Flag of an Armylieutenant general
Flag of an Army
lieutenant general

This is a list of lieutenant generals in the United States Army from 2010 to 2019. The rank of lieutenant general (or three-star general) is the second-highest rank normally achievable in the U.S. Army, and the first to have a specified number of appointments set by statute. It ranks above major general (two-star general) and below general (four-star general).

There have been 154 lieutenant generals in the United States Army from 2010 to 2019, 34 of whom were promoted to four-star general. All 154 achieved that rank while on active duty in the U.S. Army. Lieutenant generals entered the Army via several paths: 70 were commissioned via Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) at a civilian university, 62 via the U.S. Military Academy (USMA), 13 via ROTC at a senior military college, 6 via Officer Candidate School (OCS), 2 via ROTC at a military junior college, and one via direct commission (direct).

List of generals

Entries in the following list of lieutenant generals are indexed by the numerical order in which each officer was promoted to that rank while on active duty, or by an asterisk (*) if the officer did not serve in that rank while on active duty in the U.S. Army or was promoted to four-star rank while on active duty in the U.S. Army. Each entry lists the general's name, date of rank,[a] active-duty positions held while serving at three-star rank,[b] number of years of active-duty service at three-star rank (Yrs),[c] year commissioned and source of commission,[d] number of years in commission when promoted to three-star rank (YC),[e] and other biographical notes.[f]

