Current state governments by ruling alliance

In the Republic of India, a chief minister is the head of government of each of the twenty-eight states and three of the eight union territories. According to the Constitution of India, at the state level, the governor is de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the state legislative assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the state government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Out of the thirty incumbents, except Tamil Nadu's M. K. Stalin, all other Chief Ministers also act as the leader of the house in their legislative assemblies. Given they have the assembly's confidence, the chief minister's term is usually for a maximum of five years; there are no limits to the number of terms they can serve.[1]

As of July 2024, the office of the chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir is vacant with no elections held since the former state was reorganized in 2019. Only one of the incumbents is a womanMamata Banerjee in West Bengal, who is serving since 20 March 2011 (for 13 years, 53 days), having the longest continuous incumbency. Kerala's Pinarayi Vijayan (aged 79) is the oldest while Arunachal Pradesh's Pema Khandu (aged 44) is the youngest.[2] Nitish Kumar of Bihar has served for the most terms (nine).[a][3] Thirteen incumbents belong to the Bharatiya Janata Party, three to the Indian National Congress, and two to the Aam Aadmi Party. No other party has more than one chief minister in office.

List of chief ministers

State/UT Portrait Name[4] Took office
(tenure length)
Party[b] Alliance Ministry Ref
Andhra Pradesh N. Chandrababu Naidu 12 June 2024
(30 days)
Telugu Desam Party NDA Naidu IV [5]
Arunachal Pradesh Pema Khandu 17 July 2016
(7 years, 361 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party Khandu V [6][7]
Assam Himanta Biswa Sarma 10 May 2021
(3 years, 63 days)
Sarma [8]
Bihar
Nitish Kumar 22 February 2015
(9 years, 141 days)
Janata Dal (United) Nitish Kumar IX [3]
Chhattisgarh Vishnudeo Sai 13 December 2023
(212 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party Sai [9]
Delhi[c] Arvind Kejriwal 14 February 2015
(9 years, 149 days)
Aam Aadmi Party INDIA Kejriwal III [10]
Goa Pramod Sawant 19 March 2019
(5 years, 115 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Sawant II [11]
Gujarat Bhupendrabhai Patel 13 September 2021
(2 years, 303 days)
Patel II [12]
Haryana Nayab Singh Saini 12 March 2024
(122 days)
Saini [13]
Himachal Pradesh Sukhvinder Singh Sukhu 11 December 2022
(1 year, 214 days)
Indian National Congress INDIA Sukhu [14]
Jammu and Kashmir[c]
Vacant (President rule) 19 June 2018
(6 years, 23 days)
N/A N/A N/A [15]
Jharkhand Hemant Soren 4 July 2024
(8 days)
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha INDIA Soren III
Karnataka Siddaramaiah 20 May 2023
(1 year, 53 days)
Indian National Congress Siddaramaiah II [16]
Kerala Pinarayi Vijayan 25 May 2016
(8 years, 48 days)
Communist Party of India (Marxist) Vijayan II [17]
Madhya Pradesh Mohan Yadav 13 December 2023
(212 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Yadav [18]
Maharashtra Eknath Shinde 30 June 2022
(2 years, 12 days)
Shiv Sena Shinde [19]
Manipur N. Biren Singh 15 March 2017
(7 years, 119 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party Singh II [20]
Meghalaya Conrad Sangma 6 March 2018
(6 years, 128 days)
National People's Party Sangma II [21]
Mizoram Lalduhoma 8 December 2023
(217 days)
Zoram People's Movement None Lalduhoma [22]
Nagaland Neiphiu Rio 8 March 2018
(6 years, 126 days)
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party NDA Rio V [23]
Odisha Mohan Charan Majhi 12 June 2024
(30 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party Majhi [24]
Puducherry[c] N. Rangaswamy 7 May 2021
(3 years, 66 days)
All India N.R. Congress Rangaswamy IV [25]
Punjab Bhagwant Singh Mann 16 March 2022
(2 years, 118 days)
Aam Aadmi Party INDIA Mann [26]
Rajasthan Bhajan Lal Sharma 15 December 2023
(210 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Sharma [27]
Sikkim Prem Singh Tamang 27 May 2019
(5 years, 46 days)
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha Tamang II [28]
Tamil Nadu M. K. Stalin 7 May 2021
(3 years, 66 days)
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam INDIA Stalin [29]
Telangana Anumula Revanth Reddy 7 December 2023
(218 days)
Indian National Congress Reddy
Tripura Manik Saha 15 May 2022
(2 years, 58 days)
Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Saha II [30]
Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath 19 March 2017
(7 years, 115 days)
Adityanath II [31]
Uttarakhand Pushkar Singh Dhami 4 July 2021
(3 years, 8 days)
Dhami II [32]
West Bengal Mamata Banerjee 20 May 2011
(13 years, 53 days)
Trinamool Congress INDIA Banerjee III [33]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ A term is defined as a continuous period between taking office and resignation of a particular chief minister.
  2. ^ Only the chief minister's party is indicated. He/she may head a complex coalition of several parties and independents; those parties are not listed here.
  3. ^ a b c Although Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir and Puducherry each have an elected legislature and a council of ministers (headed by the chief minister), they are officially classified as union territories.

