Fu (Chinese: ; pinyin: About this sound), sometimes translated as prefecture or superior prefecture,[1] was a type of administrative division in historical China from Tang dynasty to Qing dynasty. Fu was a level between provinces or equivalent divisions and counties. The term was initially applied to larger or more important prefectures, while the name zhou was applied to common prefectures.[2] By Ming and Qing dynasties, however, most prefectures under provinces had become known as fu. After the establishment of the Republic of China in 1912, the fu-level administrative divisions were streamlined.

Tang dynasty

Total: 9 cities
City Chinese Province Location of prefectural seat
Jingzhao 京兆府 Jingji-dao Xi'an
Xingde 興德府 (兴德府) Jingji-dao Hua County
Fengxiang 鳳翔府 (凤翔府) Jingji-dao Fengxiang County
Henan 河南府 Duji-dao Luoyang
Hezhong 河中府 Hedong-dao Yongji
Taiyuan 太原府 Hedong-dao Taiyuan
Jiangning 江陵府 Shannandong-dao Jiangling County
Xingyuan 興元府 (兴元府) Shannanxi-dao Nanzheng County
Chengdu 成都府 Jiannan-dao Chengdu

Song dynasty

Total: 45 cities

Northern Song

City Chinese Province Location of prefectural seat
Kaifeng 開封府 (开封府) Jingji-lu Kaifeng
Jinan 濟南府 (济南府) Jingdongdong-lu Jinan
Yingtian 應天府 (应天府) Jingdongxi-lu Shangqiu
Henan 河南府 Jingxibei-lu Luoyang
Yingchang 潁昌府 (颍昌府) Jingxibei-lu Xuchang
Daming 大名府 Hebeidong-lu Daming County
Zhending 真定府 Hebeixi-lu Zhengding County
Taiyuan 太原府 Hedong-lu Taiyuan
Jingzhao 京兆府 Yongxingjun-lu Xi'an
Hezhong 河中府 Yongxingjun-lu Yongji
Fengxiang 鳳翔府 (凤翔府) Qinfeng-lu Fengxiang County
Jiangning 江寧府 (江宁府) Jiangnandong-lu Jurong
Jiangling 江陵府 Jinhubei-lu Jiangling County
Chengdu 成都府 Chengdufu-lu Chengdu
Xingyuan 興元府 (兴元府) Lizhou-lu Nanzheng County

Southern Song

City Chinese Province Location of prefectural seat
Lin'an 臨安府 (临安府) Liangzhexi-lu Lin'an
Pingjiang 平江府 Liangzhexi-lu Suzhou, Jiading
Zhenjiang 鎮江府 Liangzhexi-lu Zhenjiang
Jiaxing 嘉興府 (嘉兴府) Liangzhexi-lu Jiaxing
Jiande 建德府 Liangzhexi-lu Jiande
Shaoxing 紹興府 (绍兴府) Liangzhedong-lu Shaoxing
Qingyuan 慶元府 (庆元府) Liangzhedong-lu Yinzhou
Rui'an 瑞安府 Liangzhedong-lu Yongjia County
Ninguo 寧国府 (宁国府) Jiangnandong-lu Xuanzhou
Jiankang 建康府 Jiangnandong-lu Nanjing
Longxing 隆興府 (隆兴府) Jiangnanxi-lu Xinjian
Shouchun 壽春府 (寿春府) Huainanxi-lu Fengtai County
Anqing 安慶府 (安庆府) Huainanxi-lu Anqing
Baoqing 宝慶府 (宝庆府) Jinghunan-lu Shaoyang
Jiangling 江陵府 Jinghubei-lu Zhijiang & Qianjiang
De'an 德安府 Jinghubei-lu Anlu
Changde 常德府 Jinghubei-lu Changde
Jiangning 建寧府 (建宁府) Fujian-lu Jian'ou
Chengdu 成都府 Chengdufu-lu Chengdu
Chongqing 崇慶府 (崇庆府) Chengdufu-lu Chongzhou
Jiading 嘉定府 Chengdufu-lu Leshan
Tongchuan 潼川府 Tongchuanfu-lu Dazhou
Suining 遂寧府 (遂宁府) Tongchuanfu-lu Suining
Shunqing 順慶府 (顺庆府) Tongchuanfu-lu Nanchong
Shaoqing 紹慶府 (绍庆府) Kuizhou-lu Pengshui County
Xianchun 咸淳府 Kuizhou-lu Zhong County
Chongqing 重慶府 (重庆府) Kuizhou-lu Chongqing
Xingyuan 興元府 (兴元府) Lizhou-lu Nanzheng County
Longqing 隆慶府 (隆庆府) Lizhou-lu Jiange County
Tongqing 同慶府 (同庆府) Lizhou-lu Cheng County
Yingde 英德府 Guangnandong-lu Yingde
Zhaoqing 肇慶府 (肇庆府) Guangnandong-lu Zhaoqing
Deqing 德慶府 (德庆府) Guangnandong-lu Deqing County
Jingjiang 静江府 (静江府) Guangnanxi-lu Guilin
Qingyuan 慶遠府 (庆远府) Guangnanxi-lu Qingyuan

