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This list is of the Marine Protected Areas (Italian: aree marine protette) of Italy. As of the most recent Official list of natural protected areas [it], decreed on 27 April 2010 and published in the official gazzette on 31 May 2010 by the Ministry for Environment, Land and Sea Protection, there were twenty-seven such marine protected areas, and a further two "Submerged Parks" (Italian: parchi sommersi); in 2018, two new marine protected areas were created. Typically subdivided into Zones A, B, and C, each affording a different level of protection, these areas help safeguard in total some 228,000 hectares (2,280 km2) of the seas around Italy as well as some 700 kilometres (430 mi) of its coastline. The Ligurian Sea Cetacean Sanctuary is not included in these figures.[1][2][3] While some stakeholders have opposed such measures, fearing the impact on short-term economic exploitation, a study of the alternatives at Portofino suggested that steps at protection might offer not only environmental benefits but also the concomitant potential of enhanced long-term usufruct.[4]

List of Marine Protected Areas

Name Image Region Area
(km2)
Coast
(km)
Established Coordinates EUAP Code Reference
Capo Caccia - Isola Piana
Sardinia 26.31 36.14 2002 40°34′09″N 8°09′56″E / 40.5693°N 8.1655°E / 40.5693; 8.1655 (Capo Caccia - Isola Piana) EUAP0554 [1]
Capo Carbonara
Sardinia 143.60 34.21 1998 39°05′29″N 9°31′29″E / 39.0914°N 9.5246°E / 39.0914; 9.5246 (Capo Carbonara) EUAP0953 [2]
Capo Gallo - Isola delle Femmine
Sicily 21.73 16.12 2002 38°12′34″N 13°14′19″E / 38.2095°N 13.2387°E / 38.2095; 13.2387 (Capo Gallo - Isola delle Femmine) EUAP0555 [3]
Capo Milazzo
Sicily 7.55 5.67 2018 38°16′18″N 15°13′42″E / 38.2718°N 15.2283°E / 38.2718; 15.2283 (Capo Milazzo) [4]
Capo Rizzuto
Calabria 147.21 42.15 1991 38°57′06″N 17°10′17″E / 38.9518°N 17.1714°E / 38.9518; 17.1714 (Capo Rizzuto) EUAP0166 [5]
Capo Testa - Punta Falcone
Sardinia 51.42 41.70 2018 41°14′47″N 9°09′43″E / 41.2464°N 9.1619°E / 41.2464; 9.1619 (Capo Testa - Punta Falcone) [6]
Cinque Terre
Liguria 45.54 19.30 1997 44°08′18″N 9°38′30″E / 44.1383°N 9.6416°E / 44.1383; 9.6416 (Cinque Terre) EUAP0948 [7]
Costa degli Infreschi e della Masseta
Campania 23.32 13.81 2009 40°00′37″N 15°26′20″E / 40.0104°N 15.4390°E / 40.0104; 15.4390 (Costa degli Infreschi e della Masseta) EUAP1228 [8]
Isola dell'Asinara
Sardinia 107.32 79.64 2002 40°59′04″N 8°14′07″E / 40.9844°N 8.2353°E / 40.9844; 8.2353 (Isola dell'Asinara) EUAP0552 [9]
Isola di Bergeggi
Liguria 2.03 1.92 2007 44°14′08″N 8°26′38″E / 44.2356°N 8.4438°E / 44.2356; 8.4438 (Isola di Bergeggi) EUAP0911 [10]
Isola di Ustica
Sicily 159.51 14.45 1986 38°41′36″N 13°11′07″E / 38.6933°N 13.1852°E / 38.6933; 13.1852 (Isola di Ustica) EUAP0170 [11]
Isole Ciclopi
Sicily 6.28 6.24 1989 37°33′32″N 15°09′49″E / 37.5588°N 15.1636°E / 37.5588; 15.1636 (Isole Ciclopi) EUAP0171 [12]
Isole Egadi
Sicily 539.92 73.99 1991 37°55′54″N 12°21′21″E / 37.9316°N 12.3557°E / 37.9316; 12.3557 (Isole Egadi) EUAP0172 [13]
Isole Pelagie
Sicily 41.36 46.28 2002 35°31′48″N 12°33′03″E / 35.5299°N 12.5509°E / 35.5299; 12.5509 (Isole Pelagie) EUAP0553 [14]
Isole Tremiti
