Seal of the governor of Maine
The Blaine House is the official residence of the governor of Maine. The Executive Mansion was officially declared the residence of the governor in 1919 with the name "The Blaine House". It is located in Augusta, Maine, across the street from the Maine State House.
The Blaine House is the official residence of the governor of Maine. The Executive Mansion was officially declared the residence of the governor in 1919 with the name "The Blaine House". It is located in Augusta, Maine, across the street from the Maine State House.

The governor of Maine is the head of government of Maine[1] and the commander-in-chief of its military forces.[2] The governor has a duty to enforce state laws,[3] and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Maine Legislature,[4] to convene the legislature at any time,[5] and, except in cases of impeachment, to grant pardons.[6]

There have been 71 governors of Maine since statehood, serving 75 distinct terms. Four governors served multiple non-consecutive terms (Edward Kent, John Fairfield, John W. Dana, and Burton M. Cross).[7] The longest-serving governor was Joseph E. Brennan, who served two terms from 1979 to 1987. The shortest-serving governors were Nathaniel M. Haskell and Richard H. Vose, who each served only one day. John W. Dana also served for one day in 1844, after the incumbent governor resigned, but was later elected to the governorship. The current governor is Democrat Janet Mills, who took office on January 2, 2019.

Governors

For the period before statehood, see Governor of Massachusetts.

Maine was admitted to the Union on March 15, 1820, as the 23rd state. Before then, it was the District of Maine, part of the state of Massachusetts.[8] The Maine Constitution of 1820 originally established a gubernatorial term of one year,[9] to begin on the first Wednesday of January; constitutional amendments expanded this to two years in 1879[10] and to four years in 1957.[11] The 1957 amendment also prohibited governors from succeeding themselves after serving two terms.[11] The constitution does not establish an office of lieutenant governor; a vacancy in the office of governor is filled by the president of the Maine Senate.[12] Prior to an amendment in 1964, the president of the senate only acted as governor.[13][14]

  Democratic (23)   Democratic–Republican (6)   Greenback (1)   Independent (2)   National Republican (1)   Republican (37)   Whig (4)
[15]

# Portrait   Governor Term in office Party Election
1
Governor William King in 1806.png
  William King
    February 9, 1768 – June 17, 1852   
(aged 84)
March 15, 1820

May 28, 1821
(resigned)
[note 1]
Democratic–Republican 1820
2
William Durkee Williamson.jpg
William D. Williamson
    July 31, 1779 – May 27, 1846   
(aged 66)
May 28, 1821

December 5, 1821
(resigned)
[note 2]
[note 3]
Democratic–Republican Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
3
Blank.gif
Benjamin Ames
    October 30, 1778 – September 28, 1835   
(aged 56)
December 5, 1821

January 2, 1822
(resigned)
[note 4]
[note 5]
Democratic–Republican Succeeded from
Speaker of
the House
4
Blank.gif
Daniel Rose
    July 31, 1772 – October 25, 1833   
(aged 61)
January 2, 1822

January 5, 1822
[note 6]
Democratic–Republican Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
5
Albion K. Parris.jpg
Albion K. Parris
    January 19, 1788 – February 11, 1857   
(aged 69)
January 5, 1822

January 3, 1827
Democratic–Republican 1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
6
EnochLincoln.png
Enoch Lincoln
    December 28, 1788 – October 8, 1829   
(aged 40)
January 3, 1827

October 8, 1829
(died in office)
[note 7]
Democratic–Republican 1826
1827
1828
7
Nathan Cutler c1850.png
Nathan Cutler
    May 29, 1775 – June 8, 1861   
(aged 86)
October 8, 1829

January 6, 1830
[note 8]
Democratic Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
8
JoshuaHall.jpg
Joshua Hall
    October 22, 1768 – December 25, 1862   
(aged 94)
January 6, 1830

February 9, 1830
[note 4]
Democratic Succeeded from
Speaker of
the House
9
Jonathan G. Hunton (Maine Governor).jpg
Jonathan G. Hunton
    March 14, 1781 – October 12, 1851   
(aged 70)
February 9, 1830

January 5, 1831
(lost election)
National Republican 1829
10
Samuel Emerson Smith, Maine Governor.jpg
Samuel E. Smith
    March 12, 1788 – March 4, 1860   
(aged 71)
January 5, 1831

