India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is made up of 28 states and 8 union territories. All Indian states have their own government and the Union territories come under the jurisdiction of the Central Government. As most of the other countries India too has a national emblem—the Lion Capital of Sarnath.

Apart from India's national emblem, each of its States and Union Territories have their own state seals and symbols which include state animals, birds, trees, flowers etc.[1] A list of state trees of India is given below. See for a complete list of all State characters and seals.

States

State Common name Binomial name Image
Andhra Pradesh Neem[2] Azadirachta indica
Arunachal Pradesh Hollong Dipterocarpus macrocarpus
Assam Hollong Dipterocarpus macrocarpus
Bihar Sacred fig (Peepal) Ficus religiosa
Chhattisgarh Sal Shorea robusta
Goa Coconut[3] Cocos nucifera
Gujarat Banyan[4] Ficus benghalensis
Haryana Sacred fig[2] Ficus religiosa
Himachal Pradesh Deodar Cedrus deodara
Jharkhand Sal Shorea robusta
Karnataka Sandalwood Santalum album
Kerala Coconut[2] Cocos nucifera
Madhya Pradesh Banyan Ficus benghalensis
Maharashtra Mango Mangifera indica
Manipur Uningthou[2] Phoebe hainesiana
Meghalaya White teak Gmelina arborea
Mizoram Iron wood Mesua ferrea
Nagaland Alder Alnus nepalensis
Odisha Sacred fig (Ashwattha) Ficus religiosa[5][6]
Punjab Indian rosewood[2] Dalbergia sissoo
Rajasthan Khejri[2] Prosopis cineraria
Sikkim Rhododendron Rhododendron niveum
Tamil Nadu Palmyra palm Borassus
Telangana Jammi Prosopis cineraria
Tripura Agar Aquillaria agallocha
Uttar Pradesh Ashoka Saraca asoca
Uttarakhand Burans Rhododendron arboreum
West Bengal Alstonia , ছাতিম গাছ Alstonia scholaris [7]

Union territories

Union territory Common name Binomial name Image
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Andaman redwood[2] Pterocarpus dalbergioides
Chandigarh Mango Tree[8] Mangifera Indica
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Not yet designated
Delhi Flamboyant[9] Delonix regia
Jammu and Kashmir Chinar Platanus orientalis
Ladakh Not yet designated
Lakshadweep Bread fruit Artocarpus altilis
Puducherry Bael fruit tree Aegle marmelos

See also

References

  1. ^ "Symbols of States of India". affairscloud.com.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "State Trees of India". www.bsienvis.nic.in. ENVIS Resource Partner on Biodiversity. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Coconut palm declared State tree of Goa". The Hindu. 2 August 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  4. ^ "Gujarat forgets state bird, tree and flower". The Times of India. 14 January 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  5. ^ Blue Jay (PDF), Orissa Review, 2005, p. 87
  6. ^ Pipal(Ficus religiosa) – The State Tree of Odisha (PDF), RPRC, 2014
  7. ^ "Occastional Paper-5, Plant Wealth of The Raj Bhavan, Kolkata" (PDF). Website on The Raj Bhavan, Kolkata from Government of India portal. March 2008. p. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2008.
  8. ^ State Animal, Bird, Tree and Flower of Chandigarh (PDF). p. 1.
  9. ^ "Delhi: Area, Population, Languages and Other Details".