Flag of an Air Forcelieutenant general
Flag of an Air Force
lieutenant general

This is a list of lieutenant generals in the United States Air Force from 2010 to 2019. The rank of lieutenant general (or three-star general) is the second-highest rank normally achievable in the U.S. Air Force, and the first to have a specified number of appointments set by statute. It ranks above major general (two-star general) and below general (four-star general).

There have been 131 lieutenant generals in the U.S. Air Force from 2010 to 2019, 29 of whom were elevated to four-star general. All 131 achieved that rank while on active duty in the U.S. Air Force. Lieutenant generals entered the Air Force via several paths: 61 were commissioned via the U.S. Air Force Academy (USAFA), 44 via Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFROTC) at a civilian university, 13 via Air Force Officer Training School (OTS), 7 via AFROTC at a senior military college, 5 via direct commission (direct), and one via direct commission inter-service transfer from the Army National Guard (ARNG).

List of generals

Entries in the following list of lieutenant generals are indexed by the numerical order in which each officer was promoted to that rank while on active duty, or by an asterisk (*) if the officer did not serve in that rank while on active duty in the U.S. Air Force or was promoted to four-star rank while on active duty in the U.S. Air Force. Each entry lists the general's name, date of rank,[a] active-duty positions held while serving at three-star rank,[b] number of years of active-duty service at three-star rank (Yrs),[c] year commissioned and source of commission,[d] number of years in commission when promoted to three-star rank (YC),[e] and other biographical notes (years of birth and death are shown in parentheses in the Notes column).[f] Officers transferred to the U.S. Space Force in the grade of lieutenant general are included while having previously held that rank in the Air Force previously are included, while Air Force officers first promoted to lieutenant general in the U.S. Space Force are excluded.

