V 1605 Mosel, a minesweeper and Vorpostenboot strafed by Allied aircraft
V 1605 Mosel, a minesweeper and Vorpostenboot strafed by Allied aircraft

A Vorpostenboot (plural Vorpostenboote) was an auxiliary warship used by Germany in both World Wars. Many vorpostenboote also served in other roles, such as sperrbrecher (mine clearance) and weather ships. During World War II, the Vorpostenboote were organized into several surface flotillas which were in turn attached to various German ports. Over 30 Vorpostenflotillas were established to operate off the German, Channel, Baltic and Scandinavian coasts.

1 Vorpostenflotille

1 Vorpostenflotille was active in the western Baltic from 1 October 1939 to 1 October 1940, when it was redesignated 3 Sperrbrecherflotille.[1][2]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
V 101 Schwan 1,311 GRT, 724 NRT.[3] Compound steam engine, single screw propeller.[3] 1938.[3] 1 October 1939.[1] Later served as Sperrbrecher 31 and Sperrbrecher 131. Survived the war, used by German Mine Sweeping Administration. Claimed by United Kingdom as a prize in 1947, renamed Weltonwold, later Rhineland. Sold to South Africa in 1956. Renamed Herriesbrook, later Inyoni. Scrapped 1962.[4]
V 102 Cressida 1,046 GRT, 477 NRT.[5] Compound steam engine, single screw propeller.[5] 1939.[6] 1 October 1939.[1] Survived the war and returned to civilian service, ran aground and sank off Karpathos, Greece on 23 December 1962.[7][8]
V 103 Sylvia 1,049 GRT.[9] 1 October 1939.[1] Survived the war, transferred to German Mine Sweeping Administration.[10]
V 104 Falke 998 GRT, 480 NRT.[11] Triple expansion steam engine, single screw propeller.[11] 31 July 1909.[10] 1 October 1939.[1] Bombed and sunk off Lorient, Morbihan, France, 8 August 1944.[10]
V 105 Cremon 268 GRT, 104 NRT.[12] Triple expansion steam engine, single screw propeller.[12] 1922.[13] 1 October 1939.[1] Struck a mine and sank in the Norwegian Sea off Bergen, Norway on 11 April 1940.[14]
V 106 Phönix 999 GRT, 530 NRT.[15] Triple expansion steam engine, single screw propeller.[15] 28 January 1913.[10] 1 October 1939.[1] Scuttled at Saint-Nazaire, Loire-Inférieure, France on 25 August 1944.[16]
V 107 Botilla Russ 996 GRT, 586 NRT.[17] Triple expansion steam engine, single screw propeller.[17] 1922.[17] 1 October 1939.[1] Struck a mine and sank off the coast of Finistère, France on 28 January 1944.[18]
V 108 Friedrich Karl 1,262 GRT, 589 NRT.[19] Triple expansion steam enging, single screw propeller.[19] 1938.[19] Struck a mine and sank off Borkum on 23 December 1942.[20]
V 108 Porjus 764 GRT, 355 NRT.[21] Diesel engine, single screw propeller.[21] 24 April 1937.[22] 1 October 1939.[1] Survived the war and returned to civilian service, wrecked off the coast of "Cheka" on 27 November 1976.[22]
V 109 Flamingo 975 GRT, 402 NRT,[23] 1,035 DWT.[24] Triple expansion steam engine, single screw propeller.[23] 1909.[23] 1 October 1939.[1] Struck a mine and sank off Lindesnes, Norway on 18 February 1945.[24]

