The opening ceremony of the 2004 Summer Paralympics in the Olympic Stadium in Athens, Greece

Since the Paralympic Games began in 1960, there have been 15 Summer Paralympic Games held in 13 separate cities and 11 Winter Paralympic Games held in 10 separate cities. Six cities have been chosen by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) to host the upcoming Paralympics: Tokyo for the 2020 Summer Paralympics, Beijing for the 2022 Winter Paralympics, Paris for the 2024 Summer Paralympics, Milan-Cortina d'Ampezzo for the 2026 Winter Paralympics, Los Angeles for the 2028 Summer Paralympics, and Brisbane for the 2032 Summer Paralympics.

Three cities have hosted or are scheduled to host a Paralympic Games more than once; Innsbruck in 1984 and 1988, Beijing in 2008 (summer games) and 2022 (winter games), and Tokyo in 1964 and 2020.

The United States hosted three games (one was held in both the US and the UK) and Japan hosted its third games in 2020. Austria, Norway, Italy, the United Kingdom, and Canada have each hosted two games.

The games have primarily been hosted on the continent of Europe (14 games). Four games have been hosted in Asia and five in North America, and one game has been hosted in the region of Oceania. (The 1984 Summer Paralympics were held in both the US and the UK). Rio de Janeiro's winning bid for 2016 will be the third Americas host. No Paralympic Games have been hosted in the continents of Africa and Antarctica.

Host cities are selected by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). Currently, they are selected seven years in advance.[1] The selection process takes two years. In the first stage of the selection process, any city in the world may submit an application to become a host city. After ten months, the Executive Board of the IOC decides which of these applicant cities will become candidate cities based on the recommendation of a working group that reviews the applications. In the second stage, the candidate cities are investigated thoroughly by an Evaluation Commission, which then submits a final short list of cities to be considered for selection. The host city is then chosen by vote of the IOC Session, a general meeting of IOC members.[2]

Paralympic host cities

Year City Country Continent Summer Winter From To Ref
1960 Italy Rome Italy Europe S001I 18 September 25 September
1964 Japan Tokyo Japan Asia S002II 3 November 12 November
1968 Israel Tel Aviv Israel S003III 4 November 13 November
1972 West Germany Heidelberg West Germany Europe S004IV 2 August 11 August
1976 Sweden Örnsköldsvik Sweden W001I 21 February 28 February
1976 Canada Toronto Canada North America S005V 3 August 11 August
1980 Norway Geilo Norway Europe W002II 1 February 7 February
1980 Netherlands Arnhem Netherlands S006VI 21 June 30 June
1984 Austria Innsbruck Austria W003III 14 January 20 January
1984 United States New York
United Kingdom Stoke Mandeville
United States,
United Kingdom
North America,
Europe
S007VII 17 June
22 July
30 June
1 August
1988 Austria Innsbruck Austria Europe W004IV 17 January 25 January
1988 South Korea Seoul Republic of Korea Asia S008VIII 15 October 24 October
1992 France Tignes-Albertville France Europe W005V 25 March 1 April
1992 Spain Barcelona-Madrid Spain S009IX 3 September 14 September
1994 Norway Lillehammer Norway W006VI 10 March 19 March
1996 United States Atlanta United States North America S010X 16 August 25 August
1998 Japan Nagano Japan Asia W007VII 5 March 14 March
2000 Australia Sydney Australia Oceania S011XI 18 October 29 October
2002 United States Salt Lake City United States North America W008VIII 7 March 16 March
2004 Greece Athens Greece Europe S012XII 17 September 28 September
2006 Italy Turin Italy W009IX 10 March 19 March
2008 China Beijing[b] People's Republic of China Asia S013XIII 6 September 17 September
2010 Canada Vancouver Canada North America W010X 12 March 21 March
2012 United Kingdom London United Kingdom Europe S014XIV 29 August 9 September
2014 Russia Sochi Russia W011XI 7 March 16 March
2016 Brazil Rio de Janeiro Brazil South America S015XV 7 September 18 September
2018 South Korea Pyeongchang Republic of Korea Asia W012XII 9 March 18 March
2020 Japan Tokyo Japan S016XVI 25 August 2021 6 September 2021 [c]
2022 China Beijing People's Republic of China W13XIII 4 March 13 March
2024 France Paris France Europe S017XVII 28 August 8 September
2026 Italy Milan-Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy W14XIV 6 March 15 March
2028 United States Los Angeles United States North America S018XVIII 22 August 3 September
2030 TBD W15XV
2032 Australia Brisbane Australia Oceania XIX 24 August 5 September

Statistics

Host cities for multiple Paralympic Games

Rank City Country Continent Summer Paralympics hosted Winter Paralympics hosted Total Paralympics hosted
1 Innsbruck Austria Austria Europe 0 2 (1984, 1988) 2
1 Tokyo Japan Japan Asia 2 (1964, 2020) 0 2
1 Beijing China People’s Republic of China Asia 1 (2008) 1 (2022) 2

Total Paralympic Games by country

Rank Country Continent Summer Paralympics hosted Winter Paralympics hosted Total Paralympics hosted
1 United States United States Americas 3 (1984, 1996, 2028) 1 (2002) 4
2 Japan Japan Asia 2 (1964, 2020) 1 (1998) 3
2 Italy Italy Europe 1 (1960) 2 (2006, 2026) 3
4 Austria Austria Europe 0 2 (1984, 1988) 2
4 Norway Norway Europe 0 2 (1980, 1994) 2
4 Canada Canada Americas 1 (1976) 1 (2010) 2
4 United Kingdom United Kingdom Europe 2 (1984, 2012) 0 2
4 South Korea South Korea Asia 1 (1988) 1 (2018) 2
4 China China Asia 1 (2008) 1 (2022) 2
4 France France Europe 1 (2024) 1 (1992) 2
4 Australia Australia Oceania 2 (2000, 2032) 0 2
12 Israel Israel Asia 1 (1968) 0 1
12 West Germany West Germany Europe 1 (1972) 0 1
12 Sweden Sweden Europe 0 1 (1976) 1
12 Netherlands Netherlands Europe 1 (1980) 0 1
12 Spain Spain Europe 1 (1992) 0 1
12 Greece Greece Europe 1 (2004) 0 1
12 Russia Russia Europe 0 1 (2014) 1
12 Brazil Brazil Americas 1 (2016) 0 1

Notes

  • a Although Tel Aviv is located in Asia, Israel is member of European Region of IPC.
  • b Equestrian events were held in China's Hong Kong SAR.[3] Although Hong Kong's separate NPC conducted the equestrian competition, it was an integral part of the Beijing Games; it is not conducted under a separate bid, flame, etc. The IPC website lists only Beijing as the host city.[4]
  • c Postponed to 2021, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, marking the first time that the Paralympic Games has been postponed. They are still called the 2020 Summer Paralympics, even with the change in scheduling to one year later.[5] The new dates were later confirmed as 24 August to 5 September 2021.[6]

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ Group, Taylor Francis (2003). The Europa World Yearbook. Taylor and Francis Group. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-85743-227-5.
  2. ^ "Choice of the Host City". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 4 June 2009.
  3. ^ Tim Pile (25 June 2008). "Hong Kong saddles up for the Olympics". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 29 July 2008.
  4. ^ "2008 Beijing Olympic home page". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 4 May 2008.
  5. ^ "Joint Statement from the International Olympic Committee and the Tokyo 2020 Organising Committee - Olympic News". International Olympic Committee. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics: New dates confirmed for 2021". BBC Sport. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.

See also