Liao dynasty

Total: 13 cities
City Chinese Province Location of prefectural seat
Linhuang 臨潢府 (临潢府) Shangjing-dao Bairin Left Banner
Liaoyang 遼陽府 (辽阳府) Dongjing-dao Liaoyang
Huanglong 黃龍府 (黄龙府) Dongjing-dao Siping
Lübin 率賓府 (率宾府) Dongjing-dao Ussuriysk in Russia
Dingli 定理府 Dongjing-dao Partizansk in Russia
Tieli 鐵利府 (铁利府) Dongjing-dao Yilan County
Anding 安定府 Dongjing-dao Dalnegorsk in Russia
Changling 長嶺府 (长岭府) Dongjing-dao Jilin
Zhenhai 鎮海府 (镇海府) Dongjing-dao Zhuanghe
Dading 大定府 Zhongjing-dao Ningcheng County
Xingzhong 興中府 (兴中府) Zhongjing-dao Chaoyang County
Xijin 析津府 Nanjing-dao Fangshan
Datong 大同府 Xijing-dao Datong

Jin dynasty

Total: 30 cities
City Chinese Province Location of prefectural seat
Huining 會寧府 (会宁府) Shangjing-lu Acheng
Daxing 大興府 (大兴府) Zhongdu-lu Daxing
Liaoyang 遼陽府 (辽阳府) Dongjing-lu Liaoyang
Dading 大定府 Beijing-lu Ningcheng County
Guangning 廣寧府 (广宁府) Beijing-lu Beizhen
Xingzhong 興中府 (兴中府) Beijing-lu Chaoyang County
Linhuang 臨潢府 (临潢府) Beijing-lu Bairin Left Banner
Datong 大同府 Xijing-lu Datong
Dexing 德興府 (德兴府) Xijing-lu Zhuolu County
Kaifeng 開封府 (开封府) Nanjing-lu Kaifeng
Guide 歸德府 (归德府) Nanjing-lu Shangqiu
Henan 河南府 Nanjing-lu Luoyang
Hejian 河間府 (河间府) Hebeidong-lu Hejian
Zhending 真定府 Hebeixi-lu Zhengding County
Zhangde 彰德府 Hebeixi-lu Anyang
Zhongshan 中山府 Hebeixi-lu Dingzhou
Yidu 益都府 Shandongdong-lu Qingzhou
Jinan 濟南府 (济南府) Shandongdong-lu Jinan
Dongping 東平府 (东平府) shandongxi-lu Dongping County
Daming 大名府 Damingfu-lu Daming County
Taiyuan 太原府 Hedongbei-lu Taiyuan
Pingyang 平陽府 (平阳府) Hedongnan-lu Yuncheng
Hezhong 河中府 Hedongnan-lu Yongji
Jingzhao 京兆府 Jingzhaofu-lu Xi'an
Xianping 咸平府 Xianping-lu Kaiyuan
Fengxiang 鳳翔府 (凤翔府) Fengxiang-lu Fengxiang County
Pingliang 平涼府 Fengxiang-lu Pingliang
Yan'an 延安府 Fuyan-lu Yan'an
Qingyang 慶陽府 (庆阳府) Qingyang-lu Qingcheng County
Lintao 臨洮府 (临洮府) Lintao-lu Lintao County

