The main building of the University of Copenhagen. As of October 2020, 39 Nobel laureates have been associated with the university.
The main building of the University of Copenhagen. As of October 2020, 39 Nobel laureates have been associated with the university.

This list of Nobel laureates affiliated with the University of Copenhagen comprehensively shows the alumni, faculty members as well as researchers of the University of Copenhagen who were awarded the Nobel Prize or the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. The Nobel Prizes, established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel, are awarded to individuals who make outstanding contributions in the fields of Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine.[1] An associated prize, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (commonly known as the Nobel Prize in Economics), was instituted by Sweden's central bank, Sveriges Riksbank, in 1968 and first awarded in 1969.[2]

As of October 2020, 39 Nobel laureates have been affiliated with the University of Copenhagen, and nine of them are officially listed by the university to have been "associated with the University of Copenhagen".[3] Among the 39 laureates, 12 are Copenhagen alumni (graduates and attendees), and 8 have been long-term academic members of the university faculty or of its affiliated research organisations. Subject-wise, 19 laureates have won the Nobel Prize in Physics, more than any other subject. In particular, Linus Pauling received two Nobel Prizes: he won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954 and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1962; since this is a list of laureates, not prizes, he is counted only once.

Inclusion criteria

General rules

The Botanical Garden of University of Copenhagen.

The university affiliations in this list are all official academic affiliations such as degree programs and official academic employment. Non-academic affiliations such as advisory committee and administrative staff are generally excluded. The official academic affiliations fall into three categories: 1) Alumni (graduates and attendees), 2) Long-term Academic Staff, and 3) Short-term Academic Staff. Graduates are defined as those who hold Bachelor's, Master's, Doctorate, or equivalent degrees from the University of Copenhagen, while attendees are those who formally enrolled in a degree program at Copenhagen but did not complete the program; thus, honorary degrees, posthumous degrees, summer attendees, exchange students, and auditing students are excluded. The category of "Long-term Academic Staff" consists of tenure/tenure-track and equivalent academic positions, while that of "Short-term Academic Staff" consists of lecturers (without tenure), postdoctoral researchers (postdocs), visiting professors/scholars (visitors), and equivalent academic positions. At University of Copenhagen, the specific academic title solely determines the type of affiliation, regardless of the actual time the position was held by a laureate.

Further explanations on "visitors" under "Short-term Academic Staff" are presented as follows. 1) All informal or personal visits are excluded from the list; 2) all employment-based visiting positions, which carry teaching/research duties, are included as affiliations in the list; 3) as for award/honor-based visiting positions, to minimise controversy this list takes a conservative view and includes the positions as affiliations only if the laureates were required to assume employment-level duty (teaching/research) or the laureates specifically classified the visiting positions as "affiliation" or similar in reliable sources such as their curriculum vita. In particular, attending meetings and giving public lectures, talks or non-curricular seminars at University of Copenhagen is not a form of employment-level duty. Finally, summer visitors are generally excluded from the list unless summer work yielded significant end products such as research publications and components of Nobel-winning work, since summer terms are not part of formal academic years.

Affiliated organisations

This list does not include Nobel-winning organisations or any individuals affiliated with those organisations. It also does not include affiliates of institutions that later merged and became part of the University of Copenhagen.

Summary

See also: List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation

All types of affiliations, namely alumni, long-term and short-term academic staff, count equally in the following table and throughout the whole page.[a]

In the following list, the number following a person's name is the year they received the prize; in particular, a number with asterisk (*) means the person received the award while they were working at the University of Copenhagen (including emeritus staff).[b] A name underlined implies that this person has already been listed in a previous category (i.e., multiple affiliations).

Category Alumni Long-term academic staff Short-term academic staff
Total: 39 12 8 26
Physics (19)
  1. S. Chandrasekhar - 1983
  2. Steven Weinberg - 1979
  3. Aage Bohr - 1975
  4. Niels Bohr - 1922
  1. Aage Bohr - 1975*
  2. Werner Heisenberg - 1932
  3. Niels Bohr - 1922*
  1. Andre Geim - 2010
  2. David Gross - 2004
  3. Sheldon Glashow - 1979
  4. Nevill Mott - 1977
  5. Ben Mottelson - 1975
  6. John Schrieffer - 1972
  7. Hans Bethe - 1967
  8. Lev Landau - 1962
  9. Donald Glaser - 1960
  10. Felix Bloch - 1952
  11. Wolfgang Pauli - 1945
  12. Isidor Rabi - 1944
  13. Paul Dirac - 1933
  14. Werner Heisenberg - 1932
  15. James Franck - 1925
Chemistry (7)
  1. Jens Skou - 1997
  1. George de Hevesy - 1943
  1. Walter Kohn - 1998
  2. Paul Berg - 1980
  3. Geoffrey Wilkinson - 1973
  4. Linus Pauling - 1954
  5. Harold Urey - 1934
Physiology or Medicine (8)
  1. Niels Jerne - 1984
  2. Henrik Dam - 1943
  3. Johannes Fibiger - 1926
  4. August Krogh - 1920
  5. Niels Finsen - 1903
  1. Henrik Dam - 1943
  2. Johannes Fibiger - 1926*
  3. August Krogh - 1920*
  1. Edward B. Lewis - 1995
  2. Max Delbrück- 1969
  3. James Watson - 1962
  4. Niels Finsen - 1903
Economics (3)
  1. William Nordhaus - 2018
  2. Bertil Ohlin - 1977
  1. Lawrence Klein - 1980
Literature (2)
  1. Johannes V. Jensen - 1944
  2. Karl Gjellerup - 1917
Peace (1)
  1. Linus Pauling - 1962

