A prefectural capital is a city where a prefectural government and assembly is located.

Japan

In Japan, a prefectural capital is officially called todōfukenchō shozaichi (都道府県庁所在地, "seat of a prefectural government", singular: 都庁所在地,tochō shozaichi in the [Tōkyō]-to, 道庁所在地, dōchō shozaichi in the [Hokkai]-dō, 府庁所在地, fuchō shozaichi in -fu, 県庁所在地, kenchō shozaichi in -ken), but the term kento (県都, "prefectural capital") is also used (dōto (道都, in the -dō, but never "futo" or "toto")).

List of Japanese prefectural capitals

Capital Prefecture
Regions and Prefectures of Japan 2.svg

Region
Island Pop.¹ ISO Status
Flag of Akita, Akita.svg
Akita
 Akita Tōhoku Honshū 327,651 JP-05 Core city
Flag of Aomori, Aomori.svg
Aomori
 Aomori Tōhoku Honshū 304,657 JP-02 Core city
Flag of Chiba, Chiba.svg
Chiba
 Chiba Kantō Honshū 943,568 JP-12 Designated city
Flag of Fukui, Fukui.svg
Fukui
 Fukui Chūbu Honshū 268,210 JP-18 Core city
Flag of Fukuoka City.svg
Fukuoka
 Fukuoka Kyūshū Kyūshū 1,434,650 JP-40 Designated city
Flag of Fukushima, Fukushima.svg
Fukushima
 Fukushima Tōhoku Honshū 288,602 JP-07 Core city
Flag of Gifu, Gifu.svg
Gifu
 Gifu Chūbu Honshū 411,753 JP-21 Core city
Flag of Hiroshima City.svg
Hiroshima
 Hiroshima Chūgoku Honshū 1,164,885 JP-34 Designated city
Flag of Kagoshima, Kagoshima.svg
Kagoshima
 Kagoshima Kyūshū Kyūshū 604,268 JP-46 Core city
Flag of Kanazawa, Ishikawa.svg
Kanazawa
 Ishikawa Chūbu Honshū 455,952 JP-17 Core city
Flag of Kobe.svg
KobeKobe
 Hyōgo Kansai Honshū 1,532,305 JP-28 Designated city
Flag of Kochi, Kochi.svg
KochiKōchi
 Kōchi Shikoku Shikoku 345,418 JP-39 Core city
Flag of Kofu, Yamanashi.svg
KofuKōfu
 Yamanashi Chūbu Honshū 198,757 JP-19 Core city
Flag of Kumamoto, Kumamoto.svg
Kumamoto
 Kumamoto Kyūshū Kyūshū 670,014 JP-43 Designated city
Flag of Kyoto City.svg
Kyoto
 Kyōto Kansai Honshū 1,468,065 JP-26 Designated city
Flag of Maebashi, Gunma.svg
Maebashi
 Gunma Kantō Honshū 317,167 JP-10 Core city
Flag of Matsue, Shimane.svg
Matsue
 Shimane Chūgoku Honshū 195,008 JP-32 Core city
Flag of Matsuyama, Ehime.svg
Matsuyama
 Ehime Shikoku Shikoku 514,771 JP-38 Core city
Flag of Mito, Ibaraki.svg
Mito
 Ibaraki Kantō Honshū 263,299 JP-08 Core city
Flag of Miyazaki, Miyazaki.svg
Miyazaki
 Miyazaki Kyūshū Kyūshū 368,984 JP-45 Core city
Flag of Morioka, Iwate.svg
Morioka
 Iwate Tōhoku Honshū 298,959 JP-03 Core city
Flag of Nagano, Nagano.svg
Nagano
 Nagano Chūbu Honshū 377,328 JP-20 Core city
Flag of Nagasaki, Nagasaki.svg
Nagasaki
 Nagasaki Kyūshū Kyūshū 446,551 JP-42 Core city
Flag of Nagoya, Aichi.svg
Nagoya
 Aichi Chūbu Honshū 2,243,564 JP-23 Designated city
Flag of Naha, Okinawa.svg
Naha
 Okinawa Kyūshū Ryūkyū Islands 313,436 JP-47 Core city
Flag of Nara, Nara.svg
Nara
 Nara Kansai Honshū 366,863 JP-29 Core city
Flag of Niigata, Niigata.svg
Niigata
 Niigata Chūbu Honshū 811,613 JP-15 Designated city
Flag of Oita, Oita.svg
OitaŌita
 Ōita Kyūshū Kyūshū 467,617 JP-44 Core city
Flag of Okayama, Okayama.svg
Okayama
 Okayama Chūgoku Honshū 700,646 JP-33 Designated city
Flag of Osaka City.svg
Osaka
 Ōsaka Kansai Honshū 2,649,601 JP-27 Designated city
Flag of Otsu, Shiga.svg
OtsuŌtsu
 Shiga Kansai Honshū 330,044 JP-25 Core city
Flag of Saga, Saga.svg
Saga
 Saga Kyūshū Kyūshū 239,003 JP-41 Special city
Flag of Saitama, Saitama.svg
Saitama
 Saitama Kantō Honshū 1,197,471 JP-11 Designated city
Flag of Sapporo, Hokkaido.svg
Sapporo
 Hokkaidō Hokkaidō Hokkaidō 1,896,704 JP-01 Designated city
Flag of Sendai, Miyagi.svg
Sendai
 Miyagi Tōhoku Honshū 1,029,576 JP-04 Designated city
Flag of Shinjuku, Tokyo.svg
Shinjuku[1]
 Tōkyō Kantō Honshū 314,262 JP-13 Special wards
Flag of Shizuoka, Shizuoka.svg
Shizuoka
 Shizuoka Chūbu Honshū 709,888 JP-22 Designated city
Flag of Takamatsu, Kagawa.svg
Takamatsu
 Kagawa Shikoku Shikoku 417,671 JP-37 Core city
Flag of Tokushima, Tokushima.svg
Tokushima
 Tokushima Shikoku Shikoku 265,248 JP-36 City
Flag of Tottori, Tottori.svg
Tottori
 Tottori Chūgoku Honshū 199,319 JP-31 Core city
Flag of Toyama, Toyama.svg
Toyama
 Toyama Chūbu Honshū 420,584 JP-16 Core city
Flag of Tsu, Mie.svg
Tsu
 Mie Kansai Honshū 287,849 JP-24 City
Flag of Utsunomiya, Tochigi.svg
Utsunomiya
 Tochigi Kantō Honshū 508,114 JP-09 Core city
Flag of Wakayama, Wakayama.svg
Wakayama
 Wakayama Kansai Honshū 371,504 JP-30 Core city
Flag of Yamagata, Yamagata.svg
Yamagata
 Yamagata Tōhoku Honshū 254,724 JP-06 Core city
Flag of Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi.svg
Yamaguchi
 Yamaguchi Chūgoku Honshū 191,714 JP-35 City
Flag of Yokohama, Kanagawa.svg
Yokohama
 Kanagawa Kantō Honshū 3,643,641 JP-14 Designated city