Western Xia

Total: 4 cities
City Chinese Province Location of prefectural seat
Xingqing 興慶府 (兴庆府) Xingzhou Yinchuan
Xiliang 西凉府 Liangzhou Wuwei
Xuanhua 宣化府 Ganzhou Zhangye
Xiping 西平府 Lingzhou Lingwu

Yuan dynasty

Total: 30 cities
City Chinese Province Location of prefectural seat
Shajing 砂井府 Secretariat-controlled
Banyang 般陽府 (般阳府) Secretariat-controlled
Cheli 徹里府 (彻里府) Yunnan
Rende 仁德府 Yunnan
Baixing 柏興府 (柏兴府) Yunnan
Yongchang 永昌府 Yunnan
Tengchong 騰沖府 (腾冲府) Yunnan
Shunning 順寧府 (顺宁府) Yunnan
Nandian 南甸府 Yunnan
Henan 河南府 Henanjiangbei
Nanyang 南陽府 (南阳府) Henanjiangbei
Runing 汝寧府 (汝宁府) Henanjiangbei
Guide 歸德府 (归德府) Henanjiangbei
Gaoyao 高郵府 (高邮府) Henanjiangbei
Anlu 安陸府 (安陆府) Henanjiangbei
De'an 德安府 Henanjiangbei
Ningxia 寧夏府 (宁夏府) Gansu
Hanyang 漢陽府 (汉阳府) Huguang
Pingle 平樂府 (平乐府) Huguang
Songjiang 松江府 Jiangzhe
Jiading 嘉定府 Sichuan
Tongchuan 潼川府 Sichuan
Shaoqing 紹慶府 (绍庆府) Sichuan
Huaide 懷德府 (怀德府) Sichuan
Jingzhao→Xi'an 京兆府安西府 Shaanxi
Fengxiang 鳳翔府 (凤翔府) Shaanxi
Gongchang 鞏昌府 (巩昌府) Shaanxi Longxi County
Pingliang 平凉府 Shaanxi
Lintao 臨洮府 (临洮府) Shaanxi
Qingyang 慶陽府 (庆阳府) Shaanxi

