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Most human civilizations – India, Greece, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Rome, and Persia, among others – based their culture[1] on complex systems of astrology, which provided a link between the cosmos with the conditions and events on earth.[2] For these, the astrological practice was not mere divination because it also served as the foundation for their spiritual culture and knowledge-systems used for practical purposes such as the calendar (see Mesoamerican calendrical shamans[3]) and medicine (e.g. I Ching).

Astrological tradition even contributed to the development of astronomy as the study of the skies provided invaluable insights about celestial bodies. For instance, the Ptolemaic astrological tradition has already listed some of the planets in the Solar System and their movements.[4]

The following is an incomplete list of the different traditions, types, systems, methods, applications, and branches of astrology.

By theoretical framework

By culture (contemporary forms)

By time (historical development)

By type or function

Recent Western developments

Traditions which have arisen relatively recently in the West:

Relationships with other disciplines and systems of belief

See also


  1. ^ Campion, Nicholas (2019-05-23). "Astrology in Ancient Greek and Roman Culture". Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Planetary Science. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190647926.013.46. ISBN 978-0-19-064792-6. Retrieved 2023-01-21.
  2. ^ Frawley, David (2005). Ayurvedic Astrology: Self-healing Through the Stars. Twin Lakes, Wisconsin: Lotus Press. p. 3. ISBN 8120831349.
  3. ^ Burns, William (2018). Astrology through History: Interpreting the Stars from Ancient Mesopotamia to the Present. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. p. 225. ISBN 9781440851421.
  4. ^ Mancuso, Piergabriele (2010). Sefer Ḥakhmoni. Leiden: BRILL. pp. 321. ISBN 9789004167629.