List of U.S. Air Force lieutenant generals from 2010 to 2019
# Name Photo Date of rank[a] Position[b] Yrs[c] Commission[d] YC[e] Notes[f]
1 Richard C. Harding
RichardCHarding.JPG
2 Feb 2010   4 1980 (direct) 30 (1947–        )[g]
* Larry O. Spencer
Lt Gen Larry O. Spencer.jpg
3 Apr 2010  
  • Director, Force Structure, Resources and Assessment, Joint Staff, J8, 2010–2012.
2 1980 (OTS) 30 (1954–        )[h] Promoted to general, 27 Jul 2012. Served 9 years in the enlisted ranks before receiving his commission in 1980.
2 Eric E. Fiel
General Eric E Fiel.jpg
11 Jun 2010   4 1981 (OTS) 29 (1958–        )
3 Frank J. Kisner
Lt Gen Frank J. Kisner.jpg
26 Jul 2010  
  • Commander, NATO Special Operations Headquarters (CDRNSHQ), 2010–2013.
3 1980 (USAFA) 30
4 Stephen P. Mueller
Lt. Gen. Stephen P. Mueller USAF.JPG
6 Sep 2010   4 1979 (USAFA) 31 (1960–        )
5 Douglas H. Owens
Lt Gen Douglas H. Owens.jpg
9 Sep 2010   3 1980 (USAFA) 30
6 Michael R. Moeller
Lt. Gen. Michael R. Moeller USAF.JPG
7 Oct 2010   4 1980 (USAFA) 30
7 Burton M. Field
Burton M. Field (3).jpg
25 Oct 2010   4 1979 (USAFA) 31 (c. 1957        )
8 Kurt A. Cichowski
Lt Gen Kurt A. Cichowski.jpg
16 Nov 2010   3 1977 (USAFA) 33
9 Stanley T. Kresge
LIEUTENANT GENERAL STANLEY T. KRESGE USAF.JPG
10 Dec 2010   4 1980 (USAFA) 30
10 Darrell D. Jones
Lt. Gen. Darrell D. Jones.jpg
14 Dec 2010  
  • Deputy Chief of Staff, Manpower, Personnel and Services, Air Staff (DCS A1), 2010–2013.
3 1979 (AFROTC) 31
11 James M. Kowalski
Kowalski 2013.jpeg
6 Jan 2011   4 1980 (AFROTC) 31 (1957–        )
12 Susan J. Helms
Helms sj4.jpg
21 Jan 2011   3 1980 (USAFA) 31 (1958–        )[i][j]
13 Michael J. Basla
Lt. Gen. Michael J. Basla USAF.JPG
2 Mar 2011   3 1979 (OTS) 32 (1952–        )
* Ellen M. Pawlikowski
Ellen M. Pawlikowski.jpg
3 Jun 2011   4 1978 (AFROTC) 33 (1956–        ) Promoted to general, 8 Jun 2015.
14 Bradley A. Heithold
Heithold 2016.jpg
19 Jul 2011   7 1981 (AFROTC) 30 (1956–        ) Served 7 years in the enlisted ranks before receiving his commission in 1981.
* David L. Goldfein
Lt Gen David L. Goldfein, USAF.jpg
3 Aug 2011   4 1983 (USAFA) 28 (1959–        )[h][k] Promoted to general, 17 Aug 2015.
15 David S. Fadok
LIEUTENANT GENERAL DAVID S. FADOK USAF.JPG
12 Aug 2011   3 1982 (USAFA) 29
16 Stanley E. Clarke III
StanleyEClarke.JPG
31 Aug 2011   4 1981 (AFROTC) 30
17 Charles R. Davis
LIEUTENANT GENERAL CHARLES R. DAVIS USAF.JPG
1 Sep 2011   3 1979 (USAFA) 32
18 Brooks L. Bash
LIEUTENANT GENERAL BROOKS L. BASH USAF.JPG
9 Sep 2011   4 1981 (USAFA) 30
19 Mark F. Ramsay
Mark F. Ramsay.jpg
23 Sep 2011   4 1982 (OTS) 29 (c. 1958        )
20 C. D. Moore II
Lt Gen CD Moore II 2012.jpg
3 Oct 2011   3 1980 (USAFA) 31 (1958–        )
21 Stephen L. Hoog
LIEUTENANT GENERAL STEPHEN L. HOOG usaf.JPG
7 Nov 2011   4 1979 (USAFA) 32
22 John W. Hesterman III
John W. Hesterman III.jpg
17 Nov 2011   5 1983 (USAFA) 28 (c. 1964        ) Relieved, 2016.[2]
* Robin Rand
Lt Gen Robin Rand, USAF.jpg
1 Dec 2011   2 1979 (USAFA) 32 (c. 1956        )[l] Promoted to general, 10 Oct 2013.
23 Judith A. Fedder
Lt Gen Judith A. Fedder (2).jpg
5 Dec 2011  
  • Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics, Installations and Mission Support, Air Staff (DCS A4/7), 2011–2015.
4 1980 (AFROTC) 31 (1958–        )
24 Jan-Marc Jouas
LIEUTENANT GENERAL JAN-MARC JOUAS USAF.JPG
6 Jan 2012   2 1979 (USAFA) 33
25 Ronnie D. Hawkins Jr.
LIEUTENANT GENERAL RONNIE D. HAWKINS JR. USAF.JPG
11 Jan 2012   3 1977 (AFROTC) 35 (c. 1956        ) President, Angelo State University, 2020–present.[3]
26 Craig A. Franklin
Lt Gen Craig A. Franklin.jpg
30 Mar 2012   2 1981 (USAFA) 31 (c. 1961        )[m] Resigned, 2014.[4]
* John E. Hyten
Lt Gen John E. Hyten, USAF.jpg
18 May 2012   2 1981 (AFROTC) 31 (1959–        )[n][o] Promoted to general, 15 Aug 2014.
27 Bruce A. Litchfield
LIEUTENANT GENERAL BRUCE A. LITCHFIELD USAF.JPG
10 Jul 2012   3 1981 (Norwich) 31
28 Thomas W. Travis
LtGenThomasTravis.jpg
13 Jul 2012   3 1976 (Virginia Tech) 36 (c. 1957        ) Senior Vice President, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 2016–present.
29 Salvatore A. Angelella
LIEUTENANT GENERAL SALVATORE A. "SAM" ANGELELLA USAF.JPG
20 Jul 2012   3 1981 (USAFA) 31 (c. 1959        )
30 Andrew E. Busch
Lt. Gen. Andrew E. Busch.jpg
20 Jul 2012   5 1979 (USAFA) 33
31 James F. Jackson
JamesFJackson.JPG
30 Jul 2012   4 1978 (USAFA) 34 (1948–        )
32 Noel T. Jones
Lt Gen Noel T. Jones (2).jpg
3 Aug 2012   3 1980 (USAFA) 32
* Darren W. McDew
Lt Gen Darren W. McDew, USAF.jpg
6 Aug 2012   2 1982 (VMI) 30 (1960–        )[n] Promoted to general, 5 May 2014.
33 Michael D. Dubie
Michael D. Dubie (4).jpg
14 Aug 2012   3 1982 (ARNG)[p] 30 (1960–        )
* Joseph L. Lengyel
Lengyel 2016.jpg
18 Aug 2012   4 1981 (AFROTC) 31 (1959–        )[q] Promoted to general, 3 Aug 2016.
34 Christopher C. Bogdan
LIEUTENANT GENERAL CHRISTOPHER C. BOGDAN USAF.JPG
6 Dec 2012   5 1983 (USAFA) 29
35 Gregory A. Biscone
Lt Gen Gregory A Biscone Air Force Inspector General.JPG
12 Jan 2013   3 1981 (USAFA) 32
36 William H. Etter
William H. Etter (2).jpg
7 Mar 2013   3 1979 (AFROTC) 34 (c. 1957        )
* Lori J. Robinson
Lt Gen Lori Robinson 2013.JPG
20 May 2013   1 1981 (AFROTC) 32 (c. 1959        )[n] Promoted to general, 16 Oct 2014.
37 Robert P. Otto
Lt. Gen. Robert P. "Bob" Otto USAF.JPG
24 Jun 2013   3 1982 (USAFA) 31
* James M. Holmes
LIEUTENANT GENERAL JAMES M. "MIKE" HOLMES USAF.JPG