Ming dynasty

Total: 183 cities
City Chinese Province Location of prefectural seat
Yingtian 應天府 (应天府) Zhili→Nanzhili
Suzhou 蘇州府 (苏州府) Zhili→Nanzhili
Songjiang 松江府 Zhili→Nanzhili
Changzhou 常州府 Zhili→Nanzhili
Zhenjiang 鎮江府 (镇江府) Zhili→Nanzhili
Huai'an 淮安府 Zhili→Nanzhili
Yangzhou 揚州府 (扬州府) Zhili→Nanzhili
Fengyang 鳳陽府 (凤阳府) Zhili→Nanzhili
Luzhou 廬州府 (庐州府) Zhili→Nanzhili
Anqing 安慶府 Zhili→Nanzhili
Huizhou 徽州府 Zhili→Nanzhili
Taiping 太平府 Zhili→Nanzhili
Chizhou 池州府 Zhili→Nanzhili
Ningguo 寧國府 (寧国府) Zhili→Nanzhili
Beiping→Shuntian 北平府順天府 (顺天府) Beiping→Beizhili
Baoding 保定府 Beiping→Beizhili
Hejiang 河間府 (河间府) Beiping→Beizhili
Zhending 真定府 Beiping→Beizhili
Shunde 順德府 (顺德府) Beiping→Beizhili
Guangping 廣平府 (广平府) Beiping→Beizhili
Daming 大名府 Beiping→Beizhili
Pingluan→Yongping 平滦府 (平灤府)→永平府 Beiping→Beizhili
Xi'an 西安府 Shaanxi
Yan'an 延安府 Shaanxi
Hanzhong 漢中府 (汉中府) Shaanxi
Pingliang 平涼府 Shaanxi
Fengxiang 鳳翔府 (凤翔府) Shaanxi
Lintao 臨洮府 (临洮府) Shaanxi
Taiyuan 太原府 Shanxi
Datong 大同府 Shanxi
Fengzhou 汾州府 Shanxi
Pingyang 平陽府 (平阳府) Shanxi
Lu'an 潞安府 Shanxi
Jinan 濟南府 (济南府) Shandong
Yanzhou 兗州府 (兖州府) Shandong
Qingzhou 青州府 Shandong
Dengzhou 登州府 Shandong
Dongchang 東昌府 (东昌府) Shandong
Laizhou 萊州府 (莱州府) Shandong
Kaifeng 開封府 (开封府) Henan
Henan 河南府 Henan
Weihui 衛輝府 (卫辉府) Henan
Huaiqing 懷慶府 (怀庆府) Henan
Guide 歸德府 (归德府) Henan
Runing 汝寧府 (汝宁府) Henan
Nanyang 南陽府 (南阳府) Henan
Hangzhou 杭州府 Zhejiang
Wenzhou 溫州府 (温州府) Zhejiang
Jiaxing 嘉興府 (嘉兴府) Zhejiang
Jinhua 金華府 (金华府) Zhejiang
Quzhou 衢州府 Zhejiang
Yanzhou 嚴州府 (严州府) Zhejiang
Huzhou 湖州府 Zhejiang
Shaoxing 紹興府 (绍兴府) Zhejiang
Chizhou 處州府 (处州府) Zhejiang
Taizhou 臺州府 (台州府) Zhejiang
Ningbo 寧波府 (宁波府) Zhejiang
Nanchang 南昌府 Jiangxi
Yuanzhou 袁州府 Jiangxi
Ganzhou 贛州府 (赣州府) Jiangxi
Ji'an 吉安府 Jiangxi
Jiujiang 九江府 Jiangxi
Jianchang 建昌府 Jiangxi
Guangxin 廣信府 (广信府) Jiangxi
Raozhou 饒州府 (饶州府) Jiangxi
Ruizhou 瑞州府 Jiangxi
Nan'an 南安府 Jiangxi
Nankang 南康府 Jiangxi
Fuzhou 撫州府 (抚州府) Jiangxi
Linjiang 臨江府 (临江府) Jiangxi
Wuchang 武昌府 Huguang
Yunyang 鄖陽府 (郧阳府) Huguang
Yongzhou 永州府 Huguang
Yuezhou 岳州府 Huguang
Hanyang 漢陽府 (汉阳府) Huguang
Jingzhou 荆州府 Huguang
Hengzhou 衡州府 Huguang
Huanghzou 黃州府 (黄州府) Huguang
Chengtian 承天府 Huguang
Changde 常德府 Huguang
Xiangyang 襄陽府 (襄阳府) Huguang
Chenzhou 辰州府 Huguang
Changsha 長沙府 (长沙府) Huguang
De'an 德安府 Huguang
Baoqing 宝慶府 (宝庆府) Huguang
Liping 黎平府 Huguang
Chengdu 成都府 Sichuan
Jiading 嘉定府 Sichuan
Kuizhou 夔州府 Sichuan
Chongqing 重慶府 (重庆府) Sichuan
Shunqing 順慶府 (顺庆府) Sichuan
Xuzhou 敘州府 (叙州府) Sichuan
Zhenxiang 鎮雄府 (镇雄府) Sichuan