2 Vorpostenflotille

2 Vorpostenflotille existed from September 1939 to December 1944, when it was disbanded. Many vessels were redesignated within the unit, later designations are shown in brackets[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
V 201 Seydlitz (V 211) 449 GRT, 167 NRT.[25] Triple expansion steam engine, single screw propeller.[25] 1936.[25] 1 October 1939.[1] Sunk in the English Channel off Barfleur, Manche, France by British aircraft on 20 March 1944.[26]
V 202 Franz Westermann (V 205) 481 GRT, 178 NRT.[27] Triple expansion steam engine, single screw propeller.[27] 1937.[27] 1 October 1939.[1] Sunk in an Allied air raid on St. Peter Port, Guernsey on 15 June 1944.[28][29]
V 203 Heinrich Buermann (V 207) Sunk in an Allied air raid on Le Havre, France on 14 June 1944.[30]
V 204 Dorum 470 GRT, 171 NRT.[31] Triple expansion steam engine, single screw propeller.[31] 1937.[31] 10 September 1939.[1] To 4 Vorpostenflotille, October 1939
V 205 Hermann Bösch (V 202) 470 GRT, 170 NRT.[32] Triple expansion steam engine, single screw propeller.[32] 1937.[32] 10 September 1939.[1] Shelled and sunk in the English Channel off La Hague, France by HMS Calpe and HMS Cottesmore on 28 July 1942.[33]
V 206 Gauleiter Telschow (V 209) 428 GRT, 159 NRT.[34] Triple expansion steam engine, single screw propeller.[34] 1937.[34] 12 September 1939.[1] Torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea off Heligoland by HMS Sturgeon on 20 November 1939.[35]
V 207 Otto Bröhan (V 206) 1 x 88mm gun, 1 x 20mm cannon (1939–43),
1 x 88mm gun, 5 x 20mm cannon (1943–44).[36]
510 GRT, 189 NRT.[37] Triple expansion steam engine, single screw propeller.[37] 1937.[37] 6 October 1939.[1] Scuttled at Caen, Calvados, France on 12 June 1944.[30]
V 208 Gebrüder Kähler (V 201) Struck a mine and sank in the Westerschelde on 5 September 1940.[38]
V 209 Carl Röver (V 203)
V 209 Dr. Rudolf Wahrendorff Sunk by Allied aircraft at St. Peter Port on 24 July 1944.
V 210 R. Walter Darré (V 208) Sunk in the English Channel off the coast of Normandy on 4 July 1944 by British MTBs.[39]
V 211 Friedrich Busse (V 212) Scuttled at Caen on 12 June 1944.[30]
V 212 Hinrich Hey (V 210) Sunk in the English Channel off the coast of Normandy, along with V 208 and a , by British Motor Torpedo Boats on 4 July 1944.[39]
V 213 Claus Bolten Sunk on 28 June 1944.[1]
V 213 Zieten (V 204)
V 214 Spica
V 214 Teutonia
V 215 Baden Sunk in the English Channel off Fécamp, France by the British Steam Gun Boats Grey Owl and Grey Shark on 9 August 1944.[40]
V 215 Hela Sunk in the Baltic Sea off Hel, Danzig-West Prussia by Soviet aircraft on 16 April 1945.[41]
V 215 Oliva Scuttled at Saint-Malo, Ille-et-Vilaine on 6 August 1944.[40]
V 216 Goeland Sunk on 6 August 1944.[1]
V 222 Scuttled at Brest, France on 18 August 1944.[40]
V 223 Scuttled at Brest, France on 18 August 1944.[40]
V 224 Scuttled at Brest, France on 18 August 1944.[40]
V 225 Scuttled at Brest, France on 18 August 1944.[40]
V 226 Scuttled at Brest, France on 18 August 1944.[40]
V 227 Scuttled at Brest, France on 18 August 1944.[40]

3 Vorpostenflotille

3 Vorpostenflotille was established in September 1939.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
V 301 Weser Struck a mine and sank in the Baltic Sea off Langeland, Denmark on 25 November 1939.[35]
V 302 Bremen
V 303 Tannenberg Sunk on 5 January 1941.
V 304 Breslau Struck a mine and sank on 17 September 1940.[42]
V 305 Ostpreussen
V 306 Fritz Hinke Struck a mine and sank in the North Sea off IJmuiden, Netherlands on 5 January 1940.[43]
V 307 Württemburg
V 308 Oscar Neynaber Torpedoed and sunk in the Baltic Sea by the Soviet Motor Torpedo Boat No. 12 on 23 September 1941.[44]
V 309 Martin Donandt Struck a mine and sank in the Baltic Sea off Ventspils, Latvia on 28 October 1941.[45]
V 310 Rosemarie
V 311 Osdorf
V 312 Hanseat Ran aground and was wrecked on 29 September 1942.[46]
V 313 Eifel
V 314 Heinrich Lehnert
V 315 Collided with Hendrik Fisser 7 and sank in the Baltic Sea off Großendorf, Danzig-West Prussia on 12 March 1945.[47]
V 316 Torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea off Den Helder, Netherlands by Allied aircraft on 25 September 1943.[48]
V 317 Wega

4 Vorpostenflotille

4 Vorpostenflotille was formed in September 1939 and was disbanded in September 1944. Many vessels were re-designated within the unit. Later designations are shown in brackets.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
V 401 Nordland (V 411)
V 401 Dr. Adolf Spilker (V 402) Scuttled at Bayonne on 21 August 1944.[40]
V 402 Hans Loh (V 406) Struck a mine and sank in the Gironde Estuary on 18 August 1944.[40]
V 403 Germania (V 410)
V 404 Deutschland (V 403) Struck a mine and sank off Vlissingen, Netherlands on 5 September 1940.[38]
V 404 Baden Scuttled at Bordeaux, France on 28 August 1944.[40]
V 405 J. Hinrich Wilhelms Sunk in July 1944.[1]
V 406 Jan Mayen (V 401) Scuttled at Bayonne, France on 21 August 1944.
V 407 Saarland (V 411) Sunk at Le Verdon-sur-Mer by Beaufighter aircraft on 26 August 1944.
V 407 Dorum 470 GRT, 171 NRT.[31] Triple expansion steam engine, single screw propeller.[31] 1937.[31] 10 September 1939 (as V204 Dorum).[1] Scuttled, either in the Gironde or at Bordeaux on 28 August 1944.[40]
V 408 Haltenbank Torpedoed and sunk in the Bay of Biscay by USS Blackfish on 20 February 1943.[49]
V 409 August Bösch Bombed and sunk at Les Sables-d'Olonne, France on 20 August 1944.
V 410 Germania Sunk in the Gironde Estuary by Beaufighter aircraft on 12 August 1944.[40]
V 412 Bremerhaven
V 413 Ferdinand Niedermeyer Sunk at Le Verdon-sur-Mer by Beaufighter aircraft on 21 August 1944.[40]
V 414 Sachsenwald 1 × 8.8 cm deck gun, 1 × 3.7 cm SK C/30 AA gun, 2 × 2 cm C/30 quad AA guns, 2 × 2 cm C/30 AA guns, 2 × 1.5 cm AA guns, depth charges 1,425 tonnes (1,402 long tons; 1,571 short tons) Triple expansion engine 1939 January 1940 Shelled and sunk in the Bay of Biscay on 6 August 1944.[50]
V 415 Gotland
V 420 Alcyon Sunk in the Gironde Estuary by Royal Air Force aircraft on 20 August 1943.[51]
V 421 Rauzan
V 422 Kergroise
V 423 Keryado
V 424 Carl J. Busch Single screw propeller 14 April 1925 1939 Sold to Norway post-war, eventually scrapped in November 1979.[52]