List of U.S. Army lieutenant generals from 2010 to 2019
# Name Photo Date of rank[a] Position[b] Yrs[c] Commission[d] YC[e] Notes[f]
1 William N. Phillips
Lt. Gen. William N. Phillips.jpg
1 Feb 2010   4 1976 (ROTC)[1] 34
2 Thomas P. Bostick
ThomasPBostick-2012-05-07.jpg
2 Feb 2010[2] 6 1978 (USMA) 32 (1956–        )
3 Robert L. Caslen Jr.
Caslen 2017.jpg
3 Mar 2010   8 1975 (USMA) 35 (1953–        ) President, University of South Carolina, 2019–2021.[3]
4 John E. Sterling Jr.
JohnSterling.JPG
3 May 2010   2 1976 (USMA) 34 (1953–        )
5 John W. Morgan III
B-morgan.jpg
5 May 2010   2 1974 (ROTC) 36
6 Daniel P. Bolger
Lt.Gen.Daniel P. Bolger.jpg
21 May 2010   3 1978 (Citadel) 32 (1957–        )
7 William J. Troy
William J. Troy.jpg
5 Aug 2010   3 1975 (USMA) 35
* Frank J. Grass
Lieutenant General Frank J. Grass, USA.jpg
30 Sep 2010[4] 2 1981 (OCS) 29 (1951–        )[g] Promoted to general, 7 Sep 2012. Served 12 years in the enlisted ranks before receiving his commission in 1981.
* Curtis M. Scaparrotti
LTG Curtis M. Scaparrotti DJS 2012.jpg
15 Oct 2010[5] 3 1978 (USMA) 32 (1956–        )[h][i] Promoted to general, 2 Oct 2013.
8 John D. Johnson
20130724 LTG Johnson hires.jpg
9 Nov 2010   5 1977 (VMI) 33 (1952–        )
9 Richard P. Formica
Lt. Gen. Richard P. Formica (2).jpg
5 Dec 2010   3 1977 (ROTC) 33 (1955–        )
10 Howard B. Bromberg
Howard B. Bromberg (2).jpg
4 Jan 2011   3 1977 (ROTC) 34
11 Michael Ferriter
LTG Mike Ferriter.jpg
5 Jan 2011   3 1979 (Citadel) 32 (c. 1958        ) President/CEO, National Veterans Memorial and Museum, 2018–present.[6]
12 Francis J. Wiercinski
Francis J. Wiercinski.jpg
21 Mar 2011   2 1979 (USMA) 32 (1956–        )
13 Susan S. Lawrence
Susan S. Lawrence (2).jpg
25 Mar 2011   2 1979 (ROTC)[7] 32 (c. 1954        )[8] Served 7 years in the enlisted ranks before receiving her commission in 1979.
14 Rhett A. Hernandez
Lt. Gen. Rhett A. Hernandez (2).jpg
25 Mar 2011   2 1976 (USMA) 35 (1953–        )
15 J. Michael Bednarek
John M. Bednarek (3).jpg
6 Apr 2011  
  • Commanding General, First Army, 2011–2013.
  • Chief, Office of Security Cooperation - Iraq (COSC-I), 2013–2015.
4 1975 (ROTC) 36
16 Donald M. Campbell Jr.
LTG Don Campbell 2012.jpg
21 Apr 2011   3 1978 (ROTC) 33 (1955–        )
* Vincent K. Brooks
Vincent K. Brooks 2011 ACU.jpg
3 Jun 2011   2 1980 (USMA) 31 (1958–        )[h] Promoted to general, 2 Jul 2013.
* Joseph L. Votel
LTG Joseph Votel official portrait.png
10 Jun 2011[9] 3 1980 (USMA) 31 (1958–        )[j] Promoted to general, 28 Aug 2014.
17 Keith C. Walker
Lieutenant General Keith C. Walker.jpg
2 Aug 2011   3 1976 (USMA) 35
* John F. Campbell
Campbell 2013 2.jpg
6 Sep 2011[10]
  • Deputy Chief of Staff, Operations, Plans and Training, Army Staff (DCS G-3/5/7), 2011–2013.
2 1979 (USMA) 32 (1957–        )[k][l] Promoted to general, 8 Mar 2013.
18 Terry A. Wolff
Terry A. Wolff.jpg
23 Sep 2011   2 1979 (USMA) 32
19 Michael T. Flynn
Michael T Flynn.jpg
23 Sep 2011   3 1981 (ROTC) 30 (1958–        ) National Security Advisor, 2017. Brother of Army four-star general Charles A. Flynn.
20 William T. Grisoli
LTG William T. Grisoli.jpg
11 Oct 2011  
  • Director, Army Office of Business Transformation (DIROBT), 2011–2013.
  • Director, Army Staff (DAS), 2013–2015.
4 1976 (USMA) 35
21 Raymond V. Mason
LTG Raymond V. Mason.jpg
3 Nov 2011  
  • Deputy Chief of Staff, Logistics (DCS G-4), 2011–2014.
3 1978 (ROTC) 33
22 Joseph E. Martz
LTG Joseph E. Martz.jpg
10 Nov 2011   3 1979 (USMA) 32
23 Peter M. Vangjel
LTG Peter M Vangjel.jpg
14 Nov 2011   3 1977 (ROTC) 34 (1955–        )
24 William E. Ingram Jr.
Lieutenant General William E. Ingram, Jr. is the Director, Army National Guard.jpg
14 Nov 2011[11] 3 1972 (OCS)[m] 39 (1948–        )
* David G. Perkins
General David Gerard Perkins.jpg
23 Nov 2011   3 1980 (USMA) 31 (1957–        ) Promoted to general, 14 Mar 2014.
25 Patricia D. Horoho
Lt. Gen. Patricia D. Horoho.jpg
5 Dec 2011   4 1982 (ROTC) 29 (1960–        )
26 James L. Terry
LTGJamesTerry.jpg
10 Jan 2012   3 1978 (NGC) 34 (1957–        )
27 Mary A. Legere
Lt. Gen. Mary A. Legere.jpg
2 Apr 2012  
  • Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Army Staff (DCS G-2), 2012–2016.
4 1982 (ROTC) 30
28 Raymond P. Palumbo
Raymond P. Palumbo (3).jpg
26 Apr 2012  
  • Director for Defense Intelligence (Warfighter Support) (DDIWS), 2012–2015.
3 1981 (USMA) 31 (1956–        )
29 Theodore C. Nicholas II
Lieutenant General Theodore C. Nicholas II.jpg
24 May 2012   3 1978 (ROTC) 34
30 David D. Halverson
David D. Halverson.JPG
4 Jun 2012   4 1979 (USMA) 33 (1957–        )
31 Jeffrey W. Talley
LTG Jeffrey W Talley.jpg
9 Jun 2012   4 1981 (ROTC) 31 (1959–        )
* Daniel B. Allyn
LTG Allyn 2012.jpg
22 Jun 2012   1 1981 (USMA) 30 (1959–        )[k] Promoted to general, 10 May 2013.
* Robert B. Brown
LTG Robert B. Brown.jpg
4 Jul 2012   4 1981 (USMA) 31 (1959–        ) Promoted to general, 30 Apr 2016.
32 William B. Garrett III
Photo - Army LTG William B Garrett III.jpg
20 Jul 2012   4 1981 (NGC) 31 (1953–        )
33 Charles T. Cleveland
Charles T. Cleveland.jpg
24 Jul 2012   3 1978 (USMA) 34 (1956–        )
34 David R. Hogg
MG David R Hogg.jpg
26 Jul 2012   3 1981 (USMA) 31 (1958–        )
35 James O. Barclay III
James O. Barclay III.jpg
27 Jul 2012[14] 2 1978 (USMA) 34
36 Patricia E. McQuistion
Lieutenant General Patricia E. McQuistion.jpg
2 Aug 2012   3 1980 (ROTC) 32
37 Mark S. Bowman
Lt. Gen. Mark S. Bowman (2).jpg
22 Sep 2012  
  • Director, Command, Control, Communications and Computers/Cyber, Joint Staff, J6, 2012–2016.
4 1978 (Norwich) 34
38 Frederick B. Hodges III
Frederick B. Hodges (3).jpg
30 Nov 2012   6 1980 (USMA) 32 (1958–        )
* Mark A. Milley
LTG Mark A Miley in ACU.jpg
20 Dec 2012   2 1980 (ROTC) 32 (1958–        )[n][o] Promoted to general, 15 Aug 2014.
39 Kenneth E. Tovo
Lt Gen Tovo (cropped).jpg
13 Feb 2013   5 1983 (USMA) 30 (1961–        )
40 James L. Huggins Jr.
James L. Huggins, Jr.jpg
8 Mar 2013  
  • Deputy Chief of Staff, Operations, Plans and Training, Army Staff (DCS G-3/5/7), 2013–2015.
2 1980 (ROTC) 34
41 Joseph Anderson
Lt. Gen. Joseph Anderson (2).jpg
6 Jun 2013   6 1981 (USMA) 32 (1959–        )
42 Michael S. Linnington
LTG Michael Linnington.jpg
27 Jun 2013   2 1980 (USMA) 33 (1958–        ) Director, Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency, 2015–2016.
43 Bernard S. Champoux
Lieutenant General Bernard S. Champoux.jpg
27 Jun 2013   3 1977 (OCS) 36
44 Thomas W. Spoehr
Thomas W. Spoehr.jpg
17 Jul 2013  
  • Director, Army Office of Business Transformation (DIROBT), 2013–2016.
3 1980 (ROTC) 33
45 Michael S. Tucker
Lieutenant General Michael S. Tucker.jpg
2 Aug 2013   3 1980 (OCS) 33 (1959–        )
46 David L. Mann
David L. Mann (3).jpg
12 Aug 2013   4 1981 (ROTC) 32 (c. 1959        )
47 Edward C. Cardon
Lt. Gen. Edward C. Cardon.jpg
2 Sep 2013   5 1982 (USMA) 31 (1960–        )
* Robert B. Abrams
LTG Robert B. Abrams.jpg
3 Sep 2013   2 1982 (USMA) 31 (1960–        )[h] Promoted to general, 10 Aug 2015. Son of Army four-star general Creighton Abrams and brother of Army four-star general John N. Abrams.
48 Flora D. Darpino
Flora Darpino.jpg
3 Sep 2013[16] 4 1987 (direct) 26 (1961–        )[q] First woman to become Judge Advocate General of the United States Army.
49 Perry L. Wiggins
Perry L. Wiggins (3).jpg
4 Sep 2013   3 1983 (ROTC) 30 (1962–        )
50 William C. Mayville Jr.
Lt. Gen. William C. Mayville Jr..JPG
6 Nov 2013   5 1982 (USMA) 31
51 Robert S. Ferrell
Lt. Gen. Robert S. Ferrell.jpg
23 Dec 2013   4 1983 (ROTC) 30 First African-American to serve as Army chief information officer.
52 Stephen R. Lanza
LTG Lanze, CG I Corps.jpg
7 Feb 2014   3 1980 (USMA) 34 (1957–        )
53 Bennet S. Sacolick
LT General Bennet Sacolick.jpg
21 Mar 2014   2 1982 (OCS) 32
54 Kevin W. Mangum
Lieutenant General Kevin W. Mangum.jpg
28 Mar 2014   3 1982 (USMA) 32 (1960–        )
55 Michael E. Williamson
Lt. Gen. Michael E. Williamson (2).jpg
4 Apr 2014   3 1983 (ROTC) 31
* Raymond A. Thomas III
General Raymond A. Thomas III.jpg
22 May 2014   2 1980 (USMA) 34 (1958–        )[j] Promoted to general, 30 Mar 2016.
56 Anthony G. Crutchfield
LTG Anthony G. Crutchfield, USA.jpg
6 Jun 2014   3 1982 (ROTC) 32 (1960–        )
57 H. R. McMaster
Lieutenant General H. R. McMaster.jpg
15 Jul 2014   4 1984 (USMA) 30 (1962–        ) Resigned, 2018.[17]
58 Patrick J. Donahue II
Lieutenant General Patrick J. Donahue II.jpg
29 Jul 2014   3 1980 (USMA) 34 (1957–        )
* James C. McConville
Lt. Gen. James McConville.jpg
4 Aug 2014[18] 3 1981 (USMA) 33 (1959–        )[k][n] Promoted to general, 16 Jun 2017.
59 Sean B. MacFarland
Lt. Gen. Sean B. MacFarland.jpg
8 Aug 2014   4 1981 (USMA) 33 (1959–        )
60 Karen E. Dyson
Karen E. Dyson (3).jpg
12 Aug 2014   3 1980 (ROTC) 34 (1959–        ) First female finance officer in any service to achieve three-star rank.
* Gustave F. Perna
Gustave F. Perna.jpg
18 Sep 2014[21]
  • Deputy Chief of Staff, Logistics, Army Staff (DCS G-4), 2014–2016.
2 1981 (VFMAC) 33 (1960–        ) Promoted to general, 30 Sep 2016.
* John W. Nicholson Jr.
Lt. Gen. John W. Nicholson Jr.jpg
23 Oct 2014   2 1982 (USMA) 32 (1960–        )[l] Promoted to general, 2 Mar 2016.
61 Anthony R. Ierardi
Lt. Gen. Anthony R. Ierardi.JPG
11 Dec 2014   5 1982 (ROTC) 32 (1960–        )
62 David E. Quantock
Lt. Gen. David E. Quantock.jpg
12 Dec 2014[22] 4 1980 (Norwich) 34
63 Frederick S. Rudesheim
Lieutenant General Frederick “Rudy” Rudesheim.jpg
1 Jan 2015   2 1981 (ROTC) 34 Director, William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies, 2018–2022.[23]