Baoning 保寧府 (保宁府) Sichuan
Mahu 馬湖府 (马湖府) Sichuan
Long'an 龍安府 (龙安府) Sichuan
Guangzhou 廣州府 (广州府) Guangdong
Shaozhou 韶州府 Guangdong
Huizhou 惠州府 Guangdong
Qiongzhou 瓊州府 (琼州府) Guangdong
Zhaoqing 肇慶府 (肇庆府) Guangdong
Gaozhou 高州府 Guangdong
Chaozhou 潮州府 Guangdong
Nanxiong 南雄府 Guangdong
Leizhou 雷州府 Guangdong
Lianzhou 廉州府 Guangdong
Guilin 桂林府 Guangxi
Pingle 平樂府 (平乐府) Guangxi
Wuzhou 梧州府 Guangxi
Xunzhou 潯州府 (浔州府) Guangxi
Liuzhou 柳州府 Guangxi
Qingyuan 慶遠府 (庆远府) Guangxi
Nanning 南寧府 (南宁府) Guangxi
Si'en 思恩軍民府 (思恩军民府) Guangxi
Taiping 太平府 Guangxi
Siming 思明府 Guangxi
Zhen'an 鎮安府 (镇安府) Guangxi
Fuzhou 福州府 Fujian
Yanping 延平府 Fujian
Jianning 建寧府 (建宁府) Fujian
Xinghua 興化府 (兴化府) Fujian
Zhangzhou 漳州府 Fujian
Shaowu 邵武府 Fujian
Quanzhou 泉州府 Fujian
Tingzhou 汀州府 Fujian
Yunnan 雲南府 (云南府) Yunnan
Yongchang 永昌軍民府 (永昌军民府) Yunnan
Yongning 永寧府 (永宁府) Yunnan
Heqing 鶴慶軍民府 (鹤庆军民府) Yunnan
Qujing 曲靖軍民府 (曲靖军民府) Yunnan
Jingdong 景東府 (景东府) Yunnan
Yuanjiang 元江軍民府 Yunnan
Guangxi 廣西府 (广西府) Yunnan
Guangnan 廣南府 (广南府) Yunnan
Shunning 順寧府 (顺宁府) Yunnan
Xundian 尋甸府 (寻甸府) Yunnan
Chuxiong 楚雄府 Yunnan
Chengjiang 澂江府 Yunnan
Zhenyuan 鎮沅府 (镇沅府) Yunnan
Dali 大理府 Yunnan
Wuding 武定府 Yunnan
Menghua 蒙化府 Yunnan
Menggen 孟艮禦夷府 (孟艮御夷府) Yunnan
Mengding 孟定禦夷府 (孟定御夷府) Yunnan
Yao'an 姚安府 Yunnan
Lijiang 麗江軍民府 (丽江军民府) Yunnan
Lin'an 臨安府 (临安府) Yunnan
Pingmian 平緬府 (平缅府) Yunnan
Meng'ai 孟愛府 (孟爱府) Yunnan
Menglong 孟隆府 Yunnan
Muduo 木朵府 Yunnan
Mulai 木來府 (木来府) Yunnan
Tongxi 通西府 Yunnan
Chengfan→Guiyang 程番府貴陽府 (贵阳府) Guizhou
Anshun 安順軍民府 (安顺军民府) Guizhou
Sinan 思南府 Guizhou
Sizhou 思州府 Guizhou
Shiqian 石阡府 Guizhou
Zhenyuan 鎮遠府 (镇远府) Guizhou
Tongren 銅仁府 (铜仁府) Guizhou
Duyun 都勻府 (都匀府) Guizhou
Pu'an 普安軍民府 (普安军民府) Guizhou
Puding 普定軍民府 (普定军民府) Guizhou
Pingyue 平越軍民府 (平越军民府) Guizhou
Liping 黎平府 Guizhou
Jiaozhou 交州府 Jiaozhi (1407-1428)
Beijiang 北江府 Jiaozhi (1407-1428) Bắc Giang
Liangjiang 諒江府 (谅江府) Jiaozhi (1407-1428) Lạng Giang District
Sanjiang 三江府 Jiaozhi (1407-1428)
Jianping 建平府 Jiaozhi (1407-1428)
Xin'an 新安府 Jiaozhi (1407-1428)
Jianchang 建昌府 Jiaozhi (1407-1428)
Fenghua 奉化府 Jiaozhi (1407-1428)
Qinghua 清化府 Jiaozhi (1407-1428) Thanh Hóa
Zhenman 鎮蠻府 (镇蛮府) Jiaozhi (1407-1428) Hưng Hà District
Liangshan 諒山府 (谅山府) Jiaozhi (1407-1428) Lạng Sơn
Xinping 新平府 Jiaozhi (1407-1428)
Yanzhou 演州府 Jiaozhi (1407-1428) Diễn Châu District
Yizhou 乂安府 Jiaozhi (1407-1428)
Shunhua 順化府 (顺化府) Jiaozhi (1407-1428) Huế
Taiyuan 太原府 Jiaozhi (1407-1428) Thái Nguyên
Xuanhua 宣化府 Jiaozhi (1407-1428) Tuyên Quang
Shenghua 升華府 (升华府) Jiaozhi (1407-1428)

