The county of Somerset is divided into 5 Parliamentary constituencies, which are all County constituencies.

Constituencies

Further information: 2019 United Kingdom general election

  † Conservative   ‡ Labour   ¤ Liberal Democrat

Constituency[nb 1] Electorate[1] Majority[2][nb 2] Member of Parliament[2] Nearest opposition[2] Electoral wards[3][4] Map
Bridgwater and West Somerset CC 85,327 24,439   Ian Liddell-Grainger

  Oliver Thornton‡ Sedgemoor District Council: Bridgwater Bower, Bridgwater Eastover, Bridgwater Hamp, Bridgwater Quantock, Bridgwater Sydenham, Bridgwater Victoria, Cannington and Quantocks, East Poldens, Huntspill and Pawlett, King's Isle, North Petherton, Puriton, Sandford, West Poldens, Woolavington. West Somerset District Council: Alcombe East, Alcombe West, Aville Vale, Brompton Ralph and Haddon, Carhampton and Withycombe, Crowcombe and Stogumber, Dulverton and Brushford, Dunster, Exmoor, Minehead North, Minehead South, Old Cleeve, Porlock and District, Quantock Vale, Quarme, Watchet, West Quantock, Williton.
Somerton and Frome CC 85,866 19,217   David Warburton   Adam Boyden Mendip District Council: Beacon, Beckington and Rode, Coleford, Creech, Frome Berkley Down, Frome Fromefield, Frome Keyford, Frome Park, Frome Welshmill, Mells, Nordinton, Postlebury, Stratton, Vale. South Somerset District Council: Blackmoor Vale, Bruton, Burrow Hill, Camelot, Cary, Curry Rivel, Islemoor, Langport and Huish, Martock, Milborne Port, Northstone, Tower, Turn Hill, Wessex, Wincanton.
Taunton Deane CC 88,676 11,700   Rebecca Pow   Gideon Amos Taunton Deane Borough Council: Bishop's Hull, Bishop's Lydeard, Blackdown, Bradford-on-Tone, Comeytrowe, Milverton and North Deane, Monument, Neroche, North Curry, Norton Fitzwarren, Ruishton and Creech, Staplegrove, Stoke St.Gregory, Taunton Blackbrook and Holway, Taunton Eastgate, Taunton Fairwater, Taunton Halcon, Taunton Killams and Mountfield, Taunton Lyngford, Taunton Manor and Wilton, Taunton Pyrland and Rowbarton, Trull, Wellington East, Wellington North, Wellington Rockwell Green and West, West Monkton, Wiveliscombe and West Deane.
Wells CC 84,124 9,991   James Heappey   Tessa Munt Mendip District Council: Ashwick and Ston Easton, Avalon, Chilcompton, Glastonbury St Benedict's, Glastonbury St Edmund's, Glastonbury St John's, Glastonbury St Mary's, Knowle, Moor, Nedge, Pylcombe, Rodney and Priddy, St Cuthbert (Out) North and West, Shepton East, Shepton West, Street North, Street South, Street West, Wells Central, Wells St Cuthbert's, Wells St Thomas’. Sedgemoor District Council: Axbridge, Axe Vale, Berrow, Brent North, Burnham North, Burnham South, Cheddar and Shipham, Highbridge, Knoll, Wedmore and Mark.
Yeovil CC 82,468 16,181   Marcus Fysh   Mick Clark South Somerset District Council: Blackdown, Brympton, Chard Avishayes, Chard Combe, Chard Crimchard, Chard Holyrood, Chard Jocelyn, Coker, Crewkerne, Eggwood, Hamdon, Ilminster, Ivelchester, Neroche, Parrett, St Michael's, South Petherton, Tatworth and Forton, Windwhistle, Yeovil Central, Yeovil East, Yeovil South, Yeovil West, Yeovil Without.