5 Vorpostengruppe

5 Vorpostengruppe was established in September 1939 and disbanded on 22 May 1940.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
Wandrahm (Schiff 4)
Birka (Schiff 8)
Neuss (Schiff 15)
Nerissa (Schiff 20)

6 Vorpostengruppe

6 Vorpostengruppe was established in September 1939 and disbanded on 22 May 1940.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
Jupiter (Schiff 1)
Möwe (Schiff 7)
Oldenburg (Schiff 35)
Schürbeck (Schiff 40)

6 Vorpostenflotille

6 Vorpostenflotille was established on 1 January 1943 and disbanded in September 1944.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
Dr. Heinrich Wiegand (Schiff 12)
V 602 Richard C. Krogmann Struck a mine and sank in the Charente on 11 November 1943.[53]
V 603 Carsten
V 604 Fritz Reiser
V 605 Arthur Dunker Struck a mine and sank in the English Channel off La Pallice on 14 August 1944.[40]
V 606 Fladengrund Sunk in the Bay of Biscay off Belle Île in a British air raid on 26 April 1944.[54]
V 607 Düsseldorf Struck a mine and sank in the English Channel off Dieppe on 23 August 1940.[55]
V 620 Derfflinger
V 621 Mars Sunk in the Bay of Biscay off Belle Île by Allied air attack on 6 July 1944.[39]
V 622 Almuth Struck a mine and sank in the Bay of Biscay off Saint-Nazaire on 8 April 1944.[54]
V 623 Jupiter Scuttled at Nantes on 11 August 1944.[40]
V 624 Köln
V 625 Johann Schulte
V 626 Le Testerin
V 627 Elise
V 628 De Ruyter

7 Vorpostenflotille

7 Vorpostenflotille was established on 22 September 1939. It was disbanded in September 1944.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
V 701 Este Struck a mine and sank in the Danish Straits on 21 October 1939.[56]
V 702 Memel Shelled and sunk off Audierne by HMS Mauritius, HMS Ursa and HMCS Iroquois on 23 August 1944.[40][57]
V 703 Henry Fricke Ran aground on Alderney and was wrecked on 14 January 1943.[58]
V 704 Claus Wisch Struck a mine in the Baltic Sea off Trelleborg on 30 November 1939, beached but declared a total loss.[35]
V 704 Richard Krogmann
V 705 Carsten
V 706 Fritz Reiser
V 707 Arthur Dunker
V 708 Fladengrund
V 709 Guido Möhring Torpedoed and sunk in the Bay of Biscay off Port Ley on 18 April 1941.[59][60]
V 710 Düsseldorf
V 711 Senator Predöhl
V 712 Struck a mine and sank in the English Channel off Cherbourg on 20 January 1944.[61]
V 712 Chemnitz Struck a mine and sank in the English Channel off Cherbourg on 20 January 1944.[61]
V 713 Leipzig Struck a mine and sank in the Bay of Biscay off Brest on 19 July 1944.[39]
V 714 Neubau 168
V 715 Alfred I Sunk in Bay of Biscay by HMCS Qu'Appelle, Restigouche, Saskatchewan, and Skeena on 7 July 1944.
V 716 Alfred II
V 717 Alfred III Sunk in Bay of Biscay by HMS Mauritius, HMS Ursa and HMCS Iroquois on 23 August 1944.
V 718
V 719 Neubau 240
V 720
V 721 Neubau 308 Shelled in English Channel by British ships on 6 July 1944, beached at Penmarc'h.[39]
V 722 Pilote XIII Struck a mine and sank in the English Channel near Brest (Bertheaume bay) on 15 March 1944. The wreck position in WGS84 is 48°18,77'N – 4°41,03'W.[26]
V 723 Jeanne Marie Shelled and sunk at Brest on 13 August 1944.[40]
V 724 St. Dominique Struck a mine and sank in the Bay of Biscay off Brest on 4 June 1944.[30]
V 725 Petit Poilu Bombed and sunk at Pauillac, Gironde, France on 5 August 1944.
V 726 Antifer
V 727 Goeland Scuttled at Saint-Malo, Ille-et-Vilaine, France on 14 August 1944.
V 728 Vierge de Nassabielle
V 729 Marie Simone Sunk in the Bay of Biscay by HMS Mauritius, HMS Ursa and HMCS Iroquois on 23 August 1944.
V 730 Michel François Sunk in the Bay of Biscay by HMS Mauritius, HMS Ursa and HMCS Iroquois on 23 August 1944.

