Bison Licking Insect Bite; 15,000-13,000 BC; antler; National Museum of Prehistory (Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil, France)
Bison Licking Insect Bite; 15,000-13,000 BC; antler; National Museum of Prehistory (Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil, France)

This is a descriptive list of Stone Age art, the period of prehistory characterised by the widespread use of stone tools. This article contains, by sheer volume of the artwork discovered, a very incomplete list of the works of the painters, sculptors, and other artists who created what is now called prehistoric art. For fuller lists see Art of the Upper Paleolithic, Art of the Middle Paleolithic, and Category:Prehistoric art and its many sub-categories.

Upper Paleolithic

Main article: Art of the Upper Paleolithic

Aurignacian

The Löwenmensch figurine, ca. 40,000-35,000 yrs BP, discovered in Hohlenstein-Stadel, now in Museum Ulm.
The Löwenmensch figurine, ca. 40,000-35,000 yrs BP, discovered in Hohlenstein-Stadel, now in Museum Ulm.

The oldest undisputed figurative art appears with the Aurignacian, about 40,000 years ago, which is associated with the earliest presence of Cro-Magnon artists in Europe. Figurines with date estimates of 40,000 years are the so-called Lion-man and Venus of Hohle Fels, both found in the Southern Germany caves of the Swabian Jura.

An artistic depiction of a group of rhinos was made in the Chauvet Cave 30,000 to 32,000 years ago.
An artistic depiction of a group of rhinos was made in the Chauvet Cave 30,000 to 32,000 years ago.
The artist depicts a group of wild horses (from Chauvet Cave, France, ca. 31,000 years old)
The artist depicts a group of wild horses (from Chauvet Cave, France, ca. 31,000 years old)
Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain

Gravettian

The Gravettian spans the Last Glacial Maximum, ca. 33–21 kya. The Solutrean (c. 22–17 kya) may or may not be included as the final phase of the Gravettian.

Epigravettian, Magdalenian

A 16,000-year-old masterwork from the Lascaux cave in France
A 16,000-year-old masterwork from the Lascaux cave in France
Magdalenian Horse, c. 15,000 BCE, Musée d'Archéologie Nationale, France
Magdalenian Horse, c. 15,000 BCE, Musée d'Archéologie Nationale, France
Swimming Reindeer, a 13,000-year-old mammoth-tusk sculpture now residing in the British Museum, depicts a female on the right and a male on the left.

Australasia

In this Gwion Gwion rock painting from Australia the artist portrays tasseled costumed figures in various poses or actions.
In this Gwion Gwion rock painting from Australia the artist portrays tasseled costumed figures in various poses or actions.

Main article: Indigenous Australian art

Australia and parts of Southeast Asia remained in the Paleolithic stage until European contact. The oldest firmly dated rock-art painting in Australia is a charcoal drawing on a rock fragment found during the excavation of the Nawarla Gabarnmang rock shelter in south western Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory. Dated at 28,000 years, it is one of the oldest known pieces of rock art on Earth with a confirmed date.

Mesolithic

The Venus of Monruz is an 11,000 year-old stylized pendant, 18 mm in height.
The Venus of Monruz is an 11,000 year-old stylized pendant, 18 mm in height.
Rock carving of Pelorovis antiquus at Tassili n'Ajjer, southern Algeria
Rock carving of Pelorovis antiquus at Tassili n'Ajjer, southern Algeria
Mesolithic Europe
Epipalaeolithic Near East

Further information: Kebaran § Artistic_expression

Mesolithic Asia
North African Mesolithic
Americas

Further information: Lithic stage and Archaic Period (Americas)

Neolithic

Further information: Megalithic

Further information: Neolithic § Cultural_characteristics

Near East and North Africa
Neolithic Europe
Neolithic China

See also

References

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