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The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, varies in prevalence from nation to nation. Listed here are the prevalence rates among adults in various countries, based on data from various sources, largely the CIA World Factbook.[1][2][3]

As of 2018, 38 million people are estimated infected with HIV globally.[4]

The HIV pandemic is most severe in Southern Africa. Over 10% of all people infected with HIV/AIDS reside within the region. Adult HIV prevalence exceeds 15% in Eswatini, Botswana, and Lesotho, while an additional six countries report adult HIV prevalence of at least 10%. Outside Africa, the highest prevalence rate is found in the Bahamas (3.3%).[5]

In absolute numbers, South Africa (7.5 million), followed by Mozambique (2.2 million), India (2.1 million) and Nigeria (1.8 million) had the highest HIV/AIDS number of cases by the end of 2022.[2][6] While South Africa's large population of HIV-positive people is attributable to its high disease prevalence (17.3%, one of the highest in the world), Nigeria's is lower at 1.3%, with India's prevalence rate at 0.2%.[1] However, countries such as Nigeria with high HIV rates above 1% are classified as having Generalized HIV Epidemics (GHEs) by UNAIDS, while India's prevalence is well below this threshold, with a prevalence lower than the US's and about the same as Spain.[7]

HIV/AIDS prevalence estimates table

This data was sourced from the CIA's world factbook[8] and UNAIDS AIDS info website[9] unless referenced otherwise. A horizontal dash "-" indicates the data was not published. Adult prevalence describes ages between 15 and 49.

