The Washington Nationals are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Washington, D.C.. They play in the National League East division. Formed as an expansion team in 1969 as the Montreal Expos, they were based in Montreal, Quebec, through the 2004 season. In 2005 they moved to Washington, D.C. and become known as the Washington Nationals. Seven no-hitters have been pitched in franchise history, four while the team was based in Montreal as the Expos, and three as the present-day Washington Nationals.
A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball only "when a pitcher (or pitchers) allows no hits during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings". No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form.
Dennis Martínez threw the first and thus far only perfect game, a special subcategory of no-hitter, in Expos/Nationals franchise history on July 28, 1991, during the Expos era. As defined by Major League Baseball, "in a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game."
The umpire is also an integral part of any no-hitter. The task of the umpire in a baseball game is to make any decision "which involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted ball is fair or foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, or whether a runner is safe or out… [the umpire's judgment on such matters] is final." Part of the duties of the umpire making calls at home plate includes defining the strike zone, which "is defined as that area over homeplate (sic) the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap." These calls define every baseball game and are therefore integral to the completion of any no-hitter.
The manager is another integral part of any no-hitter. The tasks of the manager include determining the starting rotation as well as batting order and defensive lineup every game.
|¶||Indicates a perfect game|
|£||Pitcher was left-handed|
|*||Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum|
|1||April 17, 1969||Bill Stoneman (1)||7–0||5||@ Philadelphia Phillies||John Bateman||Tom Gorman||Gene Mauch (1)||
|2||October 2, 1972||Bill Stoneman (2)||7–0||8||New York Mets||Tim McCarver||John McSherry||Gene Mauch (2)|||
|3||May 10, 1981||Charlie Lea||4–0||4||San Francisco Giants||Gary Carter||Jim Quick||Dick Williams||
|4||July 28, 1991||Dennis Martínez¶||2–0||0||@ Los Angeles Dodgers||Ron Hassey||Larry Poncino||Tom Runnells|||
|5||September 28, 2014||Jordan Zimmermann||1–0||2||Miami Marlins||Wilson Ramos (1)||Alan Porter||Matt Williams (1)||
|6||June 20, 2015||Max Scherzer (1)||6–0||1||Pittsburgh Pirates||Wilson Ramos (2)||Mike Muchlinski||Matt Williams (2)||
|7||October 3, 2015||Max Scherzer (2)||2–0||2||@ New York Mets||Wilson Ramos (3)||Tony Randazzo||Matt Williams (3)||