2 Aug 2013   4 1981 (OTS) 32 (1957–        ) Promoted to general, 10 Mar 2017.
38 Russell J. Handy
Lt Gen Russell J. Handy.jpg
9 Aug 2013   3 1982 (AFROTC) 31
39 Michelle D. Johnson
Lt Gen Michelle D. Johnson (3).jpg
12 Aug 2013   4 1981 (USAFA) 32 (c. 1959        ) First woman to command the U.S. Air Force Academy.[5]
40 Mark O. Schissler
LIEUTENANT GENERAL MARK O. SCHISSLER USAF.JPG
30 Aug 2013   3 1981 (OTS) 32
* Tod D. Wolters
LIEUTENANT GENERAL TOD D. WOLTERS USAF.JPG
24 Sep 2013   3 1982 (USAFA) 31 (1960–        )[r] Promoted to general, 11 Aug 2016.
41 Douglas J. Robb
Lt Gen Douglas J. Robb (2).jpg
1 Oct 2013   2 1979 (USAFA) 34
* Stephen W. Wilson
Lt Gen Stephen W. Wilson (2).jpg
23 Oct 2013   3 1981 (Texas A&M) 32 (c. 1959        )[h] Promoted to general, 22 Jul 2016.
42 Samuel D. Cox
Lt. Gen. Samuel D. Cox USAF.JPG
3 Dec 2013   4 1984 (USAFA) 29 (1961–        )
* John W. Raymond
Lt Gen John W. Raymond (2).jpg
31 Jan 2014   2 1984 (AFROTC) 30 (1962–        )[n][s][t] Promoted to general, 25 Oct 2016.
43 Wendy M. Masiello
LIEUTENANT GENERAL WENDY M. MASIELLO.JPG
8 May 2014   3 1980 (AFROTC) 34 (1958–        ) Wife of Air Force major general Thomas J. Masiello.
44 Christopher F. Burne
Lt. Gen. Christopher F. Burne.JPG
23 May 2014   4 1983 (direct) 31 (c. 1962        )[g]
45 Darryl L. Roberson
Roberson latest portrait.jpg
30 May 2014   3 1983 (USAFA) 31 (1960–        )
46 Thomas J. Trask
LIEUTENANT GENERAL THOMAS J. TRASK.JPG
16 Jun 2014   3 1984 (AFROTC) 30 (1961–        )
47 Samuel A. Greaves
LIEUTENANT GENERAL SAMUEL A. GREAVES.JPG
19 Jun 2014   5 1982 (AFROTC) 32
* Carlton D. Everhart II
LIEUTENANT GENERAL CARLTON D. EVERHART II Commander, 18th Air Force.JPG
20 Jun 2014   1 1983 (Virginia Tech) 31 (1961–        ) Promoted to general, 11 Aug 2015.
48 Anthony J. Rock
Anthony Rock Inspector General.jpg
17 Jun 2014   3 1982 (OTS) 32 (1959–        )
49 James K. McLaughlin
LIEUTENANT GENERAL JAMES K. "KEVIN" MCLAUGHLIN.JPG
14 Aug 2014   3 1983 (USAFA) 31
50 Marshall B. Webb
Lt. Gen. Marshall B. Webb.jpg
28 Aug 2014   8 1984 (USAFA) 30 (1961–        )
51 William J. Bender
LIEUTENANT GENERAL WILLIAM J. BENDER.JPG
19 Sep 2014   3 1983 (AFROTC) 31
52 John F. Thompson
LIEUTENANT GENERAL JOHN F. THOMPSON.JPG
2 Oct 2014   7 1984 (USAFA) 30
53 Steven L. Kwast
Kwast 2018.jpg
10 Nov 2014   5 1986 (USAFA) 28
* Terrence J. O'Shaughnessy
LIEUTENANT GENERAL TERRENCE J. O
19 Dec 2014   2 1986 (USAFA) 28 (c. 1964        )[n] Promoted to general, 12 Jul 2016.
54 Mark C. Nowland
Lt. Gen. Mark C. Nowland.jpg
19 Dec 2014   4 1985 (USAFA) 29 (1958–        )
55 John B. Cooper
LIEUTENANT GENERAL JOHN B COOPER.JPG
22 May 2015  
  • Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics, Installations and Mission Support, Air Staff (DCS A4/7), 2015–2018.
3 1983 (Citadel) 32
56 John L. Dolan
Lt Gen John L. Dolan (2).jpg
5 Jun 2015   3 1986 (AFROTC) 29 (c. 1964        )
57 Mark A. Ediger
LIEUTENANT GENERAL MARK A. EDIGER.JPG
5 Jun 2015   3 1986 (direct) 29
58 Lee K. Levy II
Lt Gen Lee K. Levy II (2).jpg
5 Jun 2015   3 1985 (AFROTC) 30 (c. 1964        )[u]
59 Jeffrey G. Lofgren
LIEUTENANT GENERAL JEFFREY G. LOFGREN.JPG
19 Jun 2015   3 1984 (USAFA) 31
* Arnold W. Bunch Jr.
LIEUTENANT GENERAL ARNOLD W. BUNCH JR.JPG
24 Jun 2015   4 1984 (USAFA) 31 (1962–        ) Promoted to general, 31 May 2019.
* Charles Q. Brown Jr.
Charles Q. Brown Jr. (2).jpg
29 Jun 2015   3 1985 (AFROTC) 30 (1962–        )[k] Promoted to general, 26 Jul 2018.
* Timothy M. Ray
Timothy M. Ray (3).jpg
2 Jul 2015   3 1985 (USAFA) 30 (1963–        ) Promoted to general, 21 Aug 2018.
60 John N.T. Shanahan
Lt Gen John N.T. Shanahan.jpg
11 Aug 2015  
  • Director for Defense Intelligence (Warfighter Support) (DDIWS), 2015–2017.
  • Director for Defense Intelligence (Warfighter Support)/Director, Algorithmic Warfare Cross-Functional Team (Project Maven) (DDIWS/DIRAWCFT), 2017–2018.
  • Director, Joint Artificial Intelligence Center (DIRJAIC), 2018–2020.
5 1984 (AFROTC) 31 (1962–        )
61 David J. Buck
LIEUTENANT GENERAL DAVID J. BUCK.JPG
14 Aug 2015   2 1986 (OTS) 29
62 Gina M. Grosso
LIEUTENANT GENERAL GINA M. GROSSO.JPG
15 Oct 2015  
  • Deputy Chief of Staff, Manpower, Personnel and Services, Air Staff (DCS A1), 2015–2018.
3 1986 (AFROTC) 29 (1964–        ) U.S. Assistant Secretary of Veterans Affairs for Human Resources and Administration/Operations, Security and Preparedness, 2021–present.[7]
63 Jack Weinstein
LIEUTENANT GENERAL JACK WEINSTEIN.JPG
20 Nov 2015   3 1982 (AFROTC) 33
64 John D. Bansemer
LIEUTENANT GENERAL JOHN D. BANSEMER (2).jpg
7 Jan 2016   3 1987 (OTS) 29
65 L. Scott Rice
Rice 2016 2.jpg
4 May 2016   4 1980 (AFROTC) 36 (1958–        )
66 R. Scott Williams
Lt. Gen. Scott Williams official photo 160708-F-FY024-006.jpg
6 Jul 2016   3 1984 (AFROTC) 32
67 Thomas W. Bergeson
Lt Gen Thomas W. Bergeson.jpg
8 Jul 2016   4 1985 (USAFA) 31 (1962–        )
* Maryanne Miller
LIEUTENANT GENERAL MARYANNE MILLER.jpg
15 Jul 2016   2 1981 (AFROTC) 35 (1961–        ) Promoted to general, 7 Sep 2018.
* Jeffrey L. Harrigian
LIEUTENANT GENERAL JEFFREY L. HARRIGIAN.jpg
22 Jul 2016   3 1985 (USAFA) 31 (1962–        ) Promoted to general, 1 May 2019.
* Kenneth S. Wilsbach
Lt. Gen. Kenneth S. Wilsbach (2).jpg
16 Aug 2016   4 1985 (AFROTC) 31 (1963–        ) Promoted to general, 8 Jul 2020.
68 Stayce D. Harris
Harris IG AF.png
19 Aug 2016   3 1982 (AFROTC) 34 (1959–        ) First female African-American lieutenant general in the Air Force.[9]
