Cities and towns in Latvia

There are 10 cities (Latvian: valstspilsēta, "state city", pl. valstspilsētas) and 71 towns (Latvian: novada pilsēta, "municipality town", pl. novada pilsētas) in Latvia.

By Latvian law, towns are settlements that are centers of culture and commerce with a well-developed architectural infrastructure and street grid, and have at least 2,000 residents. A settlement can still be designated a town if it has fewer residents, but fulfills all other requirements (or has been a historic town).

To become a city, a town must typically have at least 25,000 residents. Additionally, cities should have a well-developed commercial district, transport, public utilities, social infrastructure, and be a significant center of culture. However, these requirements may be disregarded if there is sufficient population.[1]

In 2020, an agreement was reached in Latvian parliament, Saeima, to rename the previous nine "republic" cities with the new title of "state city" (valstspilsēta). It was at this time that a tenth state city, Ogre (formerly a town), was added to the list.[2]

The 7 largest state cities have their own local governance independent of any municipalities, whereas the smallest 3 (Jēkabpils, Ogre and Valmiera) belong to their wider corresponding municipalities.[3]

State cities

Riga
Daugavpils
Liepāja
Jelgava
Jūrmala
Ventspils
Rēzekne
City Population (2013)[4] Population (2019)[5] Population (2024)[6]
Rīga pronunciation 
658,640 632,614 605,273
Daugavpils pronunciation 
93,312 82,604 77,799
Liepāja pronunciation 
76,731 68,945 66,680
Jelgava pronunciation 
59,511 55,972 54,701
Jūrmala pronunciation 
50,840 49,325 52,154
Ventspils pronunciation 
38,750 34,377 32,634
Rēzekne pronunciation 
32,328 27,820 26,131
Ogre pronunciation 
26,167 24,768 22,767
Valmiera pronunciation 
25,130 23,125 22,376
Jēkabpils pronunciation 
24,635 22,076 21,150

