Ukrainian temple of the RUNVira in Spring Glen, New York.
Ukrainian temple of the RUNVira in Spring Glen, New York.

Modern paganism, also known as "contemporary" or "neopagan", encompasses a wide range of religious groups and individuals. These may include old occult groups, those that follow a New Age approach, those that try to reconstruct old ethnic religions, and followers of the pagan religion of Wicca.

Early movements

Neo-druids celebrating at Stonehenge.
Neo-druids celebrating at Stonehenge.

Pre-World War II neopagan or proto-neopagan groups, growing out of occultism and/or Romanticism (Mediterranean revival, Viking revival, Celtic revival, etc.).

Witchcraft

Main article: Wicca

See also: Category: Wiccan traditions

Wicca originated in 1940s Britain and became the mainstream of Neopaganism in the United States in the 1970s. There are two core traditions of Wicca which originated in Britain, Gardnerian and Alexandrian, which are sometimes referred to as British Traditional Wicca. From these two arose several other variant traditions. Wicca has also inspired a great number of other witchcraft traditions in Britain, Europe and the United States, most of which base their beliefs and practices on Wicca. Many movements are influenced by the Movement of the Goddess, and New Age and feminist worldviews.

Wicca

A Wiccan ritual altar.
A Wiccan ritual altar.

Other

New Age, eclectic or syncretic

Main article: Eclectic Paganism

Ethnic

Further information: Polytheistic reconstructionism

Germanic

Winternights sacrifice at Öskjuhlíð, in Reykjavík.

Main article: Heathenry (new religious movement)

Heathenism (also Heathenry, or Greater Heathenry), is a blanket term for the whole Germanic Neopagan movement. Various currents and denominations have arisen over the years within it.

Celtic

The Druid Order Ceremony at Tower Hill, London on the Spring Equinox of 2010
The Druid Order Ceremony at Tower Hill, London on the Spring Equinox of 2010

Main article: Celtic neopaganism

Italic

Baltic

Members of the Lithuanian Romuva perform a ceremony in front of the Monument of Gediminas, in Vilnius, Lithuania.
Members of the Lithuanian Romuva perform a ceremony in front of the Monument of Gediminas, in Vilnius, Lithuania.

Main article: Baltic neopaganism

Slavic

The community of the Union of Slavic Native Belief Communities celebrating Mokosh, Russia.
The community of the Union of Slavic Native Belief Communities celebrating Mokosh, Russia.

Main articles: Slavic Native Faith and List of Slavic Native Faith's organisations

Uralic

Main article: Uralic neopaganism

Caucasian

Main article: Caucasian neopaganism

Other European

Ritual at the Temple of Garni, in Armenia.
Ritual at the Temple of Garni, in Armenia.

Turko-Mongolic

Tengrist temple of the Sülde Tngri in the town of Uxin Banner in Inner Mongolia, China.
Tengrist temple of the Sülde Tngri in the town of Uxin Banner in Inner Mongolia, China.

Main articles: Tengrism and List of Tengrist movements

Canarian

Semitic

Kemetic

American

African

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Popov, Igor (2016). "Тюрко-монгольские религии (тенгрианство)" [Turko-Mongolic Religions (Tengrism)]. Справочник всех религиозных течений и объединений в России [The Reference Book on All Religious Branches and Communities in Russia] (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-11-23.
  2. ^ "First Tengrian religious organization registered" (in Russian). International Fund of Tengri Research. 2019-04-22. Retrieved 2019-11-23.
  3. ^ a b c Balogh, Matyas (2010). "Contemporary shamanisms in Mongolia". Asian Ethnicity. 11 (2): 229–38. doi:10.1080/14631361003779489. S2CID 145595446.
  4. ^ a b Schlehe, Judith (2004). "Shamanism in Mongolia and in New Age Movements". In Rasuly-Paleczek, Gabriele (ed.). Central Asia on Display: Proceedings of the VIIth Conference of the European Society for Central Asian Studies. 1. Vienna: Lit Verlag. pp. 283–96. ISBN 3-8258-8309-4.