* Mark D. Kelly
Lt. Gen. Mark D. Kelly.jpg
3 Oct 2016   4 1986 (AFROTC) 30 (c. 1962        ) Promoted to general, 28 Aug 2020.
69 Jerry P. Martinez
LIEUTENANT GENERAL JERRY P. MARTINEZ.jpg
6 Oct 2016   3 1986 (USAFA) 30 (c. 1964        )
70 Richard M. Clark
Lt Gen Richard M. Clark.jpg
21 Oct 2016   6 1986 (USAFA) 30 (1964–        ) First African-American superintendent of the U.S. Air Force Academy.[10]
71 VeraLinn Jamieson
VeraLinn Jamieson (3).jpg
2 Nov 2016   3 1982 (AFROTC) 34 (1960–        )
72 Steven M. Shepro
Steven M. Shepro (4).jpg
3 Nov 2016   3 1984 (USAFA) 32 (c. 1962        )
73 Jerry D. Harris Jr.
LIEUTENANT GENERAL JERRY D. HARRIS JR.jpg
22 Feb 2017  
  • Deputy Chief of Staff, Strategic Plans, Programs, and Requirements, Air Staff (DCS A5/8), 2017–2018.
  • Deputy Chief of Staff, Plans and Programs, Air Staff (DCS A8), 2018–2019.
2 1985 (AFROTC) 32
74 Robert D. McMurry Jr.
Lt. Gen. Robert D. McMurry, Jr.jpg
2 May 2017   3 1985 (AFROTC) 32
75 Giovanni K. Tuck
Lt. Gen. Giovanni K. Tuck (3).jpg
1 Jun 2017   3 1987 (AFROTC) 30
76 Bradford J. Shwedo
Lt. Gen. Bradford J. Shwedo.jpg
9 Jun 2017  
  • Chief, Information Dominance/Chief Information Officer, Office of the Secretary of the Air Force (SAF/CIO A6), 2017–2018.
  • Director, Command, Control, Communications and Computers/Cyber and Chief Information Officer, Joint Staff, J6, 2018–2020.
3 1987 (USAFA) 30 (c. 1969        ) Director, Institute for Future Conflict, 2021–present.[11]
77 James C. Vechery
Lt. Gen. James C. Vechery.jpg
2 Aug 2017   3 1988 (AFROTC) 29 (1966–        )
78 Scott A. Howell
Lt Gen Howell.png
2 Aug 2017   4 1987 (USAFA) 30 (1965–        )
79 Jay B. Silveria
Lt. Gen. Jay B. Silveria.jpg
11 Aug 2017   3 1985 (USAFA) 32 (1963–        ) Executive Director, Bush School of Government and Public Service, 2020–present.[12]
* Jacqueline D. Van Ovost
Lt. Gen. Jacqueline D. Van Ovost.jpg
8 Nov 2017   3 1988 (USAFA) 29 (1965–        )[n] Promoted to general, 20 Aug 2020.
* Anthony J. Cotton
Lt. Gen. Anthony J. Cotton.jpg
15 Feb 2018   3 1986 (AFROTC) 32 (c. 1963        ) Promoted to general, 27 Aug 2021.
* David D. Thompson
Lt Gen David D. Thompson.jpg
4 Apr 2018   2 1985 (USAFA) 33 (1963–        )[v][w] Promoted to general, 1 Oct 2020.
80 Jeffrey A. Rockwell
Lt. Gen. Jeffrey A. Rockwell (2).jpg
18 May 2018   4 1987 (direct)[x] 34
81 Dorothy A. Hogg
LIEUTENANT GENERAL DOROTHY A. HOGG.jpg
4 Jun 2018   3 1983 (direct) 35 (1959–        ) First woman to serve as Surgeon General of the United States Air Force.[13]
82 James C. Slife
Lt. Gen. James C. Slife (2).jpg
29 Jun 2018   4 1989 (AFROTC) 29 (1967–        )
83 Donald E. Kirkland
Lt. Gen. Donald E. Kirkland (2).jpg
7 Aug 2018   3 1988 (OTS) 30
84 Warren D. Berry
Lt. Gen. Warren D. Berry.jpg
17 Aug 2018  
  • Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics, Engineering and Force Protection, Air Staff (DCS A4), 2018–2022.
4 1987 (AFROTC) 31
85 Christopher P. Weggeman
Lt. Gen. Christopher P. Weggeman.jpg
21 Aug 2018   3 1987 (AFROTC) 31 (1965–        )
86 Thomas A. Bussiere
Lt Gen Thomas A. Bussiere (2).jpg
24 Aug 2018   4 1985 (Norwich) 33 (1963–        )
87 Joseph T. Guastella Jr.
Lt Gen Joseph T. Guastella Jr.jpg
30 Aug 2018   4 1987 (USAFA) 31 (1965–        )
88 Brian T. Kelly
Lt. Gen. Brian T. Kelly.jpg
4 Sep 2018  
  • Deputy Chief of Staff, Manpower, Personnel and Services, Air Staff (DCS A1), 2018–2022.
4 1988 (AFROTC) 30
89 Jon T. Thomas
Jon T. Thomas August 2020.jpg
4 Sep 2018   3 1989 (USAFA) 29 (1967–        )
90 Richard W. Scobee
Lt. Gen. Richard W. Scobee.jpg
7 Sep 2018   4 1986 (USAFA) 32 (1964–        ) Son of astronaut and Space Shuttle Challenger commander Francis R. Scobee.[14]
91 Timothy G. Fay
Lt. Gen. Timothy G. Fay.jpg
1 Oct 2018   3 1987 (USAFA) 31
92 Thomas J. Sharpy
Lt. Gen. Thomas J. Sharpy.jpg
12 Oct 2018   3 1987 (USAFA) 31
93 Michael T. Plehn
Lt Gen Michael T. Plehn (3).jpg
22 Oct 2018   4 1988 (USAFA) 30 (1965–        )
* David W. Allvin
Lt. Gen. David W. Allvin.jpg
31 Jan 2019   1 1986 (USAFA) 33 (c. 1963        )[h] Promoted to general, 12 Nov 2020.
94 Sami D. Said
Lt. Gen. Sami D. Said.jpg
31 Jan 2019   3 1991 (OTS) 28 (1964–        )
95 Kevin B. Schneider
Lt Gen Kevin B. Schneider (2).jpg
5 Feb 2019   3 1988 (USAFA) 31
96 Steven L. Basham
Lt Gen Steven L. Basham (2).jpg
1 May 2019   3 1989 (OTS) 30 (1965–        )
97 Marc H. Sasseville
Lt. Gen. Marc H. Sasseville (2).jpg
18 Jun 2019   3 1985 (USAFA) 34 (1963–        )
* Duke Z. Richardson
Lt. Gen. Duke Z. Richardson.jpg
20 Jun 2019   3 1989 (OTS)[y] 30 (c. 1964        ) Promoted to general, 13 Jun 2022.
98 Eric T. Fick
Lt Gen Eric T. Fick (2).jpg
11 Jul 2019   3 1990 (AFROTC) 29
99 David S. Nahom
Lt Gen David S. Nahom (2).jpg
4 Sep 2019   3 1988 (AFROTC) 31 (1966–        )
* Glen D. VanHerck
Lt. Gen. Glen D. VanHerck.jpg
27 Sep 2019   1 1987 (AFROTC) 32 (1962–        )[n] Promoted to general, 20 Aug 2020.
* Michael A. Minihan
Lt. Gen. Michael A. Minihan.jpg
27 Sep 2019   2 1990 (AFROTC) 29 (1967–        ) Promoted to general, 5 Oct 2021.
100 Scott A. Kindsvater
Lt. Gen. Scott A. Kindsvater.jpg
27 Sep 2019   2 1989 (USAFA) 30
101 Timothy D. Haugh
Lt Gen Timothy D. Haugh (2).jpg
11 Oct 2019   3 1991 (AFROTC) 28 (1969–        )
102 Mary F. O'Brien
Lt Gen Mary F. O
8 Nov 2019   3 1989 (USAFA) 30
* James B. Hecker
Lt. Gen. James B. Hecker.jpg
22 Nov 2019   3 1989 (USAFA) 30 (c. 1969        ) Promoted to general, 27 Jun 2022.