64 Joseph P. DiSalvo
Lieutenant General Joseph P. DiSalvo.jpg
27 Mar 2015   3 1981 (USMA) 34
65 Timothy J. Kadavy
Lieutenant General Timothy J. Kadavy (DARNG).jpg
27 Mar 2015[24] 4 1987 (ROTC) 28 (1963–        )[t][u]
66 Larry D. Wyche
Larry D. Wyche.jpg
10 Apr 2015   2 1982 (ROTC) 33 (1957–        )
* Stephen J. Townsend
LTG Stephen Townsend OCP.jpg
5 May 2015[27] 3 1982 (NGCSU)[v] 33 (1959–        )[j] Promoted to general, 3 Mar 2018.
67 Gary H. Cheek
Lt. Gen. Gary H. Cheek.jpg
7 Jul 2015[28] 3 1980 (USMA) 35
68 Ronald F. Lewis
Ronald F. Lewis (1).jpg
23 Jul 2015   0 1987 (USMA) 28 (1966–        )[w] Relieved, 2015.[30]
69 Alan R. Lynn
Lynn-Alan-LTG-Official.2.jpg
23 Jul 2015   3 1979 (ROTC) 36
70 Michael H. Shields
Lt. Gen. Michael H. Shields.jpg
27 Jul 2015   3 1983 (Norwich) 32
* Daniel R. Hokanson
Lt. Gen. Daniel R. Hokanson.jpg
15 Aug 2015[31] 5 1986 (USMA) 29 (1963–        )[g] Promoted to general, 3 Aug 2020.
* John M. Murray
John M. Murray.jpg
27 Aug 2015[32] 3 1982 (ROTC) 33 (1960–        ) Promoted to general, 24 Aug 2018.
* Stephen R. Lyons
Lt. Gen. Stephen R. Lyons (2).jpg
3 Sep 2015[33] 3 1983 (ROTC) 32 (c. 1962        )[j] Promoted to general, 24 Aug 2018.
71 Kenneth R. Dahl
Kenneth R. Dahl.jpg
3 Nov 2015   3 1982 (USMA) 33
* Michael X. Garrett
Lt. Gen. Michael X. Garrett.jpg
17 Nov 2015[34] 4 1984 (ROTC) 31 (1961–        ) Promoted to general, 21 Mar 2019.
72 Thomas S. Vandal
Thomas S. Vandal (4).jpg
2 Feb 2016   2 1982 (USMA) 34 (1960–2018)[35]
73 Nadja Y. West
Lt. Gen. Nadja Y. West (2).jpg
9 Feb 2016   3 1982 (USMA) 34 (1961–        ) First African-American woman to achieve the rank of lieutenant general in the Army.[36]
74 Robert P. Ashley Jr.
Robert P. Ashley, Jr.jpg
2 Mar 2016   4 1984 (ROTC) 32 (1960–        )
* Austin S. Miller
LTG Austin Miller Official DA Photo.jpg
24 Mar 2016[37] 2 1983 (USMA) 33 (1961–        )[l] Promoted to general, 2 Sep 2018.
75 Michael K. Nagata
LTG Michael Nagata.jpg
13 May 2016[38] 3 1982 (ROTC) 34 (1954–        )
76 Todd T. Semonite
Todd T. Semonite (2).jpg
19 May 2016   4 1979 (USMA) 37 (1957–        )
77 Michael D. Lundy
Lt. Gen. Michael D. Lundy.jpg
1 Jun 2016   3 1987 (ROTC) 29
* Darryl A. Williams
Lt. Gen. Darryl A. Williams.jpg
2 Jun 2016[39] 6 1983 (USMA) 33 (1961–        ) Promoted to general, 27 Jun 2022. First African-American superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy.[40]
78 Gwendolyn Bingham
Lt. Gen. Gwendolyn Bingham.jpg
29 Jun 2016  
  • Assistant Chief of Staff, Installation Management, Army Staff (ACSIM), 2016–2019.
3 1981 (ROTC) 35 (1959–        ) Quartermaster General, U.S. Army, 2010–2012.
79 Charles D. Luckey
Lt. Gen. Charles D. Luckey (5).jpg
30 Jun 2016   4 1977 (ROTC) 39 (1955–        )
80 Stephen M. Twitty
Lt. Gen. Stephen M. Twitty.jpg
15 Jul 2016   4 1985 (ROTC) 31 (1963–        )
81 Jeffrey S. Buchanan
Lieutenant General Jeffrey S. Buchanan.jpg
26 Aug 2016   3 1982 (ROTC) 34
82 Aundre F. Piggee
Lieutenant General Aundre F. Piggee.jpg
30 Sep 2016  
  • Deputy Chief of Staff, Logistics, Army Staff (DCS G-4), 2016–2019.
3 1981 (ROTC) 36 (1959–        )[x]
* Paul M. Nakasone
Nakasone Class A.jpg
14 Oct 2016[41] 2 1986 (ROTC) 32 (1963–        )[j] Promoted to general, 4 May 2018. Director, National Security Agency, 2018–present.
83 Reynold N. Hoover
LIEUTENANT GENERAL REYNOLD N. HOOVER.jpg
24 Oct 2016[42] 2 1983 (USMA) 33 (1961–        )
* James H. Dickinson
James H. Dickinson (5).jpg
5 Jan 2017[43] 3 1985 (ROTC) 32 (c. 1962        )[j] Promoted to general, 20 Aug 2020.
* Paul E. Funk II
Lt. Gen. Paul E. Funk II.jpg
31 Mar 2017[44] 2 1984 (ROTC) 33 (1962–        ) Promoted to general, 21 Jun 2019. Son and son-in-law of Army lieutenant generals Paul E. Funk and John J. Yeosock.
84 Gary J. Volesky
Lt. Gen. Gary J. Volesky (2).jpg
3 Apr 2017   3 1983 (ROTC) 30 (1961–        )
85 Darrell K. Williams
Lt. Gen. Darrell K. Williams.jpg
1 May 2017   3 1983 (ROTC) 34 (1961–        ) President, Hampton University, 2022–present.[46]
* Bryan P. Fenton
Lt. Gen. Bryan P. Fenton (2).jpg
12 May 2017[47] 5 1987 (ROTC) 30 (1965–        )[j] Promoted to general, 30 Aug 2022.
86 Paul A. Ostrowski
Lt. Gen. Paul A. Ostrowski (2).jpg
15 May 2017   3 1985 (USMA) 32 (c. 1963        ) Director, Supply, Production, and Distribution, Operation Warp Speed/Federal COVID-19 Response for Vaccine and Therapeutics, 2020–2021.
87 Thomas C. Seamands
Lt. Gen. Thomas C. Seamands.jpg
26 May 2017   3 1981 (ROTC) 36 (1959–        )
* Laura J. Richardson
Lt. Gen. Laura J. Richardson (6).jpg
9 Jun 2017   4 1986 (ROTC) 31 (1963–        )[j] Promoted to general, 29 Oct 2021. Wife of Army lieutenant general James M. Richardson.
88 Charles N. Pede
Lt. Gen. Charles N. Pede.jpg
14 Jul 2017[48] 4 1984 (ROTC) 33 [q]
89 Charles W. Hooper
LTG Charles W Hooper.jpg
31 Jul 2017   3 1979 (USMA) 38 (1957–        )
* Richard D. Clarke Jr.
Lt. Gen. Richard D. Clarke, Jr.jpg
1 Aug 2017[49] 2 1984 (USMA) 33 (1960–        )[j] Promoted to general, 29 Mar 2019.
* Edward M. Daly
Lt. Gen. Edward M. Daly.jpg
1 Aug 2017   3 1987 (USMA) 30 (1965–        ) Promoted to general, 2 Jul 2020.
90 Bruce T. Crawford
Lt. Gen. Bruce T. Crawford (2).jpg
1 Aug 2017[y] 3 1986 (ROTC) 31
91 Thomas A. Horlander
Lt. Gen. Thomas A. Horlander (2).jpg
3 Aug 2017[50] 4 1983 (OCS) 34
92 Eric P. Wendt
Lieutenant General Eric P. Wendt (3).jpg
31 Oct 2017   4 1986 (ROTC) 31 [z]
93 Michael A. Bills
Lt. Gen. Michael A. Bills (2).jpg
5 Jan 2018   2 1983 (ROTC) 35 (1958–        )
* Christopher G. Cavoli
Lt. Gen. Christopher G. Cavoli (2).jpg
18 Jan 2018[52] 2 1987 (ROTC) 31 (c. 1965        )[i] Promoted to general, 1 Oct 2020.
* Paul J. LaCamera
Lt. Gen. Paul J. LaCamera.jpg
19 Jan 2018[53] 1 1985 (USMA) 33 (1963–        )[h] Promoted to general, 18 Nov 2019.
94 Scott D. Berrier
LTG Scott D. Berrier (2).jpg
30 Jan 2018   4 1983 (ROTC) 35 (1962–        )
95 Leslie C. Smith
Lt. Gen. Leslie C. Smith (3).jpg
7 Feb 2018[54] 3 1983 (ROTC) 35
96 Theodore D. Martin
Lt. Gen. Theodore D. Martin (2).jpg
2 Mar 2018   4 1983 (USMA) 35 (1960–        )
97 Eric J. Wesley
Lt. Gen. Eric J. Wesley.jpg
12 Apr 2018   2 1986 (USMA) 32 (1964–        )
98 Stephen G. Fogarty
Lt. Gen. Stephen G. Fogarty (3).jpg
11 May 2018[55] 4 1983 (NGC) 35 (c. 1965        )
99 Darsie D. Rogers Jr.
Lt. Gen. Darsie D. Rogers, Jr.jpg
24 May 2018   2 1987 (ROTC) 31
100 Francis M. Beaudette
LTGBeaudette.png
8 Jun 2018[56] 3 1989 (Citadel) 29
* Joseph M. Martin
Lt. Gen. Joseph M. Martin.jpg
2 Jul 2018[57] 1 1986 (USMA) 32 (1962–        )[k] Promoted to general, 26 Jul 2019.
101 John C. Thomson III
Lt. Gen. John C. Thomson III.jpg
3 Aug 2018   2 1986 (USMA) 32 (1961–        )
102 James F. Pasquarette
Lt. Gen. James F. Pasquarette.jpg
29 Aug 2018[58] 3 1983 (ROTC) 35 (1961–        )
103 James M. Richardson
Lt. Gen. James M. Richardson (1).jpg
5 Sep 2018   4 1983 (ROTC) 35 (1960–        ) Husband of Army four-star general Laura J. Richardson.[59]
104 Bradley A. Becker
Lt. Gen. Bradley A. Becker.jpg
5 Sep 2018   1 1986 (ROTC) 32 (c. 1965        ) Relieved, 2019.[60]
105 Thomas S. James Jr.
Lt. Gen. Thomas S. James, Jr. (2).jpg
9 Oct 2018[61] 3 1985 (Citadel) 33 (1963–        )
106 James E. Rainey
Lt. Gen. James E. Rainey (2).jpg
12 Oct 2018   4 1987 (ROTC) 33
* Andrew P. Poppas
Lt. Gen. Andrew P. Poppas.jpg
28 Feb 2019   3 1988 (USMA) 31 (1966–        ) Promoted to general, 8 Jul 2022.
107 Terry R. Ferrell
Lt. Gen. Terry R. Ferrell (2).jpg
8 Mar 2019[62] 2 1984 (ROTC) 35 (1962–        )
108 Karen H. Gibson
Lt. Gen. Karen H. Gibson.jpg
28 Mar 2019   1 1986 (ROTC)[63] 33 Sergeant at Arms, U.S. Senate, 2021–present.[64]
109 L. Neil Thurgood
Lt. Gen. L. Neil Thurgood (2).jpg
29 Mar 2019[65] 3 1986 (ROTC)[aa] 33
110 Walter E. Piatt
Lt. Gen. Walter E. Piatt (2).jpg
30 May 2019   3 1987 (ROTC) 32 (c. 1960        ) Served 8 years in the enlisted ranks before receiving his commission in 1987.
111 Robert P. White
Lt. Gen. Robert P. White.jpg
5 Jun 2019   3 1986 (ROTC) 33 (1963–        )
112 Leopoldo A. Quintas Jr.
Lt. Gen. Leopoldo A. Quintas, Jr.jpg
17 Jun 2019[68] 2 1986 (USMA) 33 (1964–        )
* Charles A. Flynn
Lt. Gen. Charles A. Flynn (1).jpg
27 Jun 2019[69]
  • Deputy Chief of Staff, Operations, Plans and Training, Army Staff (DCS G-3/5/7), 2019–2021.
2 1985 (ROTC) 34 (1963–        ) Promoted to general, 4 Jun 2021. Brother of Army lieutenant general and former National Security Advisor Michael T. Flynn.
113 Ronald J. Place
Lt. Gen. Ronald J. Place (2).jpg
3 Sep 2019   3 1986 (ROTC)[70] 33
114 Duane A. Gamble
Lt. Gen. Duane A. Gamble.jpg
16 Sep 2019[71]
  • Deputy Chief of Staff, Logistics, Army Staff (DCS G-4), 2019–2022.
3 1985 (ROTC) 34 (c. 1964        )[ab] Relieved, 2022.[72]
115 Ricky L. Waddell
Lt. Gen. Ricky Waddell.jpg
27 Sep 2019[73] 2 1982 (USMA) 37 (1959–        ) Deputy National Security Advisor, 2017–2018.
116 Jason T. Evans
Lt. Gen. Jason T. Evans (3).jpg
27 Sep 2019[74]
  • Deputy Chief of Staff, Installations, Army Staff (DCS G-9), 2019–2022.
3 1981 (WMA) 38
117 R. Scott Dingle
Lt. Gen. R. Scott Dingle.jpg
27 Sep 2019   3 1988 (ROTC) 31 (1965–        )
* Michael E. Kurilla
Lt. Gen. Michael E. Kurilla.jpg
7 Oct 2019   3 1988 (USMA) 31 (1966–        )[j] Promoted to general, 1 Apr 2022.
118 Mark C. Schwartz
Lt. Gen. Mark C. Schwartz.jpg
3 Nov 2019[76] 2 1987 (ROTC) 32
119 E. John Deedrick Jr.
Edwin J. Deedrick, Jr.jpg
30 Nov 2019   3 1988 (Citadel) 31
120 Daniel L. Karbler
Lt. Gen. Daniel L. Karbler.jpg
6 Dec 2019   3 1987 (USMA) 32 (1966–        )