Notes: ¹ as of 1 May 2008

Non-capitals which share a name with their prefecture

In most cases, a city that shares a name with its prefecture is a prefectural capital. However, there are some municipalities that are not capitals.

Capitals that are not the largest city/metropolitan area in their prefecture

Those in italics are prefectural capitals, or metropolitan areas of them.

 Fukushima Prefecture
1.
Flag of Iwaki, Fukushima.svg
Iwaki
348,322  1. Kōriyama Metropolitan Area 537,493
2.
Flag of Koriyama, Fukushima.svg
Kōriyama
338,887  2. Fukushima Metropolitan Area 412,353
3.
Flag of Fukushima, Fukushima.svg
Fukushima
294,724  3. Iwaki Metropolitan Area 365,864
 Gunma Prefecture
1.
Flag of Takasaki, Gunma.svg
Takasaki
342,662  1. Takasaki Metropolitan Area 532,271
2.
Flag of Maebashi, Gunma.svg
Maebashi
317,114  2. Maebashi Metropolitan Area 458,996
 Mie Prefecture
1.
Flag of Yokkaichi, Mie.svg
Yokkaichi
307,418  1. Yokkaichi Metropolitan Area 606,071
2.
Flag of Tsu, Mie.svg
Tsu
288,874  2. Tsu Metropolitan Area 308,375
 Shizuoka Prefecture
1.
Flag of Hamamatsu, Shizuoka.svg
Hamamatsu
812,692  1. Shizuoka Metropolitan Area 999,360
2.
Flag of Shizuoka, Shizuoka.svg
Shizuoka
709,772  2. Hamamatsu Metropolitan Area 919,933
 Tottori Prefecture
1.
Flag of Tottori, Tottori.svg
Tottori
199,263  1. Yonago Metropolitan Area 252,387
2.
Flag of Yonago, Tottori.svg
Yonago
148,234  2. Tottori Metropolitan Area 249,067
 Yamaguchi Prefecture
1.
Flag of Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi.svg
Shimonoseki
284,693  1. Shimonoseki Metropolitan Area 287,935
2.
Flag of Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi.svg
Yamaguchi
191,740  2. Ube Metropolitan Area 258,180
3.
Flag of Ube, Yamaguchi.svg
Ube
175,334  3. Yamaguchi Metropolitan Area 178,402

Notes:

City populations are as of July 2008.
Metropolitan area populations are as of 2000. (Urban Employment Areas)

References

  1. ^ 都庁の所在地 Archived 2014-04-19 at the Wayback Machine Shinjuku is the location of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building, Tokyo not having itself been a "municipality" since 1943.