Municipality of Shanghai
Municipality
Seat: Huangpu District
County level divisions
Sub-provincial new areas1
Districts15
Township level divisions
Towns106
Townships2
Subdistricts106
Villages level divisions
Communities4,463
Administrative villages1,571
Shanghai Civil Affairs Bureau (June 30, 2019). "上海民政-上海市行政区划情况统计表(截至2019年06月30日)". Shanghai Civil Affairs Bureau website (in Chinese (China)). Retrieved August 20, 2019.

Shanghai is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of People's Republic of China, and is further divided into 16 districts. There is no single downtown district in Shanghai as the urban core is scattered across several districts, although Huangpu is generally considered the center of Shanghai. Today's Huangpu is the result of the mergers of three old districts: the original Huangpu District merged with Nanshi District in 2000, and in 2011 Luwan District also merged into Huangpu. Huangpu is now the location of the city hall, The Bund, and shopping areas including the famous Nanjing Road, Huaihai Road, and Xintiandi. Across the Huangpu River, Pudong includes Lujiazui, the financial center of Shanghai as well as China, and has been undergoing rapid development since its formation in 1992. In April 2009 Nanhui District was merged into Pudong.[1] Other prominent business and shopping areas include Xujiahui in Xuhui District, Jing'an Temple in Jing'an District, Hongqiao in Changning District, Wujiaochang in Yangpu District, and North Sichuan Road in Hongkou District. Many universities in Shanghai are located in Yangpu, Minhang, and Songjiang Districts.

Seven of the districts are situated in Puxi (literally Huangpu West), or the older part of urban Shanghai on the west bank of the Huangpu River. These seven districts are collectively referred to as downtown Shanghai (上海市区) or the city centre (市中心).The downtown district also includes Pudong New Area. (Within the outer ring line)

Chongming, Changxing, Hengsha, and Yuansha Islands at the mouth of the Yangtze River are governed by Chongming District.

Administrative divisions

All of these administrative divisions are explained in greater detail at Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China. This chart lists only county-level divisions of Shanghai.

County Level
Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Division code[2] Area (km²)[3] Population (2018 census)[3] Density (/km²)
   Huangpu District[4]
(City seat)
黄浦区 Huángpǔ Qū 310101 HGP 20.46 653,800 31,955
   Xuhui District 徐汇区 Xúhuì Qū 310104 XHI 54.76 1,084,400 19,803
   Changning District 长宁区 Chángníng Qū 310105 CNQ 38.30 694,000 18,120
   Jing'an District 静安区 Jìng'ān Qū 310106 JAQ 36.88 1,062,800 28,818
   Putuo District 普陀区 Pǔtuó Qū 310107 PTQ 54.83 1,281,900 23,380
   Hongkou District 虹口区 Hóngkǒu Qū 310109 HKQ 23.48 797,000 33,944
   Yangpu District 杨浦区 Yángpǔ Qū 310110 YPU 60.73 1,312,700 21,615
   Pudong New Area 浦东新区 Pǔdōng Xīnqū 310115 PDX 1,210.41 5,550,200 4,585
   Minhang District 闵行区 Mǐnháng Qū 310112 MHQ 370.75 2,543,500 6,860
   Baoshan District 宝山区 Bǎoshān Qū 310113 BAO 270.99 2,042,300 7,536
   Jiading District 嘉定区 Jiādìng Qū 310114 JDG 464.20 1,588,900 3,423
   Jinshan District 金山区 Jīnshān Qū 310116 JSH 586.05 805,000 1,374
   Songjiang District 松江区 Sōngjiāng Qū 310117 SOJ 605.64 1,762,200 2,910
   Qingpu District 青浦区 Qīngpǔ Qū 310118 QPU 670.14 1,219,100 1,819
   Fengxian District 奉贤区 Fèngxián Qū 310120 FXI 687.39 1,152,000 1,676
   Chongming District 崇明区 Chóngmíng Qū 310151 CMG 1,185.49 688,100 580

Further divisions

Main article: List of township-level divisions of Shanghai

As of 2009, these administrative divisions are further divided into the following 210 township-level divisions: 109 towns, 2 townships, 99 subdistricts. Those are in turn divided into the following village-level divisions: 3,640 neighborhood committees and 1,722 village committees.[5]

Recent changes in administrative divisions

Date Before After Note Reference[6][7]
1980-10-30 parts of Baoshan County Wusong District established
1981-02-22 parts of Xuhui District Minhang District established
parts of Shanghai County established
1988-01-12 Baoshan County Baoshan District reorganized
Wusong District merged into
1992-09-26 Shanghai County Minhang District merged into State Council [1992]130
1992-10-11 Chuansha County Pudong New Area reorganized State Council [1992]145
parts of Nanshi District
parts of Huangpu District
parts of Yangpu District
Jiading County Jiading District reorganized State Council [1992]147
1997-04-29 Jinshan County Jinshan District reorganized State Council [1997]29
1998-04-29 Songjiang County Songjiang District reorganized State Council [1998]16
1999-09-16 Qingpu County Qingpu District reorganized State Council [1999]113
2000-06-13 Nanshi District Huangpu District merged into State Council [2000]65
2001-01-09 Fengxian County Fengxian District reorganized State Council [2001]2
Nanhui County Nanhui District reorganized State Council [2001]3
2009-04-24 Nanhui District Pudong New Area merged into State Council [2009]52
2011-05-20 Luwan District Huangpu District merged into State Council [2011]59
2015-10-13 Zhabei District Jing'an District merged into State Council [2015]183
2016-06-08 Chongming County Chongming District reorganized State Council [2016]97

Historical divisions

Republic of China era (1911–1949)

County / City Present division
Shanghai City
上海市
Huangpu, Xuhui, Changning,
Jing'an, Putuo, Hongkou,
Yangpu
Shanghai County, Jiangsu
上海縣
Minhang
Songjiang County, Jiangsu
松江縣
Songjiang
Nanhui County, Jiangsu
南匯縣
Pudong
Qingpu County, Jiangsu
青浦縣
Qingpu
Fengxian County, Jiangsu
奉賢縣
Fengxian
Jinshan County, Jiangsu
金山縣
Jinshan
Chuansha County, Jiangsu
川沙縣
Pudong
Jiading County, Jiangsu
嘉定縣
Jiading
Baoshan County, Jiangsu
寶山縣
Baoshan
Chongming County, Jiangsu
崇明縣
Chongming

References

  1. ^ Chinese Shanghai Statistical Yearbook 2010
  2. ^ 最新县及县以上行政区划代码(截止2014年10月31日)
  3. ^ a b Chinese [1]
  4. ^ Huangpu District's area and population are the sums of Huangpu and Luwan districts in sources, as the two merged in 2011.
  5. ^ Shanghai Statistical Yearbook 2010 - Administrative Division
  6. ^ 中华人民共和国行政区划沿革 (1949-2006). www.gov.cn. Government of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  7. ^ 县级以上行政区划变更情况 (1999-present). www.mca.gov.cn. Ministry of Civial Affairs of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 11 January 2016.