References

  1. ^ Durga Das Basu (2011). Introduction to the Constitution of India (20 ed.). Nagpur, India: LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa. p. 241, 245. ISBN 978-8-180-38559-9.
  2. ^ "Meet Pema Khandu: India's youngest Chief Minister". The Hindu. 17 July 2016. Archived from the original on 17 July 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Nitish Kumar takes oath as Bihar Chief Minister". The Hindu. 28 January 2024. Archived from the original on 28 January 2024. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  4. ^ "Chief Ministers". Government of India. Archived from the original on 9 August 2019. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
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  7. ^ "list of Minister took oath on 13th June 2024 with CM Pema Khandu". Indian express. 13 June 2024.
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  10. ^ "As it happened: Arvind Kejriwal sworn in as Delhi CM for the 3rd time". The Hindu. 16 February 2022. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  11. ^ Shetye, Murari (19 March 2019). "Goa speaker Pramod Sawant succeeds Parrikar as CM". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 19 March 2019. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  12. ^ "Bhupendra Patel to be sworn in as Gujarat Chief Minister on December 12". The Hindu. 10 December 2022. Archived from the original on 12 March 2024. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  13. ^ "Nayab Saini sworn in as Haryana CM". The Hindu. 12 March 2024. Archived from the original on 12 March 2024. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  14. ^ "Sukhwinder Singh Sukhu to be next Himachal CM, Mukesh Agnihotiri his deputy". India Today. 10 December 2022. Archived from the original on 10 December 2022. Retrieved 10 December 2022.
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  20. ^ "Biren Singh sworn in as Chief Minister of Manipur". The Hindu. 21 March 2022. Archived from the original on 12 March 2024. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  21. ^ "Conrad Sangma takes oath as Meghalaya CM for second term, Cabinet sworn in". The Hindu. 7 March 2023. Archived from the original on 15 March 2023. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  22. ^ "Zoram People's Movement leader Lalduhoma sworn in as Mizoram CM". The Hindu. 8 December 2023. Archived from the original on 9 December 2023. Retrieved 10 December 2023.
  23. ^ "Neiphiu Rio takes oath as Nagaland CM for fifth term". The Hindu. 7 March 2023. Archived from the original on 4 October 2023. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  24. ^ "Mohan Majhi, Odisha new CM, is firebrand tribal leader who threw dal at Speaker podium". India Today. 11 June 2024. Archived from the original on 11 June 2024. Retrieved 11 June 2024.
  25. ^ Stalin, J Sam Daniel; Ghosh, Deepshikha (22 February 2021). "Congress Loses Power In Puducherry, V Narayanasamy Resigns, Blames BJP". NDTV. Archived from the original on 4 April 2021. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  26. ^ "AAP's Bhagwant Mann sworn in as Punjab Chief Minister". The Hindu. 16 March 2022. Archived from the original on 9 August 2022. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  27. ^ "Who is Bajan Lal Sharma, Rajasthan's new CM". The Hindu. 17 December 2023. Archived from the original on 12 March 2024. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  28. ^ "P.S. Tamang sworn in as Sikkim Chief Minister". The Hindu. 27 May 2019. Archived from the original on 8 October 2021. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  29. ^ "MK Stalin sworn in as new Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu; here is the list of other top ministers". The Economic Times. 7 May 2021. Archived from the original on 22 November 2022. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  30. ^ "Biplab Kumar Deb sworn in as Tripura CM". The Hindu. 18 December 2018. Archived from the original on 18 December 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  31. ^ "Yogi Adityanath takes oath as Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister". The Hindu. 19 March 2017. Archived from the original on 13 June 2024. Retrieved 12 March 2024.
  32. ^ "Pushkar Singh Dhami takes oath as eleventh chief minister of Uttarakhand". Hindustan Times. 4 July 2021. Archived from the original on 29 November 2022. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  33. ^ "Mamata, 37 Ministers sworn in". The Hindu. 4 February 2014. Archived from the original on 12 March 2024. Retrieved 12 March 2024.