8 Vorpostenflotille

8 Vorpostenflotille was formed in September 1939 and disbanded in 1945. One vessel was redesignated within the unit.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
V 801 Bayern Struck a mine and sank in the Wadden Sea off Ameland on 9 June 1940.[62]
V 801 Max Gundelach Sunk in the North Sea off Terschelling on 25 July 1943 by Allied action.[63]
V 801 Stoomloodsvartuig 17
V 802 Sagitta
V 803 Stuttgart (V 806)
V 803 Wiesbaden Sank on 15 August 1944.
V 804 Skolpenbank Struck a mine and sank in the North Sea off Schiermonnikoog on 17 October 1939.[64]
V 804 Spica
V 805 Island Struck a mine and sank in the North Sea off Terschelling on 20 July 1943.[65]
V 805 MFL 8
V 806 Stuttgart
V 807 Auguste Kämpf Torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea off Terschelling by Beaufighter aircraft of the RAF on 29 April 1943.[66]
V 807 MFL 1
V 808 Reichspräsident von Hindenburg Bombed and sunk in the North Sea off Borkum by RAF aircraft on 2 May 1941.[67]
V 808 Ehrensburger
V 809 Konsul Dubbers
V 810 Falkland Torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea off Land Wursten by aircraft of Coastal Command, RAF on 22 July 1944.[39]
V 811 Hugo Homann Struck a mine in the Ems estuary and sank on 6 May 1940.[68]
V 811 Claus Ebeling
V 812 Amtsgerichsrat Pitschke Sunk in an Allied air raid on 22 July 1944.[69]
V 813 Otto Krogmann
V 814 Gotland

9 Vorpostenflotille

9 Vorpostenflotille was established on 27 September 1939. It was disbanded on 23 April 1945.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
V 901 Senator Sprecher
V 902 Senator Sachse
V 903 Mainz
V 904 Else Wilhelms
V 905 Karl Bergh
V 906 Schwalbe
V 907 Spessart
V 907 N. Elbing
V 908 Claus Ebeling
V 909 Flensburg
V 910
V 911
V 912
V 913
V 914
V 915
V 916
V 917

10 Vorpostenflotille

10 Vorpostenflotille was established in September 1939. It was renamed 10 Sicherungsflottille on 1 October 1943.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
V 1001 Thüringen
V 1001 Stettin
V 1002 Tilly
V 1002 A. Kappelhof
V 1003 Welle
V 1003 Hanna
V 1004 Johanna
V 1004 Anna
V 1005 Cremona
V 1005 Amalie
V 1006 Hayo
V 1006 Elfriede
V 1007 Käthe
V 1007 Gesine
V 1008 Walküre
V 1008 Marie
V 1009 Gertrud
V 1009 Cornelia
V 1010 Allegro
V 1010 Martha
V 1011 Altair
V 1011 Adeline
V 1012 Anna Marie
V 1012 Erika
V 1013 Herinrich Brons
V 1014 Richard Ohlrogge Struck a mine and sank in the Great Belt on 20 July 1943.[70]
V 1014 Kiel

11 Vorpostenflotille

11 Vorpostenflotille was formed in September 1939. A few vessels were redesignated within the unit.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
V 1101 Preußen 425 grt Single Screw propeller 1930 1939 Sunk in the North Sea off Langeoog by rockets fired by RAF Beaufighters on 13 August 1944.[71]
V 1102 Gleiwitz Driven ashore and wrecked at Hanstholm, Denmark on 30 January 1943.[72]
V 1102 Lützow
V 1103 Nordkap Struck a mine and sank in the North Sea off Ameland, Netherlands on 29 May 1942.[73]
V 1103 Reemt
V 1104 Ernst von Briesen Torpedoed in the North Sea off Borkum by Coastal Command Beaufighters on 18 May 1943.[74]
V 1104 Weißenfels Struck a mine and sank in the North Sea off Cuxhaven on 14 February 1945.[75]
V 1105 Ernst Gröschel Struck a mine and sank in the North Sea on 26 January 1943.[72]
V 1105 Jochen Homann
V 1106 Heinrich Bueren Struck a mine and sank in the Elbe on 12 February 1945.[75]
V 1106 Neufundland
V 1107 Portland Torpedoed and sunk in the Norwegian Sea south of Stavanger by HMS Snapper on 25 June 1940.[76]
V 1108 Arctur Torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea off Texel on 2 August 1943.[51]
V 1109 Antares Struck a mine and sank in the North Sea off Haugesund on 29 May 1940.[77][78]
V 1109 Mähren Bombed and torpedoed in the North Sea off Den Helder by Royal Air Force aircraft 13 June 1943.[79]
V 1110 Hermann Hinrichs Torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea off Vlieland by Coastal Command Beaufighters on 17 May 1943.[74]
V 1111 Christian Wendig Bombed in the North Sea off Spiekeroog by Coastal Command Beaufighters on 21 July 1944, subsequently bombed again and sunk in the Jade Bight.[39]
V 1112
V 1113
V 1114 Bombed and sunk in the German Bight by RAF aircraft on 26 April 1945.[41]
V 1115