Timeline

2010–2019

Daniel L. KarblerE. John DeedrickMark C. SchwartzMichael KurillaR. Scott DingleJason T. EvansRicky L. WaddellDuane A. GambleRonald PlaceCharles A. FlynnLeopoldo A. QuintasRobert P. WhiteWalter E. PiattL. Neil ThurgoodKaren H. GibsonTerry R. FerrellAndrew P. PoppasJames RaineyThomas S. James Jr.Bradley BeckerJames M. Richardson (general)James PasquaretteJohn C. Thomson IIIJoseph M. MartinFrancis M. BeaudetteDarsie D. Rogers Jr.Stephen FogartyEric J. WesleyTheodore D. MartinLeslie C. SmithScott D. BerrierPaul LaCameraChristopher G. CavoliMichael A. BillsEric WendtThomas HorlanderBruce T. CrawfordEdward M. DalyRichard D. ClarkeCharles W. HooperCharles PedeLaura J. RichardsonThomas C. SeamandsPaul A. OstrowskiBryan P. FentonDarrell K. WilliamsGary J. VoleskyPaul E. Funk IIJames H. DickinsonReynold N. HooverPaul M. NakasoneAundre F. PiggeeJeffrey S. BuchananStephen TwittyCharles D. LuckeyGwen BinghamDarryl A. WilliamsMichael LundyTodd T. SemoniteMichael K. NagataAustin S. MillerRobert P. Ashley Jr.Nadja WestThomas S. VandalMichael X. GarrettKenneth R. DahlStephen R. LyonsJohn M. MurrayDaniel R. HokansonMichael H. ShieldsAlan R. LynnRonald F. LewisGary H. CheekStephen J. TownsendLarry D. WycheTimothy J. KadavyJoseph P. DiSalvoFrederick S. RudesheimDavid E. QuantockAnthony R. IerardiJohn W. Nicholson Jr.Gustave F. PernaKaren E. DysonSean MacFarlandJames C. McConvillePatrick J. Donahue IIH. R. McMasterAnthony G. CrutchfieldRaymond A. Thomas IIIMichael E. WilliamsonKevin W. MangumBennet S. SacolickStephen LanzaRobert S. FerrellWilliam C. Mayville Jr.Perry L. WigginsFlora D. DarpinoRobert B. AbramsEdward C. CardonDavid L. MannMichael S. TuckerThomas W. SpoehrBernard S. ChampouxMichael LinningtonJoseph Anderson (U.S. Army general)James L. Huggins Jr.Kenneth E. TovoMark MilleyBen HodgesMark S. BowmanPatricia E. McQuistionJames O. Barclay IIIDavid R. HoggCharles T. ClevelandWilliam B. Garrett IIIRobert Brooks BrownDaniel B. AllynJeffrey W. TalleyDavid D. HalversonTheodore C. Nicholas IIRaymond P. PalumboMary A. LegereJames L. TerryPatricia HorohoDavid G. PerkinsWilliam E. Ingram Jr.Peter M. VangjelJoseph E. MartzRaymond V. MasonWilliam T. GrisoliMichael T. FlynnTerry A. WolffJohn F. Campbell (general)Keith C. WalkerJoseph VotelVincent K. BrooksDonald M. Campbell Jr.John Michael BednarekRhett A. HernandezSusan S. LawrenceFrancis J. WiercinskiMichael FerriterHoward B. BrombergRichard P. FormicaJohn D. Johnson (general)Curtis ScaparrottiFrank J. GrassWilliam J. TroyDaniel P. BolgerJohn W. Morgan IIIJohn E. Sterling Jr.Robert L. CaslenThomas P. BostickWilliam N. PhillipsIraq WarWar in Afghanistan (2001–2021)

History

See also: List of lieutenant generals in the United States Army before 1960

Quasi-War

George Washington

The rank of lieutenant general in the United States Army was established in 1798 when President John Adams commissioned George Washington in that grade to command the armies of the United States during the Quasi-War with France. The next year, Congress replaced the office of lieutenant general with that of General of the Armies of the United States but Washington died before accepting the new commission, remaining a lieutenant general until posthumously promoted to General of the Armies in 1976.[77]

Mexican War

Winfield Scott

In 1855 Congress rewarded the Mexican War service of Major General Winfield Scott by authorizing his promotion to brevet lieutenant general, to rank from March 29, 1847, the date of the Mexican surrender at the Siege of Veracruz.[78] As a lieutenant general only by brevet, Scott remained in the permanent grade of major general but was entitled to be paid as a lieutenant general from the date of his brevet commission, resulting in a public tussle with Secretary of War Jefferson Davis over the amount of backpay Scott was owed. Congress resolved all issues in Scott's favor once Davis left office in 1857, and allowed Scott to retire at full pay in 1861.[79]

Civil War

John M. Schofield

The grade of lieutenant general was revived in February 1864 to allow President Abraham Lincoln to promote Major General Ulysses S. Grant to command the armies of the United States during the American Civil War. After the war, Grant was promoted to general and his vacant lieutenant general grade was filled by Major General William T. Sherman. When Grant became President in 1869, Sherman succeeded him as general and Major General Philip H. Sheridan succeeded Sherman as lieutenant general. Congress suspended further promotions to general and lieutenant general in 1870, but made an exception in 1888 to promote Sheridan on his deathbed by discontinuing the grade of lieutenant general and merging it with the grade of general.[80]

In 1895 Congress briefly revived the grade of lieutenant general to promote Sheridan's successor as commanding general of the Army, Major General John M. Schofield. Schofield had lobbied for the grade to be permanently reestablished in order to cement the primacy of all future commanding generals over the Army's other major generals. However, Congress regarded the lieutenant generalcy as the penultimate military accolade, second only to promotion to full general, and refused to devalue the title's significance by conferring it on any future commanding general less eminent than previous recipients. Instead, Schofield himself was promoted to lieutenant general as a one-time personal honor eight months before he retired.[81] In retirement Schofield argued that the rank of lieutenant general ought to be permanently associated with the office of commanding general, not the individual officers occupying it, and that an officer serving as commanding general should hold the ex officio rank of lieutenant general while so detailed but revert to his permanent grade of major general upon leaving office. Over the next five decades, Schofield's concept of lieutenant general as temporary ex officio rank would slowly prevail over the concept of lieutenant general as permanent personal grade.[82]

Spanish–American War

Henry C. Corbin

The question of whether the lieutenant generalcy should be a permanent personal grade or a temporary ex officio rank was phrased in terms of the line of the Army, whose officers commanded combat formations, and its staff, whose officers performed specialized support functions. Permanent personal promotions to general officer grades were only available in the line, but staff officers could temporarily acquire general officer rank while detailed to an office bearing that statutory rank, so officers holding the permanent grade of general officer were called general officers of the line and ex officio general officers were called general officers of the staff.[83]

Arthur MacArthur Jr.

In June 1900 Schofield's successor as commanding general, Major General Nelson A. Miles, was made a lieutenant general of the staff by an amendment to the United States Military Academy appropriations bill that granted the rank of lieutenant general to the senior major general of the line commanding the Army.[84] Eight months later, the 1901 Army reorganization bill replaced this ex officio rank with the permanent grade of lieutenant general of the line.[85] When Miles retired in 1903, the senior major general was Adjutant General Henry C. Corbin, but as a staff corps officer Corbin was ineligible to command the Army, so the lieutenant generalcy went instead to the senior major general of the line, Samuel B. M. Young. Young reached the statutory retirement age five months later and was succeeded by Adna R. Chaffee. Seniority and scheduled retirements suggested that Chaffee would be succeeded in 1906 by Arthur MacArthur Jr., but both Corbin and Major General John C. Bates were scheduled to retire for age that year and it was decided that MacArthur's ascension would not be materially delayed by first promoting Bates and Corbin to lieutenant general for the few months of active duty remaining to them.[86]

Corbin's promotion became controversial when he declined to be detailed as chief of staff of the Army. Corbin felt the chief of staff should be a younger officer with the time and energy to enact a long-range program, not a superannuated placeholder on the cusp of retirement, so when Bates retired Corbin became lieutenant general but Brigadier General J. Franklin Bell became chief of staff.[87] However, by divorcing the Army's highest grade from its highest office, Corbin had again reduced the lieutenant generalcy to a personal honor. Many in Congress believed Corbin was not in the same class as Grant, Sherman, Sheridan, and Schofield, and pressed to abolish the lieutenant generalcy immediately, but after a heated debate MacArthur's supporters managed to preserve the grade until after MacArthur's promotion.[88]

MacArthur was promoted to lieutenant general in August 1906. Since he was the last Civil War officer expected to succeed to the grade, Congress stopped further promotions to lieutenant general in March 1907 and stated that the active-duty grade would be abolished when MacArthur retired.[89] Later that month, MacArthur asked to be relieved of his duties, disgruntled at his anomalous position of being the ranking officer of the Army yet consigned to the command of a mere division and subject to orders from an officer he outranked, Chief of Staff Bell, whose four-year term extended beyond MacArthur's statutory retirement date. MacArthur returned home to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where he marked time writing up travel reports until he retired in 1909.[90]

World War I

Hunter Liggett

In October 1917, Congress authorized the President to appoint as generals the chief of staff of the Army and the commander of the United States forces in France, and as lieutenant generals the commanders of the field armies and army corps, so that they would not be outranked by their counterparts in allied European armies. Unlike previous incarnations, these new grades were time-limited, authorized only for the duration of the World War I emergency, after which their bearers would revert to their lower permanent grades. The commander of the American Expeditionary Force, Major General John J. Pershing, was immediately appointed emergency general, as were two successive Army chiefs of staff, but no emergency lieutenant generals were named for over a year because the armies they would command had not yet been organized.[91]

On October 21, 1918, Major Generals Hunter Liggett, commander of the First Army, and Robert L. Bullard, commander of the Second Army, were nominated to be emergency lieutenant generals, less than three weeks before the Armistice.[92] With victory imminent, Secretary of War Newton D. Baker sought legislation to reward the Army's high commanders by making their emergency grades permanent. However, Army Chief of Staff Peyton C. March had alienated many members of Congress by unilaterally reorganizing the Army without their input and his enemies blocked every effort to honor any officer but Pershing with higher rank. In the end, Pershing was promoted to permanent General of the Armies, but March, Liggett, and Bullard reverted to their permanent grades of major general when their emergency grades expired on July 1, 1920.[93]

Edgar Jadwin

After the war, there were a number of unsuccessful attempts to retire as lieutenant generals a list of officers that variously included Major Generals March, Liggett, Bullard, Enoch H. Crowder, Joseph T. Dickman, Leonard Wood, John F. Morrison, James G. Harbord, James W. McAndrew, Henry P. McCain, Charles P. Summerall, Ernest Hinds, Harry F. Hodges, William Campbell Langfitt, and George W. Goethals; Surgeon General Merritte W. Ireland; and Colonel William L. Kenly.[94] Finally, on August 7, 1929, the Army chief of engineers, Major General Edgar Jadwin, was retired as a lieutenant general by a 1915 law that automatically promoted officers one grade upon retirement if they had helped build the Panama Canal.[95] There was some consternation that a peacetime staff corps officer had secured more or less by chance a promotion deliberately withheld from the victorious field commanders of World War I, so the year after Jadwin's promotion all World War I officers were advanced to their highest wartime ranks on the retired list, including Liggett and Bullard.[96]

In 1942, Congress allowed retired Army generals to be advanced one grade on the retired list or posthumously if they had been recommended in writing during World War I for promotion to a higher rank which they had not since received, provided they had also been awarded the Medal of Honor, the Distinguished Service Cross, or the Distinguished Service Medal; retired Major Generals James G. Harbord and William M. Wright were both advanced to lieutenant general under this provision.[97]

Interwar

Walter C. Short

After Pershing retired in 1924, the rank of the Army chief of staff reverted to major general, the highest permanent grade in the peacetime Army. However, the Navy continued to maintain three ex officio vice admirals and four ex officio admirals, including the chief of naval operations, so in 1929 Congress raised the ex officio rank of the Army chief of staff to full general.[98] In 1939 Congress also assigned the ex officio rank of lieutenant general to the major generals of the Regular Army specifically assigned to command each of the four field armies, allowing President Franklin D. Roosevelt to appoint the first new active-duty lieutenant generals since World War I: First Army commander Hugh A. Drum, Second Army commander Stanley H. Ford, Third Army commander Stanley D. Embick, and Fourth Army commander Albert J. Bowley. Congress extended similar rank in July 1940 to the major generals commanding the Panama Canal and Hawaiian Departments.[99]

