Reginald Doherty, 4-time Olympic medalist.
Reginald Doherty, 4-time Olympic medalist.
Venus Williams, 5-time Olympic medalist.
Venus Williams, 5-time Olympic medalist.

Tennis was first contested as a Summer Olympic sport in the 1896 Olympic Games, held in Athens. In the inaugural Olympic Games, only two tournaments were played: men's singles and men's doubles. Women were allowed to start to compete in singles and mixed doubles tennis events at the Olympic Games in 1900. Between 1928 and 1984, tennis was not included in the official Olympic program. Demonstration tennis events were, however, held twice, first in 1968 and later 1984. It was reinstated as a medal sport in 1988.

Kathleen McKane Godfree (one gold, two silvers, and two bronzes) and Venus Williams (four gold, one silver) are the record holders for the most Olympic medals in tennis. Serena Williams and Venus Williams won a record four gold medals. Reginald Doherty is the record holder for most medals in men's tennis. Andy Murray is the only men's player to have won two singles gold medals.

Only on three occasions has a player won back-to-back gold medals in the same event across two Olympic Games: Gigi Fernández and Mary Joe Fernández in women’s doubles in 1992 and 1996, Serena Williams and Venus Williams in women's doubles in 2008 and 2012, and Andy Murray in the men's singles in 2012 and 2016.

Singles

Men's singles

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
John Pius Boland
 Great Britain
Dionysios Kasdaglis
 Greece
Momčilo Tapavica
 Hungary
Konstantinos Paspatis
 Greece
1900 Paris
details
Laurence Doherty
 Great Britain
Harold Mahony
 Great Britain
Reginald Doherty
 Great Britain
Arthur Norris
 Great Britain
1904 St. Louis
details
Beals Wright
 United States
Robert LeRoy
 United States
Alphonzo Bell
 United States
Edgar Leonard
 United States
1908 London
details
Josiah Ritchie
 Great Britain
Otto Froitzheim
 Germany
Wilberforce Eaves
 Great Britain
1912 Stockholm
details
Charles Winslow
 South Africa
Harold Kitson
 South Africa
Oscar Kreuzer
 Germany
1920 Antwerp
details
Louis Raymond
 South Africa
Ichiya Kumagae
 Japan
Charles Winslow
 South Africa
1924 Paris
details
Vincent Richards
 United States
Henri Cochet
 France
Umberto De Morpurgo
 Italy
1928–1984 Not included in the Olympic program
1988 Seoul
details
Miloslav Mečíř
 Czechoslovakia
Tim Mayotte
 United States
Stefan Edberg
 Sweden
Brad Gilbert
 United States
1992 Barcelona
details
Marc Rosset
 Switzerland
Jordi Arrese
 Spain
Andrei Cherkasov
 Unified Team
Goran Ivanišević
 Croatia
1996 Atlanta
details
Andre Agassi
 United States
Sergi Bruguera
 Spain
Leander Paes
 India
2000 Sydney
details
Yevgeny Kafelnikov
 Russia
Tommy Haas
 Germany
Arnaud Di Pasquale
 France
2004 Athens
details
Nicolás Massú
 Chile
Mardy Fish
 United States
Fernando González
 Chile
2008 Beijing
details
Rafael Nadal
 Spain
Fernando González
 Chile
Novak Djokovic
 Serbia
2012 London
details
Andy Murray
 Great Britain
Roger Federer
 Switzerland
Juan Martín del Potro
 Argentina
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Andy Murray
 Great Britain
Juan Martín del Potro
 Argentina
Kei Nishikori
 Japan
2020 Tokyo
details
Alexander Zverev
 Germany
Karen Khachanov
 ROC
Pablo Carreño Busta
 Spain