12 Vorpostenflotille

12 Vorpostenflotille was formed on 26 September 1939. It was disbanded in December 1947.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
V 1201 Düneck
V 1201 Juno
V 1201 De Mok I
V 1202 Angelina
V 1202 Friedrich Suthmeier
V 1203 Annemarie
V 1203 G. F. Zimmermenn
V 1204 Armin
V 1204 C. H. Metger
V 1204 Christiane Cécile
V 1205 Germania
V 1205 Ravensburg
V 1206 Maria Lina
V 1206 Ministerialdirektor Streil
V 1207 Emil
V 1207 P. von Rensen
V 1208 Elternsegen
V 1208 Heinrich Kappelhoff
V 1209 Jacobus
V 1209 H. Bramfeldt
V 1210 Anita III
V 1210 D. Dreesmann Penning
V 1211 Meta Osterwisch
V 1211 Leo Fürbinger
V 1212 Anna
V 1212 L. Ruyl
V 1213 Fro
V 1214 Joannes Georgius
V 1214 St. Joachim
V 1215 Hennie
V 1216 Marie
V 1217 Frida
V 1218
V 1219
V 1220
V 1221
V 1222
V 1223
V 1224

Losses

13 Vorpostenflotille

13 Vorpostenflotille was established in September 1939. It was disbanded in January 1945.[1]



14 Vorpostenflotille

14 Vorpostenflotille was established on 1 February 1943 and disbanded in 1945.[1]

† Losses:- V 1401 Deister suffered a boiler explosion and sank in the North Sea off IJmuiden, North Holland, Netherlands on 26 April 1944;[54] a vessel designated V 1401 was bombed and sunk at IJmuiden on 24 August 1944.[40] V 1405 Ritzebüttel (as V 2008 Ritzebüttel) struck a mine and sank in the Broad Fourteens off Westkapelle, West Flanders, Belgium on 25 February 1943. Ten crew were killed.[49][88] V 1408 Aue was torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea off IJmuiden by Bristol Beaufighter aircraft of the Royal Air Force on 29 April 1943. V 1409 Limburgia was torpedoed and sunk in Seine Bay by HMMGB 38 and HMMGB 39 on 18 April 1943.[66] V 1411 Zeemeeuw sank in the North Sea off IJmuiden on 5 July 1944.[39] V 1412 Witte Zee was sunk in the North Sea in a battle with HMMTB 455, HMMTB 457, HMMTB 458, HMMTB 467, HMMTB 468, HMMTB 469 and HMMTB 470 on 14 July 1944.[39] V 1415 Azimuth on 26 March 1944.[1] V 1416 was sunk at IJmuiden by Martin B-26 Marauder aircraft of the United States Eighth Air Force.[26] V 1417 Stoomloodsvartuig 11 was sunk in the North Sea off Terschelling, Friesland, Netherlands by British aircraft on 17 January 1945.[89]

15 Vorpostenflotille

15 Vorpostenflotille was formed in September 1939. It was disbanded in 1945.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
V 1501 Wiking 7 Torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel off Cap d'Antifer on 27 September 1943.[48]
V 1502 Wiking 6 1939 1939 Seized by Royal Navy at Emden on 29 October 1945.
V 1503 Wiking 10 1939 1940 Seized by Royal Navy at Emden on 29 October 1945.
V 1504 Wiking 8 1939 1940 Seized by Royal Navy at Emden on 29 October 1945.
V 1505 Wal 8 Bombed and sunk at Le Havre on 15 June 1944.[30]
V 1506 Wal 9 Bombed and sunk in the English Channel off Le Havre on 15 June 1944.[90]
V 1507 Rau VI Torpedoed and sunk in the Skaggerak by HMS Triton on 15 April 1940.[91]
V 1507 Rau I Struck a mine and sank in the English Channel off Cap d'Antifer on 12 June 1944.[30]
V 1508 Rau III Torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel off Boulogne by Royal Navy Torpedo Boat on 23 July 1941.[92]
V 1509 Rau II Sunk in the English Channel off Cap d'Antifer by enemy action on 5 June 1944.[93]
V 1510 Unitas 6 Struck a wreck and foundered in the English Channel off Dieppe on 2 June 1942.[94]
V 1511 Rau IV
V 1511 Unitas 7 Sunk in Allied air raid at Le Havre on 14 June 1944.[30]
V 1512 Unitas 8
V 1513 Linz
V 1514 Beuthen Struck a mine and sank in the English Channel off Dieppe on 25 November 1942.[95]
V 1515 Rothienbaum Bombed at Le Havre on 2 April 1942, raised as M3857 Rothienbaum, sunk again at La Pallice on 16 September 1943.[48]
V 1516 Rouen
V 1517 Kerdonis II
V 1520 Loodsboot 6
V 1521 Vimy
V 1522 Dauphin
V 1523 Deltra I
V 1524 Patrice
V 1525 Eglantine
V 1530
V 1531
V 1532
V 1533
V 1534
V 1535
V 1536
V 1537 Sunk in an Allied air raid on Le Havre on 15 June 1944.[30]
V 1538
V 1539
V 1540 Sunk in an Allied air raid on Le Havre on 15 June 1944.[30]
V 1541 Sunk in an Allied air raid on Le Havre on 15 June 1944.[30]
V 1548 Gebrüder Kähler
V 1549 Berlebeck
V 1549 Hoheweg

The unit also operated these Flower-class corvettes captured whilst under construction in France.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
PA 1 16 October 1940 Captured June 1940 Bombed and sunk by Royal Air Force aircraft at Le Havre on 15 June 1944.[96]
PA 2 22 November 1940 Captured June 1940 Bombed and sunk by Royal Air Force aircraft at Le Havre on 15 June 1944.[97]
PA 3 29 November 1940 Captured June 1940 Bombed and sunk by Royal Air Force aircraft at Le Havre on 15 June 1944.[98]
PA 4 Not completed Captured June 1940 Scuttled as a blockship at Nantes in August 1944.

