The Constitution of Mongolia adopted in 1992 states that the President of Mongolia is the "head of state and embodiment of the unity of the Mongolian people".[1]

Mongolia declared its independence from the Qing dynasty during the Mongolian Revolution of 1911,[a] under the Bogd Khan (the 8th Jebtsundamba Khutuktu). From 1911 to 1924, the head of state of Mongolia was nominally the Bogd Khan. During 1924 to 1992, during the Mongolian People's Republic, the official title of the head of state underwent several changes, including Chairman of the State Great Khural, Chairman of the Presidium of the State Little Khural, Chairman of the Presidium of the State Great Khural, and finally, Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural.

Heads of state of Mongolia (1911–present)

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Bogd Khanate of Mongolia (1911–1924)[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Reign Religious title
Reign start Reign end Duration
Khagan of Mongolia
1
Bogd Khan
Bogd Khan
(1869–1924)
29 December 191120 May 1924 †12 years, 143 daysThe 8th Jebtsundamba Khutuktu
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
Acting Head of State
Balingiin Tserendorj
Balingiin Tserendorj
(1868–1928)
Acting
20 May 192428 November 1924192 daysMPP

Mongolian People's Republic (1924–1992)[edit]

Chairman of the State Great Khural
2
Navaandorjiin Jadambaa
Navaandorjiin Jadambaa
(1900–1939)
28 November 192429 November 19241 dayMPP
Chairman of the Presidium of the State Little Khural
3
Peljidiin Genden
Peljidiin Genden
(1892–1937)
29 November 192415 November 19272 years, 351 daysMPP
4
Jamtsangiin Damdinsüren
Jamtsangiin Damdinsüren
(1898–1938)
16 November 192723 January 19291 year, 68 daysMPP
5
Khorloogiin Choibalsan
Khorloogiin Choibalsan
(1895–1952)
24 January 192927 April 19301 year, 93 daysMPP
6
Losolyn Laagan
Losolyn Laagan
(1887–1940)
27 April 19302 July 19322 years, 66 daysMPP
7
Anandyn Amar
Anandyn Amar
(1886–1941)
2 July 193222 March 19363 years, 264 daysMPP
8
Dansranbilegiin Dogsom
Dansranbilegiin Dogsom
(1884–1941)
22 March 19369 July 19393 years, 109 daysMPP
Vacant (9 July 1939 – 6 July 1940)
9
Gonchigiin Bumtsend
Gonchigiin Bumtsend
(1881–1953)
6 July 19406 July 195111 years, 362 daysMPP
Chairman of the Presidium of the State Great Khural
(9)
Gonchigiin Bumtsend
Gonchigiin Bumtsend
(1881–1953)
6 July 195123 September 1953 †2 years, 79 daysMPP
Sükhbaataryn Yanjmaa
Sükhbaataryn Yanjmaa
(1893–1963)
Acting
23 September 19537 July 1954287 daysMPP
10
Jamsrangiin Sambuu
Jamsrangiin Sambuu
(1895–1972)
7 July 19547 July 19606 yearsMPP
Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural
(10)
Jamsrangiin Sambuu
Jamsrangiin Sambuu
(1895–1972)
7 July 196021 May 1972 †11 years, 319 daysMPP
Tsagaanlamyn Dügersüren
Tsagaanlamyn Dügersüren
(1914–1986)
Acting
21 May 197229 June 197239 daysMPP
Sonomyn Luvsan
Sonomyn Luvsan
(1912–1986)
Acting
29 June 197211 June 19741 year, 317 daysMPP
11
Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal
Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal
(1916–1991)
11 June 197423 August 198410 years, 73 daysMPP
Nyamyn Jagvaral
Nyamyn Jagvaral
(1919–1987)
Acting
23 August 198412 December 1984111 daysMPP
12
Jambyn Batmönkh
Jambyn Batmönkh
(1926–1997)
12 December 198421 March 19905 years, 99 daysMPP
13
Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat
Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat
(born 1942)
21 March 19903 September 1990166 daysMPP
President of the Mongolian People's Republic
(13)
Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat
Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat
(born 1942)
3 September 199012 February 19921 year, 162 daysMPP

Mongolia (1992–present)[edit]

President
(13)
Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat
Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat
(born 1942)
12 February 199220 June 19975 years, 128 daysMPP
MSDP
14
Natsagiin Bagabandi
Natsagiin Bagabandi
(born 1950)
20 June 199724 June 20058 years, 4 daysMPP
15
Nambaryn Enkhbayar
Nambaryn Enkhbayar
(born 1958)
24 June 200518 June 20093 years, 359 daysMPP
16
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
(born 1963)
18 June 200910 July 20178 years, 22 daysDP
17
Khaltmaagiin Battulga
Khaltmaagiin Battulga
(born 1963)
10 July 201725 June 20213 years, 350 daysDP
18
Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh
Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh
(born 1968)
25 June 2021Incumbent1 year, 40 daysMPP

Timeline

Ukhnaagiin KhürelsükhKhaltmaagiin BattulgaTsakhiagiin ElbegdorjNambaryn EnkhbayarNatsagiin BagabandiPunsalmaagiin OchirbatJambyn BatmönkhNyamyn JagvaralYumjaagiin TsedenbalSonomyn LuvsanTsagaanlamyn DügersürenJamsrangiin SambuuSükhbaataryn YanjmaaGonchigiin BumtsendDansranbilegiin DogsomAnandyn AmarLosolyn LaaganKhorloogiin ChoibalsanJamtsangiin DamdinsürenPeljidiin GendenNavaandorjiin JadambaaBalingiin TserendorjBogd Khan

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Outer Mongolia was de jure part of the Republic of China until 5 January 1946, when the ROC officially recognized its de facto independence (following the referendum held on 20 October 1945).

References