Timeline

2010–2019

For lieutenant generals who are dual-hatted as both numbered air force (NAF) commanders and commander[z] or deputy commander[aa] of a joint force, the service-specific command is to be prioritized.

James HeckerMary F. O'BrienTimothy D. HaughScott KindsvaterMichael MinihanGlen D. VanHerckDavid S. NahomEric FickDuke RichardsonMarc H. SassevilleSteven L. BashamKevin SchneiderDavid W. AllvinMichael T. PlehnThomas SharpyTimothy G. FayRichard W. ScobeeJon T. ThomasBrian T. KellyJoseph T. GuastellaThomas A. BussiereChristopher P. WeggemanWarren D. BerryDonald KirklandJames C. SlifeDorothy A. HoggJeffrey A. RockwellDavid D. ThompsonAnthony J. CottonJacqueline Van OvostJay B. SilveriaScott A. HowellJames C. VecheryBradford ShwedoGiovanni K. TuckRobert McMurryJerry D. HarrisSteven M. SheproVeraLinn JamiesonRichard M. ClarkJerry P. MartinezMark D. KellyStayce HarrisKenneth S. WilsbachJeffrey L. HarrigianMaryanne MillerThomas W. BergesonR. Scott WilliamsL. Scott RiceJohn D. BansemerJack Weinstein (general)Gina GrossoDavid J. BuckJohn N.T. ShanahanTimothy RayCharles Q. Brown Jr.Arnold W. Bunch Jr.Jeffrey G. LofgrenLee K. Levy IIMark A. EdigerJohn L. DolanJohn B. CooperMark NowlandTerrence J. O'ShaughnessySteven L. KwastJohn F. Thompson (general)William J. BenderMarshall B. WebbJames K. McLaughlinAnthony J. RockCarlton D. Everhart IISamuel GreavesThomas J. TraskDarryl RobersonChristopher F. BurneWendy M. MasielloJohn W. RaymondSamuel D. CoxStephen W. WilsonDouglas J. RobbTod D. WoltersMark O. SchisslerMichelle D. JohnsonRussell J. HandyJames M. HolmesRobert P. OttoLori RobinsonWilliam H. EtterGregory A. BisconeChristopher C. BogdanJoseph L. LengyelMichael DubieDarren W. McDewNoel T. JonesJames F. JacksonAndrew E. BuschSalvatore A. AngelellaThomas W. TravisBruce A. LitchfieldJohn E. HytenCraig A. FranklinRonnie D. Hawkins Jr.Jan-Marc JouasJudith FedderRobin RandJohn W. Hesterman IIISteven L. HoogC. D. MooreMark F. RamsayBrooks L. BashCharles R. DavisStanley E. Clarke IIIDavid S. FadokDavid L. GoldfeinBradley HeitholdEllen M. PawlikowskiMichael J. BaslaSusan HelmsJames KowalskiDarrell D. JonesStanley T. KresgeKurt A. CichowskiBurton M. FieldMichael R. MoellerDouglas H. OwensStephen P. MuellerFrank J. KisnerEric E. FielLarry O. SpencerRichard C. HardingIraq WarWar in Afghanistan (2001–2021)