As general officers of the staff, these new lieutenant generals bore three-star rank only while actually commanding a field army or department, and reverted to their permanent two-star rank upon being reassigned or retired. However, during World War II most lieutenant generals of the staff received concurrent personal appointments as temporary lieutenant generals in the Army of the United States so that they could be reassigned without loss of rank. Postwar legislation allowed officers to retire in their highest temporary grades, so most lieutenant generals of the staff eventually retired at that rank.[100] Of the lieutenant generals of the staff who were never appointed temporary lieutenant generals, Albert J. Bowley, Stanley H. Ford, Charles D. Herron, Daniel Van Voorhis, Herbert J. Brees, and Walter C. Short retired as major generals upon reaching the statutory retirement age; and Lloyd R. Fredendall qualified to retire in grade due to physical disability incurred during his term as lieutenant general. After the war, Brees and Short both applied to be advanced to lieutenant general on the retired list under a 1948 law; Brees was promoted but the administration specifically declined to advance Short, who had been relieved of command of the Hawaiian Department a few days after the defeat at Pearl Harbor.[101]

World War II

Delos C. Emmons

In September 1940, Congress authorized the President to appoint Regular Army officers to temporary higher grades in the Army of the United States during time of war or national emergency. The first temporary lieutenant general appointed under this authority was Major General Delos C. Emmons, Commander, General Headquarters Air Force; followed by Major General Lesley J. McNair, Chief of Staff, General Headquarters, U.S. Army. In July 1941, retired four-star general Douglas MacArthur was recalled to active duty and appointed temporary lieutenant general as Commanding General, U.S. Army Forces in the Far East.[102]

Dozens of officers were promoted to temporary lieutenant general during World War II. Lieutenant generals typically commanded one of the numbered field armies or air forces; served as deputy theater commanders; or headed major headquarters staffs, administrative commands, or support organizations. Officers were only allowed to retire in their temporary grades if they were retired due to disability incurred in the line of duty, but those compelled by good health to retire in a lower grade were eventually restored to their highest wartime ranks on the retired list.[103]

Subject to Senate approval, anyone could be appointed temporary lieutenant general, even a civilian. In January 1942, the outgoing Director General of the Office of Production Management, William S. Knudsen, was commissioned temporary lieutenant general in the Army of the United States, the only civilian ever to join the Army at such a high initial rank.[104]

Postwar

John W. O'Daniel

The modern office of lieutenant general was established by the Officer Personnel Act of 1947, which authorized the President to designate certain positions of importance and responsibility to carry the ex officio rank of general or lieutenant general, to be filled by officers holding the permanent or temporary grade of major general or higher. Officers could retire in their highest active-duty rank, subject to Senate approval. The total number of positions allowed to carry such rank was capped at 15 percent of the total number of general officers, which worked out initially to nine generals and thirty-five lieutenant generals, of whom four generals and seventeen lieutenant generals were required to be in the Air Corps. All Air Corps personnel were transferred in grade to the United States Air Force by the National Security Act of 1947.[105]

Lieutenant generals typically headed divisions of the General Staff in Washington, D.C.; field armies in Europe, Japan, and the continental United States; the Army command in the Pacific; the unified command in the Caribbean; the occupation force in Austria; and senior educational institutions such as the National War College, the Army War College, and the Armed Forces Staff College. During the Korean War, the commanding general of the Eighth Army was elevated to full general, and the Eighth Army deputy commanding general and subordinate corps commanders were elevated to lieutenant general.

Senator John C. Stennis
Senator John C. Stennis

By mid-1952, the number of active-duty general officers had swelled to nearly twice its World War II peak. In response, Congress enacted the Officer Grade Limitation Act of 1954, which tied the maximum number of generals to the total number of officers. However, the real limit was the so-called Stennis ceiling imposed by Mississippi Senator John C. Stennis, whose Senate Armed Services Committee refused to confirm general or flag officer nominations beyond what he considered to be a reasonable total, which typically was much lower than the statutory limit. The Stennis ceiling remained in effect from the mid-1950s until the post-Vietnam War drawdown.[106]

Unlike the temporary general and flag officer ranks of World War II, the 1947 ranks were attached to offices, not individuals, and were lost if an officer was reassigned to a lesser job.[107] Army generals almost always preferred to retire rather than revert to a lower permanent grade. A rare exception was Lt. Gen. John W. O'Daniel, who temporarily relinquished his third star upon becoming chief of the Military Assistance Advisory Group in French Indochina so that he would not outrank the theater commander in chief, French lieutenant general Henri Navarre. O'Daniel got his star back five months later when France withdrew from Indochina following Navarre's defeat at Dien Bien Phu.[108]

The rules dictating appointment of lieutenant generals, including the role of the Senate in confirming nominees, have remained largely consistent since the passing of the 1947 act, only changing periodically with congressionally dictated amendments to general and flag officer distributions.[109] Section 526 of the United States Code codifies the limits placed on general and flag officer appointments, specifying further for appointments above two-star grade.[110]

The formation of a series of new agencies directly under the Department of Defense in the 1960s and succeeding decades due to interservice deficiencies between the military departments necessitated an increase in joint duty three-star appointments.[111] The same became true for the two-star chiefs of service reserve commands in 2001[112] and service judge advocates general in 2008,[113] courtesy of the annually passed National Defense Authorization Acts.

War on Terror

Peter W. Chiarelli

The national emergency declared by President George W. Bush in the wake of the September 11 attacks[114] effectively removed all statutory limits for general officers in the Army. This resulted in the creation of a disproportionate number of lieutenant general billets for operations against extremist groups in the Middle East as part of the War on Terror, as land warfare was predominant against the guerilla tactics of groups such as al-Qaeda, ISIL and the Taliban.[115] It thus became commonplace for corps or field army commanders in the United States to be dual-hatted as the commander of a coalition force in support of such campaigns, such as Multi-National Corps – Iraq. A majority of eminent generals in the 2000s and 2010s either served as three-star field commanders or coalition commanders in the Middle Eastern theater of operations, including John Abizaid, David Petraeus, Peter Chiarelli,[116] Raymond Odierno and Lloyd Austin.

In anticipation of the end of the Iraq War and War in Afghanistan in 2011 and 2021 respectively, Congress moved to sharply reduce general and flag officer caps in directly preceding years, coinciding with the deactivations or American withdrawal from the respective campaigns' attached three-star and four-star commands.[117][118] The latest of these cuts, as part of the National Defense Authorization Act of 2017,[119] reduces the present cap[ac] further to 220 for the Army, 151 for the Navy, 187 for the Air Force, and 62 for the Marine Corps.[120]

Modern use

Incoming Army surgeon general Lt. Gen. Nadja West takes the oath of office as her husband, retired colonel Donald West, holds a Bible during her promotion ceremony on February 9, 2016.
Incoming Army surgeon general Lt. Gen. Nadja West takes the oath of office as her husband, retired colonel Donald West, holds a Bible during her promotion ceremony on February 9, 2016.
Lt. Gen. Reynold N. Hoover gets his shoulder boards pinned on by Gen Joseph L. Lengyel (right), chief of the National Guard Bureau, and his wife, Kathy (left) during his promotion ceremony on October 24, 2016.
Lt. Gen. Reynold N. Hoover gets his shoulder boards pinned on by Gen Joseph L. Lengyel (right), chief of the National Guard Bureau, and his wife, Kathy (left) during his promotion ceremony on October 24, 2016.

There are presently 37 three-star billets in the United States Army. Aside from the conventional role of lieutenant generals as corps or field army commanders, said billets also include senior staff positions under the authority of the four-star chief and vice chief of staff (such as the director of the Army staff), high-level specialty positions[ad] like the judge advocate general,[121] chief of engineers,[122] surgeon general[122] and chief of Army Reserve,[123] deputy commanders of four-star Army commands and the commanders of the Army service component commands.[ae] The superintendent of the United States Military Academy has also been a lieutenant general without interruption since 1981, as has been the director of the Army National Guard[124] since 2001.[125]

Secretary of the Army Mark Esper administers the reaffirmation oath to Lt. Gen. Leslie C. Smith at his promotion ceremony on February 9, 2018.
Secretary of the Army Mark Esper administers the reaffirmation oath to Lt. Gen. Leslie C. Smith at his promotion ceremony on February 9, 2018.

About 20 to 30 joint service three-star billets exist at any given time that can be occupied by an Army lieutenant general, among the most prestigious being the director of the Joint Staff (DJS), principal staff advisor to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and historically considered a stepping stone to four-star rank.[126] All deputy commanders of the unified combatant commands are of three-star rank,[af] as are directors of Defense Agencies not headed by a civilian such as the director of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIRDIA).[127] Internationally-based three-star positions include the United States military representative to the NATO Military Committee (USMILREP), the commander of Allied Land Command (LANDCOM), and the security coordinator for the Palestinian National Authority in Israel. All nominees for three-star rank must be confirmed via majority by the Senate before the appointee can take office and thus assume the rank.[128]

Statutory limits, elevations and reductions

Lt. Gen. James L. Terry assumes command of U.S. Army Central on June 25, 2013.
Lt. Gen. James L. Terry assumes command of U.S. Army Central on June 25, 2013.

The U.S. Code states that no more than 38 officers in the U.S. Army may be promoted beyond the rank of major general and below the rank of general on the active duty list.[129] However, the President[129] may designate up to 15 additional three-star appointments, with the condition that for every service branch allotted such additional three-star appointments, an equivalent number must be reduced from other service branches. Other exceptions exist for non-active duty or reserve appointments, as well as other circumstances.[110] As such, three-star positions can be elevated to four-star grade or reduced to two-star grade when necessary, either to highlight their increasing importance to the defense apparatus (or lack thereof) or to achieve parity with equivalent commands in other services or regions. Few three-star positions are set by statute, leading to their increased volatility as they do not require congressional approval to be downgraded.

Senate confirmations

While it is rare for three-star or four-star nominations to face even token opposition in the Senate, nominations that do face opposition due to controversy surrounding the nominee in question are typically withdrawn. Nominations that are not withdrawn are allowed to expire without action at the end of the legislative session.

Additionally, events that take place after Senate confirmation may still delay or even prevent the nominee from assuming office.

