Current delegation

California elects United States senators to Class 1 and Class 3. The state has been represented by 47 people in the Senate since it was admitted to the Union on September 9, 1850. Its U.S. senators are Democrats Dianne Feinstein and Alex Padilla. Feinstein is currently the longest serving U.S. senator (since 1992).

List of senators

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 2000, 2006, 2012, and 2018. The next election will be in 2024.

C

Class 3

Class 3 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 1998, 2004, 2010, and 2016. The next election will be in 2022.

# Senator Party Dates in office Electoral history T T Electoral history Dates in office Party Senator #
1
John Charles Fremont crop.jpg

John C. Frémont
Democratic Sep 9, 1850 –
Mar 3, 1851
Elected in 1849. 1 31st 1 Elected in 1849. Sep 9, 1850 –
Mar 2, 1855
Democratic
WMGwin.jpg

William M. Gwin
1
Vacant Mar 4, 1851 –
Jan 29, 1852
Legislature failed to elect. 2 32nd
2
John Weller.jpg

John B. Weller
Democratic Jan 30, 1852 –
Mar 3, 1857
Elected late in 1852.
Lost re-election.
33rd
34th 2 Legislature failed to elect. Mar 3, 1855 –
Jan 13, 1857
Vacant
Elected late in 1857. Jan 14, 1857 –
Mar 3, 1861
Democratic
WMGwin.jpg

William M. Gwin
3
David C. Broderick - Brady-Handy.jpg

David C. Broderick
Democratic Mar 4, 1857 –
Sep 16, 1859
Elected in 1856.
Died.
3 35th
36th
Vacant Sep 17, 1859 –
Nov 2, 1859
 
4
Henry Haun.jpg

Henry P. Haun
Democratic Nov 3, 1859 –
Mar 4, 1860
Appointed to continue Broderick's term.
Lost election to finish Broderick's term.
5
Latham1.jpg

Milton Latham
Democratic Mar 5, 1860 –
Mar 3, 1863
Elected in 1860 to finish Broderick's term.
Lost re-election.
37th 3 Elected in 1860.
Retired.
Mar 4, 1861 –
Mar 3, 1867
Democratic
Sen James A McDougall.jpg

James A. McDougall
2
6
John Conness.jpg

John Conness
Republican Mar 4, 1863 –
Mar 3, 1869
Elected during the 1862/63 cycle.[1] 4 38th
39th
40th 4 Elected during the 1866/67 cycle. Mar 4, 1867 –
Mar 3, 1873
Republican
CorneliusCole.jpg

Cornelius Cole
3
7
Eugene Casserly - Brady-Handy.jpg

Eugene Casserly
Democratic Mar 4, 1869 –
Nov 29, 1873
Elected in 1868.
Resigned.
5 41st
42nd
43rd 5 Elected in 1872 or 1873.
Retired.
Mar 4, 1873 –
Mar 3, 1879
Republican
Aaron Augustus Sargent - Brady-Handy.jpg

Aaron A. Sargent
4
Vacant Nov 30, 1873 –
Dec 22, 1873
 
8
John S. Hager.jpg

John S. Hager
Democratic Dec 23, 1873 –
Mar 3, 1875
Elected in 1873 to finish Casserly's term.
Retired.
9
Newton Booth - Brady-Handy.jpg

Newton Booth
Anti-Monopoly Mar 4, 1875 –
Mar 3, 1881
Elected early in 1873.
Retired.
6 44th
45th
46th 6 Elected in 1878.
Retired.
Mar 4, 1879 –
Mar 3, 1885
Democratic
James T. Farley.jpg

James T. Farley
5
10
JFMiller.jpg

John Franklin Miller
Republican Mar 4, 1881 –
Mar 8, 1886
Elected in 1880.
Died.
7 47th
48th
49th 7 Elected in 1885. Mar 4, 1885 –
Jun 21, 1893
Republican
LelandStanford.jpg

Leland Stanford
6
Vacant Mar 9, 1886 –
Mar 22, 1886
 
11
George Hearst (cropped).jpg

George Hearst
Democratic Mar 23, 1886 –
Aug 3, 1886
Appointed to continue Miller's term.
Successor qualified.
12
APWilliams.jpg

Abram Williams
Republican Aug 4, 1886 –
Mar 3, 1887
Elected in 1886 to finish Miller's term.
Retired.
13
George Hearst (cropped).jpg

George Hearst
Democratic Mar 4, 1887 –
Feb 28, 1891
Elected in 1887.
Died.
8 50th
51st
Vacant Mar 1, 1891 –
Mar 18, 1891
 
52nd 8 Re-elected in 1891.
Died.
14
Charles Norton Felton.jpg

Charles N. Felton
Republican Mar 19, 1891 –
Mar 3, 1893
Elected in 1891 to finish Hearst's term.
Retired.
15
StephenMWhite.JPG

Stephen M. White
Democratic Mar 4, 1893 –
Mar 3, 1899
Elected in 1893.
Retired.
9 53rd
  Jun 22, 1893 –
Jul 25, 1893
Vacant
Appointed to continue Stanford's term.
Elected in 1895 to finish Stanford's term.[2]
Jul 26, 1893 –
Mar 3, 1915
Republican
George Clement Perkins.jpg

