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This is a list of American defunct television networks.[citation needed]

Distant locals

Name Owner Notes
Foxnet News Corporation Operated between 1991 and 2006 as a branch of Fox for smaller markets without an affiliate.
The WB 100+ Warner Bros. Entertainment/Tribune Broadcasting Precursor to The CW Plus operating between 1998 and 2006


Name Owner Notes
ExerciseTV Network and Video on Demand channel closed
Knowledge TV Jones International Closed several months after being sold to Discovery Communications.
Research Channel University of Washington Shut down on August 31, 2010.
UniversityHouse Northern Arizona University Telecourses from Northern Arizona University; was carried on Dish Network's "Public Interest" tier.


Name Owner Fate
3net Discovery Communications/Sony/IMAX 3D television channel launched on February 13, 2011, and shut down on August 12, 2014.
ARTS Hearst Corporation/ABC Merged with The Entertainment Channel to form A&E in 1984.
Audience DirecTV Ceased operations on May 22, 2020.
Automotive Television Network Global Television/Fidelity Capital
Chiller NBCUniversal Ceased operations on December 31, 2017.
Channel America Channel America Network Inc. Shut down in 1996.
Cloo NBCUniversal Launched as Sleuth; ceased operations on February 1, 2017.
Colours TV Black Star Communications Ceased operations on July 13, 2011, for unknown reasons.
Computer Television Service Unknown channel, possibly an 80s pay per view channel.
Documentary Channel Participant Media Merged with Halogen TV and replaced by Pivot on August 1, 2013. Pivot shut down October 31, 2016.
Fearnet NBCUniversal Shut down on July 30, 2014.
Fox Reality Channel News Corporation Shut down on March 29, 2010, and replaced by Nat Geo Wild.
Freeview DirecTV Rebranded to The 101 Network in 2005; rebranded again to the Audience Network on June 1, 2011. Audience shut down on May 22, 2020.
Funimation Channel Olympusat Replaced by Toku on December 31, 2015, after the end of Funimation's content deal with Olympusat.
Ha! Viacom Media Networks Merged with The Comedy Channel to form Comedy Central in 1991.
INHD2 In Demand Networks LLC iN Demand ceased operation of INHD2, which was a companion network to INHD, on January 1, 2007. INHD would later be relaunched as MOJO HD.
The Interactive Channel Source Media The Interactive Channel launched its first trial in 1996 with Century Cable in Colorado Springs, using CableShare's VirtualModem software. (VirtualModem was purchased by Liberate, which was later purchased by Comcast). Programming partnership with the Colorado Springs Gazette included headlines from each section of the paper and Classified ads.
Jones Computer Network Jones Intercable
The Lottery Channel Broadcasting in the early 2000s[1]
MOJO HD Comcast/Cox Communications/Time Warner Formerly INHD, ceased operations on December 1, 2008.
Movietime NBCUniversal Rebranded as E! in 1991.
National Jewish Television Network Basic cable channel broadcasting from New York City.[2] Existed in the 1980s until at least some point in the 2000s.
Network 1 Network Telephone Services Channel allowed viewer participation through 800 and 900 phone numbers.
PlayCable Interactive format features video games, existed in the early 1980s.
Soapnet Disney/ABC Soap opera network specializing in showing current and past soap operas ceased operations on December 31, 2013. Replaced by Disney Junior on many television providers.
The Silent Network Specialized channel aimed at deaf and hearing-impaired people; existed in the 1980s.[3]
SingleVision GlobalComm 2000
Talk TV Ed Cooperstein
The WB Warner Bros. Entertainment/Tribune Broadcasting Merged with UPN to form The CW, on September 18, 2006.
TNN Viacom Media Networks Originally The Nashville Network later renamed The National Network. Purchased by Viacom and relaunched as Spike TV which then rebranded as Paramount Network.
Trio NBCUniversal Replaced by Sleuth on January 1, 2006.
TVGN Lionsgate/CBS Corporation Launched as Prevue Guide, then renamed to Prevue Channel. Rebranded to TV Guide Channel when it was bought by TV Guide, then modified to TV Guide Network. Relaunched as Pop on January 14, 2015.
UPN CBS Corporation Merged with The WB to form The CW on September 18, 2006.
Guide Plus TV Guide Existed briefly in the 1990s, airing on some cable systems in lieu of Prevue Channel. This channel was discontinued when TV Guide purchased Prevue in 1999 and renamed it TV Guide Channel.
Varsity TV Varsity Media Group, Inc. High school student-produced programming; shut down on January 15, 2009.
WWOR EMI Service RKO General (1979–1987), MCA (1987–1991), Pinelands, Inc. (1991–1993), Chris-Craft Industries (1993–1997), Eastern Microwave, Incorporated (uplinker, 1979–1996; Superstation programmer, 1990–1996), Advance Entertainment Corporation (uplinker and Superstation programmer, 1996) National version of New York City's WWOR-TV. Existed c. 1989–1997


