This article is missing information about cyclists who competed at the Olympics. Please expand the article to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page. (May 2021)

This is a list of cyclists who competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The cyclists were competing in 18 cycling events in the disciplines: BMX, mountain biking, road cycling, and track cycling.

2016 Olympic cyclists

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (May 2021)
Nation Cyclist Discipline Event Olympic app. Champion since 2012 Olympics
 Colombia Esteban Chaves
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Men's road race Debut
Sergio Henao
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Men's road race 2nd
Miguel Ángel López
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Men's road race Debut
Jarlinson Pantano
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Men's road race Debut
Rigoberto Urán
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Men's road race 3rd
 Ecuador Byron Guamá
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Men's road race 2nd
 Ethiopia Tsgabu Grmay
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Men's road race Debut
 France Grégory Baugé
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg
Track cycling
Men's sprint 2015 World Champion
Men's team sprint 2015 World Champion
Laurie Berthon
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg
Track cycling
Women's omnium
Thomas Boudat
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg
Track cycling
Men's omnium 2014 World Champion
Sandie Clair
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg
Track cycling
Women's sprint
Women's team sprint
Women's keirin
Virginie Cueff
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg
Track cycling
Women's sprint
Women's team sprint
Women's keirin
Michaël D'Almeida
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg
Track cycling
Men's team sprint 2015 World Champion
François Pervis
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg
Track cycling
Men's sprint 2014, 2015 World Champion
Men's team sprint
Men's keirin 2014 World Champion
 Greece Ioannis Tamouridis
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Men's road race 2nd
 Hong Kong Leung Chun Wing
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Men's road race Debut
 Netherlands Anna van der Breggen
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Women's road race Debut
Women's road time trial
Ellen van Dijk
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Women's road race 2nd
Women's road time trial 2013 World Champion
2015 European Games Champion
Tom Dumoulin
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Men's road race Debut
Men's road time trial
Rudi van Houts
Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg
Mountain biking
Men's cross-country 3rd
Steven Kruijswijk
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Men's road race Debut
Bauke Mollema
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Men's road race Debut
Wout Poels
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Men's road race Debut
Men's road time trial
Annemiek van Vleuten
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Women's road race 2nd
Marianne Vos
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Women's road race 3rd 2012 Olympic Champion
2012, 2013 World Champion
 United Arab Emirates Yousif Mirza
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road cycling
Men's road race Debut