16 Vorpostengruppe

16 Vorpostengruppe was formed in July 1940. It was redesignated 16 Vorpostenflotille on 20 September 1940.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
Koblenz (Schiff 9) Struck a mine and sank in the North Sea off Bergen, Norway on 11 April 1940.[14]
Altenland (Schiff 18)
Schleswig (Schiff 37)

16 Vorpostenflotille

16 Vorpostenflotille was formed on 20 September 1940. It was disbanded in July 1945.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
V 1601 Skorpion
V 1601 Lindormen
V 1602 La Provence Struck a mine and sank in the Skaggerak on 5 February 1943.[49]
V 1603 Termidor
V 1604 Natter
V 1605 Alma
V 1605 Mosel Bombed and sunk in the Skaggerak off Justøy by Canadian Beaufighters on 15 October 1944.[99]
V 1606 Girolou
V 1606 Julius Fock Sunk in the Baltic Sea off Steinort by Soviet aircraft on 7 December 1944.[100]
V 1607 Nord Caper
V 1608 Sülldorf Sunk off Kristiansand by Beaufighters of 235 and 248 Squadrons and Mosquitoes of 404 Squadron on 14 September 1944.[80]
V 1609 Othmarschen
V 1610 Innsbruck Sunk in the Kattegat by Mosquitoes of 235 and 248 Squadrons on 7 March 1945.[101]
V 1611 Forst
V 1612 Gotha Sunk in the Kattegat by Mosquitoes of 235 and 248 Squadrons on 7 March 1945.[101]
V 1613 Jane
V 1613 Riebo
V 1614 Tormilind
V 1614 Neerlandia
V 1615 Tietie
V 1616 Pirola
V 1617 Jaweg
V 1620 KOL 15
V 1621 SAG 29
V 1622 PIL 29
V 1623 PIL 76

17 Vorpostenflotille

17 Vorpostenflotille was formed in June 1940. It was disbanded in 1945.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
V 1701 Unitas 2 Bombed and sunk in Narva Bay by Soviet aircraft on 8 May 1944.[87]
V 1701 Bahrenfeld
V 1702 Unitas 3 Collided with U-987 and sank in the Baltic Sea on 17 February 1944.[102]
V 1703 Unitas 4
V 1704 Unitas 5
V 1705 Rau XI
V 1706 Rau XII
V 1707 Wiking 4 Sunk in the Baltic Sea off Kotka by Soviet aircraft on 16 July 1944.[39]
V 1708 Süd III Incorporated into Royal Netherlands Navy, decommissioned and scrapped in 1962.[103]
V 1709 Wal 1
V 1710 Natter
V 1715 Kol 15
V 1716 SAG 29
V 1717 PIL 29
V 1718 PIL 76

18 Vorpostengruppe

18 Vorpostengruppe was formed in July 1940. It was redesignated 18 Vorpostenflotille on 3 October 1940.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
Wega (Schiff 7)
Julius Pickenpack (Schiff 26)
Wilhelm Huth (Schiff 47)

18 Vorpostenflotille

18 Vorpostenflotille was formed on 3 October 1940. It was disbanded in 1945.[1]

†Losses:- V 1801 Lutteur was named O 22 S when she sank in December 1941. She was subsequently salvaged and repaired. She was sunk in an Allied air raid on Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein on 12 April 1944 but was salvaged in December 1944, repaired and returned to service.[104] V 1802 Orient was sunk in the Baltic Sea off Memel, East Prussia by Soviet aircraft on 11 November 1944.[105] V 1805 Senateur Louis Brindeau was sunk in an Allied air raid on Le Havre, Seine-Maritime, France on 15 June 1944.[30] V 1807 Wagram struck a mine and sank on 14 August 1942.[106] V 1808 Dortmund struck a mine and sank in the Broad Fourteens on 23 May 1942.[73] V 1810 Condor was bombed and sunk in the English Channel off Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, France on 2 June 1944.[30] V 1814 Linz was sunk in an Allied air raid on Boulogne on 16 June 1944. V 1815 Loodsboot 6 was sunk in an Allied air rain on Boulogne on 16 June 1944.[30]

19 Vorpostenflotille

19 Vorpostenflotille was formed in July 1940. It was redesignated 5 Sicherungsflotille on 1 October 1943. One vessel was redesignated within the unit.[1]