Name Owner Notes
Kids & Teens TV Sky Angel Ceased operations on January 31, 2019
Light TV Allen Media Group Ceased broadcasting on January 15, 2021. Was replaced by TheGrio.
Nickelodeon Games and Sports for Kids Viacom, MTV Networks On December 31, 2007, Nick GAS was replaced by The N when it spun off into its own channel. The channel existed in automated form on Dish Network until April 23, 2009, when it was replaced by Cartoon Network's Pacific feed.
PBJ Luken Communications Digital subchannel broadcast network airing programs from the Classic Media library.
Playhouse Disney The Walt Disney Company Rebranded as Disney Junior on February 14, 2011.
Qubo The E.W. Scripps Company Ceased operations on February 28, 2021, along with Ion Plus.
Sprout PBS Relaunched as Universal Kids on September 9, 2017.
Toon Disney The Walt Disney Company Rebranded as Disney XD on February 13, 2009.
Total Communication Network Total Communication Network Entertainment and educational programming aimed at hearing-impaired children.


Name Owner Notes
Gay Entertainment Television Gay Entertainment Television Inc.
Q Television Network Triangle Multimedia Ceased operations in February 2006.


Name Owner Notes
Applause Parasol Media
Arts & Antiques Network CYMA Productions Launched first quarter 1996[4]
Discovery Health Channel Discovery Communications Merged with FitTV to create Discovery Fit & Health on February 1, 2011, then Discovery Life on January 15, 2015. It got replaced with Oprah Winfrey Network on January 1, 2011.
Fashion and Design Television Anthony Guccione
Fine Living Network E.W. Scripps Company Shut down on May 31, 2010, replaced with Cooking Channel.
Halogen TV The Inspiration Networks Merged with the Documentary Channel into Pivot on August 1, 2013.
Ion Plus E.W. Scripps Company Ceased operations on February 28, 2021, along with qubo.
Kaleidoscope Channel for the disabled. Launched 1990.[5]
Lime Went online-only February 25, 2007. Formerly Wisdom Network.
Style Network NBCUniversal, Hearst Communications Rebranded Esquire Network on September 23, 2013, then ceased operations on June 28, 2017.
Wedding Central Rainbow Media Ceased operations July 1, 2011.
Wine TV Ceased operations in 2009.