January 1, 1834
Democratic 1830
1831
1832
11
Robert Pinckney Dunlap c1831.jpg
Robert P. Dunlap
    August 17, 1794 – October 20, 1859   
(aged 65)
January 1, 1834

January 3, 1838
Democratic 1833
1834
1835
1836
12
Governor Edward Kent.jpg
Edward Kent
    January 8, 1802 – May 19, 1877   
(aged 75)
January 19, 1838

January 2, 1839
[note 9]
Whig 1837
13
JohnFairfield (cropped 2).jpg
John Fairfield
    January 30, 1797 – December 24, 1847   
(aged 50)
January 2, 1839

January 12, 1841
(resigned)
[note 10]
Democratic 1838
1839
14
Blank.gif
Richard H. Vose
    November 8, 1803 – January 19, 1864   
(aged 60)
January 12, 1841

January 13, 1841
[note 6]
Whig Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
15
Governor Edward Kent.jpg
Edward Kent
    January 8, 1802 – May 19, 1877   
(aged 75)
January 13, 1841

January 5, 1842
Whig 1840
16
JohnFairfield.jpg
John Fairfield
    January 30, 1797 – December 24, 1847   
(aged 50)
January 5, 1842

March 7, 1843
(resigned)
[note 11]
Democratic 1841
1842
17
Edward Kavanagh (Maine Governor).jpg
Edward Kavanagh
    April 27, 1795 – January 22, 1844   
(aged 48)
March 7, 1843

January 1, 1844
(resigned)
[note 2]
[note 12]
Democratic Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
18
Governor David Dunn 1846.jpg
David Dunn
    January 11, 1811 – February 17, 1894   
(aged 83)
January 1, 1844

January 3, 1844
(resigned)
[note 4]
[note 13]
Democratic Succeeded from
Speaker of
the House
19
John Winchester Dana (Maine Governor).jpg
John W. Dana
    June 21, 1808 – December 22, 1867   
(aged 59)
January 3, 1844

January 3, 1844
[note 6]
Democratic Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
20
Hugh J. Anderson (Maine Governor).jpg
Hugh J. Anderson
    May 10, 1801 – May 31, 1881   
(aged 80)
January 3, 1844

May 12, 1847
Democratic 1843
1844
1845
21
John Winchester Dana (Maine Governor).jpg
John W. Dana
    June 21, 1808 – December 22, 1867   
(aged 59)
May 12, 1847

May 8, 1850
Democratic 1846
1847
1848
22
Governor John Hubbard of Maine, c1850.jpg
John Hubbard
    March 22, 1794 – February 6, 1869   
(aged 74)
May 8, 1850

January 5, 1853
(lost election)
Democratic 1849
1850
23
William G. Crosby (Maine Governor).jpg
William G. Crosby
    September 10, 1805 – March 21, 1881   
(aged 75)
January 5, 1853

January 3, 1855
(did not seek re-election)
Whig 1852
1853
24
Anson P. Morrill - Brady-Handy.jpg
Anson Morrill
    June 10, 1803 – July 4, 1887   
(aged 84)
January 3, 1855

January 2, 1856
(lost election)
Republican 1854
25
Samuel Wells (Maine Governor).jpg
Samuel Wells
    August 15, 1801 – July 15, 1868   
(aged 66)
January 2, 1856

January 8, 1857
(lost election)
Democratic 1855
26
Hannibal Hamlin, photo portrait seated, c1860-65.jpg
Hannibal Hamlin
    August 27, 1809 – July 4, 1891   
(aged 81)
January 8, 1857

February 25, 1857
(resigned)
[note 11]
Republican 1856
27
Joseph Hartwell Williams (Maine Governor).jpg
Joseph H. Williams
    February 15, 1814 – July 19, 1896   
(aged 82)
February 25, 1857

January 6, 1858
[note 6]
Republican Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
28
Lot Morrill, Brady-Handy photo portrait, ca1865-1880.jpg
Lot M. Morrill
    May 3, 1813 – January 10, 1883   
(aged 69)
January 6, 1858

January 2, 1861
Republican 1857
1858
1859
29
Israel Washburn, Jr. - Brady-Handy.jpg
Israel Washburn Jr.
    June 6, 1813 – May 12, 1883   
(aged 69)
January 2, 1861