George Clement Perkins
7
54th
55th 9 Re-elected in 1897.[3]
Vacant Mar 4, 1899 –
Feb 6, 1900
  10 56th
16
Thomas R. Bard.jpg

Thomas R. Bard
Republican Feb 7, 1900 –
Mar 3, 1905
Elected late in 1900.
Lost re-election.
57th
58th 10 Re-elected in 1903.[4]
17
Frank Putnam Flint.jpg

Frank P. Flint
Republican Mar 4, 1905 –
Mar 3, 1911
Elected in 1905.[5]
Retired.
11 59th
60th
61st 11 Re-elected in 1909.[6]
Retired.
18
John Downey Works.jpg

John D. Works
Republican Mar 4, 1911 –
Mar 3, 1917
Elected in 1911.
Retired.
12 62nd
63rd
64th 12 Elected in 1914.
Lost re-election.
Mar 4, 1915 –
Mar 3, 1921
Democratic
James D. Phelan - Mayor of SF 1910.jpg

James D. Phelan
8
19
Hiram Johnson.jpg

Hiram Johnson
Republican Mar 4, 1917 –
Aug 6, 1945
Elected in 1916.
Not seated until March 16 in order to remain Governor of California.
13 65th
66th
67th 13 Elected in 1920. Mar 4, 1921 –
Mar 3, 1933
Republican
Samuel Morgan Shortridge.jpg

Samuel M. Shortridge
9
Re-elected in 1922. 14 68th
69th
70th 14 Re-elected in 1926.
Lost renomination.
Re-elected in 1928. 15 71st
72nd
73rd 15 Elected in 1932.
Lost renomination, then resigned.
Mar 4, 1933 –
Nov 8, 1938
Democratic
William Gibbs McAdoo, formal photo portrait, 1914.jpg

William Gibbs McAdoo
10
Re-elected in 1934. 16 74th
75th
Appointed to finish McAdoo's term.
Retired.
Nov 9, 1938 –
Jan 3, 1939
Democratic
ThomasMStorke.jpg

Thomas M. Storke
11
76th 16 Elected in 1938. Jan 3, 1939 –
Nov 30, 1950
Democratic
SDowney.jpg

Sheridan Downey
12
Re-elected in 1940.
Died.
17 77th
78th
79th 17 Re-elected in 1944.
Ran for re-election, but dropped out of renomination race due to ill health.
Resigned early due to ill health.
Vacant Aug 7, 1945 –
Aug 25, 1945
 
20
William F. Knowland headshot.jpg

William Knowland
Republican Aug 26, 1945 –
Jan 3, 1959
Appointed to continue Johnson's term.
Elected in 1946 to finish Johnson's term.
Re-elected in 1946. 18 80th
81st
Appointed to finish Downey's term,
having been elected to the next term.
Dec 1, 1950 –
Jan 1, 1953
Republican
Richard Nixon congressional portrait.jpg

Richard Nixon
13
82nd 18 Elected in 1950.
Resigned to become U.S. Vice President.
Appointed to continue Nixon's term.
Elected in 1954 to finish Nixon's term.[2]
Jan 2, 1953 –
Jan 3, 1969
Republican
ThomasKuchel.jpg

Thomas Kuchel
14
Re-elected in 1952.
Retired to run for Governor of California.
19 83rd
84th
85th 19 Re-elected in 1956.
21
Clair Engle.jpg

Clair Engle
Democratic Jan 3, 1959 –
Jul 30, 1964
Elected in 1958.
Died.
20 86th
87th
88th 20 Re-elected in 1962.
Lost renomination.
Vacant Jul 31, 1964 –
Aug 3, 1964
 
22
PierreSalinger.jpg

Pierre Salinger
Democratic Aug 4, 1964 –
Dec 31, 1964
Appointed to continue Engle's term.
Lost election to full term, resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
23
GeorgeMurphy.jpg

George Murphy
Republican Jan 1, 1965 –
Jan 1, 1971
Appointed to finish Salinger's term, having been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1964.
Lost re-election, resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
21 89th
90th
91st 21 Elected in 1968. Jan 3, 1969 –
Jan 3, 1993
Democratic
AlanCranston.jpg

Alan Cranston
15
24
Sen John V Tunney.jpg

John V. Tunney
Democratic Jan 2, 1971 –
Jan 1, 1977
Appointed to finish Murphy's term, having been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1970.
Lost re-election, resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
22 92nd
93rd
94th 22 Re-elected in 1974.
25
SIHayakawa.jpg

S. I. Hayakawa
Republican Jan 2, 1977 –
Jan 3, 1983
Appointed to finish Tunney's term, having been elected to the next term.
Elected in 1976.
Retired.
23 95th
96th
97th 23 Re-elected in 1980.
26
PeteWilson.jpg

Pete Wilson
Republican Jan 3, 1983 –
Jan 7, 1991
Elected in 1982. 24 98th
99th
100th 24 Re-elected in 1986.
Retired.
Re-elected in 1988.
Resigned to become Governor of California.
25 101st
102nd
27
John F Seymour.jpg