Name Owner Notes
Americana Television Network Americana Television Network Inc. Country, blues, bluegrass, jazz and gospel music videos. Founded by Stanley Hitchcock in 1992; sold to TCI after 2 years, which shut it down.[6]
The Box Music channel that originated in 1982 and ceased operations in 2001 when replaced by MTV2.
Cable Music Channel Turner Broadcasting Started in the 1980s by Ted Turner to compete with MTV. Unlike MTV, it had no VJs. It was short lived.
Classic Music Channel Classical Broadcasting Company
The Gospel Network
Harmony Channel Harmony Intermedia, Inc. Mood elevating visual music
Hit Video USA 1980s video channel based out of Texas, aired on some broadcast channels during overnight periods.
International Music Feed Universal Music Group Aired music videos from various artists from around the world, purchased by Hubbard Broadcasting in 2008 and subsequently shut down on March 31, 2008, in order to expand distribution for Hubbard channel Ovation TV.
m Channel Aired syndicated music videos, TV shows, movies and news. Was folded under decision of the owner/creator of the network.
MOR Music TV Channel which aired music videos and performances in conjunction with selling albums.
NOYZ Bullfrog Media Ceased operations in early January 2008 after parent company's bankruptcy.
TheCoolTV Ceased broadcasting August 2017, Started online only streaming at same time.
The Tube Music Network Ceased operations October 1, 2007.
Z Music Television Contemporary Christian Music video channel that shut down in 2000; shared channel space with BET in some areas.
MTV Hits Viacom Media Networks Launched in 2002; replaced by NickMusic in 2016.

News and information

Name Owner Notes
ABC News Now Disney/ABC Replaced by Fusion on October 28, 2013. Ceased operations on December 31, 2021.
America's Talking NBCUniversal Relaunched as MSNBC.
All News Channel CONUS Communications Aired on USSB and later DirecTV; its programming was carried by many over-the-air television stations during the late night hours.
American Political Channel
America's Voice aka National Empowerment Television, or NET
CBS TeleNoticias
DoD News Channel Defense Media Activity (US Government) Formerly Pentagon Channel, shut down on April 17, 2015.
CNNfn Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner) 1995–2004; a few cable systems switched the channel space to CNN International after discontinuation.
MHz Worldview MHz Networks Closed down March 1, 2020
NBC Weather Plus NBC Distributed via the digital subchannels of NBC affiliates and digital cable. Ceased operations in 2008 due to purchase of an interest in The Weather Channel.[7]
NewsTalk Television Multimedia, Inc. Existed from 1994 to 1995; formerly known as the Talk Channel.
Newsworld International Canadian Broadcasting Corporation/USA Broadcasting Replaced by Current TV on August 1, 2005, and then Al Jazeera America on August 20, 2013. Ceased operations on April 12, 2016.
Northwest Cable News Tegna Used news resources from co-owned Tegna outlets KING-TV/Seattle, KREM/Spokane, KGW/Portland, Oregon and KTVB/Boise, Idaho; shut down on January 6, 2017
The 90's Channel Public Communicators, Inc. Relaunched to become Free Speech TV in 1995
RT America (ANO) TV-Novosti United States cut in channel of RT; shut down on March 3, 2022, as a result of sanctions on Russia over their invasion of Ukraine.
Satellite News Channel a joint venture between ABC and Group W Ceased operations in 1983
Tempo Television Formerly Satellite Program Network and then opened CNBC on April 17, 1989.

Regional news networks

Name Location Owner Notes
The California Channel Sacramento, California
Chicagoland Television Chicago, Illinois Nexstar Media Group Originally owned by Tribune Broadcasting before acquired by Nexstar in 2019.
Local News on Cable Norfolk, Virginia Belo Corporation Also called LNC5
FiOS1 New Jersey
FiOS1 Long Island
FiOS1 Lower Hudson Valley
New York Metropolitan Area Verizon Communications News was produced by RNN.
Southern Arizona News Network Tucson, Arizona KVOA Communications, Inc.
NWCN Pacific Northwest KING 5 and other regional networks Northwest Cable News Network - closed Jan. 6 2017
TXCN Texas Gannett Company Also called Texas Cable News