From 2010

The Boundary Commission for England changed the constituencies to realign boundaries with the boundaries of current local government wards, and to reduce the electoral disparity between constituencies. In two cases the changes meant that the constituencies were renamed. These changes were implemented at the 2010 United Kingdom general election.[5]

Name Pre-2010 Boundaries Post-2010 Boundaries
  1. Bridgwater CC
  2. Somerton and Frome CC
  3. Taunton CC
  4. Wells CC
  5. Yeovil CC


On the Revision:
1. Bridgwater and West Somerset CC
3. Taunton Deane CC

Proposed boundary changes

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they did not come into effect for the 2019 election which took place on 12 December 2019, and which was contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

Under the terms of the Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011, the Sixth Review was based on reducing the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and a strict electoral parity requirement that the electorate of all constituencies should be within a range of 5% either side of the electoral quota.

On 24 March 2020, the Minister of State for the Cabinet Office, Chloe Smith, issued a written statement to Parliament setting out the Government's thinking with regard to parliamentary boundaries.[6] Subsequently, the Parliamentary Constituencies Act 2020[7] was passed into law on 14 December 2020. This formally removed the duty to implement the 2018 review and set out the framework for future boundary reviews. The Act provided that the number of constituencies should remain at the current level of 650, rather than being reduced to 600, while retaining the requirement that the electorate should be no more than +/- 5% from the electoral quota.

The Act specified that the next review should be completed no later than 1 July 2023 and the Boundary Commission formally launched the 2023 Review on 5 January 2021.[8] See 2023 Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies for further details.

Results history

Primary data source: House of Commons research briefing - General election results from 1918 to 2019[9]

2019

The number of votes cast for each political party who fielded candidates in constituencies comprising Somerset in the 2019 general election were as follows:

Party Votes % Change from 2017 Seats Change from 2017
Conservative 174,145 56.7% Increase2.8% 5 0
Liberal Democrats 89,038 29.0% Increase3.6% 0 0
Labour 32,522 10.6% Decrease6.4% 0 0
Greens 6,801 2.2% Increase0.4% 0 0
Others 4,600 1.5% Decrease0.4% 0 0
Total 307,106 100.0 5

Percentage votes

Note that before 1983 Somerset was analysed under its Ceremonial definition (including the southern part of what became analysed at boundary reviews as Avon, see Avon's list of seats).

Election year 1918 1922 1923 1924 1929 1931 1935 1945 1950 1951 1955 1959 1964 1966 1970 1974(F) 1974(O) 1979 1983 1987 1992 1997 2001 2005 2010 2015 2017 2019
Conservative 61.5 51.1 47.4 52.9 45.4 66.6 55.4 45.5 47.0 55.0 54.8 51.4 45.9 45.8 53.2 44.7 43.8 52.3 51.2 50.6 45.3 36.5 40.9 41.4 41.5 47.2 53.9 56.7
Labour 24.3 19.3 10.6 16.6 22.3 19.7 25.4 39.8 38.3 43.2 40.6 34.4 33.3 38.1 35.0 27.0 28.6 24.0 11.7 11.7 12.9 17.4 16.5 14.9 7.7 9.5 17.0 10.6
Liberal Democrat1 13.5 29.6 42.0 30.5 32.3 13.7 19.2 8.8 12.7 1.8 4.6 14.2 20.2 16.1 11.6 28.1 26.9 22.7 37.0 37.6 40.2 40.6 39.6 40.1 45.1 23.9 25.4 29.0
Green Party - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - * * * * * 0.5 5.3 1.8 2.2
UKIP - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - * * * 3.7 12.9 1.2 *
Other 0.8 - - - - - - 5.9 2.0 - - - 0.7 - 0.2 0.2 0.6 1.0 0.1 - 1.5 5.4 2.9 3.6 1.4 1.2 0.7 1.5

1pre-1979: Liberal Party; 1983 & 1987: SDP-Liberal Alliance

* Included in Other

Seats

Election year 1950 1951 1955 1959 1964 1966 1970 1974(F) 1974(O) 1979 1983 1987 1992 1997 2001 2005 2010 2015 2017 2019
Conservative 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 4 4 4 2 3 2 1 5 5 5
Liberal Democrat1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 3 2 3 4 0 0 0
Total 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

11983 & 1987 - SDP-Liberal Alliance

Maps

Historical representation by party

A cell marked → (with a different colour background to the preceding cell) indicates that the previous MP continued to sit under a new party name.

