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This is an incomplete list of musical pieces composed in the twelve-tone technique and pieces that use serialism.

List of musical pieces composed in the twelve-tone technique

List of pieces that use serialism

Organized by composer:

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Nicole V. Gagné, Historical Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Classical Music, Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts (Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2012): 98. ISBN 978-0-8108-6765-9.
  2. ^ Horace Reisberg, "The Vertical Dimension in Twentieth Century Music", Aspects of Twentieth-Century Music, edited by Gary Wittlich, 362–72, citation on 370–71 (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1975). ISBN 0-13-049346-5.
  3. ^ a b Robert L. Parker, "Carlos Chávez's Opus Ultimum: The Unfinished Cello Concerto". American Music 11, no. 4 (Winter 1993): 473–87. Citation on p. 479.
  4. ^ Dimitri Kennaway, notes for recording, Naxos 8.557850, "credited with being the first British feature film score to employ the method [twelve-tone serialism] almost entirely."
  5. ^ British Library Frankel Biography – Middle Years
  6. ^ Howard Pollack, Walter Piston (Ann Arbor, Mich: UMI Research Press, 1982): 35, 72–73. ISBN 0-8357-1280-X.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Bruce Archibald, "Reviews of Records: Walter Piston: Symphony No. 7, Symphony No. 8, Louisville Orchestra, Jorge Mester; Walter Piston: Symphony No. 5, Louisville Orchestra, Robert Whitney; Walter Piston: Concerto for Viola and Orchestra, Paul Doktor, viola, Louisville Orchestra, Robert Whitney; Walter Piston: The Incredible Flutist, Louisville Orchestra, Jorge Mester", The Musical Quarterly 64, no. 2 (1978): 263–68 (citation on 267).
  8. ^ Donald Chittum, Liner notes to Walter Piston: String Quartet No. 5, in American String Quartets, Volume II: 1900–1950, Kohon String Quartet, 3-LP set, Vox SVBX 5305 (New York: Vox, 1974).
  9. ^ Elliott Carter, "Walter Piston", The Musical Quarterly 32, no. 3 (July 1946): 354–75 (citation on 364–65).
  10. ^ Colin Mason, Hugo Cole, and David C.F. Wright, "Searle, Humphrey", The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell (London: Macmillan Publishers, 2001).
  11. ^ Frisius, Rudolf (2008). Karlheinz Stockhausen II: Die Werke 1950–1977; Gespräch mit Karlheinz Stockhausen, "Es geht aufwärts". Mainz, London, Berlin, Madrid, New York, Paris, Prague, Tokyo, Toronto: Schott Musik International. p. 25. ISBN 978-3-7957-0249-6.
  12. ^ Robin Maconie, Other Planets: The Complete Works of Karlheinz Stockhausen, 1950–2007, updated edition (Lanham, Maryland; Boulder, Colorado; New York; London: Rowman & Littlefield, 2016): 23, 35–36 ISBN 978-1-4422-7267-5; Frisius 2008, p. 32; Michael Kurtz, Stockhausen: A Biography, translated by Richard Toop (London and Boston: Faber and Faber, 1992): 30 ISBN 0-571-14323-7 (cloth); ISBN 0-571-17146-X (pbk).
  13. ^ Joseph N. Straus, Stravinsky's Late Music, Cambridge Studies in Music Theory and Analysis (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), 4. ISBN 0-521-80220-2 (cloth) ISBN 0-521-60288-2.
  14. ^ Christopulos, Jim; Smart, Phil (2005). Van der Graaf Generator – The Book. Phil and Jim Publishers. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-955-13370-1.
  15. ^ Jacques Calonne, "Aspects d'un resume (Apropos d' Orbes pour orchestre)", Revue d'Esthetique 21 (1968), nos. 2–4 ("Musiques nouvelles"): 59–103.
  16. ^ Dimitri Kennaway, notes for recording, Naxos 8.557850, "his [Frankel's] first published experimentation with serial technique"
  17. ^ a b Gagné (2012), p.116.
  18. ^ Gilles Tremblay, "Note pour Cantique de durées", Revue d'esthetique 21 (1968), nos. 2–4 ("Musiques nouvelles"): 51–58.