Name Owner Notes
Action Pay-Per-View BET network, and later TVN Entertainment Di-function channel.
Adam & Eve Channel Adam & Eve Communications Inc. Adult pay-per-view and home shopping
AdultVision Playboy Enterprises Adult pay-per-view
American Exxxtasy Home Dish Satellite Network Inc. Adult pay-per-view
Audience DirecTV
Cable Video Store General Instrument (Original), Graff Pay-Per-View (second)
Guest Cinema Adult pay-per-view
People's Choice Pay-per-view
Star Channel Showtime Networks. (CBS Corporation) Relaunched to become The Movie Channel in 1979.
Request TV Liberty Media and 20th Century Fox Also operated a Spanish-language pay-per-view channel, Request En Español.
Rendezvous Adult pay-per-view
Spectradyne Adult pay-per-view in major hotel chains
StarDust Theatre Home Dish Satellite Network Inc.
Tuxxedo Network Home Dish Satellite Network Inc. Adult pay-per-view
Wometco Home Theater Wometco Enterprises


Name Owner Notes
Documentary Channel Participant Media Merged with Halogen TV into Pivot on August 1, 2013.
Fearnet NBCUniversal Ceased operations on July 30, 2014.
The B-Movie Channel
Cable Theater Existed from late 1970s–early 1980s.
Festival HBO 1980s premium channel from HBO.
INTRO Television Liberty Starz Originally called TV!; renamed INTRO Television, carrying the same programming format. Replaced by Encore PLEX (eventually changed to MoviePlex) in 1997.
Home Theater Network Premium movies
Movie Mania Formerly B-Mania!, B-Movie channel, no longer broadcasting as of October 2006.
MovieVision Premium movies
Nostalgia Channel Classic movies, format and name changed to current YTA TV
ONTV National Subscription Television Also had sports and events.
Preview Time, Inc.
PRISM Spectacor 24-hour premium cable television channel intended for cable customers in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania metropolitan area. Channel infrastructure is still used for NBC Sports Philadelphia.
SelecTV Starion Entertainment
Showtime Beyond ViacomCBS Domestic Media Networks Was shut down and replaced by Showcase on July 15, 2020. Showcase's former channel space was taken over by SHO×BET.
Spectrum United Cable
Spotlight Times Mirror Premium movies
Super Time/Star TV San Francisco over the air channel like ONTV via KTSF-TV. Named Super Time during the late 1970s and Star TV in the early 1980s.
SuperTV Subscription TV of Greater Washington, Inc. Ceased operations in 1986.
The Film Detective Philip Hopkins Now an on demand streaming only service
Z Channel Movie channel
Wometco Home Theater Wometco Enterprises Subscription service operating offering movies, live sports and entertainment specials through over-the-air broadcast affiliates including flagship station WTVG/WWHT licensed to Newark, New Jersey from 1977 to 1986.

Public Interest

Name Owner Notes
MHZ Worldview MHz Networks Finished operating on March 1, 2020.
PBS YOU PBS Service ended in January 2006; most stations replaced service with American Public Television's Create network.
ThinkBright WNED-TV Ceased in 2011.


Name Owner Notes
Angel One Sky Angel Ceased operations on January 31, 2019.
Angel Two
i-Life TV The Inspiration Networks Replaced by Halogen TV on October 24, 2009.
PTL Satellite Network Evangelical Christian network known for broadcasting The PTL Club hosted by Jim and Tammy Faye Bakker. Was on the air from 1977 to 1987; collapsed in the wake of a sex and embezzlement scandal that resulted in Jim Bakker being sentenced to prison. Relaunched as PTL Television Network in 2015.
The Worship Network The Christian Network, Inc. Launched in 1992, ceased operations in 2013.