Apulia 14.66 20.41 1989 42°07′37″N 15°30′10″E / 42.1269°N 15.5029°E / 42.1269; 15.5029 (Isole Tremiti) EUAP0168 [15]
Isole di Ventotene e Santo Stefano
Lazio 27.99 9.84 1997 40°47′30″N 13°26′23″E / 40.7918°N 13.4397°E / 40.7918; 13.4397 (Isole di Ventotene e Santo Stefano) EUAP0947 [16]
Miramare
Friuli Venezia Giulia 0.30 1.10 1986 45°42′11″N 13°42′41″E / 45.7031°N 13.7115°E / 45.7031; 13.7115 (Miramare) EUAP0167 [17]
Penisola del Sinis - Isola Mal di Ventre
Sardinia 267.03 30.08 1997 39°59′12″N 8°18′19″E / 39.9867°N 8.3053°E / 39.9867; 8.3053 (Penisola del Sinis - Isola Mal di Ventre) EUAP0951 [18]
Plemmirio
Sicily 24.29 14.35 2004 37°00′09″N 15°19′43″E / 37.0025°N 15.3285°E / 37.0025; 15.3285 (Plemmirio) EUAP0512 [19]
Porto Cesareo
Apulia 166.54 32.71 1997 40°15′19″N 17°53′05″E / 40.2554°N 17.8847°E / 40.2554; 17.8847 (Porto Cesareo) EUAP0950 [20]
Portofino
Liguria 3.46 13.89 1998 44°18′02″N 9°13′04″E / 44.3005°N 9.2178°E / 44.3005; 9.2178 (Portofino) EUAP0949 [21]
Punta Campanella
Campania 15.39 31.43 1997 40°34′12″N 14°19′26″E / 40.5700°N 14.3239°E / 40.5700; 14.3239 (Punta Campanella) EUAP0946 [22]
Regno di Nettuno
Campania 112.56 52.39 2007 40°44′29″N 13°59′16″E / 40.7413°N 13.9878°E / 40.7413; 13.9878 (Regno di Nettuno) EUAP0917 [23]
Santa Maria di Castellabate
Campania 70.95 19.26 2009 40°15′18″N 14°54′26″E / 40.2549°N 14.9071°E / 40.2549; 14.9071 (Santa Maria di Castellabate) EUAP1225 [24]
Secche della Meloria
Tuscany 93.72 0.21 2009 43°32′55″N 10°12′27″E / 43.5485°N 10.2074°E / 43.5485; 10.2074 (Secche della Meloria) EUAP1227 [25]
Tavolara - Punta Coda Cavallo
Sardinia 153.57 76.09 1997 40°51′39″N 9°43′31″E / 40.8607°N 9.7252°E / 40.8607; 9.7252 (Tavolara - Punta Coda Cavallo) EUAP0952 [26]
Secche di Tor Paterno
Lazio 13.87 0.00 2000 41°37′03″N 12°27′26″E / 41.6175°N 12.4573°E / 41.6175; 12.4573 (Secche di Tor Paterno) EUAP1172 [27]
Torre del Cerrano
Abruzzo 34.30 7.10 2009 42°35′08″N 14°05′25″E / 42.5855°N 14.0904°E / 42.5855; 14.0904 (Torre del Cerrano) EUAP1226 [28]
Torre Guaceto
Apulia 22.27 8.41 1991 40°43′01″N 17°47′55″E / 40.7169°N 17.7985°E / 40.7169; 17.7985 (Torre Guaceto) EUAP0169 [29]

This list is complete and up to date as of December 2021.

List of Submerged Parks

Name Image Region Area
(km2)
Coast
(km)
Established Coordinates EUAP Code Reference
Baia
Campania 1.77 3.72 2002 40°49′19″N 14°04′39″E / 40.8219°N 14.0774°E / 40.8219; 14.0774 (Baia) EUAP0849 [30]
Gaiola
Campania 0.41 1.99 2002 40°47′31″N 14°11′13″E / 40.7919°N 14.1869°E / 40.7919; 14.1869 (Gaiola) EUAP0850 [31]

This list is complete and up to date as of December 2021.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Aree marine istituite" (in Italian). Ministry for Environment, Land and Sea Protection. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  2. ^ "Elenco ufficiale delle aree naturali protette" (in Italian). Ministry for Environment, Land and Sea Protection. 31 May 2010. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  3. ^ "Elenco ufficiale aree protette (EUAP)" (in Italian). Europa. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  4. ^ Salmona, Paola; Verardi, Debora (2001). "The marine protected area of Portofino, Italy: a difficult balance". Ocean & Coastal Management. Elsevier. 44 (1): 39–60. doi:10.1016/S0964-5691(00)00084-3.