Goats - farm animals of domestic goat (Capra hircus) species, small ruminants - are widespread throughout the world and are used in almost any natural and climatic conditions, even those where other productive animals cannot live. Different breeds of goats are adapted to different livestock systems - from small herds of 3-5 heads on meager grazing to large intensive livestock farms, from year-round grazing to fully stable housing, with many intermediate variations between them. Goats are a source of several types of products, of which the main ones are milk, meat and wool. Among the goat breeds there are highly productive specialized, dual-triple-use and universal breeds. External differences between breeds are represented by many major and minor traits that vary in a very wide range. Goat breeds (especially dairy goats) are some of the oldest defined animal breeds for which breed standards and production records have been kept. Selective breeding of goats generally focuses on improving production of fiber, meat, dairy products or goatskin. Breeds are generally classified based on their primary use, though there are several breeds which are considered dual- or multi-purpose.


Name Image Other names Origin Purpose References
Abaza Abkhasian, Abkhazskaya Turkey milk, meat
Abergelle [1]
Afar Abyssinian short-eared, Adal, Danakil
Agew Ethiopia
Agrupación de las Mesetas Spain
Albatinah Aamil Oman
Algarvia Portugal
Aljabal Alakhdar Oman
Alpine Alpine polychrome, American Alpine, French Alpine French Alps milk
Altai Mountain Altai Republic fiber
Adi Keçi Turkey fiber, milk
Andaman local
Anglo-Nubian Nubian Great Britain meat, milk
Angora Central Anatolia Region fiber
Appenzell Chèvre d’Appenzell, Appenzellerziege Switzerland milk
Aradi Aardi, A'ardiyah [1]
Arapawa Arapawa Island Goat Arapaoa Island meat, milk
Argentata dell'Etna Sicily milk
Arsi-Bale Ethiopia
Asmari Gujeri Afghanistan pack, meat, milk, fiber
Assam Hill India [2]
Aswad Saudi Arabia [1]
Attappady black India [3]
Attaouia Morocco [1]
Auckland Island Auckland Island meat [4]
Australian brown Australia [5]
Australian Cashmere Australia fiber
Australian Heritage Angora Australia [6]
Australian Melaan Australia [7]
Australian Miniature Australian Miniature Goat (adult female) Australia Pet, milk [8]
Azpi Gorri
Azul NE Brazil [1]
Bagot England
Banatian White Banat
Barbari India, Pakistan meat [citation needed]
Beetal Punjab region meat, milk
Belgian Fawn Belgium milk
Benadir Southern Somalia meat, milk
Bhuj Northeastern Brazil meat, milk
Bilberry Waterford
Bionda dell'Adamello Lombardy milk
Black Bengal India, Bangladesh meat, goatskin
Boer Africander, Afrikaner South Africa meat
British Alpine England milk
Brown Shorthair Czech Republic milk
Canary Island Agrupación caprina canaria Canary Islands milk
Canindé Northeastern Brazil meat
Carpathian Southeast Europe meat, milk
Chyangra Nepal (High mountains) Himalayas Wool, meat
Chamba Himalaya
Chamois Coloured Chamoisée Switzerland meat, milk
Changthangi Bamar, Pashmina Tibet, Southwest China, Myanmar fiber, meat, milk
Chappar Sindh meat
Charnequeira Portugal meat, milk
Chengde Polled Northern Hebei fiber, meat
Chengdu Brown Sichuan meat, milk
Chigu India fiber, meat
Chué Northeastern Brazil meat
Corsican Corsica milk
Dera Din Panah Pakistan milk
Damani Pakistan milk
Damascus Aleppo, Baladi, Chami, Damascene, Halep, Shami Syria milk
Danish Landrace Denmark milk
Don Don River milk, goatskin, fiber
Drežnica Slovenia milk, meat [9]
Duan Guangxi meat
Dutch Landrace Netherlands milk
Dutch Toggenburg Netherlands milk
Erzgebirge Saxony milk
Fainting Myotonic United States meat
Flemish Belgium milk, meat Vlaamse geit | Steunpunt Levend Erfgoed (sle.be)