Name Owner Notes
America's Collectibles Network Multimedia Commerce Group Inc. Launched on October 15, 1993; relaunched as Jewelry Television in 2002.
America's Store IAC/InterActiveCorp Ceased broadcasting on April 3, 2007.
Advertising Television Web Broadcasting Systems Inc.
BET-Home Shopping Network BET Holdings, Inc. / Home Shopping Network
Black Shopping Network
Cable Value Network Tele-Communications Inc. Merged with QVC in 1989.
Consumer Resource Network Seventh Medium
Cupid Network Television Capital Distribution Adult home shopping
Global Shopping Network
Q2 QVC Spinoff of QVC that existed from 1994 to 1996. Not to be confused with QVC2, another QVC spinoff which was launched in 2013 as QVC Plus and still exists today.
Resort & Residence TV Aired on DirecTV; ceased operations on March 28, 2011.
Shop at Home Network Jewelry Television Ceased broadcasting on March 7, 2008.
Shop Television Network J. C. Penney and Shop Television Network, Ltd. Was also known as JCPenney Television Shopping Channel until closure in 1991.
TV Car Showroom Hachette Filipacchi Magazines
ViaTV Network RSTV Inc.


Name Owner Notes
Classic Sports Network ESPN Inc. Purchased by ESPN and renamed ESPN Classic. Ceased operations on December 31, 2021.
CNN Sports Illustrated Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner) Existed from 1996 to 2002.
CSS NBCUniversal and Charter Communications Existed from 1999 to 2014.
CET NBCUniversal Existed from 2004 to 2018.
Comcast Network Existed from 1996 to 2017.
Empire Sports Network Adelphia Cable Existed from 1990 to 2005.
ESPN 3D ESPN Inc. Ceased operations on September 30, 2013.
ESPN Goal Line & Bases Loaded Ceased operations on June 30, 2020.
ESPN Full Court Replaced by ESPN College Extra on August 28, 2015.
ESPN GamePlan
Fight Now TV Channel Zero Existed from May 2011 to June 2014.
Football Network Existed briefly in 2003.
Fox Soccer 21st Century Fox Formerly Fox Sports World; replaced by FXX on September 2, 2013.
FSN Chicago News Corporation and Cablevision Became Comcast SportsNet Chicago
Fox Sports Houston
Fox Sports Carolinas
Fox Sports Tennessee
Men's Outdoor and Recreation
MountainWest Sports Network Mountain West Conference (MWC), CBS Corporation, Comcast Mountain West Conference sports; existed from September 2006–June 2012.
NASCAR Hot Pass NASCAR / DirecTV Exclusive to DirecTV existed from 2007 to 2012.
NBC Sports Northwest NBC Sports Group Existed from 2007 to 2021
Outdoor Life Network NBC Sports Group / NBCUniversal (Comcast) Rebranded as Versus in 2006 and then NBCSN in 2012. Ceased operations on December 31, 2021.
Prime Network Liberty Media Existed from 1983 to 1996.
SpeedVision SPEED Channel Inc. (21st Century Fox) Renamed Speed, replaced by Fox Sports 1 on August 17, 2013.
Spectrum Sports New York Charter Communications Existed from 2003 to 2017.
Spectrum Sports Carolinas
Spectrum Sports (Florida)
Spectrum Sports (Ohio)
Spectrum Sports (Wisconsin)
Spectrum Sports Texas Existed from 2010 to 2017
Sports Time Anheuser-Busch St. Louis and Midwest Cable Sports station; existed from April 1984–March 1985.
SportsChannel Cablevision/NBC Existed from 1988 to 1993; merged with Fox Sports Net.
Sports News Network Mizlou Communications Existed from February–December 1990.
Trax Networks Development Corporation
Turner South Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner) Purchased by Fox Cable Networks and renamed SportSouth.
TVS Television Network Now part of Margate Entertainment.
Universal Sports InterMedia Partners and NBCUniversal Ceased operations November 16, 2015. The channel carried on existing contracts until 2017. Replaced by a US Version of the Olympic Channel
University of North Dakota Sports Network University of North Dakota, WDAZ-TV, Midcontinent Communications Formerly known as Fighting Sioux Sports Network (FSSN)
Ceased on March, 2012.
Victory Sports One Minnesota Twins Baseball Network/Minnesota Gophers Sports
Water Channel MCE Television Networks Inc.
Web Sports Net Web Broadcasting Systems Inc. Text-based sports news service.
World Championship Sports Network Became Universal Sports. Ceased operations November 16, 2015, which was owned by Comcast SportsNet, a division of NBCUniversal.