Women's singles

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris
details
Charlotte Cooper
 Great Britain
Hélène Prévost
 France
Marion Jones
 United States
Hedwiga Rosenbaumová
 Bohemia
1904 St. Louis Not included in the Olympic program
1908 London
details
Dorothea Lambert Chambers
 Great Britain
Dora Boothby
 Great Britain
Ruth Winch
 Great Britain
1912 Stockholm
details
Marguerite Broquedis
 France
Dorothea Köring
 Germany
Molla Bjurstedt
 Norway
1920 Antwerp
details
Suzanne Lenglen
 France
Dorothy Holman
 Great Britain
Kitty McKane
 Great Britain
1924 Paris
details
Helen Wills
 United States
Julie Vlasto
 France
Kitty McKane
 Great Britain
1928–1984 Not included in the Olympic program
1988 Seoul
details
Steffi Graf
 West Germany
Gabriela Sabatini
 Argentina
Zina Garrison
 United States
Manuela Maleeva
 Bulgaria
1992 Barcelona
details
Jennifer Capriati
 United States
Steffi Graf
 Germany
Mary Joe Fernández
 United States
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
 Spain
1996 Atlanta
details
Lindsay Davenport
 United States
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
 Spain
Jana Novotná
 Czech Republic
2000 Sydney
details
Venus Williams
 United States
Elena Dementieva
 Russia
Monica Seles
 United States
2004 Athens
details
Justine Henin-Hardenne
 Belgium
Amélie Mauresmo
 France
Alicia Molik
 Australia
2008 Beijing
details
Elena Dementieva
 Russia
Dinara Safina
 Russia
Vera Zvonareva
 Russia
2012 London
details
Serena Williams
 United States
Maria Sharapova
 Russia
Victoria Azarenka
 Belarus
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Monica Puig
 Puerto Rico
Angelique Kerber
 Germany
Petra Kvitová
 Czech Republic
2020 Tokyo
details
Belinda Bencic
 Switzerland
Markéta Vondroušová
 Czech Republic
Elina Svitolina
 Ukraine

Doubles

Men's doubles

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
 Mixed team (ZZX)
John Pius Boland
 Great Britain
Friedrich Traun
 Germany
Demetrios Petrokokkinos
Dionysios Kasdaglis
 Greece
 Mixed team (ZZX)
Edwin Flack
 Australia
George Robertson
 Great Britain
1900 Paris
details
Laurence Doherty
Reginald Doherty
 Great Britain
 Mixed team (ZZX)
Max Décugis
 France
Basil Spalding de Garmendia
 United States
Guy de la Chapelle
André Prévost
 France
Harold Mahony
Arthur Norris
 Great Britain
1904 St. Louis
details
Edgar Leonard
Beals Wright
 United States
Alphonzo Bell
Robert LeRoy
 United States
Joseph Wear
Allen West
 United States
Clarence Gamble
Arthur Wear
 United States
1908 London
details
George Hillyard
Reginald Doherty
 Great Britain
Josiah Ritchie
James Parke
 Great Britain
Clement Cazalet
Charles Dixon
 Great Britain
1912 Stockholm
details
Harry Kitson
Charles Winslow
 South Africa
Arthur Zborzil
Fritz Pipes
 Austria
Albert Canet
Edouard Mény de Marangue
 France
1920 Antwerp
details
Oswald Turnbull
Maxwell Woosnam
 Great Britain
Ichiya Kumagae
Seiichiro Kashio
 Japan
Max Décugis
Pierre Albarran
 France
1924 Paris
details
Vincent Richards
Francis Hunter
 United States
Jacques Brugnon
Henri Cochet
 France
Jean Borotra
René Lacoste
 France
1928–1984 Not included in the Olympic program
1988 Seoul
details
Ken Flach
Robert Seguso
 United States
Emilio Sánchez
Sergio Casal
 Spain
Miloslav Mečíř
Milan Šrejber
 Czechoslovakia
Stefan Edberg
Anders Järryd
 Sweden
1992 Barcelona
details
Boris Becker
Michael Stich
 Germany
Wayne Ferreira
Piet Norval
 South Africa
Javier Frana
Christian Miniussi
 Argentina
Goran Ivanišević
Goran Prpić
 Croatia
1996 Atlanta
details
Todd Woodbridge
and Mark Woodforde
 Australia
Neil Broad
Tim Henman
 Great Britain
Marc-Kevin Goellner
David Prinosil
 Germany
2000 Sydney
details
Sébastien Lareau
Daniel Nestor
 Canada
Todd Woodbridge
and Mark Woodforde
 Australia
Àlex Corretja
Albert Costa
 Spain
2004 Athens
details
Fernando González
Nicolás Massú
 Chile
Nicolas Kiefer
Rainer Schüttler
 Germany
Mario Ančić
Ivan Ljubičić
 Croatia
2008 Beijing
details
Roger Federer
Stanislas Wawrinka
 Switzerland
Simon Aspelin
Thomas Johansson
 Sweden
Bob Bryan
and Mike Bryan
 United States
2012 London
details
Bob Bryan
and Mike Bryan
 United States
Michaël Llodra
Jo-Wilfried Tsonga
 France
Julien Benneteau
Richard Gasquet
 France
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Marc López
Rafael Nadal
 Spain
Florin Mergea
Horia Tecău
 Romania
Steve Johnson
Jack Sock
 United States
2020 Tokyo
details
Nikola Mektić
Mate Pavić
 Croatia
Marin Čilić
Ivan Dodig
 Croatia
Marcus Daniell
Michael Venus
 New Zealand

