Sapindales /sæpɪnˈdlz/ is an order of flowering plants. The APG III system of 2009 includes it in the clade malvids (in rosids, in eudicots) with nine families:[1] The anthophytes are a grouping of plant taxa bearing flower-like reproductive structures. They were formerly thought to be a clade comprising plants bearing flower-like structures. The group contained the angiosperms - the extant flowering plants, such as roses and grasses - as well as the Gnetales and the extinct Bennettitales.[2]

23,420 species of vascular plant have been recorded in South Africa, making it the sixth most species-rich country in the world and the most species-rich country on the African continent. Of these, 153 species are considered to be threatened.[3] Nine biomes have been described in South Africa: Fynbos, Succulent Karoo, desert, Nama Karoo, grassland, savanna, Albany thickets, the Indian Ocean coastal belt, and forests.[4]

The 2018 South African National Biodiversity Institute's National Biodiversity Assessment plant checklist lists 35,130 taxa in the phyla Anthocerotophyta (hornworts (6)), Anthophyta (flowering plants (33534)), Bryophyta (mosses (685)), Cycadophyta (cycads (42)), Lycopodiophyta (Lycophytes(45)), Marchantiophyta (liverworts (376)), Pinophyta (conifers (33)), and Pteridophyta (cryptogams (408)).[5]

Eight families are represented in the literature. Listed taxa include species, subspecies, varieties, and forms as recorded, some of which have subsequently been allocated to other taxa as synonyms, in which cases the accepted taxon is appended to the listing. Multiple entries under alternative names reflect taxonomic revision over time.

Anacardiaceae

Anacardium

Genus Anacardium:[5]

Harpephyllum

Genus Harpephyllum:[5]

Heeria

Genus Heeria:[5]

Lannea

Genus Lannea:[5]

Laurophyllus

Genus Laurophyllus:[5]

Loxostylis

Genus Loxostylis:[5]

Mangifera

Genus Mangifera:[5]

Ozoroa

Genus Ozoroa:[5]

Protorhus

Genus Protorhus:[5]

Rhus

Genus Rhus:[5]

Schinus

Genus Schinus:[5]

Sclerocarya

Genus Sclerocarya:[5]

Searsia

Genus Searsia:[5]

Smodingium

Genus Smodingium:[5]

Toxicodendron

Genus Toxicodendron:[5]

Burseraceae

Commiphora

Genus Commiphora:[5]

Kirkiaceae

Kirkia

Genus Kirkia:[5]

Meliaceae

Cedrela

Genus Cedrela:[5]

Chukrasia

Genus Chukrasia:[5]

Ekebergia

Genus Ekebergia:[5]

Entandrophragma

Genus Entandrophragma:[5]

Khaya

Genus Khaya:[5]

Melia

Genus Melia:[5]

Nymania

Genus Nymania:[5]

Pseudobersama

Genus Pseudobersama:[5]

Toona

Genus Toona:[5]

Trichilia

Genus Trichilia:[5]

Turraea

Genus Turraea:[5]

Xylocarpus

Genus Xylocarpus:[5]

Peganaceae

Peganum

Genus Peganum:[5]

Rutaceae

Acmadenia

Genus Acmadenia:[5]

Adenandra

Genus Adenandra:[5]

Agathosma

Genus Agathosma:[5]

Calodendrum

Genus Calodendrum:[5]

Clausena

Genus Clausena:[5]

Coleonema

Genus Coleonema:[5]

Diosma

Genus Diosma:[5]

Empleurum

Genus Empleurum:[5]

Euchaetis

Genus Euchaetis:[5]

Macrostylis

Genus Macrostylis:[5]

Murraya

Genus Murraya:[5]

Oricia

Genus Oricia:[5]

Phyllosma

Genus Phyllosma:[5]

Ptaeroxylon

Genus Ptaeroxylon:[5]

Ruta

Genus Ruta:[5]

Sheilanthera

Genus Sheilanthera:[5]

Teclea

Genus Teclea:[5]

Thamnosma

Genus Thamnosma:[5]

Toddalia

Genus Toddalia:[5]

Toddaliopsis

Genus Toddaliopsis:[5]

Vepris

Genus Vepris:[5]

Zanthoxylum

Genus Zanthoxylum:[5]

Sapindaceae

Acer

Genus Acer:[5]

Allophylus

Genus Allophylus:[5]

Atalaya

Genus Atalaya:[5]

Blighia

Genus Blighia:[5]

Cardiospermum

Genus Cardiospermum:[5]

Deinbollia

Genus Deinbollia:[5]

Dodonaea

Genus Dodonaea:[5]

Erythrophysa

Genus Erythrophysa:[5]

Haplocoelum

Genus Haplocoelum:[5]

Hippobromus

Genus Hippobromus:[5]

Pancovia

Genus Pancovia:[5]

Pappea

Genus Pappea:[5]

Paullinia

Genus Paullinia:[5]

Smelophyllum

Genus Smelophyllum:[5]

Stadmannia

Genus Stadmannia:[5]

Simaroubaceae

Ailanthus

Genus Ailanthus:[5]

References

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Archived from the original on 2017-05-25. Retrieved 2010-12-10.
  2. ^ Doyle, J. A.; Donoghue, M. J. (1986). "Seed plant phylogeny and the origin of the angiosperms - an experimental cladistic approach". Botanical Review. 52 (4): 321–431. doi:10.1007/bf02861082.
  3. ^ Butler, Rhett A. (1 July 2019). "Total number of plant species by country". Mongabay. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  4. ^ "Vegetation of South Africa". PlantZAfrica.com. SA National Biodiversity Institute. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by "species_checklist_20180710.csv". South African National Biodiversity Institute. Retrieved 27 September 2020.