John Seymour
Republican Jan 7, 1991 –
Nov 3, 1992
Appointed to continue Wilson's term.
Lost election to finish Wilson's term.
28
Dianne Feinstein Official High Res Photo.jpg

Dianne Feinstein
Democratic Nov 4, 1992 –
Present
Elected in 1992 to finish Wilson's term.
103rd 25 Elected in 1992. Jan 3, 1993 –
Jan 3, 2017
Democratic
Barbara Boxer, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg

Barbara Boxer
16
Re-elected in 1994. 26 104th
105th
106th 26 Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000. 27 107th
108th
109th 27 Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006. 28 110th
111th
112th 28 Re-elected in 2010.
Retired.
Re-elected in 2012. 29 113th
114th
115th 29 Elected in 2016.
Resigned to become U.S. Vice President.[7]
Jan 3, 2017 –
Jan 18, 2021
Democratic
Senator Harris official senate portrait.jpg

Kamala Harris
17
Re-elected in 2018. 30 116th
117th
  Jan 18, 2021 –
Jan 20, 2021
Vacant
Appointed to continue Harris's term.
Elected in 2022 to finish Harris's term.
Jan 20, 2021 –
Present
Democratic
Alex Padilla 117th Congress portrait.jpg

Alex Padilla
18
118th 30 Elected in 2022 to a full term.
To be determined in the 2024 election. 31 119th
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T   T Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 3

Living former senators

As of November 2022, there are four living former U.S. senators from California. The most recent senator to die was John V. Tunney (served 1971–1977) on January 12, 2018. The most recently serving senator to die was Alan Cranston (served 1969–1993) on December 31, 2000.

Senator Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Pete Wilson January 3, 1983 – January 7, 1991 (1933-08-23) August 23, 1933 (age 89)
John Seymour January 7, 1991 – November 3, 1992 (1937-12-03) December 3, 1937 (age 84)
Barbara Boxer January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2017 (1940-11-11) November 11, 1940 (age 81)
Kamala Harris January 3, 2017 – January 18, 2021 (1964-10-20) October 20, 1964 (age 58)

Superlatives

Longest service

Senator First served Last served Length of service
Dianne Feinstein November 4, 1992 Present 30 years, 6 days
(10,963 days)
Hiram Johnson March 4, 1917 August 6, 1945 28 years, 155 days
(10,382 days)
Alan Cranston January 3, 1969 January 3, 1993 24 years, 0 days
(8,766 days)
Barbara Boxer January 3, 1993 January 3, 2017 24 years, 0 days
(8,766 days)
George Clement Perkins July 26, 1893 March 3, 1915 21 years, 220 days
(7,889 days)

Shortest service

Senator First served Last served Length of service
Thomas M. Storke November 9, 1938 January 2, 1939 1 month, 3 weeks and 3 days
(54 days)
Henry P. Haun November 3, 1859 March 4, 1860 4 months and 1 day
(122 days)
Pierre Salinger August 4, 1964 December 31, 1964 4 months, 3 weeks and 6 days
(149 days)
John C. Frémont September 9, 1850 March 3, 1851 5 months, 3 weeks and 1 day
(175 days)
Abram Williams August 4, 1886 March 3, 1887 6 months, 3 weeks and 6 days
(211 days)

Youngest at beginning of service

Senator Date of birth First served Age
Milton Latham May 23, 1827 March 5, 1860 32 years, 9 months and 11 days
John V. Tunney June 26, 1934 January 2, 1971 36 years, 6 months and 7 days
David C. Broderick February 4, 1820 March 4, 1857 37 years and 1 month
William Knowland June 26, 1908 August 26, 1945 37 years and 2 months
John C. Frémont January 21, 1813 September 10, 1850 37 years, 7 months and 20 days

Oldest at end of service

Senator Date of birth Last served Age
Dianne Feinstein June 22, 1933 Present 89 years, 4 months and 19 days
Hiram Johnson September 2, 1866 August 6, 1945 78 years, 11 months and 4 days
Alan Cranston June 19, 1914 January 3, 1993 78 years, 6 months and 15 days
S. I. Hayakawa July 18, 1906 January 3, 1983 76 years, 5 months and 16 days
Barbara Boxer November 11, 1940 January 3, 2017 76 years, 1 month and 23 days

See also

References

  1. ^ John Conness was elected as a Democrat, but changed party to Republican after the election.[citation needed]
  2. ^ a b Byrd, p. 83.
  3. ^ "Perkins Re-elected in California". The New York Times. January 14, 1897. p. 12.
  4. ^ "Perkins of California Re-elected". The New York Times. January 14, 1903. p. 12.
  5. ^ The World Almanac and Encyclopedia 1906. 1905. p. 108.
  6. ^ "Perkins of California Re-elected". The New York Times. January 13, 1909. p. 5.
  7. ^ Bowman, Bridget (November 7, 2020). "Win by Biden and Harris opens up California Senate seat". Roll Call. Retrieved December 4, 2020.