Women's doubles

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1920 Antwerp
details
Margaret McNair
Kitty McKane
 Great Britain
Geraldine Beamish
Dorothy Holman
 Great Britain
Suzanne Lenglen
Élisabeth d'Ayen
 France
1924 Paris
details
Hazel Wightman
Helen Wills
 United States
Phyllis Covell
Kitty McKane
 Great Britain
Dorothy Shepherd-Barron
Evelyn Colyer
 Great Britain
1928–1984 Not included in the Olympic program
1988 Seoul
details
Pam Shriver
Zina Garrison
 United States
Jana Novotná
Helena Suková
 Czechoslovakia
Elizabeth Smylie
Wendy Turnbull
 Australia
Steffi Graf
Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
 West Germany
1992 Barcelona
details
Gigi Fernández
Mary Joe Fernández
 United States
Conchita Martínez
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
 Spain
Rachel McQuillan
Nicole Bradtke
 Australia
Leila Meskhi
Natasha Zvereva
 Unified Team
1996 Atlanta
details
Gigi Fernández
Mary Joe Fernández
 United States
Jana Novotná
Helena Suková
 Czech Republic
Conchita Martínez
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
 Spain
2000 Sydney
details
Serena Williams
and Venus Williams
 United States
Kristie Boogert
Miriam Oremans
 Netherlands
Els Callens
Dominique Van Roost
 Belgium
2004 Athens
details
Li Ting
Sun Tiantian
 China
Conchita Martínez
Virginia Ruano Pascual
 Spain
Paola Suárez
Patricia Tarabini
 Argentina
2008 Beijing
details
Serena Williams
and Venus Williams
 United States
Anabel Medina Garrigues
Virginia Ruano Pascual
 Spain
Yan Zi
Zheng Jie
 China
2012 London
details
Serena Williams
and Venus Williams
 United States
Andrea Hlaváčková
Lucie Hradecká
 Czech Republic
Maria Kirilenko
Nadia Petrova
 Russia
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Ekaterina Makarova
Elena Vesnina
 Russia
Timea Bacsinszky
Martina Hingis
 Switzerland
Lucie Šafářová
Barbora Strýcová
 Czech Republic
2020 Tokyo
details
Barbora Krejčíková
Kateřina Siniaková
 Czech Republic
Belinda Bencic
Viktorija Golubic
 Switzerland
Laura Pigossi
Luisa Stefani
 Brazil