Name Owner Notes
El Rey Network Robert Rodriguez
FactoryMade Ventures
Ceased operations on December 31, 2020.
La Familia Cosmovision The Inspiration Networks Ceased operations on December 31, 2014.
La Familia Network Was previously available on Time Warner Cable; replaced with Atres Series in fall 2015.
MundoMax RCN Televisión Was originally MundoFox as a joint venture with Fox International Channels. MundoFox merged into Fox's operations in 2015, and its replacement MundoMax ceased operations on November 30, 2016.
NuvoTV Fuse Media Formerly Sí TV, and then merged with Fuse on September 30, 2015; channel space was replaced by FM.



Name Owner Notes
Black Family Channel Ceased operations April 30, 2007. Subscriber base sold to Gospel Music Channel. Formerly MBC Network.
Bridges TV Muslim Ceased operations on March 15, 2012.
Caribbean Satellite Network
New Urban Entertainment Television (NUE-TV) Space Station TeleVision, co-owned by Dennis Brownlee and Robert Townsend. Investors included Quincy Jones, Leo J. Hindery Jr., David Falk, and Alfred Liggins III. Ceased operations in May 2001; formally shutdown in October 2002. Senior Council Pat Irvin, Human Resources Director Renee Barfield, Cindy Mahmoud, Senior Vice President Gordon Boelter, Executive Vice President of Programming, Donovan Myrie, News Director, Craig Henry, Director of Music, Monte Powell, Director of Programming, Rick Porterfield, Production Director.
The MBC Movie Network Minority Broadcasting Corp.
World African Network


Name Owner Notes
AZN Television Comcast Formerly International Channel; First nationwide television cable channel dedicated to Asian Americans. Ceased operations on April 9, 2008.
MTV Chi Viacom Media Networks An MTV World network dedicated to Chinese-American audiences; launched on December 6, 2005, and shut down on April 30, 2007.
MTV Desi An MTV World network dedicated to South Asian-American audiences; launched on July 12, 2005, and shut down on April 30, 2007.
MTV K An MTV World network dedicated to Korean-American audiences; launched on June 27, 2006, and shut down on April 30, 2007.


Name Owner Notes
TV5 Monde France Télévisions

RTBF (French speaking-Belgium) Radio Télévision Suisse (French speaking-Switzerland)

SRC (French speaking-Canada) Télé-Québec

An international French network showing programming from French-speaking language public networks of Belgium, Canada, France and Switzerland.


Name Owner Notes
ChannelD First German private television satellite channel in North America 2001–2002.
Dolphin-TV Dolphin-TV German Television Inc. German private television satellite channel 2006–2007.
GermanTV Deutsche Welle TV, ARD & ZDF (German Public Broadcasters) Satellite channel 2001–2005.


Name Owner Notes
CelticVision Unknown Unknown

High definition

Name Owner Notes
Voom HD Networks Rainbow Media (Cablevision) 15 All-HD networks, ceased broadcasting on January 20, 2009.