Nobel laureates by category

Nobel laureates in Physics

No. Name Year Affiliation with University of Copenhagen
19 Andre Geim 2010 Postdoctoral Researcher (a period between 1991 and 1994)[5][6]
18 David Gross 2004 Visiting Professor at the Niels Bohr Institute (April to June, 2013)[7]
17 S. Chandrasekhar 1983 Graduate attendee, Copenhagen Institute for Theoretical Physics (1932-1933)[8][9][10]
16 Steven Weinberg 1979 Graduate attendee, Copenhagen Institute for Theoretical Physic (1954-1955)[11]
15 Sheldon Glashow 1979 Visiting Scientist at the Niels Bohr Institute (1964)[12]
14 Nevill Mott 1977 Visiting researcher working with Niels Bohr, Copenhagen Institute for Theoretical Physics[13][14]
13 Ben Mottelson 1975 Postdoctoral Researcher, Copenhagen Institute for Theoretical Physics (1950-1953)[15]
12 Aage Bohr 1975 M.A, PhD; Professor[16]
11 John Schrieffer 1972 National Science Foundation (NSF) Fellow (1958), postdoctoral work on superconductivity[17][18][19]
10 Hans Bethe 1967 Visiting Researcher (1978)[20][21]
9 Lev Landau 1962 Rockefeller Fellow, working with Niels Bohr (1929-1931)[22][23]
8 Donald Glaser 1960 Postdoctoral Fellow (one semester)[24][25]
7 Felix Bloch 1952 Oersted Foundation Fellow, Copenhagen Institute for Theoretical Physics (1931-1932)[26][27]
6 Wolfgang Pauli 1945 Research Assistant, working with Niels Bohr (1922-1923)[28][29]
5 Isidor Rabi 1944 International Education Board Fellow, collaborating with Yoshio Nishina (1928-1929)[30][31][32]
4 Paul Dirac 1933 Postdoctoral Researcher, working with Niels Bohr (1926-1927)[33][34]
3 Werner Heisenberg 1932 Professor (1927-1941); Lecturer (1926-1927); Researcher (1924-1925)[35]
2 James Franck 1925 Guest Professor (1934-1935)[36]
1 Niels Bohr 1922 M.A, PhD; Professor[37]

Nobel laureates in Chemistry

No. Name Year Affiliation with University of Copenhagen
7 Walter Kohn 1998 National Research Council Fellow (1950-1951) and Oersted Fellow (1951-1952)[38]
6 Jens Skou 1997 M.D[39]
5 Paul Berg 1980 Postdoctoral Researcher at the university's Institute of Cytophysiology, under Herman Kalckar (1952-1953)[40][41][42]
4 Geoffrey Wilkinson 1973 Guggenheim Fellow working in the lab of Jannik Bjerrum (1954-1955)[43]
3 Linus Pauling 1954 Guggenheim Fellow, working with Niels Bohr (1927)[44][45]
2 George de Hevesy 1943 Professor[46]
1 Harold Urey 1934 American-Scandinavian Foundation Fellow (1923-1924)[44][47]

Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine

No. Name Year Affiliation with University of Copenhagen
8 Edward B. Lewis 1995 Visiting Professor at the Institute of Genetics (1975-1976)[48]
7 Niels Jerne 1984 M.D[49]
6 Max Delbrück 1969 Rockefeller Fellow (five months, 1931)[50][51]
5 James Watson 1962 National Research Council Merck Fellow (1950-1951)[52]
4 Henrik Dam 1943 PhD; Associate Professor[53]
3 Johannes Fibiger 1926 B.S, PhD; Professor[54]
2 August Krogh 1920 B.A; Professor[55]
1 Niels Finsen 1903 M.D; Prosector[56]

Nobel Memorial Prize laureates in Economics

No. Name Year Affiliation with University of Copenhagen
3 William Nordhaus 2018 Adjunct Professor (2008-)[57]
2 Lawrence Klein 1980 Visiting Professor (Spring 1974)[58]
1 Bertil Ohlin 1977 Professor[59]

Nobel laureates in Literature

No. Name Year Affiliation with University of Copenhagen
2 Johannes V. Jensen 1944 Undergraduate attendee (studied medicine for three years)[60]
1 Karl Gjellerup 1917 B.A (1878)[61]

Nobel Peace Prize laureates

No. Name Year Affiliation with University of Copenhagen
1 Linus Pauling 1954 Guggenheim Fellow, working with Niels Bohr (1927)[44][45]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ This is because, according to Wikipedia policies on no original research and objectivity/neutrality, it is not possible in Wikipedia to subjectively assign various weights to different types of affiliations.
  2. ^ The table doesn't provide citations or details on entries; for citations and details, see "Nobel laureates by category".

References

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