January 7, 1863
Republican 1860
1861
30
Abner Coburn.png
Abner Coburn
    March 22, 1803 – January 4, 1885   
(aged 81)
January 7, 1863

January 6, 1864
Republican 1862
31
Samuel Cony.jpg
Samuel Cony
    February 27, 1811 – October 5, 1870   
(aged 59)
January 6, 1864

January 2, 1867
Republican 1863
1864
1865
32
Joshua Chamberlain - Brady-Handy.jpg
Joshua Chamberlain
    September 8, 1828 – February 24, 1914   
(aged 85)
January 2, 1867

January 4, 1871
Republican 1866
1867
1868
1869
33
SPerham.jpg
Sidney Perham
    March 27, 1819 – April 9, 1907   
(aged 88)
January 4, 1871

January 7, 1874
Republican 1870
1871
1872
34
Nelson-dingley-jr.jpg
Nelson Dingley Jr.
    February 15, 1832 – January 13, 1899   
(aged 66)
January 7, 1874

January 5, 1876
Republican 1873
1874
35
Selden Connor (Maine Governor).jpg
Seldon Connor
    January 25, 1839 – July 9, 1917   
(aged 78)
January 5, 1876

January 8, 1879
(lost election)
Republican 1875
1876
1877
36
Alonzo Garcelon Governor of Maine.jpg
Alonzo Garcelon
    May 6, 1813 – December 8, 1906   
(aged 93)
January 8, 1879

January 17, 1880
Democratic 1878
37
Daniel F. Davis (Maine Governor).jpg
Daniel F. Davis
    September 12, 1843 – January 9, 1897   
(aged 53)
January 17, 1880

January 13, 1881
(lost election)
Republican 1879
38
HMPlaisted.jpg
Harris M. Plaisted
    November 2, 1828 – January 31, 1898   
(aged 69)
January 13, 1881

January 3, 1883
(lost election)
Greenback / Democratic 1880
39
Frederick Robie (Maine Governor).jpg
Frederick Robie
    August 12, 1822 – February 3, 1912   
(aged 89)
January 3, 1883

January 5, 1887
Republican 1882
1884
40
Joseph R. Bodwell.jpg
Joseph R. Bodwell
    June 18, 1818 – December 15, 1887   
(aged 69)
January 5, 1887

December 15, 1887
(died in office)
[note 7]
Republican 1886
41
Sebastian Streeter Marble (Maine Governor).jpg
Sebastian Streeter Marble
    March 1, 1817 – May 10, 1902   
(aged 85)
December 15, 1887

January 2, 1889
[note 6]
Republican Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
42
Edwin Chick Burleigh.jpg
Edwin C. Burleigh
    November 27, 1843 – June 16, 1916   
(aged 72)
January 2, 1889

January 4, 1893
(did not seek re-election)
Republican 1888
1890
43
Henry B. Cleaves (Maine Governor).jpg
Henry B. Cleaves
    February 6, 1840 – June 22, 1912   
(aged 72)
January 4, 1893

January 2, 1897
(did not seek re-election)
Republican 1892
1894
44
Lewellyn Powers.jpg
Llewellyn Powers
    October 14, 1836 – July 28, 1908   
(aged 71)
January 2, 1897

January 2, 1901
Republican 1896
1898
45
John Fremont Hill, 1855-1912, head and shoulders, c1900.jpg
John Fremont Hill
    October 29, 1855 – March 16, 1912   
(aged 56)
January 2, 1901

January 4, 1905
Republican 1900
1902
46
William T. Cobb (Maine Governor).jpg
William T. Cobb
    July 23, 1857 – July 24, 1937   
(aged 80)
January 4, 1905

January 6, 1909
Republican 1904
1906
47
Bert Manfred Fernald.jpg
Bert M. Fernald
    April 3, 1858 – August 23, 1926   
(aged 68)
January 6, 1909

January 4, 1911
(lost election)
Republican 1908
48
Frederick William Plaisted, 1910.jpg
Frederick W. Plaisted
    July 26, 1865 – March 4, 1943   
(aged 77)
January 4, 1911

January 1, 1913
(lost election)
Democratic 1910
49
William T. Haines.jpg
William T. Haines
    August 7, 1854 – June 4, 1919   
(aged 64)
January 1, 1913

