This is a list of flags used in Northern Ireland.

Official flags

Current

These are the flags used by the British Government, the Northern Ireland Assembly and the Monarch in Northern Ireland.

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Since 1801 The Union Flag, popularly known as the Union Jack, is used as the flag of the United Kingdom. A superposition of the flags of England, Scotland, and the St Patrick's Flag of Ireland.
Royal Standard of the United Kingdom.svg
Since 1837 The Royal Standard of the United Kingdom. It is the banner of Queen Elizabeth II in her capacity as Queen of the United Kingdom. Split into quadrants, the first and fourth quadrants contain three gold lions passant on a red field (representing England); the second quadrant contains a red lion rampant on a gold field (representing Scotland); the third quadrant contains a gold harp on a blue field (representing Ireland).
NI Assembly.svg
Since 1998 The emblem of the Northern Ireland Assembly.[1] Six flax flowers with the words "Northern Ireland Assembly" below on a white field.
Northern Ireland Executive logo.svg
Since 1998 The emblem of the Northern Ireland Executive. Representation of the Giant's Causeway and the words "Northern Ireland Executive" on a white field.

Former

Flag Date Use Description
St Patrick
1780s St. Patrick's Saltire, also known as the Cross of St Patrick, after the patron saint of Ireland. The flag appears within the Union Flag now the official flag of the United Kingdom. It is used by some Unionists, the Church of Ireland and is incorporated into symbols and emblems of various organisations and bodies throughout Ireland. A red saltire on a white field.
Saint Patrick
1780s A vertical red saltire on a white field.
Flag of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.svg
1801–1922 Flag of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Ireland.
Flag of the Governor of Northern Ireland (1922-1973).svg
1922–1973 Personal flag of the Governor of Northern Ireland. A Union Jack defaced with the Coat of arms of Northern Ireland.
Flag of Northern Ireland (1924–1953).svg
1924–1953 The Ulster Banner, officially known as the Northern Ireland flag (1924–1953)
Ulster banner.svg
1953–1972 The Ulster Banner, officially known as the Northern Ireland flag,[2] was the flag of the former Government of Northern Ireland. It is used by the unionist community but no longer has any official status,[3] although several sporting organisations such as FIFA,[4] the Commonwealth Games Federation[5] and the PGA Tour[6] and media organisations such as ESPN[7] currently use the flag to represent teams and athletes from Northern Ireland. A red cross on a white field defaced with the Red Hand of Ulster, crowned on a six pointed white star (representing the six counties in Northern Ireland). Based on the flag of Ulster.
Government Ensign of Northern Ireland (1929-1973).svg
1929–1973 Ensign of the former Northern Ireland government. The blue ensign defaced with the letters GNI in the fly. Used on vessels of the Northern Ireland government.

Local government flags

Current

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Belfast.svg
The flag of the city of Belfast. Banner of the arms of Belfast City Council.

Former

Flag Date Use Description
Londonderry flag.svg
The flag of the city of Derry / Londonderry. Banner of the arms of Derry City Council.

University flags

Flag Date Use Description
QUB flag.svg
1910–present Flag of Queen's University Belfast is a heraldic banner that is based on its coat of arms which were granted on 24 March 1910, two years after the establishment of the university. The arms are similar to those used by the Queen's University of Ireland which existed from 1850 to 1879.[8] The banner is a Saint Patrick's Saltire that features a book, a sea horse, the Red Hand of Ulster, a harp and a British crown. The book stands for the university, the sea horse represents Belfast, the Red Hand is for Ulster, the harp symbolises Ireland and the crown is for the British monarchy. The university's arms are blazoned as: "Per saltire azure and argent, on a saltire gules, between in chief an open book and in base a harp both proper, in dexter a hand couped of the third, and in sinister a sea-horse vert gorged with a mural crown of the fourth, an Imperial crown of the last".

