puducherry to celebrate 'Formation Day' on Nov 1". The Hindu. 1 November 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  37. ^ Inc, Vas (10 February 2020). "18th Bodoland Day Today". The Hills Times. Retrieved 6 July 2020.