Legislative history

The following list of Congressional legislation includes all acts of Congress pertaining to appointments to the grade of lieutenant general in the United States Army from 2010 to 2019.[aj]

Each entry lists an act of Congress, its citation in the United States Statutes at Large or Public Law number, and a summary of the act's relevance, with officers affected by the act bracketed where applicable. Positions listed without reference to rank are assumed to be eligible for officers of three-star grade or higher.

List of legislation on appointments of lieutenant generals from 2010 to 2019
Legislation Citation Summary
Act of January 7, 2011

[Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011]

 124 Stat. 4209
 124 Stat. 4210
  • Authorized officers frocked to grade of lieutenant general or general to wear the insignia of that grade for up to 14 days before assuming position for which that grade is authorized.
  • Repealed 30-day waiting period following congressional notification before officers below grade of lieutenant general or vice admiral may wear insignia of the next higher grade.
Act of December 31, 2011

[National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012]

 125 Stat. 1392
  • Reestablished position of vice chief of the National Guard Bureau[ak] and assigned officeholder statutory grade of lieutenant general.
  • Excluded vice chief of the National Guard Bureau from general and flag officer distribution limits.
Act of December 23, 2016

[National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017]

 130 Stat. 2102
 130 Stat. 2103
 130 Stat. 2104
 130 Stat. 2105
 130 Stat. 2106
 130 Stat. 2107
  • Repealed authorization for the Chief of Staff to the President, if a general or flag officer of the United States Armed Forces, to be designated a position of importance and responsibility with grade of lieutenant general or vice admiral.[152]
  • Repealed statutory requirement for the director of the Missile Defense Agency, if a commissioned officer, to hold grade of lieutenant general or vice admiral.[153]
  • Repealed statutory requirement for senior members of the United Nations Military Staff Committee to hold grade of lieutenant general or vice admiral.[154]
  • Repealed statutory requirement for the directors of the Army National Guard and Air National Guard to hold grade of lieutenant general (Timothy J. Kadavy).[155]
  • Repealed statutory requirement for chiefs of Army branches (chief of engineers, surgeon general, judge advocate general) to hold grade of lieutenant general (Todd T. Semonite, Nadja Y. West, Flora D. Darpino).
  • Repealed statutory requirement for the chief of Army Reserve to hold grade of lieutenant general (Charles D. Luckey).
Act of December 12, 2017

[National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018]

 131 Stat. 1374
  • Repealed statutory requirement for the principal military deputy to the assistant secretary of the Army for acquisition, technology, and logistics to hold grade of lieutenant general (Michael E. Williamson).
Act of December 12, 2019

[National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020]

 133 Stat. 1346
  • Required advice and consent of the Senate on any proposal by the secretary of defense to increase the retired grade of any military officer through the reopening of the determination or certification of said officer's retired grade.