Qing dynasty

Total: 218 cities
City Chinese Province Location of prefectural seat
Shuntian 順天府 (顺天府) Zhili
Yongping 永平府 Zhili
Baoding 保定府 Zhili
Zhengding 正定府 Zhili
Hejian 河間府 (河间府) Zhili
Daming 大名府 Zhili
Shunde 順德府 (顺德府) Zhili
Guangping 廣平府 (广平府) Zhili
Chengde 承德府 Zhili
Hanyang 朝陽府 (朝阳府) Zhili
Xuanhua 宣化府 Zhili
Jinan 濟南府 (济南府) Shandong
Dongchang 東昌府 (东昌府) Shandong
Tai'an 泰安府 Shandong
Wuding 武定府 Shandong
Dengzhou 登州府 Shandong
Laizhou 萊州府 (莱州府) Shandong
Qingzhou 青州府 Shandong
Yanzhou 兗州府 Shandong
Yizhou 沂州府 Shandong
Caozhou 曹州府 Shandong
Kaifeng 開封府 (开封府) Henan
Guide 歸德府 (归德府) Henan
Chenzhou 陳州府 (陈州府) Henan
Zhangde 彰德府 Henan
Weihui 衛輝府 (卫辉府) Henan
Huaiqing 懷慶府 (怀庆府) Henan
Henan 河南府 Henan
Nanyang 南陽府 (南阳府) Henan
Runing 汝寧府 (汝宁府) Henan
Taiyuan 太原府 Shanxi
Fenzhou 汾州府 Shanxi
Lu'an 潞安府 Shanxi
Zezhou 澤州府 (泽州府) Shanxi
Puzhou 蒲州府 Shanxi
Pingyang 平陽府 (平阳府) Shanxi
Datong 大同府 Shanxi
Shuoping 朔平府 Shanxi
Ningwu 甯武府 (宁武府) Shanxi
Lanzhou 蘭州府 (兰州府) Gansu
Pingliang 平涼府 Gansu
Qingyang 慶陽府 (庆阳府) Gansu
Ningxia 寧夏府 (宁夏府) Gansu
Xining 西寧府 (西宁府) Gansu
Liangzhou 涼州府 Gansu
Ganzhou 甘州府 Gansu
Gongchang 鞏昌府 (巩昌府) Gansu
Xi'an 西安府 Shaanxi
Tongzhou 同州府 Shaanxi
Fengxiang 鳳翔府 (凤翔府) Shaanxi
Hanzhong 漢中府 (汉中府) Shaanxi
Xing'an 興安府 (兴安府) Shaanxi
Yan'an 延安府 Shaanxi
Yulin 榆林府 Shaanxi
Dihua 迪化府 Xinjiang
Yili 伊犁府 Xinjiang
Wensu 溫宿府 (温宿府) Xinjiang
Yanqi 焉耆府 Xinjiang
Shulei 疏勒府 Xinjiang
Shafeng 莎車府 (莎车府) Xinjiang
Zhenxi 鎮西府 (镇西府) Xinjiang
Jiangning 江寧府 (江宁府) Jiangsu
Yangzhou 揚州府 (扬州府) Jiangsu
Huai'an 淮安府 Jiangsu
Changzhou 常州府 Jiangsu
Zhenjiang 鎮江府 (镇江府) Jiangsu
Suzhou 蘇州府 (苏州府) Jiangsu
Songjiang 松江府 Jiangsu
Xuzhou 徐州府 Jiangsu
Anqing 安慶府 (安庆府) Anhui
Luzhou 廬州府 (庐州府) Anhui
Fengyang 鳳陽府 (凤阳府) Anhui
Yingzhou 潁州府 (颍州府) Anhui
Huizhou 徽州府 Anhui
Ningguo 寧國府 (宁国府) Anhui
Chizhou 池州府 Anhui