Country/Region Adult prevalence
of HIV/AIDS[1]
Number of people
with HIV/AIDS
Annual deaths
from HIV/AIDS[3]
Year of estimate
 Eswatini 28.30% 225,000 2,500 2023
 Lesotho 24.10% 403,000 5,380 2024
 Botswana 22.60% 398,500 5,240 2024
 Zimbabwe 22.10% 1,660,000 25,600 2024
 South Africa 14% 9,230,000 77,000 2024
 Namibia 13.20% 219,330 3,880 2024
 Zambia 12.5% 1,550,000 20,000 2023
 Mozambique 12.20% 2,250,000 55,000 2023
 Malawi 11.40% 1,642,570 15,270 2024
 Equatorial Guinea 7.66% 74,165 2,400 2024
 Tanzania 5.10% 1,700,000 27,000 2016
 Kenya 5.10% 1,710,000 24,000 2023
 Uganda 5% 1,590,000 23,300 2023
 Togo 5.20% 220,440 6,600 2024
 Cameroon 4% 530,000 14,600 2023
 Gabon 3.90% 59,000 1,500 2023
 Central African Republic 4% 126,200 4,400 2024
 Guinea-Bissau 3.65% 42,000 2,200 2023
 Congo, Republic of the 3.770% 110,840 6,700 2024
 Barbados 3.10% 4,400 - 2023
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 3% 3,000 - 2023
 Rwanda 2.90% 230,000 2,800 2016
 Côte d'Ivoire 2.70% 430,000 13,000 2016
 South Sudan 2.40% 190,000 9,100 2016
 Gambia, The 2.40% 31,000 1,540 2023
 Haiti 2.20% 180,000 3,000 2023
 Nigeria 2.10% 2,200,000 55,000 2023
 Belize 1.90% 4,900 - 2018
 Angola 2.10% 355,000 15,000 2024
 Ghana 1.80% 354,927 18,000 2023
 Bahamas, The 1.80% 6,000 - 2018
 Jamaica 1.65% 32,000 1,000 2019
 Russian Federation[10] 1.50% 1,137,596 24,000 2021
 Liberia 1.50% 50,000 2,300 2023
 Sierra Leone 1.50% 78,000 2,600 2019
 Guinea 1.40% 110,000 3,100 2016
 Guyana 1.40% 8,700 - 2019
 Suriname 1.30% 5,800 - 2019
 Djibouti 1.50% 9,100 - 2024
 Burundi 1.20% 85,000 1,800 2016
 Chad 1.20% 120,000 3,200 2016
 Mali 1.20% 140,000 5,800 2016
 Trinidad and Tobago 1.20% 11,000 - 2016
 Thailand 1.16% 600,000 21,100 2023
 Ethiopia 1.10% 710,000 20,000 2016
 Ukraine 1.10% 260,000 9,100 2023
 Brazil 1.50% 1,250,000 18,400 2024
 Benin 1.00% 67,000 2,400 2016
 Dominican Republic 2.80% 101,340 4,500 2024
 Papua New Guinea 0.90% 46,000 1,100 2016
 Cabo Verde 0.80% 2,800 - 2016
 Panama 1.30% 42,000 - 2024
 Myanmar 0.80% 230,000 7,800 2016
 Burkina Faso 0.80% 95,000 3,100 2016
 Congo, Democratic Republic of 0.70% 370,000 19,000 2016
 Georgia 0.70% 15,000 - 2023
 Latvia 0.70% 6,600 - 2016
 Cambodia 1.10% 172,000 3,700 2024
 Venezuela 0.60% 120,000 2,500 2016
 Moldova 1.10% 23,800 - 2024
 Eritrea 0.60% 15,000 - 2016
 El Salvador 0.60% 24,000 - 2016
 Uruguay 1.10% 46,000 - 2024
 Mauritania 0.50% 11,000 - 2016
 Chile 1.70% 143,000 - 2024
 Guatemala 0.50% 46,000 1,600 2016
 Paraguay 1.10% 27,850 - 2024
 Portugal 1.60% 62,000 - 2024
 Niger 0.40% 48,000 3,400 2016
 Malaysia 0.30% 110,000 7,400 2024
 Indonesia 0.40% 640,443 38,000 2019[11]
 Honduras 0.40% 21,000 - 2016
 Cuba 1.10% 35,000 - 2024
 Costa Rica 0.40% 13,000 - 2016
 Colombia 0.40% 120,000 2,800 2016
 Argentina 0.65% 150,000 3,100 2024
 Belarus 1.00% 24,000 - 2016
 Senegal 2.30% 54,000 5,100 2024
 United States 0.90% 1,427,155 - 2024[12]
 Bolivia 0.40% 24,000 - 2023
 France 0.90% 231,791 - 2024
 Mexico 0.40% 310,000 4,800 2023
 Ecuador 0.30% 33,000 - 2016
 Peru 0.30% 70,000 2,200 2016
 Italy 1.80% 200,000 - 2024
 Laos 0.30% 11,000 - 2016
 Spain 0.70% 188,000 - 2024
 Tajikistan 0.30% 14,000 - 2016
 Vietnam 0.70% 271,000 5,200 2024
 Armenia 0.20% 3,300 - 2016
 India 0.02% 2,300,000 75,000 2024[13]
 Kazakhstan 0.40% 52,000 - 2024
 Kyrgyzstan 0.20% 8,500 - 2016
 Lithuania 0.45% 11,000 - 2024
 Madagascar 0.20% 31,000 1,600 2016
   Nepal 0.40% 34,000 2,000 2019
 Philippines 0.25% 80,000 - 2023
 Germany 0.25% 100,000 - 2023
 Canada 0.21% 75,000 - 2023[14]
 Netherlands 0.50% 59,900 - 2024
 Nicaragua 0.20% 8,900 - 2016
 Sudan 0.20% 56,000 3,000 2016
 Sweden 0.20% 11,000 - 2016
  Switzerland 0.20% 17,000 - 2019
 United Kingdom 1.10% 188,000 - 2024
 Bhutan 0.16% 1 265[15] - 2018
 Ireland 0.55% 18,000 - 2024[16]
 Greenland 0.13% 70 - 2018[17]
 Norway[18] 0.45% 19,050 305 2024
 Denmark 0.11% 6,500 - 2018[19]
 Albania 0.10% 1,700 - 2016
 Australia 0.10% 28,880 - 2023
 Fiji 0.10% 468[20][unreliable source] - 2019
 Taiwan[21] 0.10% 31,620 - 2016
 Azerbaijan 0.10% 9,200 - 2016
 Iran 0.10% 66,000 4,000 2016
 Somalia 0.10% - 2018
 Morocco 0.10% 22,000 - 2016
 Pakistan 0.10% 130,000 5,500 2016
 Bangladesh - 12,000 1,000 2016
 Egypt - 11,000 - 2016
 Yemen - 9,900 - 2016
 Islamic Republic of Afghanistan - 7,500 - 2016
 Sri Lanka - 4,000 - 2016
 Bulgaria - 3,500 - 2016
 Tunisia - 2,900 - 2016
 Serbia 0.04% 2,700 - 2016
 Croatia 0.14% 2,700 - 2023
 China 0.09% 1,250,000 - 2018[22]
 Malta 0.088% 453[23] - 2019
 Lebanon 0.063% 3,750[24] - 2016
 Czech Republic 0.051%[25] 3,122[26] - 2019
 Montenegro 0.12% 401 - 2023
 Algeria 0.029% 13,000 - 2016
 Saudi Arabia 0.024% 8,200 - 2016
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.009% 350 - 2018
 Kosovo 0.00004% 83 - 2013[27]
 Turkmenistan - 720 - 2021
 Grenada - 5 300 - 2023
 Antigua and Barbuda - 84 - 2022
 Turks and Caicos Islands - 1 000 - 2023
 Samoa - 1 100 - 2023
 Dominica - 240 - 2023
 Iraq 0.24% 4 700 - 2021
 United Arab Emirates 0.20% 23,000 10,000 2024
 East Timor - 30 - 2022
 Finland 0.40% 6,000 1,500 2021
 Svalbard - 2 - 2023
 Kiribati - 45 - 2023
 Saint Kitts and Nevis - 100 - 2023
 Mauritius 0.16% 6,671[28] - 2022
 Singapore 0.19% 9,231 - 2021
 Hong Kong 0.16% 11,737 - 2023
 Palau - 310 - 2023
 Tonga - 400 - 2023
 Japan 0.02% 21,739 - 2022
 Puerto Rico - 526 - 2023
 Brunei Darussalam - 40 - 2024
 Comoros - 188 - 2023
 Niue - 35 - 2023
 Seychelles - 86 - 2023
 Kuwait - 400 - 2023
 Iceland - 2,000 - 2022
 Anguilla - 500 - 2024
 French Polynesia - 290 - 2023
 South Korea - 2,600 - 2023