History

See also: List of lieutenant generals in the United States Air Force before 1960 § History

The United States Air Force originated as the Air Corps of the Regular Army. During World War II the Regular Army was augmented with a larger temporary force of reservists, volunteers, and conscripts to form the Army of the United States. Air personnel in the combined force belonged to the Army Air Forces. After the war, all Air Corps and Army Air Forces personnel split off from the Army to form the independent Air Force.

1939–1947 (U.S. Army Air Forces)

Delos C. Emmons

The first United States airman to become a lieutenant general was Delos C. Emmons, commanding general of General Headquarters Air Force, who was appointed to that grade under a 1940 law authorizing the President to appoint Regular Army officers to temporary higher grades in the Army of the United States. The first airman to become a lieutenant general in the Regular Army was Frank M. Andrews, who was automatically elevated to that grade upon assuming command of the Panama Canal Department in 1941. The Regular Army grade of lieutenant general had been abolished at the end of World War I, but was revived in 1939 when Congress authorized the officers commanding certain important Army formations to be temporarily appointed to the grade while detailed to those positions; these commands included the four field armies and the Panama Canal and Hawaiian Departments.[17]

Numerous airmen were promoted to lieutenant general during World War II. Lieutenant generals typically commanded one of the numbered field armies or air forces; served as deputy theater commanders; or headed major headquarters staffs, administrative commands, or support organizations. Most World War II lieutenant generals were appointed to that grade in the Army of the United States, even if detailed to a position that already carried the Regular Army grade; unlike the ex officio Regular Army grade, which was lost if an officer was reassigned, the Army of the United States grade was personal to each individual, making it easier to transfer officers without inadvertently demoting them.[18]

Although most air lieutenant generals belonged to the Regular Army Air Corps, anyone could be appointed lieutenant general in the Army of the United States, including reservists and civilians; James H. Doolittle was promoted to lieutenant general as an Air Corps Reserve officer and William S. Knudsen was commissioned lieutenant general directly from civilian life.[19]

1947–1960 (U.S. Air Force)

Otto P. Weyland

The National Security Act of 1947 transferred all personnel in the Army Air Forces, Air Corps, and General Headquarters Air Force to the newly created United States Air Force. Lieutenant generals in the new service typically headed divisions of the Air Staff in Washington, D.C.; the unified command in Alaska; the theater air forces in Europe or the Far East; or the Air Force's top-level strategic, tactical, air defense, materiel, or transportation commands. Many early three-star commands were subsequently upgraded to four stars, and their vice commanders were elevated to three stars along with the commanders of the larger numbered air forces.[20]

All three- and four-star ranks were made ex officio by the Officer Personnel Act of 1947, meaning that a lieutenant general had to be reconfirmed in that grade every time he changed jobs. During the Korean War the Far East Air Forces (FEAF) vice commander for operations, Major General Otto P. Weyland, was slated for a three-star job in the United States but Air Force Chief of Staff Hoyt S. Vandenberg wanted Weyland to be promoted to lieutenant general while still in the war zone, so Vandenberg created the new three-star position of deputy commanding general of FEAF just for Weyland. Once promoted, Weyland immediately returned stateside but remained technically assigned to FEAF in order to keep his new grade while waiting for the Senate to confirm him in his permanent three-star assignment as commanding general of Tactical Air Command.[21]

It was rare but not unheard of for a lieutenant general to be demoted by accepting a transfer to a lower ranking job. Air Force Inspector General Truman H. Landon and Fifth Air Force commanding generals Frank F. Everest and Glenn O. Barcus all reverted to major general for their next assignments but regained their third stars in subsequent postings.[22] Conversely, Major General Muir S. Fairchild skipped three-star rank entirely when he was appointed to the four-star office of vice chief of staff of the Air Force.[23]

Modern use

Lt Gen L. Scott Rice, incoming director of the Air National Guard, is pinned with his new rank by his wife Nancy and Gen. Frank J. Grass on 10 May 2016.
Lt Gen L. Scott Rice, incoming director of the Air National Guard, is pinned with his new rank by his wife Nancy and Gen. Frank J. Grass on 10 May 2016.

There are presently 29 three-star billets in the United States Air Force.[ab] Lieutenant generals in the Air Force typically serve in high-level command and staff positions,[24] including as commanders of major commands (MAJCOMs),[25] commanders of numbered air forces (NAF)[25][26] that are concurrently designated as service component commands under a four-star unified combatant commander and deputy commanders of four-star major commands. Under the Air Staff, this includes the director of staff and deputy chiefs of staff (limited to 8 by statute)[27] under the authority of the chief and vice chief of staff of the Air Force, as well as the inspector general[28] who answers directly to the service secretary. High-level specialty positions such as the surgeon general,[29] judge advocate general,[30] and chief of Air Force Reserve[31] may also hold three-star rank, though not by statute. The superintendent of the United States Air Force Academy and director of the Air National Guard have been three-star positions since 1983[ac] and 2002 respectively.