Taiping 太平府 Anhui
Nanchang 南昌府 Jiangxi
Jianchang 建昌府 Jiangxi
Fuzhou 撫州府 (抚州府) Jiangxi
Yuanzhou 袁州府 Jiangxi
Ruizhou 瑞州府 Jiangxi
Linjiang 臨江府 (临江府) Jiangxi
Raozhou 饒州府 (饶州府) Jiangxi
Guangxin 廣信府 (广信府) Jiangxi
Jiujiang 九江府 Jiangxi
Nankang 南康府 Jiangxi
Ji'an 吉安府 Jiangxi
Ganzhou 贛州府 (赣州府) Jiangxi
Nan'an 南安府 Jiangxi
Fuzhou 福州府 Fujian
Funing 福寧府 (福宁府) Fujian
Yanping 延平府 Fujian
Jianning 建寧府 (建宁府) Fujian
Shaowu 邵武府 Fujian
Tingzhou 汀州府 Fujian
Zhangzhou 漳州府 Fujian
Xinghua 興化府 (兴化府) Fujian
Qianzhou 泉州府 Fujian
Hangzhou 杭州府 Zhejiang
Jiaxing 嘉興府 (嘉兴府) Zhejiang
Huzhou 湖州府 Zhejiang
Ningbo 寧波府 (宁波府) Zhejiang
Shaoxing 紹興府 (绍兴府) Zhejiang
Taizhou 臺州府 (台州府) Zhejiang
Jinhua 金華府 (金华府) Zhejiang
Quzhou 衢州府 Zhejiang
Yanzhou 嚴州府 (严州府) Zhejiang
Wenzhou 溫州府 (温州府) Zhejiang
Chuzhou 處州府 (处州府) Zhejiang
Taiwan 臺灣府 (台湾府) Taiwan
Tainan 臺南府 (台南府) Taiwan
Taipei 臺北府 (台北府) Taiwan
Guangzhou 廣州府 (广州府) Guangdong
Zhaoqing 肇慶府 (肇庆府) Guangdong
Shaozhou 韶州府 Guangdong
Huizhou 惠州府 Guangdong
Chaozhou 潮州府 Guangdong
Gaozhou 高州府 Guangdong
Leizhou 雷州府 Guangdong
Lianzhou 廉州府 Guangdong
Qiongzhou 瓊州府 (琼州府) Guangdong
Guilin 桂林府 Guangxi
Pingle 平樂府 (平乐府) Guangxi
Wuzhou 梧州府 Guangxi
Liuzhou 柳州府 Guangxi
Qingyuan 慶遠府 (庆远府) Guangxi
Si'en 思恩府 Guangxi
Xunzhou 潯州府 (浔州府) Guangxi
Nanning 南寧府 (南宁府) Guangxi
Sicheng 泗城府 Guangxi
Zhen'an 鎮安府 (镇安府) Guangxi
Taiping 太平府 Guangxi
Wuchang 武昌府 Hubei
Hanyang 漢陽府 (汉阳府) Hubei
Huangzhou 黃州府 (黄州府) Hubei
De'an 德安府 Hubei
Anlu 安陸府 (安陆府) Hubei
Jiayang 襄陽府 (襄阳府) Hubei
Yunyang 鄖陽府 (郧阳府) Hubei
Jingzhou 荊州府 Hubei
Yichang 宜昌府 Hubei
Shinan 施南府 Hunan
Changsha 長沙府 (长沙府) Hunan
Baoqing 寶慶府 (宝庆府) Hunan
Yuezhou 岳州府 Hunan
Changde 常德府 Hunan
Hengzhou 衡州府 Hunan
Yongzhou 永州府 Hunan
Chenzhou 辰州府 Hunan
Yuanzhou 沅州府 Hunan
Yongshun 永順府 (永顺府) Hunan
Chengdu 成都府 Sichuan
Long'an 龍安府 (龙安府) Sichuan
Chongqing 重慶府 (重庆府) Sichuan