Network Re-brands

Name Owner Notes
Alpha Repertory Television Service Hearst Communications/ABC Replaced by A&E in 1984, through a merger with NBC-owned arts network The Entertainment Channel.
America's Collectibles Network Multimedia Commerce Group Inc. Replaced by Jewelry Television by October 15, 1993.
America's Talking NBCUniversal Replaced by MSNBC in 1996.
BET Jazz BET Networks Renamed as BET J, Centric, and now BET Her.
The Biography Channel A&E Networks Renamed Bio in July 2007 and then rebranded to FYI on July 7, 2014.
Cable Health Club Discovery Inc. Rebranded America's Health Network in 1996, The Health Network in 1999, switched to FitTV in 2004, then Discovery Fit & Health on February 1, 2011.
Channel C-3 ViacomCBS Domestic Media Networks Rebranded on April 1, 1979, to Nickelodeon.
Christian Broadcasting Network Walt Disney Television Relaunched to The Family Channel in 1990, Fox Family Channel in 1998, ABC Family on November 10, 2001, then Freeform on January 12, 2016.
The Church Channel Trinity Broadcasting Network Renamed Hillsong Channel on June 1, 2016, and then TBN Inspire on January 1, 2022.
CNN 2 WarnerMedia News & Sports (WarnerMedia) Rebranded as CNN Headline News in January 1983, and then simply HLN on June 17, 2007.
Court TV Rebranded as TruTV on January 1, 2008. Court TV still exists but not in its original form
Discovery Civilization Network Discovery Inc. Became Discovery Civilization Channel first, next Discovery Times, and now Investigation Discovery.
Discovery Health Channel Merged with FitTV to create Discovery Fit & Health on February 1, 2011, and got replaced with OWN on January 1, 2011.
Discovery HD Theater Renamed HD Theater on September 22, 2007, rebranded Velocity on October 4, 2011, and then Motor Trend on November 23, 2018.
Discovery Kids Relaunched The Hub on October 10, 2010, renamed Hub Network in 2013, and then rebranded Discovery Family on October 13, 2014.
Discovery Travel and Living Rebranded Discovery Home and Leisure in 1998, then Discovery Home in 2004, Planet Green in 2008, and then Destination America on May 26, 2012.
Discovery Wings Rebranded Military Channel on January 10, 2005, then American Heroes Channel on March 3, 2014.
DIY Network Relaunched Magnolia Network on January 5, 2022.
Encore Starz Inc. Renamed Starz Encore on April 5, 2016.
Fine Living Network Discovery Inc. Shut down on May 31, 2010, replaced by Cooking Channel.
Fox Movie Channel Walt Disney Television Rebranded FXM on January 1, 2012.
Fox Reality Channel Shut down on March 29, 2010, replaced by Nat Geo Wild.
Fox Sports en Español Fox Corporation Relaunched Fox Deportes on October 1, 2010.
Fox Sports World Relaunched as Fox Soccer Channel in 2005, then renamed Fox Soccer in 2011, then it was replaced by FXX on September 2, 2013.
Fuel TV Replaced by Fox Sports 2 on August 17, 2013.
Gospel Music Channel InterMedia Partners Renamed GMC TV in fall 2010 and then Up on June 1, 2013.
Ha! ViacomCBS Domestic Media Networks Merged with The Comedy Channel to form Comedy Central in 1991.
Hallmark Movie Channel Crown Media Holdings (Hallmark Cards) Rebranded Hallmark Movies & Mysteries on September 29, 2014.
HDNet HDNet Inc. Rebranded AXS TV on July 2, 2012.
HRTV Betfair Rebranded TVG2 on October 28, 2015.
The Inspiration Network The Inspiration Networks Renamed INSP in October 2010.
INTRO Television Starz Inc. originally called TV!; renamed INTRO Television, carrying the same programming format. Replaced by Encore PLEX (eventually changed to MoviePlex) in 1995.
JCTV Trinity Broadcasting Network Renamed JUCE TV on January 1, 2014, and then Positiv on January 26, 2020.
The Jewelry Channel Rebranded Liquidation Channel in 2009 and then renamed to Shop LC on January 9, 2017.
Movietime NBCUniversal Rebranded as E! in 1991.
MHD ViacomCBS Domestic Media Networks Rebranded Palladia on September 1, 2008, and then renamed MTV Live on February 1, 2016.