See also

References

  1. ^ Cortez, Steve (April 4, 2014). "Lt. Gen. William N. Phillips retires after 38 years of service [Image 6 of 10]". DVIDS. Joint Base Myer–Henderson Hall, Virginia: U.S. Army. Archived from the original on May 23, 2022. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  2. ^ "Nominations Before The Senate Armed Services Committee, Second Session, 112th Congress" (PDF). GovInfo. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 2013. p. 106. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 24, 2022. Retrieved March 24, 2022.
  3. ^ Sullivan, Becky (May 13, 2021). "University Of South Carolina President Resigns After Plagiarizing Part Of Speech". NPR. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  4. ^ "General Frank J. Grass". National Guard Bureau. Archived from the original on May 20, 2022. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  5. ^ "Nominations Before The Senate Armed Services Committee, First Session, 113th Congress" (PDF). GovInfo. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 2014. p. 1152. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 4, 2022. Retrieved March 24, 2022.
  6. ^ "Our Leadership | National Veterans Memorial & Museum". National Veterans Memorial and Museum. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  7. ^ "Former U.S. Army Chief Information Officer Gen. Susan Lawrence (Ret.) Joins Accenture Federal Services". Accenture.com. Arlington, Virginia. October 31, 2017. Archived from the original on April 19, 2021. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  8. ^ Censer, Marjorie (February 14, 2014). "Forty years after enlisting in the Army, three-star general accepts first private sector gig". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 23, 2022. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  9. ^ "Nominations Before The Senate Armed Services Committee, Second Session, 113th Congress" (PDF). GovInfo. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 2015. p. 782. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 23, 2022. Retrieved March 24, 2022.
  10. ^ "Nominations Before The Senate Armed Services Committee, Second Session, 113th Congress" (PDF). GovInfo. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 2015. p. 746. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 23, 2022. Retrieved March 24, 2022.
  11. ^ "Lieutenant General William E. Ingram Jr". National Guard Bureau. Archived from the original on May 21, 2022. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  12. ^ Gregory, Debbie (January 21, 2014). "Army National Guard Director, LTG Ingram Retires". Military Connection. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  13. ^ a b "History of CJTF-OIR" (PDF). Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve. March 9, 2020. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 23, 2022. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  14. ^ "Lieutenant General James O. Barclay III" (PDF). U.S. House of Representatives. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 23, 2022. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  15. ^ "U.S., NATO formally end Afghanistan combat mission". Mercury News. Kabul, Afghanistan: Associated Press. December 8, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  16. ^ "The Judge Advocate General, U.S. Army Lieutenant General Flora D. Darpino" (PDF). Judge Advocate General's Corps, U.S. Army. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 17, 2017. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  17. ^ Ewing, Philip (March 22, 2018). "Trump National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster To Resign, Be Replaced By John Bolton". NPR. Archived from the original on September 19, 2018. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  18. ^ "General James C. McConville (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 13, 2022. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  19. ^ Sparks, Donald (September 22, 2015). "III Corps assumes Operation Inherent Resolve mission". U.S. Central Command. Southwest Asia: Combined Joint Task Force - Operation Inherent Resolve. Archived from the original on July 14, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  20. ^ "Townsend Takes Command of Operation Inherent Resolve". Combined Joint Task Force - Operation Inherent Resolve. Southwest Asia. August 21, 2016. Archived from the original on May 23, 2022. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  21. ^ "Lieutenant General Gustave F. Perna" (PDF). U.S. Army. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 23, 2022. Retrieved May 19, 2022.
  22. ^ "Lieutenant General David E. Quantock" (PDF). U.S. House of Representatives. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 19, 2022. Retrieved May 19, 2022.
  23. ^ "Farewell and Presentation of Public Service Medal to Perry Center Director". William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies. May 2, 2022. Archived from the original on July 23, 2022. Retrieved July 23, 2022.
  24. ^ "Lieutenant General Timothy J. Kadavy". National Guard Bureau. Archived from the original on March 21, 2021. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  25. ^ Crawford, Lisa (August 3, 2020). "LTG Timothy J. Kadavy retires after 36 years of service". Flickr. Lincoln, Nebraska: Nebraska National Guard. Archived from the original on March 22, 2022. Retrieved July 23, 2022.
  26. ^ "PN460 — Lt. Gen. Timothy J. Kadavy — Army, 116th Congress (2019-2020)". U.S. Congress. March 5, 2019. Archived from the original on May 31, 2022. Retrieved July 22, 2022.
  27. ^ "General Stephen J. Townsend (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  28. ^ "Lieutenant General Gary H. Cheek" (PDF). U.S. Army War College. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 21, 2022. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  29. ^ McCausland, Phil; Kube, Courtney (February 9, 2017). "Former Major General Demoted in Retirement for Using Credit Card at Strip Clubs". NBC News. Archived from the original on February 10, 2017. Retrieved June 10, 2021.
  30. ^ Ryan, Missy; Whitlock, Craig (November 12, 2015). "Pentagon chief Ashton Carter just fired his top military aide over 'misconduct'". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 3, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2021.
  31. ^ "General Daniel R. Hokanson". National Guard Bureau. Archived from the original on May 19, 2022. Retrieved December 1, 2021.
  32. ^ "General John M. Murray (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on January 8, 2022. Retrieved May 19, 2022.
  33. ^ "General Stephen R. Lyons (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on April 10, 2021. Retrieved May 19, 2022.
  34. ^ "General Michael X. Garrett (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved August 22, 2022.
  35. ^ Tan, Michelle (October 9, 2018). "Newly retired 3-star, former commander of 8th Army, 2nd Infantry Division, dies". Army Times. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  36. ^ "Nadja West | GW Alumni Association". George Washington University Alumni. Archived from the original on March 7, 2022. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  37. ^ "General Austin S. Miller (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on June 13, 2021. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  38. ^ "A View from the CT Foxhole: LTG Michael K. Nagata, Director, Directorate of Strategic Operational Planning, NCTC". Combating Terrorism Center at West Point. June 2016. Archived from the original on May 23, 2022. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  39. ^ "Lieutenant General Darryl A. Williams (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021.
  40. ^ Maldonado, Samantha (July 2, 2018). "West Point appoints Darryl A. Williams as first black superintendent". CNN. Archived from the original on May 18, 2022. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  41. ^ "General Paul M. Nakasone (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 13, 2022. Retrieved May 15, 2022.
  42. ^ "Lieutenant General Reynold N. Hoover". National Guard Bureau. Archived from the original on May 19, 2022. Retrieved May 15, 2022.
  43. ^ "General James H. Dickinson (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  44. ^ "General Paul E. Funk II (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  45. ^ "Operation Inherent Resolve Transitions Commanders for Defeat-ISIS Mission". U.S. Department of Defense. September 13, 2018. Archived from the original on May 14, 2022. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  46. ^ "Hampton University Names Alumnus and Retired Three-Star General Darrell Williams as New President". Hampton University News. Hampton, Virginia. April 13, 2022. Archived from the original on May 8, 2022. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  47. ^ "Lieutenant General Bryan P. Fenton (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved August 30, 2022.
  48. ^ "Lieutenant General Charles N. Pede (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved August 22, 2022.
  49. ^ "General Richard D. Clarke (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved August 22, 2022.
  50. ^ "Lieutenant General Thomas A. Horlander (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 5, 2021. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  51. ^ "PN2244 — Eric P. Wendt — Department of State, 116th Congress (2019-2020)". U.S. Congress. September 22, 2020. Archived from the original on May 22, 2021. Retrieved July 22, 2022.
  52. ^ "General Christopher G. Cavoli (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on October 19, 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  53. ^ "General Paul J. LaCamera (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  54. ^ "Lieutenant General Leslie C. Smith (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  55. ^ "Lieutenant General Stephen G. Fogarty (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 1, 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  56. ^ "Lieutenant General Francis M. Beaudette (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  57. ^ "General Joseph M. Martin (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on August 22, 2022. Retrieved August 22, 2022.
  58. ^ "Lieutenant General James F. Pasquarette (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  59. ^ Lacdan, Joe (August 28, 2019). "Husband and wife, both three-star generals, share secrets to dual family success". Joint Base San Antonio. Washington, D. C.: U.S. Army News Service. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  60. ^ Schogol, Jeff (October 27, 2021). "We finally know why the Army fired its three-star general in charge of housing". Task & Purpose. Archived from the original on August 4, 2022. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  61. ^ "Lieutenant General Thomas S. James, Jr. (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  62. ^ "Lieutenant General Terry R. Ferrell (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved May 14, 2022.
  63. ^ Maddox, Mike (July 8, 2021). "Lt. Gen. (Ret.) Karen H. Gibson". U.S. Army. Archived from the original on May 23, 2022. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  64. ^ "Sergeant at Arms Karen Gibson". U.S. Senate. Archived from the original on May 9, 2022. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  65. ^ "Lieutenant General Leon N. Thurgood (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  66. ^ "Leadership - Army Rapid Capabilities and Critical Technologies Office". U.S. Army Rapid Capabilities and Critical Technologies Office. Archived from the original on March 24, 2022. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  67. ^ "Coalition welcomes new commander, continues mission". Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve. Southwest Asia. September 10, 2020. Archived from the original on September 19, 2020. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  68. ^ "Lieutenant General Leopoldo A. Quintas, Jr. (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 1, 2021. Retrieved August 22, 2022.
  69. ^ "Lieutenant General Charles A. Flynn (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on March 14, 2021. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  70. ^ "Ron Place, Director, Defense Health Agency". LinkedIn. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  71. ^ "Lieutenant General Duane A. Gamble (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  72. ^ Britzky, Haley (February 16, 2022). "Army 3-star general suspended amid investigation into toxic climate and racist comments". Task & Purpose. Archived from the original on April 12, 2022. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  73. ^ "Lieutenant General Ricky L. Waddell (USAR)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  74. ^ "Lieutenant General Jason T. Evans (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on August 22, 2022. Retrieved August 22, 2022.
  75. ^ "Lieutenant General Raymond S. Dingle (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on May 14, 2021. Retrieved May 12, 2022.
  76. ^ "Lieutenant General Mark C. Schwartz (USA)". General Officer Management Office. Archived from the original on April 16, 2021. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  77. ^ Acts of May 28, 1798, and March 3, 1799. Wiener, "Three Stars and Up," Part One.
  78. ^ Senate Journal, 33rd Congress, 2nd session, 28 February 1855, 409: Nomination of Winfield Scott
  79. ^ Acts of March 3, 1857, and August 3, 1861. Fry, pp. 208–209; Wiener, "Three Stars and Up," Part Five.
  80. ^ Acts of July 28, 1866; July 15, 1870; and June 1, 1888. Bell, p. 24.
  81. ^ Act of February 5, 1895. Connelly, p. 313.
  82. ^ "Our Military Needs—Set Forth by General Miles to House Military Committee", The Daily Review, p. 1, December 13, 1898; Connelly, p. 331.
  83. ^ For statutory definitions of "general officer of the line" and "general officer of the staff," see Sec. 4, Act of June 3, 1916.
  84. ^ Act of June 6, 1900.
  85. ^ Act of February 2, 1901.
  86. ^ "Sumner And Wood To Be Major Generals; Thirty-three Officers to be Promoted and Retired", The New York Times, p. 3, July 18, 1903; "Bates To Succeed Chaffee; He Will Be Retired Soon to Make Way for Corbin", The New York Times, p. 3, June 18, 1905.
  87. ^ "The Chief Of Staff", The New York Times, p. 6, December 17, 1905; "Gen. Corbin", The New York Times, p. 10, April 22, 1906.
  88. ^ "Corbin And MacArthur Win - Plan to Abolish Grade of Lieutenant General Is Defeated", The New York Times, p. 3, February 28, 1906.
  89. ^ Wiener, "Three Stars and Up," Part Three.
  90. ^ Act of March 2, 1907. "Gen. MacArthur Plans To Retire; Ranking Officer of the Army Tires of His Anomalous Position", The New York Times, p. 6, March 30, 1907; Young, The General's General, pp. 332–334.
  91. ^ Acts of July 15, 1870, and October 6, 1917. "Pershing To Be Given Rank Solely Of "General"—Measure Providing for Chief of Staff and Other Promotions—Need Prestige—American Officers in Europe Now Too Far Outranked", The Fresno Morning Republican, p. 1, October 3, 1917.
  92. ^ "Liggett Promoted, Bullard Also - Commanders of First and Second Field Armies to be Lieutenant Generals", The New York Times, p. 10, October 22, 1918.
  93. ^ Act of June 4, 1920. Coffman, pp. 194–195.
  94. ^ "Chamberlain Wants Wood and Goethals Made Lieutenant Generals With Crowder", The New York Times, p. 21, October 7, 1919; "Senate Votes Rank To Crowder Only - Rejects Chamberlain's Amendment to Promote Other Army Leaders Also", The New York Times, p. 5, October 8, 1919; "Pershing For His Generals - Asks Higher Rank for Liggett, Bullard, Harbord, McAndrew, Dickman", The New York Times, p. 12, November 6, 1919; "Six Lieutenant Generals; House Bill Names Liggett, Bullard, Dickman, Crowder, Wood, Morrison", The New York Times, p. 48, January 10, 1923.
  95. ^ Act of March 4, 1915. "Jadwin To Get Pay Of Obsolete Rank - Retired Officer Is on List as Lieutenant General; Grade Abolished", The Washington Post, p. R9, September 22, 1929.
  96. ^ Act of June 21, 1930. "Promotion Deserved And Withheld", The New York Times, p. 12, August 10, 1929; "Retired Officers Get Army War Rank - Under Law Passed in June 695 Are Advanced Without Increased Pay", The New York Times, p. 37, August 20, 1930.
  97. ^ Acts of June 13, 1940, and July 9, 1942. Army Register.
  98. ^ Act of February 23, 1929. "Proposes Rankings Of General In Army; War Secretary Submits Bill to Raise Chief of Staff and Territorial Heads", The New York Times, p. 12, January 22, 1928; Wiener, "Three Stars and Up," Part Four.
  99. ^ Acts of August 5, 1939, and July 31, 1940. "Army Renews Rank of Lieutenant General; H.A. Drum, S.H. Ford, S.D. Embick and A.J. Bowley Advanced to World War Grade", The New York Times, p. 38, August 8, 1939.
  100. ^ Act of August 7, 1947 [Officer Personnel Act of 1947]. Army Register.
  101. ^ Acts of June 29, 1943, and June 29, 1948 [Army and Air Force Vitalization and Retirement Equalization Act of 1948]. Army Register; Anderson, pp. 193–197; Dorn, p. I-1.
  102. ^ Act of September 9, 1940. Wiener, "Three Stars and Up," Part Four.
  103. ^ Acts of June 29, 1943; August 7, 1947 [Officer Personnel Act of 1947]; and June 24, 1948 [Army and Air Force Vitalization and Retirement Equalization Act of 1948].
  104. ^ "Knudsen the Only Civilian To Enter Army at His Rank", The New York Times, p. 9, January 17, 1942.
  105. ^ Acts of July 27, 1947 [National Security Act of 1947], and August 7, 1947 [Officer Personnel Act of 1947].
  106. ^ Mylander, pp. 26–27.
  107. ^ Norris, John G. (December 16, 1947), "Truman Picks Five Generals For High Command Promotion", The Washington Post, p. 1
  108. ^ Eckhardt, p. 11; "'Iron Mike' O'Daniel Gets Back Third Star", Associated Press, September 6, 1954
  109. ^ Acts of November 5, 1990 [National Defense Authorization Act Year 1991], October 23, 1992 [National Defense Authorization Year 1993], February 10, 1996 [National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996], September 23, 1996 [National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997], October 17, 1998 [Strom Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999], October 5, 1999 [National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000], December 2, 2002 [Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003] and January 2, 2012 [National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013].
  110. ^ a b 10 U.S.C. § 526 - Authorized strength: general and flag officers on active duty.
  111. ^ A History of the Defense Intelligence Agency. DIA Office of Historical Research, 2007. Retrieved: September 25, 2013.
  112. ^ Act of October 30, 2000 [National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2001]
  113. ^ Act of April 14, 2008 [National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008], Section 543
  114. ^ Bush, George W. (September 14, 2001). "Declaration of National Emergency by Reason Of Certain Terrorist Attacks". The White House, Washington, D. C. Office of the White House Press Secretary. Archived from the original on February 10, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2022.
  115. ^ 10 U.S.C. § 527 - Authority to suspend sections 523, 525, and 526.
  116. ^ David Cloud, Greg Jaffe (October 13, 2009). The Fourth Star: Four Generals and the Epic Struggle for the Future of the United States Army. ISBN 978-0307409072.
  117. ^ Whitlock, Craig (December 28, 2011). "Pentagon trimming ranks of generals, admirals". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on April 10, 2012. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  118. ^ Clark, James (May 16, 2016). "Does The US Military Have Too Many Generals?". Task & Purpose. Archived from the original on October 26, 2021. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  119. ^ Act of December 23, 2016 [National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017], Div A., Title V, Section 501
  120. ^ 10 U.S.C. § 526a - Authorized strength after December 31, 2022: general officers and flag officers on active duty.
  121. ^ 10 U.S.C. § 7037 - Judge Advocate General, Deputy Judge Advocate General, and general officers of Judge Advocate General’s Corps: appointment; duties.
  122. ^ a b 10 U.S.C. § 7036 - Chiefs of branches: appointment; duties.
  123. ^ 10 U.S.C. § 7038 - Office of Army Reserve: appointment of Chief.
  124. ^ 10 U.S.C. § 10506 - Other senior National Guard Bureau officers.
  125. ^ "PUBLIC LAW 106–398—OCT. 30, 2000, National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2001" (PDF). U.S. Government Publishing Office. October 30, 2000. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 17, 2022. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  126. ^ Woodward, Bob (2006). State of Denial: Bush at War, Part III. Simon and Schuster. pp. 22, 40. ISBN 978-0-7432-7223-0. scott fry joint staff.
  127. ^ "On Raising the Rank of the Chief of the National Guard Bureau" (PDF). Library of Congress. Library of Congress. February 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2021-07-24. Retrieved 2021-07-24.
  128. ^ 10 U.S.C. § 601 – Positions of importance and responsibility: generals and lieutenant generals; admirals and vice admirals.
  129. ^ a b 10 U.S.C. § 525 - Distribution of commissioned officers on active duty in general officer and flag officer grades.
  130. ^ "Assessment of the DoD Establishment of the Office of Security Cooperation-Iraq" (PDF). U.S. Department of Defense Inspector General. March 16, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 29, 2021. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  131. ^ Greenhill, Jim (June 19, 2012). "Air Force Maj. Gen. Joseph Lengyel nominated as vice chief, National Guard Bureau". DVIDS. Arlington, Virginia: National Guard Bureau. Archived from the original on October 26, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  132. ^ Greenhill, Jim (July 26, 2012). "Chief, vice chief of National Guard Bureau confirmed". DVIDS. Archived from the original on May 23, 2022. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  133. ^ Pub.L. 110–181: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (text) (PDF)
  134. ^ Milham, Matt (March 14, 2013). "After 61 Years, NATO Headquarters in Heidelberg Deactivates". Stars and Stripes. Heidelberg, Germany. Archived from the original on May 23, 2022. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  135. ^ "LANDCOM Activation". Allied Land Command. NATO Public Affairs Office. Archived from the original on July 6, 2021. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  136. ^ Mitchell, Billy (August 12, 2020). "Army CIO Lt. Gen. Bruce Crawford retires". FedScoop. Archived from the original on October 26, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  137. ^ "PN2034 — Maj. Gen. John B. Morrison Jr. — Army, 116th Congress (2019-2020)". U.S. Congress. June 24, 2020. Archived from the original on October 26, 2021. Retrieved August 10, 2021.
  138. ^ Eversden, Andrews; Pomerleau, Mark (July 15, 2020). "Morrison nominated for one the Army's top IT jobs". C4ISRNet. Archived from the original on August 9, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  139. ^ Miller, Jason (October 28, 2020). "The four pillars of focus for the Army's new technology office". Federal News Network. Archived from the original on November 27, 2021.
  140. ^ Ford, Joshua (May 11, 2015). "Dahl promoted, takes command of U.S. Army IMCOM". White Sands Missile Range. Fort Sam Houston, Texas. Archived from the original on October 26, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  141. ^ Crane, Conrad; Lynch, Michael; Reilly, Shane. "A History of the Army's Future: 1990-2018 v.20" (PDF). U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 16, 2022.
  142. ^ Voss, Michael Vernon (December 10, 2018). "ARCIC transitions from TRADOC to AFC". U.S. Army. Fort Eustis, Virginia. Archived from the original on October 23, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  143. ^ "McKean promoted to Lt. Gen.; assumes responsibilities at AFC, FCC". DVIDS. Austin, Texas: Futures and Concepts Center. November 2, 2020. Archived from the original on October 23, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  144. ^ "PN762 — Maj. Gen. Ryan F. Gonsalves — Army, 115th Congress (2017-2018)". U.S. Congress. July 13, 2017. Archived from the original on March 16, 2022. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  145. ^ a b Myers, Meghann (January 6, 2018). "Army 2-star loses promotion after calling congressional staffer 'sweetheart'". Army Times. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  146. ^ Bryant, Kevin (January 10, 2018). "Army general now 'special assistant' after 'sweetheart' comment to female staffer". KDH News. Archived from the original on May 23, 2022. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  147. ^ Vandiver, John (May 3, 2018). "General retires 6 months after IG chastised his behavior toward congressional staffer". Stars and Stripes. Archived from the original on January 11, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  148. ^ "PN1329 — Maj. Gen. John G. Rossi — Army, 114th Congress (2015-2016)". U.S. Congress. April 14, 2016. Archived from the original on March 16, 2022. Retrieved August 10, 2021.
  149. ^ "Rossi confirmed for appointment to SMDC". U.S. Army. Redstone Arsenal, Alabama: USASMDC/ARSTRAT Public Affairs. May 3, 2016. Archived from the original on April 17, 2022. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  150. ^ "Army: Two-star general committed suicide on Alabama military base". CBS News. Washington, D. C.: Associated Press. October 28, 2016. Archived from the original on March 16, 2022. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  151. ^ "PN1823 — Maj. Gen. James H. Dickinson — Army, 114th Congress (2015-2016)". U.S. Congress. November 15, 2016. Archived from the original on March 21, 2022. Retrieved August 10, 2021.
  152. ^ "10 USC 720: Chief of Staff to President: appointment". www.uscode.house.gov. Retrieved October 28, 2021.
  153. ^ "§203. Director of Missile Defense Agency". www.uscode.house.gov. Retrieved October 28, 2021.
  154. ^ "§711. Senior members of Military Staff Committee of United Nations: appointment". www.uscode.house.gov. Retrieved October 28, 2021.
  155. ^ "§10506. Other senior National Guard Bureau officers". www.uscode.house.gov. Retrieved October 28, 2021.