[29]

See also

By region:

References

  1. ^ a b c "HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate – The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Archived from the original on 2022-04-25. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  2. ^ a b "HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS – The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Archived from the original on 2021-02-04. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  3. ^ a b "HIV/AIDS – deaths – The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Archived from the original on 2021-01-24. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  4. ^ "Global HIV & AIDS statistics — 2020 fact sheet". www.unaids.org. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  5. ^ "Fact book the Bahamas" (PDF). factbook.lincon.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-08-01. Retrieved 2020-07-04.
  6. ^ "The Hindu – India has 3rd-highest number of HIV-infected people: UN". The Hindu. 2014-07-17.
  7. ^ Kenyon, C.; Buyze, J. (2014). "Should the threshold for a generalised HIV epidemic be 1% or 5%?". International Journal of STD & AIDS. 25 (12): 898–900. doi:10.1177/0956462414526575. PMID 25278511. S2CID 10387855.
  8. ^ "Guide to Country Comparisons – The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  9. ^ "AIDSinfo | UNAIDS". aidsinfo.unaids.org.
  10. ^ "ВИЧ-инфекция в Российской Федерации на 31.12.2021" [HIV infection in the Russian Federation as of December 31, 2021] (PDF). Federal Scientific and Methodological Center for AIDS Prevention and Control. 2021. Retrieved 2022-11-27.
  11. ^ "HIV/AIDS Programme in the World of Work" (PDF). ILO Jakarta Office. 2019.
  12. ^ "Statistics Overview | Statistics Center | HIV/AIDS | CDC". 2018-12-31.
  13. ^ "India". www.unaids.org.
  14. ^ "The epidemiology of HIV in Canada". www.catie.ca. Archived from the original on 2020-04-06. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  15. ^ "Ministry of Health Detects 30 New HIV Cases – Ministry of Health". Archived from the original on 2020-01-26. Retrieved 2020-01-25.
  16. ^ "HIV in Ireland – HIV Ireland".
  17. ^ "Nye tilfælde af HIV blandt unge". Naalakkersuisut. 13 October 2019. Archived from the original on 23 November 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  18. ^ "HIV and AIDS prevalence in Norway". Avert. 2017-12-31. Retrieved 2020-11-27.
  19. ^ "Hiv - opgørelse over sygdomsforekomst 2018". Statens Serum Institut. 30 October 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  20. ^ "HIV cases a growing concern for Fijians: minister – Xinhua | English.news.cn". www.xinhuanet.com. Archived from the original on May 17, 2019.
  21. ^ "HIV月報105-03(更新).PDF".
  22. ^ the estimated PLWH (People Living with HIV/AIDS) infected population in China has risen to >1.25 million at the end of 2018. "The Enigma of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Epidemic in China". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2020-06-22.
  23. ^ "Over 400 people in Malta have HIV". Times of Malta. 4 April 2019.
  24. ^ "Around 3,750 HIV/AIDS cases in Lebanon | News, Lebanon News | THE DAILY STAR". www.dailystar.com.lb.
  25. ^ Calculated based on data from https://www.czso.cz/documents/10180/121768532/1300642007.pdf/c80aeca5-b529-46c1-a58c-fc78e8024284?version=1.1
  26. ^ "Graphs for the annual report on the occurrence and spread of HIV AIDS in the Czech Republic in 2019" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2022-01-25. Retrieved 2021-01-09.
  27. ^ "Less than 100 people in Kosovo have HIV" (PDF).
  28. ^ "The Situation of HIV/AIDS in Mauritius – YUVA". 17 May 2018.
  29. ^ "Statistics on HIV/AIDS". Swiss AIDS Federation.

Sources

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from The World Factbook. CIA.