Current delegation

Montana was admitted to the Union on November 8, 1889 and elects U.S. senators to Classes 1 and 2. Its current U.S. senators are Democrat Jon Tester (serving since 2007) and Republican Steve Daines (serving since 2015), making it one of seven states to have a split United States Senate delegation.

List of senators

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 2000, 2006, 2012, and 2018. The next election will be in 2024.

C

Class 2

Class 2 U.S. senators belong to the electoral cycle that has recently been contested in 2002, 2008, 2014, and 2020. The next election will be in 2026.

# Senator Party Dates in office Electoral history T T Electoral history Dates in office Party Senator #
Vacant November 8, 1889 –
January 1, 1890
Montana elected its first Senators two months after admission to the Union. 1 51st 1 Montana elected its first Senators two months after admission to the Union. November 8, 1889 –
January 2, 1890
Vacant
1

Wilbur F. Sanders
Republican January 1, 1890 –
March 3, 1893
Elected in 1890.

Lost re-election.
Elected in 1890.

Retired.
January 2, 1890 –
March 3, 1895
Republican

Thomas C. Power
1
52nd
Vacant March 3, 1893 –
January 16, 1895
Legislature failed to elect. 2 53rd
2

Lee Mantle
Republican January 16, 1895 –
March 3, 1899
Elected to finish vacant term.

Lost renomination.
54th 2 Elected in January 1895.[1]

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1901
Republican

Thomas H. Carter
2
Silver Republican 55th
3

William A. Clark
Democratic March 4, 1899 –
May 15, 1900
Elected in 1899.

Resigned to avoid claim of election fraud.
3 56th
Vacant May 15, 1900 –
March 7, 1901
Clark was appointed to continue his vacant term, but did not qualify.
57th 3 Elected in 1901.

Retired.
March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1907
Democratic

William A. Clark
3
4

Paris Gibson
Democratic March 7, 1901 –
March 3, 1905
Elected to finish Clark's term.[2][3]

Retired.
58th
5

Thomas H. Carter
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
Elected January 16, 1905.[4]

Lost re-election.
4 59th
60th 4 Elected January 16, 1907.[5]

Lost re-election as a Progressive.
March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
Republican

Joseph M. Dixon
4
61st
6

Henry L. Myers
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1923
Elected March 2, 1911. 5 62nd
63rd 5 Elected January 14, 1913. March 4, 1913 –
March 2, 1933
Democratic

Thomas J. Walsh
5
64th
Re-elected in 1916.

Retired.
6 65th
66th 6 Re-elected in 1918.
67th
7

Burton K. Wheeler
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
January 3, 1947
Elected in 1922. 7 68th
69th 7 Re-elected in 1924.
70th
Re-elected in 1928. 8 71st
72nd 8 Re-elected in 1930.

Died.[6]
  March 2, 1933 –
March 13, 1933
Vacant
73rd
Appointed to continue Walsh's term.

Lost nomination to finish Walsh's term.
March 13, 1933 –
November 6, 1934
Democratic

John E. Erickson
6
Elected to finish Walsh's term.[7] November 7, 1934 –
January 3, 1961
Democratic

James E. Murray
7
Re-elected in 1934. 9 74th
75th 9 Elected to full term in 1936.
76th
Re-elected in 1940.

Lost renomination.
10 77th
78th 10 Re-elected in 1942.
79th
8

Zales Ecton
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1953
Elected in 1946.

Lost re-election.
11 80th
81st 11 Re-elected in 1948.
82nd
9

Mike Mansfield
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1977
Elected in 1952.[8] 12 83rd
84th 12 Re-elected in 1954.

Retired.
85th
Re-elected in 1958. 13 86th
87th 13 Elected in 1960.[9] January 3, 1961 –
January 12, 1978
Democratic

Lee Metcalf
8
88th
Re-elected in 1964. 14 89th
90th 14 Re-elected in 1966.
91st
Re-elected in 1970.

Retired.
15 92nd
93rd 15 Re-elected in 1972.

Died.
94th
10

John Melcher
Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1989
Elected in 1976. 16 95th
  January 12, 1978 –
January 22, 1978
Vacant
Appointed to finish Metcalf's term.

Lost nomination to full term.

Resigned early to give successor preferential seniority.
January 22, 1978 –
December 14, 1978
Democratic

Paul G. Hatfield
9
  December 14, 1978 –
December 15, 1978
Vacant
Appointed early to finish Hatfield's term, having already been elected to the next term.[10] December 15, 1978 –
February 6, 2014
Democratic

Max Baucus
10
96th 16 Elected in 1978.
97th
Re-elected in 1982.

Lost re-election.
17 98th
99th 17 Re-elected in 1984.
100th
11

Conrad Burns
Republican January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 2007
Elected in 1988. 18 101st
102nd 18 Re-elected in 1990.
103rd
Re-elected in 1994. 19 104th
105th 19 Re-elected in 1996.
106th
Re-elected in 2000.

