A pie chart showing global military expenditures by country for 2019, in US$ billions, according to SIPRI
A pie chart showing global military expenditures by country for 2019, in US$ billions, according to SIPRI
Countries by military expenditures (absolute) in 2014, based on data from the World Bank
Countries by military expenditures (absolute) in 2014, based on data from the World Bank

This is a list of countries by military expenditure in a given year. Military expenditure figures are presented in United States dollars based on either constant or current exchange rates.[1]

Total military spending

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) 2019 fact sheet

The first list is based on the SIPRI fact sheet which includes a list of the world's top 15 military spenders in 2019, based on current market exchange rates.[1]

The second list is based on the 2021 edition of "The Military Balance" published by the (IISS) using average market exchange rates.[2]

List by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
2020 Fact Sheet (for 2019)[1]
SIPRI Military Expenditure Database[3]
List by the International Institute for Strategic Studies
Top 15 Defence Budgets 2020
[4]
Rank Country Spending
(US$ bn)
Spending
(PPP)
% of GDP % of Global Spending
World total 1,917 2960.3 2.2 100%
01 United States United States 732.0 732.0 3.4 38%
02 China China[a] 261.0 444.0 1.9 14%
03 India India 71.1 229.0 2.4 3.7%
04 Russia Russian Federation 65.1 161.3 3.9 3.4%
05 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia[a][b] 61.9 134.2 8.0 3.2%
06 France France 50.1 61.3 1.9 2.6%
07 Germany Germany 49.3 60.1 1.3 2.6%
08 United Kingdom United Kingdom 48.7 55.3 1.7 2.5%
09 Japan Japan 47.6 49.1 0.9 2.5%
10 South Korea South Korea 43.9 62.2 2.7 2.3%
11 Brazil Brazil 26.9 48.3 1.5 1.4%
12 Italy Italy 26.8 37.3 1.4 1.4%
13 Australia Australia 25.9 26.9 2.0 1.4%
14 Canada Canada 22.2 25.0 1.3 1.2%
15 Israel Israel 20.5 20.0 5.3 1.1%
2021 edition of "The Military Balance" from the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS)
Rank Country Spending
(US$ bn)
01 United States United States 738.0
02 China China 193.3
03 India India 64.1
04 United Kingdom United Kingdom 61.5
05 Russia Russia 60.6
06 France France 55.0
07 Germany Germany 51.3
08 Japan Japan 49.7
09 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 48.5
10 South Korea South Korea 40.4
11 Australia Australia 31.3
12 Italy Italy 29.3
13 Brazil Brazil 22.1
14 Canada Canada 20.0
15 Israel Israel 19.9

Military spending by GDP

Map of military expenditures as a percentage of GDP by country, 2017[5]
Map of military expenditures as a percentage of GDP by country, 2017[5]

This first list is a list of countries by military expenditure share of GDP—more specifically, a list of the top 15 countries by percentage share in recent years—the amount spent by a nation on its military as a share of its GDP.

The second list presents this as a share of the general government expenditure. The first list is sourced from the SIPRI for the year 2019 and from Military Balance 2017 published by International Institute for Strategic Studies for the year 2016. The second list is sourced only from the SIPRI for the year 2019.

None of the following analyze Cuba, Eritrea, Libya, North Korea, or Syria, because although they likely would make the list, there is not enough information available to properly determine an exact statistic for their military spending as a percentage of GDP.

As a share of GDP

List by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
SIPRI Military Expenditure Database
[6] (2019)
List by the International Institute for Strategic Studies
Top 15 Defence Budgets 2020
[4]
Rank Country % of GDP
1  Oman 8.8%
2  Saudi Arabia 8.0%
3  Algeria 6.0%
4  Kuwait 5.6%
5  Israel 5.3%
6  Armenia 4.9%
7  Jordan 4.7%
8  Lebanon 4.2%
9  Azerbaijan 4.0%
10  Pakistan 4.0%
11  Russia 3.9%
12  Bahrain 3.7%
13  Iraq 3.5%*
14  USA 3.4%
15  South Sudan 3.4%
RankCountry% of GDP
01 Oman12.0
02 Afghanistan 10.6
03 Lebanon 10.5
04 Kuwait 7.1
05 Saudi Arabia7.1
06 Algeria 6.7
07 Iraq 5.8
08 UAE 5.6
09 Azerbaijan 5.4
10 Morocco 5.3
10 Israel 5.2
12 Jordan 4.9
13 Armenia4.8
13 Mali 4.5
15 Qatar 4.4
* Bold values with an asterisk above are highly uncertain SIPRI estimates.

Italic values are SIPRI estimates.

As a share of government spending (2019)

Rank Country % of
spending[6]
1  Belarus 31.8%
2  Singapore 21.4%
3  Saudi Arabia 20.3%
4  Oman 20.3%
5  Armenia 19.8%
6  Pakistan 18.4%
7  Algeria 15.5%
8  Jordan 15.2%
9  Chad 14.0%
10  Lebanon 13.8%
11  Iran 13.3%
12  Israel 13.2%
13  Togo 12.2%
14  Bahrain 12.1%
15  South Korea 12.1%

Notes

  1. ^ a b SIPRI estimate.
  2. ^ The figures for Saudi Arabia include expenditure for public order and safety and might be slightly overestimated.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Tian, Nan; Fleurant, Aude; Kuimova, Alexandra; Wezeman, Pieter D.; Wezeman, Siemon T. (27 April 2020). "Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2019" (PDF). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  2. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies (25 February 2021). The Military Balance 2021. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-1032012278.
  3. ^ "Data for all countries from 1988–2018 in constant (2017) USD (pdf)" (PDF). SIPRI. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b "IISS Military Balance 2021". International Institute for Strategic Studies.
  5. ^ 2017 data from: "Military expenditure (% of GDP). Stockholm International Peace Research Institute ( SIPRI ), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security". World Bank. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  6. ^ a b Excel file here | Derived from SIPRI's own webpage.