January 6, 1915
(lost election)
Republican 1912
50
Oakley curtis.jpg
Oakley C. Curtis
    March 29, 1865 – February 22, 1924   
(aged 58)
January 6, 1915

January 3, 1917
(lost election)
Democratic 1914
51
Carl Milliken.jpg
Carl Milliken
    July 13, 1877 – May 1, 1961   
(aged 83)
January 3, 1917

January 5, 1921
(lost election)
Republican 1916
1918
52
FredericParkhurst.jpg
Frederic Hale Parkhurst
    November 5, 1864 – January 21, 1921   
(aged 56)
January 5, 1921

January 31, 1921
(did not seek re-election)
[note 7]
Republican 1920
53
Baxter-garry.jpg
Percival P. Baxter
    November 22, 1876 – June 12, 1969   
(aged 92)
January 31, 1921

January 7, 1925
(did not seek re-election)
[note 14]
Republican Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
1922
54
Owenbrewster.jpg
Ralph Owen Brewster
    February 22, 1888 – December 25, 1961   
(aged 73)
January 7, 1925

January 2, 1929
(did not seek re-election)
Republican 1924
1926
55
WilliamTudorGardiner.jpg
William Tudor Gardiner
    June 12, 1892 – August 3, 1953   
(aged 61)
January 2, 1929

January 4, 1933
(did not seek re-election)
Republican 1928
1930
56
Louis J. Brann (Maine Governor) 2.jpg
Louis J. Brann
    July 6, 1876 – February 3, 1948   
(aged 71)
January 4, 1933

January 6, 1937
(did not seek re-election)
Democratic 1932
1934
57
Lewis O. Barrows (Maine Governor).jpg
Lewis O. Barrows
    June 7, 1893 – January 30, 1967   
(aged 73)
January 6, 1937

January 1, 1941
(term limited)
Republican 1936
1938
58
SumnerSewall.jpg
Sumner Sewall
    June 17, 1897 – January 25, 1965   
(aged 67)
January 1, 1941

January 3, 1945
(term limited)
Republican 1940
1942
59
HoraceHildreth.jpg
Horace Hildreth
    December 2, 1902 – June 2, 1988   
(aged 85)
January 3, 1945

January 5, 1949
(term limited)
Republican 1944
1946
60
FrederickGPayne.jpg
Frederick G. Payne
    July 24, 1904 – June 15, 1978   
(aged 73)
January 5, 1949

December 24, 1952
(resigned)
[note 11]
Republican 1948
1950
61
BurtonMCross.jpg
Burton M. Cross
    November 15, 1902 – October 22, 1998   
(aged 95)
December 24, 1952

January 6, 1953
(resigned)
[note 8]
Republican Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
62
Blank.gif
Nathaniel M. Haskell
    September 27, 1912 – February 8, 1983   
(aged 70)
January 6, 1953

January 7, 1953
[note 15]
Republican Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
63
BurtonMCross.jpg
Burton M. Cross
    November 15, 1902 – October 22, 1998   
(aged 95)
January 7, 1953

January 5, 1955
(Lost election)
Republican 1952
64
Muskie for Maine (cropped).jpg
Edmund Muskie
    March 28, 1914 – March 26, 1996   
(aged 81)
January 5, 1955

January 2, 1959
(term limited)
[note 11]
Democratic 1954
1956
65
HaskellNR.jpg
Robert Haskell
    August 24, 1903 – December 3, 1987   
(aged 84)
January 2, 1959

January 7, 1959
[note 6]
Republican Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
66
ClintonClauson.jpg
Clinton Clauson
    March 28, 1895 – December 30, 1959   
(aged 64)
January 7, 1959

December 30, 1959
(died in office)
[note 7]
Democratic 1958
67
JohnReed-Maine.jpg
John H. Reed
    January 5, 1921 – October 31, 2012   
(aged 91)
December 30, 1959

January 5, 1967
(lost election)
[note 14]
Republican Succeeded from
President of
the Senate
1960§
1962
68
Photo DED 1967 1975 Curtis Kenneth M. Leeds 193390 (cropped).jpg
Kenneth M. Curtis
    (1931-02-08) February 8, 1931 (age 91)
January 5, 1967