MTV Hits Renamed NickMusic on September 9, 2016.
MTVX Relaunched MTV Jams on May 1, 2002, and then renamed BET Jams on October 5, 2015.
MuchUSA CHUM Limited and Rainbow Media Rebranded Fuse on May 19, 2003.
Mun2 NBCUniversal Rebranded NBC Universo on February 1, 2015.
National College Sports Network ViacomCBS Rebranded to CSTV in 2003, and then CBS College Sports Network in 2008, and then finally CBS Sports Network on April 4, 2011.
The 90's Channel Public Communicators, Inc. Relaunched Free Speech TV in 1995
Nick GaS ViacomCBS Domestic Media Networks Replaced by The N on December 31, 2007, and then TeenNick on September 28, 2009.
Noggin Rebranded Nick Jr. on September 28, 2009.
Odyssey Crown Media Holdings (Hallmark Cards) Originally Launched as two separate networks: American Christian Television System (a Christian teaching channel) and Vision Interfaith Satellite Network (interfaith programming). VISN and ACTS merged and became Faith & Values Channel. The network was renamed again in 1996 as Odyssey. Hallmark Entertainment and The Jim Henson Company purchased the network, which was relaunched as Hallmark Channel in 2001.
PAX TV Ion Media Relaunched i: Independent Television on July 1, 2005, and then Ion Television on January 29, 2007.
PBS Kids Sprout PBS/NBCUniversal NBCUniversal bought full ownership of the network and renamed to Sprout in 2013, and then Universal Kids on September 9, 2017.
Prevue Channel Lionsgate Launched in 1981 as the Electronic Program Guide, then became the Prevue Guide, then modified slightly into Prevue Channel. Purchased by TV Guide in 1999 and renamed TV Guide Channel and then became the TV Guide Network in 2007, and then shortened to TVGN in 2013, as of January 14, 2015, it is now Pop.
Sci-Fi Channel NBCUniversal Renamed Syfy on July 7, 2009.
Smile of a Child TBN Renamed Smile on January 1, 2017.
SonBeam Channel Three Angels Broadcasting Network Renamed 3ABN Kids Network.
SpeedVision SPEED Channel Inc. (Fox Corporation) Renamed Speed, replaced by Fox Sports 1 on August 17, 2013.
Star Channel Showtime Networks (ViacomCBS) Relaunched to become The Movie Channel in 1979.
Sundance Channel AMC Networks Renamed SundanceTV on February 1, 2014.
Telefutura Univision Communications Rebranded UniMás on January 7, 2013.
Tempo Television Formerly Satellite Program Network and then replaced by CNBC on April 17, 1989.
TNN ViacomCBS Domestic Media Networks Originally The Nashville Network was later renamed The National Network. Purchased by Viacom and relaunched Spike on August 11, 2003. It was then renamed Paramount Network on January 18, 2018.
Toon Disney Disney Replaced by Disney XD on February 13, 2009.
FUNimation Channel Funimation/Olympusat Inc. Rebranded TOKU on December 31, 2015.
ValueVision ValueVision Media Relaunched in 2001 to ShopNBC, then ShopHQ on May 22, 2013, and then EVINE Live on February 13, 2015.
VH1 Smooth ViacomCBS Domestic Media Networks Renamed VH1 Classic in 1999 and then became MTV Classic on August 1, 2016.
VH1 Country renamed CMT Pure Country on May 27, 2006, and then CMT Music on January 4, 2016.
VH1 MegaHits Replaced by Logo TV on June 30, 2005.
VH1 Soul Renamed BET Soul on December 28, 2015.
WealthTV Herring Broadcasting Rebranded AWE on October 1, 2013.


  1. ^ Media/Society: Industries, Images, and Audiences By David Croteau, William Hoynes, p75
  2. ^ The Encyclopedia of Television, Cable, and Video. By R.M. Reed, M.K. Reed
  3. ^ "Deaf History - Silent Network - A Deaf Cable Channel". Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Channel-surfing cable's new nets", Broadcasting & Cable, November 27, 1995, McConville, Jim (via Highbeam)
  5. ^ Kaleidoscope TV on Shopping Kick, Ad Age, 1995
  6. ^ "Crawford makes major investment in Americana music". Billboard. 22 Sep 2001.
  7. ^ "NBC Shutting Down Weather Plus - TVWeek - News". Archived from the original on 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2015-06-01.