Others

Flag Date Use Description
Ensign of the Royal Ulster Yacht Club.svg
Ensign of the Royal Ulster Yacht Club. The blue ensign defaced with the Red Hand of Ulster and St Edward's Crown.
Flag of Ulster.svg
Since 1264 The Flag of Ulster is used to represent the traditional province of Ulster. A red cross on a golden field. The arms of the historic province of Ulster is a composite achievement, combining the heraldic symbols of two of that province’s best known families; namely the cross of the de Burgh family, Earls of Ulster, and the dexter hand of O'Neill (Ua Néill, later Ó Néill) Kings of Ailech and Tír Eoghan.
Flag of Ireland.svg
Since 1919 Flag of the Republic of Ireland was originally designed to represent all of Ireland, but is currently only the official flag of the Republic of Ireland. Often seen flying from lampposts and homes in nationalist areas of Northern Ireland. A Tricolour, with three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white and orange. The Flag is a metaphor for the peace, equality and co-operation (white) between Catholics (green) and Protestants (orange).
Sunburst Flag.svg
Since 1893 The Sunburst flag is based on the flag of mythological warriors the Fianna. Used by nationalists. Blue background with an orange sun showing partially in the lower hoist.
StarryPlough.svg
Since 1930s The starry plough flag succeeded the starry plough banner; the flag used to represent Irish nationalist socialism. Used by socialists, trade unionists and nationalists. Light blue background and white stars.
Ulster Nationalist flag.png
Flag of a proposed independent Ulster nation. Used by Ulster nationalists, although it has now been adopted as an Ulster-Scots flag. St Patrick's Saltire with St Andrew's Saltire, defaced with a golden six pointed star representing the six counties of Northern Ireland containing the red hand of Ulster.
Flag of the Ulster Volunteer Force.svg
Flag of the Ulster Volunteer Force. Often seen flying from lampposts and homes in loyalist areas. Similar to Boyne Standard. Purple background with orange border and English flag in the canton and a UVF emblem in the lower fly. The letters"U.V.F." and "1912" are shown diagonally in the centre of the flag.
Flag of the Ulster Defence Association.svg
Flag of the Ulster Defence Association. Often seen flying from lampposts and homes in loyalist areas. Light blue background with red border and UDA emblem on the hoist (left-hand) side and the words "ULSTER DEFENCE ASSOCIATION" on the fly (right-hand) side.
Flag of the Ulster Freedom Fighters.svg
Flag of the Ulster Freedom Fighters. Often seen flying from lampposts and homes in loyalist areas. Black background with yellow border and UFF emblem in the centre.
Flag of the LVF.png
Flag of the Loyalist Volunteer Force. Often seen flying from lampposts in LVF strongholds such as Ballycraigy. Black background with white border and LVF emblem in the centre with three of the six counties of Northern Ireland on both sides. Two yellow banner one at the top and one at the bottom, Top banner says "Loyalist Volunteer Force" and bottom says "In defence of our heritage and culture".
Flag of the Orange Order.svg
Flag of the Orange Order. Mostly used in relation to the Orange Order and Orange Walks on The Twelfth. Orange background with a St. George's Cross in the canton and defaced with a purple Williamite five-pointed star in the lower fly.
Purple Standard.svg
The Purple Standard, used by some Orange Order marching groups. Purple background with a St. George's Cross in the canton and defaced with an orange five-pointed star in the lower fly. Effectively an inverted version of the primary Orange Order flag.
Apprentice Boys Derry Flag.svg
Flag of the Apprentice Boys of Derry, a Protestant fraternal organisation based in Derry City. A crimson field.
ShannonErne.svg
1994 "Erne Flag" used on the Shannon–Erne Waterway. Triband of green, white and blue.
Cricket Ireland flag.svg
Flag used by the Ireland national cricket team. Green shamrocks on a blue field.
Flag of Ireland hockey team.svg
Flag used by the Ireland national hockey team. Arms of the four provinces combined on a shield, with two stags on the crest and the motto "IRELAND", on a green field.
IRFU flag.svg
Flag used by the Ireland national rugby union team. The four provincial arms and the IRFU insignia in the centre, on a light green field. NOTE: At Rugby World Cups the team is represented by the Flag of Ireland and the Flag of Ulster.

GAA colours

GAA county colours are used to represent Irish counties in the Gaelic Athletic Association's inter-county competitions, most notably the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship in Gaelic football and the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship in Hurling.

Flag Use Description
Colours of Ulster Council.svg
Ulster Gold and black
Flag of county Antrim.svg
County Antrim Saffron and white
Flag of county Armagh.svg
County Armagh Orange and white
Flag of the counties of Cork, Derry and Louth.svg
County Derry Red and white
Flag of county Down.svg
County Down Red and black
Flag of the counties of Fermanagh and Limerick.svg
County Fermanagh Green and white
Flag of county Tyrone.svg
County Tyrone White and red

Timeline

Flag Date Use Description
Royal Banner of O
464–1607 Flag of Tyrconnell.
Royal Standard of Ireland (1542–1801).svg
1542–1801 Flag of Kingdom of Ireland. Royal Standard.
Saint Patrick
1801–1921 Flag of Ireland. Saint Patrick's Flag.
Flag of Northern Ireland (1924–1953).svg
1924–1953 First flag of Northern Ireland. Ulster Banner.
Ulster Banner.svg
1953–1972 Second flag of Northern Ireland. Ulster Banner.
Flag of Northern Ireland Assembly.svg
1998–present Purported banner of the Northern Ireland Assembly Emblem of Northern Ireland Assembly.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Information on Logo, Northern Ireland Assembly". 1999.
  2. ^ McCartney, Clem (1994). Clashing Symbols?: A Report on the Use of Flags, Anthems and Other National Symbols in Northern Ireland. Queen's University of Belfast. p. 2. ISBN 9780853895381. The flag of the Government of Northern Ireland is often called 'the Ulster flag', but we have called it by its official name, the 'Northern Ireland flag'.
  3. ^ So you think you know the Northern Ireland flag?
  4. ^ "Northern Ireland at FIFA.com". FIFA. Archived from the original on 14 June 2007. Retrieved 28 November 2007.
  5. ^ "Northern Ireland at the CGF". Commonwealth Games Federation. Archived from the original on 2 September 2017. Retrieved 30 November 2007.
  6. ^ "Rory McIlroy PGA TOUR Profile – News, Stats, and Videos". PGATour. PGA Tour. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  7. ^ "ESPN.com – GOLF – Darren Clarke – Player Card". ESPN Internet Ventures. Retrieved 28 November 2007.
  8. ^ "Page Not Found". qub.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. ((cite web)): Cite uses generic title (help)