Suiding 綏定府 (绥定府) Sichuan
Kuizhou 夔州府 Sichuan
Shunqing 順慶府 (顺庆府) Sichuan
Tongchuan 潼川府 Sichuan
Ningyuan 寧遠府 (宁远府) Sichuan
Yazhou 雅州府 Sichuan
Jiading 嘉定府 Sichuan
Kangding 康定府 Sichuan
Ba'an 巴安府 Sichuan
Dengke 登科府 Sichuan
Xuzhou 敘州府 (叙州府) Sichuan
Yunnan 雲南府 (云南府) Yunnan
Dali 大理府 Yunnan
Lijiang 麗江府 (丽江府) Yunnan
Chuxiong 楚雄府 Yunnan
Yongchang 永昌府 Yunnan
Shunning 順寧府 (顺宁府) Yunnan
Qujing 曲靖府 Yunnan
Dongchuan 東川府 (东川府) Yunnan
Zhaotong 昭通府 Yunnan
Lin'an 臨安府 (临安府) Yunnan
Guangnan 廣南府 (广南府) Yunnan
Kaihua 開化府 (开化府) Yunnan
Pu'er 普洱府 Yunnan
Guiyang 貴陽府 (贵阳府) Guizhou
Anshun 安順府 (安顺府) Guizhou
Zunyi 遵義府 (遵义府) Guizhou
Dading 大定府 Guizhou
Xingyi 興義府 (兴义府) Guizhou
Duyun 都勻府 (都匀府) Guizhou
Zhenyun 鎮遠府 (镇远府) Guizhou
Sinan 思南府 Guizhou
Sizhou 思州府 Guizhou
Tongren 銅仁府 (铜仁府) Guizhou
Liping 黎平府 Guizhou
Shiqian 石阡府 Guizhou
Fengtian 奉天府 Fengtian
Jinzhou 錦州府 (锦州府) Fengtian
Xinmen 新民府 Fengtian
Xingjing 興京府 (兴京府) Fengtian
Changbai 長白府 (长白府) Fengtian
Hailong 海龍府 (海龙府) Fengtian
Changtu 昌圖府 (昌图府) Fengtian
Taonan 洮南府 Fengtian
Jilin 吉林府 Jilin
Changchun 長春府 (长春府) Jilin
Xincheng 新城府 Jilin
Shuangcheng 雙城府 (双城府) Jilin
Binzhou 賓州府 (宾州府) Jilin
Wuchang 五常府 Jilin
Yanji 延吉府 Jilin
Ning'an 甯安府 (宁安府) Jilin
Dong'an 東安府 (东安府) Jilin
Yilan 依蘭府 (依兰府) Jilin
Linjiang 臨江府 (临江府) Jilin
Mishan 密山府 Jilin
Longjiang 龍江府 (龙江府) Heilongjiang
Hulan 呼蘭府 (呼兰府) Heilongjiang
Suihua 綏化府 (绥化府) Heilongjiang
Hailun 海倫府 (海伦府) Heilongjiang
Nenjiang 嫩江府 Heilongjiang
Heihe 黑河府 Heilongjiang
Lubin 臚濱府 (胪滨府) Heilongjiang

References

  1. ^ Dillon, Michael (2016). Encyclopedia of Chinese History. Taylor & Francis. p. 535. ISBN 9781317817161. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  2. ^ Gernet, Jacques (1996). A History of Chinese Civilization. Cambridge University Press. p. 244. ISBN 9780521497817.