Mixed doubles

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris
details
Charlotte Cooper
Reginald Doherty
 Great Britain
 Mixed team (ZZX)
Hélène Prévost
 France
Harold Mahony
 Great Britain
 Mixed team (ZZX)
Marion Jones
 United States
Laurence Doherty
 Great Britain
 Mixed team (ZZX)
Hedwiga Rosenbaumová
 Bohemia
Archibald Warden
 Great Britain
1904–1908 Not included in the Olympic program
1912 Stockholm
details
Dorothea Köring
Heinrich Schomburgk
 Germany
Sigrid Fick
Gunnar Setterwall
 Sweden
Marguerite Broquedis
Albert Canet
 France
1920 Antwerp
details
Suzanne Lenglen
Max Decugis
 France
Kitty McKane
Maxwell Woosnam
 Great Britain
Milada Skrbková
Ladislav Žemla
 Czechoslovakia
1924 Paris
details
Hazel Wightman
Norris Williams
 United States
Marion Jessup
Vincent Richards
 United States
Kornelia Bouman
Hendrik Timmer
 Netherlands
1928–2008 Not included in the Olympic program
2012 London
details
Victoria Azarenka
Max Mirnyi
 Belarus
Laura Robson
Andy Murray
 Great Britain
Lisa Raymond
Mike Bryan
 United States
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Bethanie Mattek-Sands
Jack Sock
 United States
Venus Williams
Rajeev Ram
 United States
Lucie Hradecká
Radek Štěpánek
 Czech Republic
2020 Tokyo
details
Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova
Andrey Rublev
 ROC
Elena Vesnina
Aslan Karatsev
 ROC
Ashleigh Barty
John Peers
 Australia

Discontinued events

Singles (discontinued)

Men singles

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1908 London
details
Arthur Gore
 Great Britain
George Caridia
 Great Britain
Josiah Ritchie
 Great Britain
1912 Stockholm
details
André Gobert
 France
Charles Dixon
 Great Britain
Tony Wilding
 Australasia

Women's singles

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1908 London
details
Gwendoline Eastlake-Smith
 Great Britain
Alice Greene
 Great Britain
Märtha Adlerstråhle
 Sweden
1912 Stockholm
details
Edith Hannam
 Great Britain
Sofie Castenschiold
 Denmark
Mabel Parton
 Great Britain

Doubles (discontinued)

Men's doubles

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1908 London
details
Herbert Barrett
Arthur Gore
 Great Britain
George Caridia
George Simond
 Great Britain
Wollmar Boström
Gunnar Setterwall
 Sweden
1912 Stockholm
details
Maurice Germot
André Gobert
 France
Carl Kempe
Gunnar Setterwall
 Sweden
Alfred Beamish
Charles Dixon
 Great Britain

Mixed doubles

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1912 Stockholm
details
Edith Hannam
Charles Dixon
 Great Britain
Helen Aitchison
Herbert Barrett
 Great Britain
Sigrid Fick
Gunnar Setterwall
 Sweden

Athlete medal leaders

Main article: Tennis at the Summer Olympics § Multiple medal winners (1896–2016)

Players currently active in bold.

Men leaders

Rank Athlete Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Reginald Doherty  Great Britain 1900–1908 3 0 1 4
2 Vincent Richards  United States 1924 2 1 0 3
Andy Murray  Great Britain 2008–2016 2 1 0
4 Laurence Doherty  Great Britain 1900 2 0 1 3
Charles Winslow  South Africa 1912–1920 2 0 1
6 Nicolás Massú  Chile 2004 2 0 0 2
Rafael Nadal  Spain 2004–2016 2 0 0
8 Charles Dixon  Great Britain 1908–1912 1 1 2 4
9 Max Décugis  France 1900–1920 1 1 1 3
Fernando González  Chile 2004–2008 1 1 1

Men's singles leaders

  Multiple singles medalist.
# Gold medals
2 United Kingdom Andy Murray
1 United Kingdom John Boland
United Kingdom Laurence Doherty
United States Beals Wright
United Kingdom Josiah Ritchie
United States Charles Winslow
South Africa Louis Raymond
United States Vincent Richards
Czechoslovakia Miloslav Mečíř
Switzerland Marc Rosset
United States Andre Agassi
Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov
Chile Nicolas Massu
Spain Rafael Nadal
Germany Alexander Zverev
# Silver medals
1 Greece Dionysios Kasdaglis
United Kingdom Harold Mahony
United States Robert LeRoy
Germany Otto Froitzheim
South Africa Harold Kitson
Japan Ichiya Kumagae
France Henri Cochet
United States Tim Mayotte
Spain Jordi Arrese
Spain Sergi Bruguera
Germany Tommy Haas
United States Mardy Fish
Chile Fernando Gonzales
Switzerland Roger Federer
Argentina Juan Martin Del Potro
Russia Karen Khachanov
# Bronze medals
1 Hungary Momčilo Tapavica
Greece Konstantinos Paspatis
United Kingdom Reginald Doherty
United Kingdom Arthur Norris
United States Alphonzo Bell
United States Edgar Leonard
United Kingdom Wilberforce Eaves
Germany Oscar Kreuzer
South Africa Charles Winslow
Italy Umberto De Morpurgo
Sweden Stefan Edberg
United States Brad Gilbert
Soviet Union Andrei Cherkasov
Croatia Goran Ivanišević
India Leander Paes
France Arnaud Di Pasquale
Chile Fernando González
Serbia Novak Djokovic
Argentina Juan Martin Del Potro
Japan Kei Nishikori
Spain Pablo Carreño Busta