1885 to 1918 (10 MPs)

  Conservative   Liberal   Liberal Unionist

Constituency 1885 1886 87 1892 1895 96 99 1900 1906 09 Jan 1910 Dec 1910 11 12 18
Bath Blaine Laurie Murray Maclean A. Thynne Foxcroft
Wodehouse Gooch Hunter
Bridgwater Stanley Montgomery Sanders
Frome Baker T. Thynne Barlow T. Thynne Barlow
Somerset Eastern Hobhouse Thompson Jardine
Somerset Northern Llewellyn Warner Llewellyn Hope King
Somerset Southern Lambart Strachey Herbert
Taunton S. Allsopp A. Allsopp Welby Boyle Peel Wills
Wellington Dyke Acland Elton Fuller-Acland-Hood Boles
Wells Paget Jolliffe Dickinson Silcock Sandys

1918 to 1950 (7 MPs)

  Common Wealth   Conservative   Independent Progressive   Labour   Liberal

Constituency 1918 21 1922 23 1923 1924 29 1929 1931 34 1935 38 39 42 1945
Bath Foxcroft Raffety Foxcroft Baillie-Hamilton Guinness Pitman
Bridgwater Sanders Morse Wood Croom-Johnson Bartlett
Frome Hurd Gould Peto Gould Thynne Tate Farthing
Taunton Boles Griffith-Boscawen Simpson Gault Wickham Collins
Wells Greer Bruford Hobhouse Sanders Muirhead Boles
Weston-super-Mare Wills Erskine Murrell Erskine Orr-Ewing
Yeovil Herbert Davies Kingsmill

1950 to 1983 (7 MPs)

  Conservative

Constituency 1950 1951 1955 56 58 1959 1964 1966 69 70 1970 Feb 74 Oct 74 1979
Bath Pitman Brown Patten
Bridgwater Wills King
Somerset North Leather Dean
Taunton Hopkinson du Cann
Wells Boles Maydon Boscawen
Weston-super-Mare Orr-Ewing Webster Wiggin
Yeovil Kingsmill Peyton


1983 to present (5 MPs)

  Conservative   Liberal   Liberal Democrats

Constituency 1983 1987 88 1992 1997 2001 2005 2010 2015 2017 2019
Bridgwater / Bridgwater and West Somerset (2010-) King Liddell-Grainger
Somerton and Frome Boscawen Robinson Heath Warburton
Taunton (1983-2010) / Taunton Deane (2010-) du Cann Nicholson Ballard Flook Browne Pow
Wells Heathcoat-Amory Munt Heappey
Yeovil Ashdown Laws Fysh

See also

Notes

  1. ^ BC denotes borough constituency, CC denotes county constituency.
  2. ^ The majority is the number of votes the winning candidate receives more than their nearest rival.

References

  1. ^ Baker, Carl; Uberoi, Elise; Cracknell, Richard (2020-01-28). "General Election 2019: full results and analysis". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ a b c "Constituencies A-Z - Election 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  3. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007, page 4". Office of Public Sector Information. Crown copyright. 13 June 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2009.
  4. ^ Boundary Commission for England pp. 1004–1007
  5. ^ "New Parliamentary Constituencies for England SN/PC/04297" (PDF). House of Commons Library. 2009-11-05. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2009.
  6. ^ "Update: Strengthening Democracy:Written statement - HCWS183". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
  7. ^ "Parliamentary Constituencies Act 2020".
  8. ^ "2023 Review launched | Boundary Commission for England". Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  9. ^ Watson, Christopher; Uberoi, Elise; Loft, Philip (2020-04-17). "General election results from 1918 to 2019". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)