Lost re-election.
20 107th
108th 20 Re-elected in 2002.
109th
12

Jon Tester
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
Present
Elected in 2006. 21 110th
111th 21 Re-elected in 2008.

Resigned to become U.S. Ambassador to China.
112th
Re-elected in 2012. 22 113th
  February 6, 2014 –
February 9, 2014
Vacant
Appointed to finish Baucus's term.

Retired.
February 9, 2014 –
January 3, 2015
Democratic

John Walsh
11
114th 22 Elected in 2014. January 3, 2015 –
Present
Republican

Steve Daines
12
115th
Re-elected in 2018. 23 116th
117th 23 Re-elected in 2020.
118th
To be determined in the 2024 election. 23 119th
120th 24 To be determined in the 2026 election.
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T   T Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 2

Living former senators

As of April 2022, there are two living former U.S. senators from Montana. The most recent senator to die was John Melcher (served 1977–1989) on April 12, 2018. The most recently serving senator to die was Conrad Burns (served 1989–2007) on April 28, 2016.

Senator Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Max Baucus December 15, 1978 – February 6, 2014 (1941-12-11) December 11, 1941 (age 80)
John Walsh February 9, 2014 – January 3, 2015 (1960-11-03) November 3, 1960 (age 61)

Superlatives

Longest service

Senator First served Last served Length of service
Max Baucus December 15, 1978 February 6, 2014 35 years, 53 days
(12,837 days)
James E. Murray November 7, 1934 January 3, 1961 26 years, 57 days
(9,554 days)
Mike Mansfield January 3, 1953 January 3, 1977 24 years, 0 days
(8,766 days)
Burton K. Wheeler March 4, 1923 January 3, 1947 23 years, 305 days
(8,706 days)
Thomas J. Walsh March 4, 1913 March 2, 1933 19 years, 363 days
(7,303 days)

Shortest service

Senator First served Last served Length of service
Paul G. Hatfield January 22, 1978 December 14, 1978 10 months, 3 weeks and 1 day
(326 days)
John Walsh February 9, 2014 January 3, 2015 10 months, 3 weeks and 4 days
(328 days)
John E. Erickson March 13, 1933 November 6, 1934 1 year, 7 months, 3 weeks and 3 days
(603 days)
Wilbur F. Sanders January 1, 1890 March 3, 1893 3 years, 2 months and 2 days
(1,157 days)
Paris Gibson March 7, 1901 March 3, 1905 3 years, 11 months, 3 weeks and 3 days
(1,457 days)

Youngest at beginning of service

Senator Date of birth First served Age
Max Baucus December 11, 1941 December 15, 1978 37 years and 4 days
Joseph M. Dixon July 31, 1867 March 4, 1907 39 years, 7 months and 4 days
Thomas H. Carter October 30, 1854 March 4, 1895 40 years, 4 months and 4 days
Burton K. Wheeler February 27, 1882 March 4, 1923 41 years and 5 days
Lee Mantle December 13, 1851 January 16, 1895 43 years, 1 month and 3 days

Oldest at end of service

Senator Date of birth Last served Age
James E. Murray May 3, 1876 January 3, 1961 84 years and 8 months
Paris Gibson July 1, 1830 March 3, 1905 74 years, 8 months and 2 days
Mike Mansfield March 16, 1903 January 3, 1977 73 years, 9 months and 18 days
Thomas J. Walsh June 12, 1859 March 2, 1933 73 years, 8 months and 18 days
Max Baucus December 11, 1941 February 6, 2014 72 years, 1 month and 26 days

References

  1. ^ Goodspeed, Weston Arthur, ed. (1904). "The Province and the States: A History of the Province of Louisiana Under France and Spain, And of the Territories and States of the United States Formed Therefrom" (Vol. VI ed.). Madison, Wisconsin: Western Historical Association. p. 457.
  2. ^ Tribune Staff. "125 Montana Newsmakers: Paris Gibson". Great Falls Tribune. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
  3. ^ "Gibson, Paris, (1830 - 1920)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
  4. ^ The World Almanac and Encyclopedia 1906. New York: The Press Publishing Co. New York World. 1905. p. 108.
  5. ^ The Tribune Almanac and Political Register 1908. New York: The Tribune Association. 1908. p. 259.
  6. ^ Tribune Staff. "125 Montana Newsmakers: Sen. Thomas J. Walsh". Great Falls Tribune. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
  7. ^ Tribune Staff. "125 Montana Newsmakers: Sen. James E. Murray". Great Falls Tribune. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
  8. ^ Tribune Staff. "125 Montana Newsmakers: Mike Mansfield". Great Falls Tribune. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
  9. ^ Tribune Staff. "125 Montana Newsmakers: Sen. Lee Metcalf". Great Falls Tribune. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
  10. ^ Tribune Staff. "125 Montana Newsmakers: Sen. Max Baucus". Great Falls Tribune. Retrieved August 29, 2011.

See also