January 2, 1975
(term limited)
Democratic 1966
1970
69
James B. Longley (Maine governor) (cropped).jpg
James B. Longley
    April 22, 1924 – August 16, 1980   
(aged 56)
January 2, 1975

January 3, 1979
(did not seek re-election)
Independent 1974
70
Joseph E. Brennan (ME).png
Joseph E. Brennan
    (1934-11-02) November 2, 1934 (age 87)
January 3, 1979

January 7, 1987
(term limited)
Democratic 1978
1982
71
John R. McKernan Jr. (ME).png
John R. McKernan Jr.
    (1948-05-20) May 20, 1948 (age 74)
January 7, 1987

January 5, 1995
(term limited)
Republican 1986
1990
72
Angus King official portrait.jpg
Angus King
    (1944-03-31) March 31, 1944 (age 78)
January 5, 1995

January 8, 2003
(term limited)
Independent 1994
1998
73
John Baldacci - 107th United States Congress.jpg
John Baldacci
    (1955-01-30) January 30, 1955 (age 67)
January 8, 2003

January 5, 2011
(term limited)
Democratic 2002
2006
74
LePagesmiling cropped.jpg
Paul LePage
    (1948-10-09) October 9, 1948 (age 74)
January 5, 2011

January 2, 2019
(term limited)
Republican 2010
2014
75
Janet Mills in 2019.jpg
Janet Mills
    (1947-12-30) December 30, 1947 (age 74)
January 2, 2019

Incumbent
Democratic 2018

Other high offices held

24 of Maine's governors have served higher federal offices. Seventeen have represented Maine in the U.S. House of Representatives, while 2 early in the state's history represented Massachusetts. There were also nine governors who served in the U.S. Senate, 5 (marked with *) resigning their office as governor to enter the Senate. 1 governor, Hannibal Hamlin, resigned his seat in the Senate to be governor (marked with †), then resigned as governor the next month to rejoin the Senate. Hamlin was also one of three governors to be ambassadors, and the only one to be Vice President of the United States. Two other governors served in the Cabinet.

Governor Gubernatorial term U.S. House U.S. Senate Other offices held Source
William D. Williamson 1821 H [20]
Albion K. Parris 1822–1827 S* U.S. Representative from Massachusetts [21]
Enoch Lincoln 1827–1829 H U.S. Representative from Massachusetts [22]
Robert P. Dunlap 1834–1838 H [23]
John Fairfield 1839–1841
1842–1843
H S* [24]
Edward Kavanagh 1843–1844 H [25]
Hugh J. Anderson 1844–1847 H [26]
Anson Morrill 1858–1861 H [27]
Hannibal Hamlin 1857 H S†* U.S. Minister to Spain, Vice President of the United States [28]
Lot M. Morrill 1858–1861 S U.S. Secretary of the Treasury [29]
Sidney Perham 1871–1874 H [30]
Nelson Dingley, Jr. 1874–1876 H [31]
Harris M. Plaisted 1881–1883 H [32]
Edwin C. Burleigh 1889–1893 H S [33]
Llewellyn Powers 1897–1901 H [34]
Bert M. Fernald 1909–1911 S [35]
Owen Brewster 1925–1929 H S [36]
Horace A. Hildreth 1945–1949 U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan [37]
Frederick G. Payne 1949–1952 S* [38]
Edmund Muskie 1955–1959 S* U.S. Secretary of State [39]
Kenneth M. Curtis 1967–1974 U.S. Ambassador to Canada [40]
Joseph E. Brennan 1979–1987 H [41]
John R. McKernan, Jr. 1987–1995 H [42]
Angus King 1995–2003 S
John Baldacci 2003–2011 H [43]

Succession

Main article: Gubernatorial lines of succession in the United States § Maine

Living former governors of Maine

As of 17 October 2022, six former governors are alive, the oldest being Kenneth M. Curtis (served 1967−1975, born 1931). The most recent governor to die was John H. Reed (served 1959–1967, born 1921), on October 31, 2012. The most recently serving governor to die was James B. Longley (served 1975–1979, born 1924), on August 16, 1980.

