|Counties of Vermont|
|Location||State of Vermont|
|Populations||5,925 (Essex) – 168,865 (Chittenden)|
|Areas||83 square miles (210 km2) (Grand Isle) – 971 square miles (2,510 km2) (Windsor)|
There are fourteen counties in the U.S. state of Vermont. These counties together contain 255 political units, or places, including 237 towns, 9 cities, 5 unincorporated areas, and 4 gores. Each county has a county seat, often referred to as a "shire town."
In 1779, Vermont had two counties. The western side of the state was Bennington County and the eastern was Cumberland County. In 1781, three new counties (including then-called Washington that became part of New Hampshire) were created out of Cumberland County, and the remainder of the county was renamed Windham. Today's Washington County was created in 1810 as Jefferson County; it was renamed Washington in 1814.
Essex County, Orleans County, and Caledonia County are commonly referred to as the Northeast Kingdom.
The FIPS county code is the five-digit Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code which uniquely identifies counties and county equivalents in the United States. The three-digit number is unique to each individual county within a state, but to be unique within the entire United States, it must be prefixed by the state code. This means that, for example, while Addison County, Vermont is 001, Belknap County, New Hampshire and Alachua County, Florida are also 001. To uniquely identify Addison County, Vermont, one must use the state code of 50 plus the county code of 001; therefore, the unique nationwide identifier for Addison County, Vermont is 50001. The links in the column FIPS County Code are to the Census Bureau Info page for that county.
||FIPS code||Shire town||Est.||Origin||Etymology||Population||Area||Map|
|Addison County||001||Middlebury||1785||Part of Rutland County.||Joseph Addison (1672–1719), an English politician and writer.||37,260||770 sq mi
|1779||One of the original two counties.||Benning Wentworth (1696–1770), the colonial governor of New Hampshire (1741–1766).||37,312||676 sq mi
|Caledonia County||005||St. Johnsbury||1792||Part of Orange County.||Latin name for Scotland.||30,403||651 sq mi
|Chittenden County||007||Burlington||1787||Part of Addison County.||Thomas Chittenden (1730–1797), first governor of Vermont (1791–1797).||168,865||539 sq mi
|Essex County||009||Guildhall||1792||Part of Orange County.||Essex, a county in England.||5,925||665 sq mi
|Franklin County||011||St. Albans (city)||1792||Part of Chittenden County.||Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790), one of the most revered Founding Fathers of the United States.||50,325||637 sq mi
|Grand Isle County||013||North Hero||1802||Part of Chittenden County and Franklin County.||Largest island in Lake Champlain.||7,421||83 sq mi
|Lamoille County||015||Hyde Park (town)||1835||Parts of Chittenden County, Franklin County, Orleans County and Washington County.||La Mouette (meaning the seagull), named by French explorer Samuel de Champlain (~1570–1635) but mistranscibed as La Mouelle and eventually corrupted to current spelling.||26,126||461 sq mi
|Orange County||017||Chelsea||1781||Part of Cumberland County.||Prince William (1650–1702) of Orange.||29,541||689 sq mi
|Orleans County||019||Newport (city)||1792||Part of Chittenden County and Orange County.||City of Orléans, France.||27,546||697 sq mi
|Rutland County||021||Rutland (city)||1781||Part of Bennington County.||Town of Rutland, Massachusetts.||60,591||932 sq mi
|Washington County||023||Montpelier||1810||Parts of Orange County, Caledonia County, and Chittenden County.||George Washington (1732–1799), first President of the United States (1789–1797).||59,969||690 sq mi
(as Cumberland County)
|One of the original two counties.||Town of Windham, Connecticut.||46,090||789 sq mi
|Windsor County||027||Woodstock||1781||Part of Cumberland County.||Town of Windsor, Connecticut.||58,196||971 sq mi
Origins of County Names.