Women leaders

Rank Athlete Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Venus Williams  United States 2000–2016 4 1 0 5
2 Kathleen McKane Godfree  Great Britain 1920–1924 1 2 2 5
3 Serena Williams  United States 2000–2016 4 0 0 4
4 Arantxa Sánchez Vicario  Spain 1992–1996 0 2 2 4

Women's singles leaders

  Multiple singles medalist.
# Gold medals
1 United Kingdom Charlotte Cooper
United Kingdom Dorothea Douglass
France Marguerite Broquedis
France Suzanne Lenglen
United States Helen Wills
Germany Steffi Graf
United States Jennifer Capriati
United States Lindsay Davenport
United States Venus Williams
Belgium Justine Henin-Hardenne
Russia Elena Dementieva
United States Serena Williams
Puerto Rico Monica Puig
Switzerland Belinda Bencic
# Silver medals
1 France Hélène Prévost
United Kingdom Dora Boothby
Germany Dorothea Köring
United Kingdom Dorothy Holman
France Julie Vlasto
Argentina Gabriela Sabatini
Germany Steffi Graf
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Russia Elena Dementieva
France Amélie Mauresmo
Russia Dinara Safina
Russia Maria Sharapova
Germany Angelique Kerber
Czech Republic Markéta Vondroušová
# Bronze medals
2 United Kingdom Kitty McKane
1 United States Marion Jones
Bohemia Hedwiga Rosenbaumová
United Kingdom Ruth Winch
Norway Molla Bjurstedt
United States Zina Garrison
Bulgaria Manuela Maleeva
United States Mary Joe Fernández
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czech Republic Jana Novotná
United States Monica Seles
Australia Alicia Molik
Russia Vera Zvonareva
Bulgaria Victoria Azarenka
Czech Republic Petra Kvitová
Ukraine Elina Svitolina

Medal table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States (USA)2161239
2 Great Britain (GBR)17141243
3 France (FRA)56819
4 Russia (RUS)3328
5 Switzerland (SUI)3306
6 South Africa (RSA)3216
7 Spain (ESP)27413
8 Germany (GER)26210
9 Chile (CHI)2114
10 Mixed team (ZZX)1236
11 Australia (AUS)1135
 Croatia (CRO)1135
13 Czechoslovakia (TCH)1124
14 Belarus (BLR)1012
 Belgium (BEL)1012
 China (CHN)1012
 West Germany (FRG)1012
18 Canada (CAN)1001
 Puerto Rico (PUR)1001
20 Sweden (SWE)0358
21 Czech Republic (CZE)0347
22 Argentina (ARG)0246
23 Greece (GRE)0213
 Japan (JPN)0213
25 Netherlands (NED)0112
26 Austria (AUT)0101
 Denmark (DEN)0101
 Romania (ROM)0101
29 Unified Team (EUN)0022
30 Australasia (ANZ)0011
 Bohemia (BOH)0011
 Brazil (BRA)0011
 Bulgaria (BUL)0011
 Hungary (HUN)0011
 India (IND)0011
 Italy (ITA)0011
 Norway (NOR)0011
 Serbia (SRB)0011
Totals (38 entries)686984221

See also

Notes

^a The Olympic medal table is ranked first by the number of gold medals won and then by silver and bronze medals if there is a tie.

References