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
Kenneth M. Curtis 1967–1975 (1931-02-08) February 8, 1931 (age 91)
Joseph E. Brennan 1979–1987 (1934-11-02) November 2, 1934 (age 87)
Angus King 1995–2003 (1944-03-31) March 31, 1944 (age 78)
John R. McKernan Jr. 1987–1995 (1948-05-20) May 20, 1948 (age 74)
Paul LePage 2011–2019 (1948-10-09) October 9, 1948 (age 74)
John Baldacci 2003–2011 (1955-01-30) January 30, 1955 (age 67)

Notes

  1. ^ Resigned to take appointment as a minister to negotiate a treaty with Spain.
  2. ^ a b As president of the senate, acted as governor until his resignation.
  3. ^ Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States House of Representatives.
  4. ^ a b c As speaker of the state house, acted as governor for unexpired term.
  5. ^ Once the new Maine Senate was sworn in, Ames saw no purpose in completing the remaining three days of the gubernatorial term and resigned.[16]
  6. ^ a b c d e f As president of the senate, acted as governor for unexpired term.
  7. ^ a b c d Died in office.
  8. ^ a b As president of the state senate, acted as governor until his senate term expired.
  9. ^ Edward Kent won a close election, but Democrats challenged the election. He was finally declared winner by the state supreme court and sworn in on January 19, 1838.[17]
  10. ^ Resigned; no reason is known.
  11. ^ a b c d Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
  12. ^ Resigned due to ill health.[18]
  13. ^ Resigned once the new Maine Legislature was sworn in.[19]
  14. ^ a b As president of the senate, acted as governor for unexpired term, and was subsequently elected in his own right.
  15. ^ Acting governor Burton Cross had been elected to the governorship, but his Senate term ended 25 hours before his term as governor began; therefore, he could not act as governor for that day. As president of the Senate, Haskell served as acting governor until Cross's inauguration.

References

Citations

  1. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 1.
  2. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 7.
  3. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 12.
  4. ^ ME Const. art. IV (Pt. III), § 3.
  5. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 13.
  6. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 11.
  7. ^ Governors of Maine. Maine State Law and Legislative Reference Library.
  8. ^ "Mass Moments: Massachusetts Loses Maine". Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities. Retrieved November 28, 2010.
  9. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 2, orig.
  10. ^ ME Const. Amend. 23.
  11. ^ a b ME Const. Amend. 84.
  12. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 14.
  13. ^ ME Const. Amend. 97.
  14. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 14, orig.
  15. ^ (Above numbering includes repeat governors: one Whig, one Republican, and two Democrats who served two nonconsecutive terms. It also includes one governor who was a Greenback but co-nominated by the Democrats.)
  16. ^ Hallowell Gazette (Maine): p. 2. January 9, 1822. Benjamin Ames to the Maine Legislature, January 2, 1822: "The Senators of the State of Maine, for the present political year, having been qualified to enter upon the duties of their place by having taken and subscribed the oaths required by the constitution, and chosen their President, I have no longer any authority, as I apprehend, to exercise the office of Governor, and therefore resign the same, that it may be filled according to the provisions of the constitution."
  17. ^ "Maine Governor Edward Kent". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on January 9, 2011. Retrieved November 28, 2010.
  18. ^ Lucey, William Leo (1946). Edward Kavanagh: Catholic, Statesman, Diplomat, from Maine 1795–1844: p. 22. College of the Holy Cross. Reprinted 2006, Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1-4286-5468-2.
  19. ^ The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA): p. 2. January 11, 1844. "Hon. David Dunn, as Speaker of the House for 1843, entered upon the discharge of the duties of that office on Tuesday, and continued to discharge them until he had completed the administration of the necessary oaths to the members of the Senate and House, yesterday. He then resigned that place, and took his seat in the House."
  20. ^ "Williamson, William Durkee". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 30, 2010.
  21. ^ "Maine Governor Albion Keith Parris". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on February 23, 2010. Retrieved January 30, 2010.
  22. ^ "Lincoln, Enoth." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  23. ^ "Dunlap, Robert Pinckney." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  24. ^ "Fairfield, John." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  25. ^ "Kavanaugh, Edward". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 30, 2010.
  26. ^ "Anderson, Hugh Johnston." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  27. ^ "Morrill, Anson Peasley." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  28. ^ "Hamlin, Hannibal." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  29. ^ "Morrill, Lot Myrick." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  30. ^ "Perham, Sydney." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
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Sources

General
Constitutions