President Andrew Johnson.
President Andrew Johnson.

Following is a list of all Article III United States federal judges appointed by President Andrew Johnson during his presidency.[1] Johnson appointed only 9 Article III federal judges during his presidency, all to United States district courts. Andrew Johnson is one of only four presidents[2] who did not have an opportunity to appoint a judge to serve on the Supreme Court. In April 1866 he nominated Henry Stanbery to fill the vacancy left with the death of John Catron, but the Republican Congress eliminated the seat with the passage of the Judicial Circuits Act. One of Johnson's district court appointees, Samuel Blatchford, would later be appointed to the Supreme Court by Chester A. Arthur.

Johnson appointed 1 judge to the United States Court of Claims, an Article I tribunal.

District Courts

# Judge Court
[Note 1]
Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
1 John Erskine N.D. Ga.
S.D. Ga.
December 20, 1865 January 22, 1866 July 10, 1865[3] April 25, 1882
December 1, 1883
2 George Washington Brooks D.N.C. December 20, 1865 January 22, 1866 August 19, 1865[3] June 4, 1872[4]
3 George Seabrook Bryan D.S.C. February 9, 1866 March 12, 1866 March 12, 1866 September 1, 1886
4 Robert Andrews Hill N.D. Miss.
S.D. Miss.
March 27, 1866 May 1, 1866 May 1, 1866 August 1, 1891
5 Edward Fox D. Me. May 28, 1866 May 30, 1866 May 31, 1866 December 14, 1881
6 Daniel Clark D.N.H. July 27, 1866 July 27, 1866 July 27, 1866 January 2, 1891
7 Charles Taylor Sherman N.D. Ohio March 2, 1867 March 2, 1867 March 2, 1867 November 25, 1872
8 Samuel Blatchford S.D.N.Y. July 13, 1867 July 16, 1867 May 3, 1867[5] March 4, 1878[6]
9 Elmer Scipio Dundy D. Neb. April 4, 1868 April 9, 1868 April 9, 1868 October 28, 1896

Specialty courts (Article I)

United States Court of Claims

# Judge Nomination
date
Confirmation
date
Began active
service
Ended active
service
1 Samuel Milligan July 23, 1868 July 25, 1868 July 25, 1868 April 20, 1874

Notes

References

General
  • "Judges of the United States Courts". Biographical Directory of Federal Judges. Federal Judicial Center. Archived from the original on 2016-07-30. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
Specific
  1. ^ All information on the names, terms of service, and details of appointment of federal judges is derived from the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public-domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ The other three presidents are William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor and Jimmy Carter.
  3. ^ a b Recess appointment; formally nominated on December 20, 1865, confirmed by the United States Senate on January 22, 1866, and received commission on January 22, 1866.
  4. ^ Reassigned by operation of law to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina on June 4, 1872.
  5. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on July 13, 1867, confirmed by the United States Senate on July 16, 1867, and received commission on July 16, 1867.
  6. ^ Elevated

Sources