Cantons shaded by the largest party in the cantonal parliament:
  Swiss People's Party (SVP/UDC)
  FDP.The Liberals (FDP/PLR)

This is a list of cantonal legislatures of Switzerland. Each canton has a democratically elected cantonal legislature, as well as elected members to the Federal Assembly. The cantonal legislatures are elected for four years, except in Fribourg, Vaud, Geneva and Jura, which elect their legislatures for five years.

The largest legislature, in Zürich, has 180 members, whilst the smallest, in less-populous Appenzell Innerrhoden, has only 49 members. Appenzell Innerrhoden is also the only legislature that is non-partisan. All other legislatures operate party political systems. The Swiss People's Party (SVP/UDC) and FDP.The Liberals are the largest party in eight legislatures each, whilst the Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP/PDC) is the largest in six and the Social Democratic Party (SP/PS) is the largest in three.

Two cantons, Appenzell Innerrhoden and Glarus, hold Landsgemeinden as their highest legislative body. Under this system, a form of direct democracy, all adult citizens may attend an annual general assembly, where they may vote on laws. A permanent legislature also sits more frequently, but sovereignty resides with the Landsgemeinden. For the purpose of this article, the permanent legislature is considered the cantonal legislature.


The legislatures of the cantons have various terms used in the four official languages of Switzerland:


Canton Legislature
Official name(s)
Members Largest party Last election Next election
AG Aargau Grand Council
Grosser Rat  (German)
140 SVP (43) 2020 2024
Appenzell Ausserrhoden
AR Appenzell Ausserrhoden Cantonal Council
Kantonsrat  (German)
65 FDP (24) 2019 2023
Appenzell Innerrhoden
AI Appenzell Innerrhoden Grand Council[Note 1]
Grosser Rat  (German)
49 Non-partisan 2019 2023
BS Basel-Stadt Grand Council
Grosser Rat  (German)
100 SP (30) 2020 2024
BL Basel-Landschaft Landrat  (German) 90 SP (22) 2019 2023
BE Bern Grand Council
Grosser Rat  (German)
Grand Conseil  (French)
160 SVP (46) 2018 2022
FR Fribourg Grand Council
Grand Conseil  (French)
Grosser Rat  (German)
110 SP (28) 2016 2021
GE Geneva Grand Council
Grand Conseil  (French)
100 FDP (28) 2018 2023
GL Glarus Landrat  (German)[Note 1] 60 SVP (16) 2018 2022
GR Grisons Grand Council
Grosser Rat  (German)
Cusegl grond  (Romansh)
Gran Consiglio  (Italian)
120 FDP (36) 2018 2022
JU Jura Parliament
Parlement  (French)
60 CVP (15) 2020 2025
LU Lucerne Cantonal Council
Kantonsrat  (German)
120 CVP (34) 2019 2023
NE Neuchâtel Grand Council
Grand Conseil  (French)
115 FDP (32) 2021 2025
NW Nidwalden Landrat  (German) 60 FDP (17) 2018 2022
OW Obwalden Cantonal Council
Kantonsrat  (German)
55 CVP (15) 2018 2022
SH Schaffhausen Cantonal Council
Kantonsrat  (German)
60 SVP (16) 2020 2024
SZ Schwyz Cantonal Council
Kantonsrat  (German)
100 SVP (33) 2020 2024
SO Solothurn Cantonal Council
Kantonsrat  (German)
100 FDP (22) 2021 2025
St. Gallen
SG St. Gallen Cantonal Council
Kantonsrat  (German)
120 SVP (35) 2020 2024
TG Thurgau Grand Council
Grosser Rat  (German)
130 SVP (46) 2020 2024
TI Ticino Grand Council
Gran Consiglio  (Italian)
90 FDP (23) 2019 2023
UR Uri Landrat  (German) 64 CVP (24) 2020 2024
VS Valais Grand Council
Grand Conseil  (French)
Grosser Rat  (German)
130 CVP (48) 2021 2025
VD Vaud Grand Council
Grand Conseil  (French)
150 FDP (49) 2017 2022
ZG Zug Cantonal Council
Kantonsrat  (German)
80 CVP (21) 2018 2022
ZH Zürich Cantonal Council
Kantonsrat  (German)
180 SVP (45) 2019 2023

See also


  1. ^ a b The ultimate legislative body is the annual Landsgemeinde.