Lt Gen Anthony J. Cotton assumes command from Lt Gen Steven L. Kwast as the 15th commander of Air University on 15 February 2018.
Lt Gen Anthony J. Cotton assumes command from Lt Gen Steven L. Kwast as the 15th commander of Air University on 15 February 2018.

About 20 to 30 joint service three-star billets exist at any given time that can be occupied by an Air Force lieutenant general, among the most prestigious being the Director of the Joint Staff (DJS), principal staff advisor to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and historically considered a stepping stone to four-star rank.[32] All deputy commanders of the unified combatant commands are of three-star rank, as is the vice chief of the National Guard Bureau[33] and directors of Defense Agencies not headed by a civilian such as the director of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIRDIA).[34] Internationally based three-star positions include the deputy chair of the NATO Military Committee (DCMC), the United States military representative to the NATO Military Committee (USMILREP), and the security coordinator for the Palestinian National Authority in Israel. All nominees for three-star rank must be confirmed via majority by the Senate before the appointee can take office and thus assume the rank.[35]

Statutory limits, elevations and reductions

Lt Gen James "JJ" Jackson is presented with the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal by CSAF Mark Welsh at his promotion ceremony on 16 August 2012.
Lt Gen James "JJ" Jackson is presented with the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal by CSAF Mark Welsh at his promotion ceremony on 16 August 2012.

The U.S. Code states that no more than 30 officers[ad] in the U.S. Air Force may be promoted beyond the rank of major general and below the rank of general on the active duty list, with the exception of those on joint duty assignments.[36] However, the President[36] may designate up to 15 additional three-star appointments, with the condition that for every service branch allotted such additional three-star appointments, an equivalent number must be reduced from other service branches. Other exceptions exist for non-active duty or reserve appointments, as well as other circumstances.[37] As such, three-star positions can be elevated to four-star status or reduced to two-star status where deemed necessary, either to highlight their increasing importance[ae] to the defense apparatus (or lack thereof) or to achieve parity with equivalent commands in other services or regions. Several three-star positions have been created, consolidated, or even eliminated entirely during this era.

Lt Gen Stanley E. Clarke III assumes command of First Air Force from Maj Gen Garry C. Dean on 31 August 2011.
Lt Gen Stanley E. Clarke III assumes command of First Air Force from Maj Gen Garry C. Dean on 31 August 2011.

Senate confirmations

Lt Gen Gina M. Grosso is pinned with her new rank by family members at the Pentagon on 16 November 2015.
Lt Gen Gina M. Grosso is pinned with her new rank by family members at the Pentagon on 16 November 2015.

While it is rare for three-star or four-star nominations to face even token opposition in the Senate, nominations that do face opposition due to controversy surrounding the nominee in question are typically withdrawn. Nominations that are not withdrawn are allowed to expire without action at the end of the legislative session.

Additionally, events that take place after Senate confirmation may still delay or even prevent the nominee from assuming office.

The 2020 National Defense Authorization Act explicitly prohibits adding new general officer billets to the Space Force beyond the sole four-star billet of the chief of space operations. This necessitated that five Air Force three-star appointments be transferred to the Space Force, leaving them with 30 as opposed to 35 available three-star positions.[68][69][36]

Legislative history

The following list of Congressional legislation includes all acts of Congress pertaining to appointments to the grade of lieutenant general in the United States Air Force from 2010 to 2019.[ai]

Each entry lists an act of Congress, its citation in the United States Statutes at Large or Public Law number, and a summary of the act's relevance, with officers affected by the act bracketed where applicable. Positions listed without reference to rank are assumed to be eligible for officers of three-star grade or higher.

List of legislation on appointments of lieutenant generals from 2010 to 2019
Legislation Citation Summary
Act of January 7, 2011

[Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011]

 124 Stat. 4137
  • Authorized officers frocked to grade of lieutenant general or general to wear the insignia of that grade for up to 14 days before assuming position for which that grade is authorized.
  • Repealed 30-day waiting period following congressional notification before officers below grade of lieutenant general or vice admiral may wear insignia of the next higher grade.
Act of December 31, 2011

[National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012]

 125 Stat. 1298
  • Reestablished position of vice chief of the National Guard Bureau[aj] and assigned officeholder statutory grade of lieutenant general (Joseph L. Lengyel).
  • Excluded the chief and vice chief of the National Guard Bureau from general and flag officer distribution limits.
Act of December 23, 2016

[National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017]

 130 Stat. 2000
  • Repealed authorization for the Chief of Staff to the President, if a general or flag officer of the United States Armed Forces, to be designated a position of importance and responsibility with grade of lieutenant general or vice admiral.[74]
  • Repealed statutory requirement for the director of the Missile Defense Agency, if a commissioned officer, to hold grade of lieutenant general or vice admiral.[75]
  • Repealed statutory requirement for senior members of the United Nations Military Staff Committee to hold grade of lieutenant general or vice admiral.[76]
  • Repealed statutory requirement for the directors of the Army National Guard and Air National Guard to hold grade of lieutenant general (L. Scott Rice).[77]
  • Repealed statutory requirement for the principal military deputy to the assistant secretary of the Air Force for acquisition to hold grade of lieutenant general (Arnold W. Bunch Jr.).
  • Repealed statutory requirement for the judge advocate general of the Air Force to hold grade of lieutenant general (Christopher F. Burne).
  • Repealed statutory requirement for the chief of Army Reserve to hold grade of lieutenant general (Maryanne Miller).
Act of December 12, 2019

[National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020]

 133 Stat. 1346
  • Required advice and consent of the Senate on any proposal by the secretary of defense to increase the retired grade of any military officer through the reopening of the determination or certification of said officer's retired grade.