Notes

  1. ^ a b Dates of rank are taken, where available, from the U.S. Army register of active and retired commissioned officers, the General Officer Management Office, or the National Guard Senior Leader Management Office. The date listed is that of the officer's first promotion to lieutenant general. If such a date cannot be found, the next date substituted should be that of the officer's assumption of his/her first three-star appointment. Failing which, the officer's first Senate confirmation date to lieutenant general should be substituted. For officers promoted to lieutenant general on the same date, they should be organized first by date of promotion to four-star rank, and then by the tier of their first listed assignment upon promotion to lieutenant general.
  2. ^ a b Positions listed are those held by the officer when promoted to lieutenant general. Dates listed are for the officer's full tenure, which may predate promotion to three-star rank or postdate retirement from active duty. Positions held in an acting capacity are italicized.
  3. ^ a b The number of years of active-duty service at three-star rank is approximated by subtracting the year in the "Date of rank" column from the last year in the "Position" column. Time spent between active-duty three-star assignments is not counted.
  4. ^ a b Sources of commission are listed in parentheses after the year of commission and include: the United States Military Academy (USMA); Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) at a civilian university; ROTC at a senior military college such as the Virginia Military Institute (VMI), Norwich University (Norwich), Pennsylvania Military College (PMC), Widener University (Widener), North Georgia College (NGC), University of North Georgia (UNG), or The Citadel (Citadel); Officer Candidate School (OCS); the aviation cadet program (cadet); the Army National Guard (ARNG); direct commission (direct); and battlefield commission (battlefield).
  5. ^ a b The number of years in commission before being promoted to three-star rank is approximated by subtracting the year in the "Commission" column from the year in the "Date of rank" column.
  6. ^ a b Notes include years of birth and death; awards of the Medal of Honor, Congressional Gold Medal, Presidential Medal of Freedom, or honors of similar significance; major government appointments; university presidencies or equivalents; familial relationships with significant military officers or government officials such as U.S. Presidents, cabinet secretaries, U.S. Senators, or state governors; and unusual career events such as premature relief or death in office. Officers who served as enlisted soldiers for 7 years or more prior to commissioning are also noted.
  7. ^ a b Served as Chief, National Guard Bureau (CNGB).
  8. ^ a b c d Served as Commander, U.S. Forces Korea (COMUSFK).
  9. ^ a b Served as Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR).
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Served as a combatant commander (CCDR).
  11. ^ a b c d Served as Vice Chief of Staff, U.S. Army (VCSA).
  12. ^ a b c Served as Commander, U.S. Forces-Afghanistan (COMUSFOR-A).
  13. ^ Enlisted in 1970, commissioned as infantry officer in 1972.[12]
  14. ^ a b Served as Chief of Staff, U.S. Army (CSA).
  15. ^ Served as Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS).
  16. ^ Mann's term was extended beyond statutory limits due to the death of his confirmed successor, John G. Rossi.
  17. ^ a b Promoted directly from rank of brigadier general.
  18. ^ Mayville held the position concurrently with Marine lieutenant general Vincent R. Stewart for his full tenure. Stewart functioned as deputy for day-to-day running of USCYBERCOM whereas Mayville functioned as deputy in charge of separating USCYBERCOM from the National Security Agency.
  19. ^ The office is formally known as the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (APNSA), but is listed here under the more commonly-used moniker of National Security Advisor (NSA).
  20. ^ Reverted to major general, Mar 2019; retired as lieutenant general, 3 Aug 2020.[25]
  21. ^ Nomination as Vice Chief, National Guard Bureau (VCNGB) returned to the President, 2020.[26]
  22. ^ Graduated from North Georgia College & State University, which was merged with Gainesville State College in 2013 and is now the University of North Georgia.
  23. ^ Relieved with reversion to major general, Nov 2015; retired as brigadier general, May 2017.[29]
  24. ^ Retired as major general, Dec 2019.
  25. ^ The promotion ceremony was held on August 17, 2017, with date of rank backdated to August 1, 2017.
  26. ^ Nomination as U.S. Ambassador to Qatar withdrawn, 2021.[51]
  27. ^ Enlisted in 1983, commissioned as aviation officer in 1986.[66]
  28. ^ Suspended as deputy chief of staff for logistics, Feb 2022; retired as major general, Apr 2022.
  29. ^ see "Modern use" section
  30. ^ For officers in specialty career paths such as the JAG Corps, Medical Corps, or Army Reserve, these positions are the highest they can attain. There have been exceptions, such as when Maryanne Miller was promoted to general in 2018, becoming the first Air Force Reserve officer to reach four-star rank.
  31. ^ with the exception of U.S. Army Europe and Africa (a four-star billet) and U.S. Army South (a two-star [one-star promotable] billet)
  32. ^ The deputy commander of U.S. European Command was a four-star position until 2007, when it was reduced in rank to make way for the establishment of U.S. Africa Command, commanded by a four-star officer. The last four-star deputy commander of USEUCOM, General William E. Ward, also became the first commander of USAFRICOM.
  33. ^ Per the 2008 National Defense Authorization Act, at least one deputy commander of USNORTHCOM must be a National Guard officer unless the commander is already such an officer.[133]
  34. ^ Established in July 1993 by General Order-15, ACSIM was to advise the chief of staff of the Army on garrison and installation operations for effective integration with Army installations at the base level. Starting in 2006, the commanding general of the U.S. Army Installation Management Command was dual-hatted as ACSIM.
  35. ^ known as the Futures Center until 2006
  36. ^ Legislative history compiled from the U.S. Congress official website and U.S. Government Publishing Office official website.
  37. ^ redesignated director of the Joint Staff of the National Guard Bureau by NDAA 2005