Frisa Valtellinese Italy meat
Finnish Landrace Finland milk
Garganica Agrigentina Gargano milk, goatskin
Girgentana Northern Afghanistan, Balochistan, and Kashmir milk
Göingeget Sweden
Golden Guernsey Guernsey milk
Grisons Striped Switzerland milk
Guddi Himalayas [10]
Hailun Heilongjiang milk
Haimen Zhejiang meat
Hasi Northeastern Albania meat, milk
Hejazi Arabian Peninsula meat
Hexi Cashmere Northern Gansu fiber
Hongtong Hongdong County milk
Huaipi Henan meat
Huaitoutala Qinghai Animal fiber
Hungarian Improved Hungary milk
Icelandic Settlement Iceland fiber, meat
Irish Ireland meat, milk
Jamnapari Jamunapari India milk [citation needed]
Jining Grey Shandong fiber, goatskin
Jonica Province of Taranto milk
Kaachan Pakistan Milk+meat
Kaghani Hazara meat
Kalahari Red South Africa meat
Kalbian Charlie Goat (Pure Kalbian) Australia meat
Kamori Sindh milk
Kempic Kempense Belgium milk Kempense geit | Steunpunt Levend Erfgoed (sle.be)
Kinder United States meat, milk
Kiko New Zealand meat
Korean Black Korea meat
Kri-kri Cretan, Agrimi, or Cretan Ibex Eastern Mediterranean meat
American Lamancha Lamancha United States meat, milk
Laoshan Shandong milk
Majorera Fuerteventura Canary Islands milk
Malabari Tellicherry goat Malabar region Meat, milk [11]
Maltese Malta milk
Massif Central France milk, Meat
Markhoz Maraz Kurdistan Mohair, milk
Messinese Nebrodi Province of Messina milk [12]
Mini Oberhasli Oberian, Miniature Oberhasli Pacific Northwest US milk
Mountain Moxotó Northeastern Brazil meat
Murcia-Granada Murciano Granadina Southeastern Spain milk
Murciana Murcian, Murcien, Murciene, Royal Murciana Murcia meat, milk
Nachi Punjab region meat
Nigerian Dwarf West Africa milk
Nigora United States fiber, milk [13]
Nera Verzasca Switzerland meat, milk
Norwegian Norway meat, milk
Oberhasli Swiss Alpine Oberhasli milk
Orobica Bergamo Alps milk
Peacock Switzerland milk
Pinzgauer Austria meat
Philippine Philippines meat
Poitou Western France milk
Pridonskaya Russia milk, Meat, Wool [14]
Pygmy African pygmy, American pygmy Cameroon meat, milk, Pet
Pygora Oregon City fiber
Pyrenean France and Spain meat, milk
Qinshan Jining goatskin
Red Boer South Africa meat, Pet
Red Mediterranean Syria milk [15]
Sokoto Red Maradi Red, Red Sokoto Nigeria and Niger Republic Meat, Skin, milk [16][17]
Repartida Northeastern Brazil meat
Rove France meat
Russian White Russia milk
Saanen Saanen milk
Sable Saanen United States milk
Sahelian Sahel Sahel Belt of West Africa Meat [18]
Valdostana Italy meat, milk
Sahelian West Africa Goatskin, meat, milk
San Clemente Island San Clemente Island
Sarda Sardinia milk
Short-eared Somali Abgal
Sirohi Ajmeri, Devgarhi,Parvatsari Sirohi

Ajmer, Nagaur, Tonk, Sikar, Jhunjhunu, Chitorgarh, Udaipur, Rajasamand, Bhilwara, Jaipur and other districts of Rajasthan (India)

Meat and milk
Swedish Landrace Northern Sweden milk
Somali Somalia, Djibouti and northeastern Kenya milk, meat, goatskin
Spanish Brush, scrub Spain meat
Stiefelgeiss St. Gallen meat
Surati Maharashtra
Syrian Jabali Syrian Mountain
Tauernscheck Austria milk
Thuringian Thuringia milk
Toggenburg Toggenburg milk
Uzbek Black Uzbekistan fiber
Valais Blackneck Southern Switzerland meat, milk
Vatani Afghan native black
Verata Vera meat, milk
West African Dwarf African dwarf West and Central Africa
White Shorthaired Czech Republic milk
Xinjiang Xinjiang fiber, meat, milk [19][20]
Xuhai Jiangsu meat
Yemen Mountain Yemen
Zalawadi Tara bakari Gujarat fiber, meat, milk
Zhiwulin Black Shaanxi fiber, meat [21][20]
Zhongwei Chung-wei, Chaungway, Chzhun'veiskaya China fiber, Pelt


  1. ^ a b c d e Porter, Valerie (2002). Mason's World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds, Types and Varieties.
