Max Born, one of the founding fathers of quantum mechanics, was Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy from 1936 to 1953 at  the University of Edinburgh. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1954.[1]
Max Born, one of the founding fathers of quantum mechanics, was Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy from 1936 to 1953 at the University of Edinburgh. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1954.[1]

This list of Nobel laureates affiliated with the University of Edinburgh comprehensively shows the alumni, faculty members as well as researchers of the University of Edinburgh who were awarded the Nobel Prize or the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. The Nobel Prizes, established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel, are awarded to individuals who make outstanding contributions in the fields of Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine.[2] An associated prize, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (commonly known as the Nobel Prize in Economics), was instituted by Sweden's central bank, Sveriges Riksbank, in 1968 and first awarded in 1969.[3]

As of 2019, 19 Nobel laureates have been affiliated with the University of Edinburgh as alumni, faculty members and researchers. Among the laureates, 6 are Edinburgh alumni (graduates and attendees) and 5 have been long-term academic members of the Edinburgh faculty. Three additional laureates had acted as administrative staff of the university. [4]

Inclusion criteria

University of Edinburgh (1827)
University of Edinburgh (1827)

The university affiliations in this list are all official academic affiliations such as degree programs and official academic employment. Non-academic affiliations such as advisory committee and administrative staff are generally excluded. The official academic affiliations fall into three categories: 1) Alumni (graduates and attendees), 2) Long-term Academic Staff, and 3) Short-term Academic Staff. Graduates are defined as those who hold Bachelor's, Master's, Doctorate, or equivalent degrees from Edinburgh, while attendees are those who formally enrolled in a degree program at Edinburgh but did not complete the program; thus, honorary degrees (e.g., August Krogh[5] and Malala Yousafzai[6]), posthumous degrees, summer attendees, exchange students, and auditing students are excluded. The category of "Long-term Academic Staff" consists of tenure/tenure-track and equivalent academic positions, while that of "Short-term Academic Staff" consists of lecturers (without tenure), postdoctoral researchers (postdocs), visiting professors/scholars (visitors), and equivalent academic positions. At Edinburgh, the specific academic title solely determines the type of affiliation, regardless of the actual time the position was held by a laureate.

Further explanations on "visitors" under "Short-term Academic Staff" are presented as follows. 1) All informal or personal visits are excluded from the list; 2) all employment-based visiting positions, which carry teaching/research duties, are included as affiliations in the list; 3) as for award/honor-based visiting positions, to minimise controversy this list takes a conservative view and includes the positions as affiliations only if the laureates were required to assume employment-level duty (teaching/research) or the laureates specifically classified the visiting positions as "affiliation" or similar in reliable sources such as their curriculum vita. To be specific, some award/honor-based visiting positions such as the "Gifford Lectureship" at the University of Edinburgh are awards/honors/recognition without employment-level duty. In particular, attending meetings and giving public lectures, talks or non-curricular seminars at Edinburgh is not a form of employment-level duty. Finally, summer visitors are generally excluded from the list unless summer work yielded significant end products such as research publications and components of Nobel-winning work, since summer terms are not part of formal academic years.

Some visitors and staff not qualified as official academic affiliates
Laureate Nobel Prize Year Role in University of Edinburgh
Randy W. Schekman Physiology or Medicine 2013 Exchange student (from UCLA)[7]
Winston Churchill Literature 1954 Administrative staff: Rector (1929–1932)[8]
Edward Victor Appleton Physics 1947 Administrative staff: Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh (1949–1965)[9][10]
Alexander Fleming Physiology or Medicine 1945 Administrative staff: Rector (1951–1954)[11]
Niels Bohr Physics 1922 Gifford Lectures entitled Causality and Complementarity: Epistemological Lessons of Studies in Atomic Physics in 1949[12]

Nobel laureates by category

Nobel Prize in Physics

Laureate Year Affiliation Reference
Charles Glover Barkla 1917 Professor of Natural Philosophy, 1913–1944 [13]
Max Born 1954 Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy, 1936–1953 [1]
Igor Tamm 1958 Undergraduate student, 1913–1914 [14]
Peter Higgs 2013 Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 senior student 1954–1955, senior research fellow 1955–1956, lecturer in Mathematical Physics 1960–1970, reader 1970–1980, professor 1980–1996, and emeritus professor 1996 – present [15]

Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Laureate Year Affiliation Reference
Vincent du Vigneaud 1955 Post-doctoral fellow, 1929 [16]
Alexander R. Todd 1957 Academic staff, 1934–1936 [17]
Peter D. Mitchell 1978 Academic staff 1955–1960, senior lecturer 1961–1962, and reader 1962–1963 at the Department of Zoology [18]
Kurt Wuthrich 2002 Visiting Professor, 1997–2000 [19]
Fraser Stoddart 2016 BSc 1964, PhD 1966 [20]
Richard Henderson (biologist) 2017 BSc 1966, Honorary doctor of science 2008 [21]

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Laureate Year Affiliation Reference
Hermann Muller 1946 Academic staff at the Institute of Animal Genetics (now amalgamated into the School of Biological Sciences), 1937–1940 [22]
Peter C. Doherty 1996 PhD in 1970 [23]
Paul Nurse 2001 Post-doctoral researcher, 1973–1979 [24][25]
Robert G. Edwards 2010 Diploma in Animal Genetics in 1952, PhD in 1955, and post-doctoral researcher from 1955 to 1957 [26][27]
May-Britt Moser 2014 Post-doctoral researcher 1995–1997 [28]
Edvard Moser 2014 Post-doctoral researcher 1995–1997, Honorary Professor [28]
Michael Rosbash 2017 Post-doctoral researcher 1970s

Nobel Peace Prize

Laureate Year Affiliation Reference
Joseph Rotblat 1995 Montague Visiting Professor of International Relations, 1975–1976 [29][30]

Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences

Laureate Year Affiliation Reference
James Mirrlees 1996 MA in Mathematics and Natural Philosophy, 1954–1957 [31]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Max Born - Biographical". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Alfred Nobel – The Man Behind the Nobel Prize". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  3. ^ "The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Nobel Prizes". The University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  5. ^ "August Krogh - Biographical". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  6. ^ "Honorary degree for Malala Yousafzai". The University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  7. ^ "Randy W. Schekman - Biographical". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
  8. ^ "The Rector". Edinburgh University. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  9. ^ "Sir Edward Appleton (1892 - 1965)". BBC. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  10. ^ "Sir Edward Victor Appleton". Edinburgh University. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  11. ^ "Sir Alexander Fleming - Biographical". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  12. ^ McGrath, Alister E. (1 January 2003). A Scientific Theology, Volume 3. A&C Black. p. 19. ISBN 0567083497.
  13. ^ "Charles Glover Barkla - Biographical". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  14. ^ L'Annunziata, Michael F. (23 August 2007). Radioactivity: Introduction and History: Introduction and History. Elsevier. p. 459. ISBN 0080548881.
  15. ^ "Peter Higgs - Biographical". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  16. ^ Hofmann, Klaus. "Vincent du Vigneaud" (PDF). National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  17. ^ "Lord Todd - Biographical". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  18. ^ "Peter Mitchell - Biographical". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  19. ^ "Wüthrich's CV". The Scripps Research Institute. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  20. ^ "Wüthrich's CV". Nobel Foundation=5 October 2016.
  21. ^ https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2017/press.html
  22. ^ "Hermann J. Muller - Biographical". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  23. ^ "Peter C. Doherty - Curriculum Vitae". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  24. ^ "Autobiography of Paul Nurse". nobelprize.org. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  25. ^ Nurse, Paul. "Cyclin Dependent Kinases and Cell Cycle Control" (PDF). nobelprize.org. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  26. ^ "Robert G. Edwards - Biographical". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  27. ^ "Nobel for IVF pioneer". Edinburgh University. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
  28. ^ a b "Edinburgh University Honorary Professor awarded Nobel Prize". The Student. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
  29. ^ "Joseph Rotblat – Biographical". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  30. ^ "Sir Joseph Rotblat". The Scotsman. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  31. ^ "James A. Mirrlees - Curriculum Vitae". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2 June 2015.