See also

References

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  29. ^ 10 U.S.C. § 9036 – Surgeon General: appointment; duties.
  30. ^ 10 U.S.C. § 9037 – Judge Advocate General, Deputy Judge Advocate General: appointment; duties.
  31. ^ 10 U.S.C. § 9038 – Office of Air Force Reserve: appointment of Chief.
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  36. ^ a b c 10 U.S.C. § 525 – Distribution of commissioned officers on active duty in general officer and flag officer grades.
  37. ^ 10 U.S.C. § 526 – Authorized strength: general and flag officers on active duty.
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  53. ^ Chiles, Cody (27 December 2019). "14th Air Force Redesignated as Space Operations Command". U.S. Space Force. Vandenberg Air Force Base, California: Space Operations Command Public Affairs. Archived from the original on 15 April 2022. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
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Notes

  1. ^ a b Dates of rank are taken, where available, from the U.S. Air Force register of active and retired commissioned officers, or from the officer's official Air Force biography. The date listed is that of the officer's first promotion to lieutenant general. If such a date cannot be found, the next date substituted should be that of the officer's assumption of his/her first three-star appointment. Failing which, the officer's first Senate confirmation date to lieutenant general should be substituted.
  2. ^ a b Positions listed are those held by the officer when promoted to lieutenant general. Dates listed are for the officer's full tenure, which may predate promotion to three-star rank or postdate retirement from active duty. Positions held in an acting capacity are italicized.
  3. ^ a b The number of years of active-duty service at three-star rank is approximated by subtracting the year in the "Date of rank" column from the last year in the "Position" column. Time spent between active-duty three-star assignments is not counted.
  4. ^ a b Sources of commission are listed in parentheses after the year of commission and include: the United States Air Force Academy (USAFA); the United States Military Academy (USMA); the United States Naval Academy (USNA); Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) at a civilian university; Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFROTC) at a civilian university; ROTC or AFROTC at a senior military college such as Texas A&M University (Texas A&M), the Virginia Military Institute (VMI), or Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (VPI); Air Force Officer Training School (OTS); and direct commission (direct).
  5. ^ a b The number of years in commission before being promoted to three-star rank is approximated by subtracting the year in the "Commission" column from the year in the "Date of rank" column.
  6. ^ a b Notes include years of birth and death; awards of the Medal of Honor, Congressional Gold Medal, Presidential Medal of Freedom, or honors of similar significance; major government appointments; university presidencies or equivalents; familial relationships with other significant military officers or significant government officials such as U.S. Presidents, cabinet secretaries, U.S. Senators, or state governors; and unusual career events such as premature relief or death in office. Officers who served as enlisted airmen for 7 years or more prior to commissioning are also noted.
  7. ^ a b Promoted directly from rank of brigadier general.
  8. ^ a b c d Served as Vice Chief of Staff, U.S. Air Force (VCSAF).
  9. ^ Commissioned into Air Force as second lieutenant, 1980–1990; on active duty under NASA, 1990–2002; on active duty with Air Force, 2002–2014.
  10. ^ Nomination as Vice Commander, Air Force Space Command withdrawn, 2013.[1]
  11. ^ a b Served as Chief of Staff, U.S. Air Force (CSAF).
  12. ^ First nomination as commander, Twelfth Air Force and Air Forces Southern (COMAFSOUTH) returned to the President, 2010.
  13. ^ Resigned, Apr 2014, and retired as major general.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g Served as a combatant commander (CCDR).
  15. ^ Served as Vice Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (VJCS).
  16. ^ Commissioned as armor officer, 1981; transferred from Army National Guard, 1982.
  17. ^ Served as Chief, National Guard Bureau (CNGB).
  18. ^ Served as Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR).
  19. ^ Transferred to U.S. Space Force, 20 Dec 2019.
  20. ^ Served as Chief of Space Operations (CSO).
  21. ^ On active duty as major general, 2018–2019; retired as major general, Nov 2019.[6]
  22. ^ Transferred to U.S. Space Force, 30 Mar 2020.
  23. ^ Served as Vice Chief of Space Operations (VCSO).
  24. ^ Directly commissioned via the JAG Corps Direct Appointment Program.
  25. ^ Enlisted in 1983 as avionics technician, commissioned as second lieutenant in 1989.[15]
  26. ^ as in the case of the Commander, Eleventh Air Force, dual-hatted as Commander, Alaskan Command and Alaskan NORAD Region.
  27. ^ as in the case of the Deputy Commander, U.S. Forces Korea, dual-hatted as Commander, Seventh Air Force, and Deputy Commander, U.S. Forces Japan, who is dual-hatted as Commander, Fifth Air Force.
  28. ^ Excluding Air Force commands dual-hatted as joint duty assignments including the commanders of Fifth Air Force, Seventh Air Force and Eleventh Air Force.
  29. ^ While several lieutenant generals have served as superintendent since the academy's founding, there have been no Senate-confirmed officeholders below that rank since Robert E. Kelley, who was superintendent from 1981 to 1983.
  30. ^ The number of active duty lieutenant generals (for non-joint duty billets) authorized for the Air Force after subtracting nine officers holding the grade of general and five officers holding the grade of lieutenant general in the Space Force is 30.
  31. ^ 10 U.S.C. § 601 refers to positions held by four-star and three-star officers as "positions of importance and responsibility".
  32. ^ Per the 2008 National Defense Authorization Act, at least one deputy commander of USNORTHCOM must be a National Guard officer unless the commander is already such an officer.[40]
  33. ^ as Air Training Command, before consolidating with Air University[45]
  34. ^ Congressional approval would be required to bypass the authorized limit of nine four-star commands.
  35. ^ Legislative history compiled from the U.S. Congress official website and U.S. Government Publishing Office official website.
  36. ^ redesignated director of the Joint Staff of the National Guard Bureau by NDAA 2005