  2. ^ "Breeds of Goat". Assam Small Farmers' Agri-Business Consortium. 2005. Archived from the original on 4 December 2017. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
  3. ^ "Attappady Black Goats". Vechur Conservation Trust.
  4. ^ "Auckland Island Goats: A Rare Breed of New Zealand Origin". New Zealand Rare Breeds. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
  5. ^ "The Australian Brown". Dairy Goat Society of Australia.
  6. ^ "Australian Heritage Angora Goats – PAIRS". Erinac.
  7. ^ "The Australian Melaan". Dairy Goat Society of Australia.
  8. ^ "MGBAA". Miniature Goat Breeders Association of Australia.
  9. ^ "Drežniška koza / Slovenia (Goat)". fao-dadis-breed-detail.web.app. Retrieved 2021-11-10.
  10. ^ Dr. Vijaya Salunke (2007). "Animal Resources". India: Human Environment. Geography Standard (Grade) IX. Pune: Secretary Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education. p. 31.
  11. ^ Verma, N; Dixit, S P; Dangi, P.s; Aggarwal, Rajeev; Kumar, Santhu; Joshi, B.K. (2009-08-01). "Malabari goats: Characterization, management, performance and genetic variability". Indian Journal of Animal Sciences. 79: 813–818.
  12. ^ "Messinese" (in Italian). Associazione Nazionale della Pastorizia. Archived from the original on February 19, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
  13. ^ "American Nigora Goat Breeders Association". American Nigora Goat Breeders Association. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
  14. ^ "Pridonskaya goats". GeoMedia.Top. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  15. ^ "Rossa Mediterranea o Derivata di Siria" (in Spanish). Agraria.org. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
  16. ^ Habibu, B.; Kawu, M.U.; Makun, H.J.; Aluwong, T.; Yaqub, L.S. (December 2016). "Seasonal variation in body mass index, cardinal physiological variables and serum thyroid hormones profiles in relation to susceptibility to thermal stress in goat kids". Small Ruminant Research. 145: 20–27. doi:10.1016/j.smallrumres.2016.10.023. ISSN 0921-4488.
  17. ^ Gall, C. (1996). Goat Breeds of the World. Margraf Publishing, Weikersheim,Germa.
  18. ^ Habibu, B.; Kawu, M.U.; Makun, H.J.; Aluwong, T.; Yaqub, L.S. (December 2016). "Seasonal variation in body mass index, cardinal physiological variables and serum thyroid hormones profiles in relation to susceptibility to thermal stress in goat kids". Small Ruminant Research. 145: 20–27. doi:10.1016/j.smallrumres.2016.10.023. ISSN 0921-4488.
  19. ^ Breed data sheet: Xinjiang/China. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2014.
  20. ^ a b Porter, Valerie (ed.), Ian Lauder Mason (2002). Mason's world dictionary of livestock breeds, types, and varieties 5th edition. Wallingford: CABI ISBN 085199430X. p. 160.
  21. ^ Breed data sheet: Ziwuling Black/China. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed June 2014.