Ship Armament Displacement Propulsion Service
Launched Commissioned Fate
V 1901 Präsident Mutzenbecher (V 1924)
V 1901 Richard Ohlrogge
V 1902 Amsel
V 1903 Fink
V 1904 Stieglitz
V 1905 Iltis
V 1906 Gunther
V 1907 Emden
V 1908 Kranich
V 1909 Brunhild
V 1910 Wellgunde
V 1911 Johann Georg
V 1912 Fortuna
V 1913 Leer
V 1914 Alma II
V 1915 Girolou
V 1916 Weser I Sank 20 June 1942
V 1921 Habicht
V 1922 Nürnberg
V 1923 Ostpreußen
V 1925 Unitas 9
V 1926 Ernst Schweckendieck
V 1927 Johann Wessels

20 Vorpostenflotille

20 Vorpostenflotille was formed in July 1940. It was renamed 20 Minensuchflotille post-war.[1]

† Losses:- V 2001 Pastor Pype was wrecked in the Wadden Sea on 5 March 1942. All 28 crew were rescued.[107] V 2001 Uranus was sunk in the Baltic Sea by Soviet aircraft on 2 May 1945.[108] V 2002 Madeleine Louise was bombed and sunk in the North Sea off Terschelling, Friesland, Netherlands by Lockheed Hudson aircraft of 407 Squadron, Royal Air Force on 15 May 1942.[73] V 2003 Loodsboot 7 was torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea off Terschelling by Royal Navy Motor Gun Boats and Motor Torpedo Boats on 1 October 1942.[109] V 2004 Loodsboot 12 was torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea off IJmuiden, North Holland, Netherlands by a Motor Torpedo Boat on 2 June 1944.[30] V 2008 Ritzebüttel struck a mine and sank in the Broad Fourteens off Westkapelle, West Flanders, Belgium on 25 February 1943.[49][88] V 2009 Niedersachsen was sunk in the Scheldt by Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boats on 25 August 1944.[40] V 2016 was sunk in the North Sea by Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boats on 16 October 1944.[84] V 2018 Vogtland struck a mine and was damaged in the North Sea off Terschelling on 28 March 1943. She was taken in tow by V 801 Max Gundelach but struck another mine the next day and sank with the loss of four of her crew.[110] V 2019 Adolf Hitler was bombed and severely damaged in the Scheldt on 28 June 1943 and was beached.[79] V 2020 Alexander Becker was torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea off Egmond aan Zee, North Holland by Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boats on 10 June 1944.[111] V 2021 Nürnberg was sunk in the North Sea off Den Helder, North Holland by HMMTB 666, HMMTB 681, HMMTB 683, HMMTB 684, HMMTB 687 and HMMTB 723 on 9 June 1944.[30] V 2022 Emil Colsmann was torpedoed and sunk in the Kattegat by the Soviet submarine L-21 on 23 March 1945.[101][112] V 2023 Karlsburg was sunk in an American air raid on Swinemünde, Pomerania on 12 March 1945.[101]

51 Vorpostenflotille

51 Vorpostenflotille was formed on 23 December 1940. It was disbanded in June 1945. A number of vessels were redesignated within the unit.[113]

† Losses:- V 5101 Blitz was torpedoed and sunk in Nordfjord by Royal Air Force aircraft on 12 December 1944.[114] V 5102 Donner was shelled and sunk in the Skaggerak by HMS Onslow and HMS Oribi on 27 December 1942.[115] V 5103 Taifun collided with the Norwegian coaster Fjæra and sank on 9 August 1942.[116] V 5106 Sturm was sunk in a naval battle on 11 February 1944.[117] V 5107 Sturm collided with Carl Rehder and sank at Sognesjøen, sogn og Fjordane, Norway on 16 September 1941.[118] V 5107 Karmöy was sunk in Lødingen, Norway by aircraft from HMS Invincible on 20 November 1944.[119] V 5108 Föhn was shelled and sunk in the Skaggerak by HMS Oribi on 27 December 1941.[120]
‡ Formerly named Hareidingen.[113]
‡‡ Formerly named Aalesund.[113]

53 Vorpostenflotille

53 Vorpostenflotille was formed on 23 December 1940. It was disbanded in June 1945. A number of vessels were redesignated within the unit.

† Losses:- V 5304 was sunk at Lervik, Østfold, Norway by de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of 143 Squadron, Royal Air Force on 15 January 1945.[89] V 5307 Felix Scheder was bombed and sunk in the Norwegian Sea off Stad, Norway by Fleet Air Arm aircraft based on HMS Furious and HMS Trumpeter on 12 September 1944.[80][121] V 5311 Seeotter struck a mine and sank off "Gejta", Norway on 5 July 1945 with the loss of 23 of her crew.[122]
‡Formerly named Jim.
Formerly named Pol VIII.