Towns

Town Population (2010)[4] Population (2018)[5] Population (2024)[6] Municipality[1]
Ādaži  6,173 6,898 7,535 Ādaži Municipality
Ainaži pronunciation 
1,008 787 644 Limbaži Municipality
Aizkraukle pronunciation 
8,709 7,489 6,853 Aizkraukle Municipality
Aizpute pronunciation 
5,104 4,443 3,892 South Kurzeme Municipality
Aknīste pronunciation 
1,224 1,078 917 Jēkabpils Municipality
Aloja pronunciation 
1,353 1,197 1,060 Limbaži Municipality
Alūksne pronunciation 
8,900 7,555 6,175 Alūksne Municipality
Ape pronunciation 
1,083 907 777 Smiltene Municipality
Auce pronunciation 
3,076 2,640 2,136 Dobele Municipality
Baldone pronunciation 
2,399 3,966 3,711 Ķekava Municipality
Baloži pronunciation 
5,665 6,529 6,846 Ķekava Municipality
Balvi pronunciation 
7,906 6,696 5,584 Balvi Municipality
Bauska pronunciation 
10,060 8,988 9,811 Bauska Municipality
Brocēni pronunciation 
3,411 3,117 2,834 Saldus Municipality
Cēsis pronunciation 
18,021 16,888 14,699 Cēsis Municipality
Cesvaine pronunciation 
1,668 1,443 1,210 Madona Municipality
Dagda pronunciation 
2,502 2,108 1,805 Krāslava Municipality
Dobele pronunciation 
11,152 9,702 8,589 Dobele Municipality
Durbe pronunciation 
620 542 483 South Kurzeme Municipality
Grobiņa pronunciation 
4,218 3,861 3,593 South Kurzeme Municipality
Gulbene pronunciation 
8,807 7,779 6,715 Gulbene Municipality
Iecava (pronunciation) 
5,921 5,481 5,343 Bauska Municipality
Ikšķile pronunciation 
4,052 7,359 7,448 Ogre Municipality
Ilūkste pronunciation 
2,856 2,502 2,082 Augšdaugava Municipality
Jaunjelgava pronunciation 
2,246 1,999 1,713 Aizkraukle Municipality
Kandava pronunciation 
4,225 3,831 3,276 Tukums Municipality
Kārsava pronunciation 
2,420 2,105 1,843 Ludza Municipality
Koknese pronunciation  2,710 2,511 2,427 Aizkraukle Municipality
Krāslava pronunciation 
10,160 8,653 6,854 Krāslava Municipality
Kuldīga pronunciation 
12,755 11,275 9,940 Kuldīga Municipality
Ķegums pronunciation 
2,487 2,271 2,059 Ogre Municipality
Ķekava 
8,048 8,103 5,039 Ķekava Municipality
Lielvārde pronunciation 
6,837 6,369 5,853 Ogre Municipality
Līgatne pronunciation 
1,239 1,094 1,009 Cēsis Municipality
Limbaži pronunciation 
8,501 7,498 6,613 Limbaži Municipality
Līvāni pronunciation 
8,934 7,939 6,790 Līvāni Municipality
Lubāna pronunciation 
1,873 1,667 1,453 Madona Municipality
Ludza pronunciation 
9,575 8,387 7,524 Ludza Municipality
Madona pronunciation 
8,734 7,646 6,561 Madona Municipality
Mazsalaca pronunciation 
1,474 1,264 1,113 Valmiera Municipality
Mārupe 
7,754 21,229 16,544 Mārupe Municipality
Olaine pronunciation 
12,667 11,342 9,908 Olaine Municipality
Pāvilosta pronunciation 
1,134 980 851 South Kurzeme Municipality
Piltene pronunciation 
1,053 904 821 Ventspils Municipality
Pļaviņas pronunciation 
3,692 3,248 2,823 Aizkraukle Municipality
Preiļi pronunciation 
7,970 6,817 5,841 Preiļi Municipality
Priekule pronunciation 
2,441 2,091 1,810 South Kurzeme Municipality
Rūjiena pronunciation 
3,377 2,912 2,650 Valmiera Municipality
Sabile pronunciation 
1,404 1,552 1,369 Talsi Municipality
Salacgrīva pronunciation 
3,281 2,823 2,480 Limbaži Municipality
Salaspils pronunciation 
18,159 18,698 17,826 Salaspils Municipality
Saldus pronunciation 
12,306 10,869 9,553 Saldus Municipality
Saulkrasti pronunciation 
3,299 3,176 3,149 Saulkrasti Municipality
Seda pronunciation 
1,547 1,248 1,092 Valmiera Municipality
Sigulda pronunciation 
11,168 11,191 14,632 Sigulda Municipality
Skrunda pronunciation 
2,468 2,118 1,767 Kuldīga Municipality
Smiltene pronunciation 
5,763 5,349 5,129 Smiltene Municipality
Staicele pronunciation 
1,152 951 766 Limbaži Municipality
Stende pronunciation 
1,868 1,743 1,532 Talsi Municipality
Strenči pronunciation 
1,404 1,140 957 Valmiera Municipality
Subate pronunciation 
749 663 549 Augšdaugava Municipality
Talsi pronunciation 
11,201 10,070 8,649 Talsi Municipality
Tukums pronunciation 
19,961 18,414 16,318 Tukums Municipality
Valdemārpils pronunciation 
1,396 1,343 1,135 Talsi Municipality
Valka pronunciation 
6,047 5,181 4,564 Valka Municipality
Vangaži pronunciation 
3,999 3,649 3,192 Ropaži Municipality
Varakļāni pronunciation 
2,106 1,897 1,653 Varakļāni Municipality
Viesīte pronunciation 
1,902 1,615 1,510 Jēkabpils Municipality
Viļaka pronunciation 
1,525 1,364 1,172 Balvi Municipality
Viļāni pronunciation 
3,468 3,035 2,749 Rēzekne Municipality
Zilupe pronunciation 
1,746 1,511 1,271 Ludza Municipality

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Law On Administrative Territories and Populated Areas
  2. ^ "Vienojas par desmit valstspilsētām". LA.LV (in Latvian). Retrieved 2023-10-07.
  3. ^ "Levits izsludina Administratīvi teritoriālās reformas likumu". Sabiedrība un politika (in Latvian). 2020-06-22. Retrieved 2023-10-07.
  4. ^ a b "Latvijas iedzīvotāju skaits pašvaldībās" (PDF). Centrālās statistikas pārvaldes datubāzes (in Latvian). Retrieved 2019-10-25.
  5. ^ a b "Iedzīvotāju skaits un tā izmaiņas statistiskajos reģionos, republikas pilsētās, novadu pilsētās un novados". Centrālās statistikas pārvaldes datubāzes (in Latvian). Retrieved 2019-06-16.
  6. ^ a b "Population in cities, towns and counties". Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia. Retrieved 2024-07-08.