55 Vorpostenflotille

55 Vorpostenflotille was formed in December 1940. It was disbanded in June 1945. A number of vessels were redesignated within the unit.[48][113]

† Losses:- V 5502 Biber was sunk in Hjeltefjorden by Bristol Beaufighter and de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of the Banff Strike Wing, Royal Air Force on 24 September 1944.[80] V 5502 Snøgg ran aground on the Norwegian coast on 1 September 1943. She sank on 6 September during salvage attempts.[48] V 5506 Zick was sunk in Hjeltefjord by de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of 235 and 248 Squadrons, Royal Air Force on 23 October 1944. V 5525 was sunk in Sognefjord by HNoMS MTB-709 and HNoMS MTB-712 on 2 November 1944. V 5531 was sunk in Sognefjord by HNoMS MTB-709 and HNoMS MTB-712 on 2 November 1944.[105]

57 Vorpostenflotille

57 Vorpostenflotille was formed in November 1940. It was disbanded in June 1945. A number of vessels were redesignated within the unit.[113]

†Losses:- V 5705 Elsaß struck a mine and sank in the Norwegian Sea off Bodø, Nordland, Norway on 27 September 1943.[48] V 5706 Ostmark ran aground and sank on 16 March 1941.[123] V 5718 Coburg on 18 November 1943.[113] V 5722 Hornack was sunk at Rørvik, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway by Allied aircraft on 26 October 1944.[84]

59 Vorpostenflotille

59 Vorpostenflotille was formed in February 1941. It was disbanded in June 1945.[113]

† Losses:- V 5905 Nordriff ran aground and was wrecked in Lopphavet on 29 December 1942.[124] V 5907 Geier was shelled and sunk off Lofoten, Norway by HMS Ashanti on 26 December 1941.[114] V 5908 Penang on 26 January 1944. V 5909 Coronel struck a mine and sank in Varangerfjord on 1 February 1943.[49][113]

61 Vorpostenflotille

61 Vorpostenflotille was formed in November 1940. It was disbanded in June 1945. A number of vessels were redesignated within the unit.[113]

† Losses:- V 6101 Gauleiter Bohle was bombed and sunk in the Norwegian Sea by Soviet Curtiss Kittyhawk, Ilyushin Il-2 and Yakovlev Yak-9 aircraft on 25 September 1944.[80][125] V 6102 Köln was torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea by STS-206 or TKA-205 on 19 August 1944.[40] V 6106 Tirol was torpedoed and sunk in Varangerfjord by Soviet Navy torpedo boats on 12 December 1943.[126] V 6107 was sunk in Varangerfjord by Soviet aircraft on 17 October 1944.[84] V 6109 Nordwind was torpedoed and sunk in Busse Sound by Soviet aircraft on 23 March 1944.[26] V 6111 Masuren was torpedoed and sunk in Korsfjord by Soviet aircraft on 24 October 1944.[84] V 6112 Friese was torpedoed and sunk off Vardø, Finnmark, Norway by the Soviet submarine M-201 on 19 August 1944.[40] V 6113 Gote was torpedoed and sunk in Kongsfjord by Ilyushin Il-4 aircraft of the Soviet Ninth Guards Regiment.[87] V 6115 Ostwind was torpedoed and sunk in the Barents Sea off Kiberg, Finnmark by the Soviet submarine M-172 on 1 February 1943.[127] V 6116 Ubier and V 6117 Cherusker struck a mine and sank in Porsangerfjord on 6 December 1943.[95]

63 Vorpostenflotille

63 Vorpostenflotille was formed in May 1944. It was disbanded in 1945.[128]

† Losses:- V 6307 Mob-FD 2 Jupiter was sunk by Soviet aircraft in Norwegian waters on 17 July 1944.[39] V 6311 Polarstern was bombed and sunk in Syltefjord by Soviet aircraft on 22 October 1944.[84][128]

64 Vorpostenflotille

64 Vorpostenflotille was formed in June 1944. It was disbanded in 1945.[128]

† Losses:- V 6408 Skagerak was torpedoed and sunk off Folda, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway by HNoMS Utsira on 16 January 1945.[89] V 6413 Fro was sunk off Trondheim, Norway by aircraft based on HMS Pursuer on 14 November 1944.[105]

65 Vorpostenflotille

65 Vorpostenflotille was formed in May 1944. It was disbanded in 1945.[128]

† Losses: V 6507 Othmarschen in the Danish Straits on 3 October 1945.[128] V 6517 was torpedoed and sunk off northern Norway by the Soviet submarine V-2 on 11 October 1944.[129]

66 Vorpostenflotille

66 Vorpostenflotille was formed in May 1944. It was disbanded in 1945.[128]

† Losses:- V 6605 Markgraf von Hindenburg on 8 March 1945. V 6607 Charlotte Sophie on 18 June 1945.[128]

67 Vorpostenflotille

67 Vorpostenflotille was formed on 1 July 1944. It was disbanded in 1945.[128]

† Losses:- V 6704 was scuttled at Vadsø, Finnmark, Norway on 15 October 1944. V 6707 was sunk at Kirkenes, Finnmark by Soviet aircraft on 16 October 1944.[84] V 6719 struck a mine and sank in the Baltic Sea off Swinemünde, Pomerania on 26 September 1944.[80] V 6733 Widder was sunk by Allied aircraft at Horten, Vestfold, Norway on 23 February 1945.[130]

68 Vorpostenflotille

68 Vorpostenflotille was formed in May 1944. It was disbanded in 1945.[128]

† Losses:- V 6801 Viking was sunk in Ålesund by Bristol Beaufighter aircraft of the Royal Air Force on 17 October 1944.[84] V 6803 Burgunder on 17 August 1944.[128]

7 and 13 Sicherungsflotille

7 Sicherungflotille was formed in February 1943 and was expanded in March 1943. It was disbanded in October 1944 and its vessels transferred to 13 Sicherungflotille, which was disbanded on 24 April 1945.[131]

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